Scientists

A typical view of a scientist is that of a person in a white coat, conducting experiments. The truth is that a scientists can be defined as a person who is involved in the systematic and documented study of the phenomena that occur in nature but are not limited to just physics, chemistry or biology. They even indulge in studies related to the makeup of the earth and social scenarios where they study and try to understand the behavior of a group of individual of a particular species, sub-species or any other such classification. They can be classified into various categories based on the branch of science that they are involved in. Some such categories are social scientists, astronomers, physicist, biologists, chemical engineers or chemists, agriculturists and earth scientists. There are many more branches of science which a person can become a specialist of. Some of the notable people from this field are people like Charles Darwin, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein and Niels Bohr. Scientists have always led the way in understand the environment we live in and this is a collection of the biographies of these studious people, along with information about their professional and personal lives, including their life stories, timelines and trivia.

 1 Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi
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Famous As: Human Computer
Birthdate: November 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

 2 Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking
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Famous As: Theoretical Physicist, Cosmologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1942
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: March 14, 2018

Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist, who despite being afflicted motor neurone disease that severely limited his physical abilities, was able to build a phenomenally successful career. He was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Hawking was ranked 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons, in 2002.

 3 Marie Curie

Marie Curie
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Famous As: First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.

 4 Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: March 14, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German, American
Died: April 18, 1955
Deemed as the most influential physicist of the 20th century, the German-born physicist Albert Einstein was one of the greatest minds to have ever lived. Even his name is now synonymous with the term genius. The father of Modern Physics is credited with developing the theory of relativity and explaining the photoelectric effect. The latter won him the Nobel Prize.
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 5 Tasuku Honjo

Tasuku Honjo
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Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 27, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Japanese

 6 Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla
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Famous As: Inventor, Father of Radio
Birthdate: July 10, 1856
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: January 7, 1943

Inventor, engineer and futurist, Nikola Tesla, is best remembered for his contribution to the development of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. A prolific inventor, he had around 300 patents for his inventions. Even though he earned a considerable amount of money, he had poor money management skills and died a poor man.

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 7 Edward Snowden

Edward Snowden
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Famous As: Computer Professional, Former CIA Employee
Birthdate: June 21, 1983
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

A Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee who came into the limelight after leaking confidential information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013, Edward Snowden has been variously called a “hero", “whistle-blower", and “traitor". A controversial figure in USA, he was granted asylum in Russia, where he now lives with his wife.

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 8 Alan Turing

Alan Turing
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: June 7, 1954

Regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was a distinguished mathematician and logician. During WWII, he successfully broke the challenging German Enigma machine codes thereby reducing the duration of war by a couple of years. The scientist, who was convicted for being gay, has been an inspiration for numerous films, plays and novels.

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 9 Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin
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Famous As: Founding Father of the United States
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, American
Died: April 17, 1790

Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States as he was a signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was a writer, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, an accomplished diplomat and much more. He is a key figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.

 10 Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 4, 1643
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: March 31, 1727

One of the most influential and popular scientists of all time, Sir Isaac Newton played a prominent role in our understanding of natural phenomena. He formulated the law of universal gravitation and laws of motion. He also developed the Newtonian telescope among other devices. Apart from science, Newton was also intrigued by religion, occult, and alchemy.

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 11 James Bond

James Bond
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Famous As: ornithologist
Birthdate: January 4, 1900
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 14, 1989

 12 Aristotle

Aristotle
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0384 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0322 BC

Famous Greek philosopher and scientist, Aristotle, made significant contributions to various fields of science and arts of his era–logic, biology, politics, economics, ethics and aesthetics. Along with Socrates and Plato, he laid much of the foundation of Western philosophy. Student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great, he founded Lyceum, the school of philosophy, and the Aristotelian tradition.

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 13 Larry Page

Larry Page
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Famous As: Co-founder of Google
Birthdate: March 26, 1973
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

Larry Page is an American Internet entrepreneur and computer scientist. As one of the co-founders of the multinational technology company Google, Larry Page effectively changed the way the world functions today as Google is a synonym for a search engine in many parts of the world. Unsurprisingly, he became a billionaire after co-founding Google.

 14 Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: February 15, 1564
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Italian
Died: January 8, 1642

An Italian astronomer, engineer, and physicist, Galileo Galilei is widely regarded as the father of observational astronomy, the father of the scientific method, the father of modern physics, and the father of modern science. He is credited with popularizing the telescope, which changed the course of history.

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 15 Roger Penrose

Roger Penrose
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 8, 1931
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

Roger Penrose’s contribution to the research related to the black hole and general relativity earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2020. The Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at Oxford, Roger is also a fellow of Wadham College, St John's College of Cambridge, and University College London.

 16 John Forbes Nash Jr.

John Forbes Nash Jr.
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 13, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: May 23, 2015
The inspiration behind the movie A Beautiful Mind, John F. Nash was a legendary mathematician whose work in the area of game theory earned him the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. In his later years, he was riddled with mental illness. He later died in a car crash.
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 17 Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 26, 1920

A self-taught genius Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan is known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory and continued fractions. Born into a humble family, the celebrated mathematician struggled with poverty but still managed to publish first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. Later, his collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy proved very productive.

 18 Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 19, 1882

Widely regarded as one of the most influential personalities in the history of mankind, Charles Darwin was an English biologist, naturalist, and geologist. He is credited with publishing the Theory of Evolution, which explains the evolution of life from a unicellular organism to human beings. A prolific writer, Charles Darwin also wrote important books on plants and barnacles.

 19 J. Robert Oppenheimer

J. Robert Oppenheimer
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Birthdate: April 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: February 18, 1967

Hailed as a brilliant scientific mind, American physicist J Robert Oppenheimer, led the Manhattan Project which resulted in the development of atomic bomb during the World War II. The bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. However, Oppenheimer was in a constant conflict over the moral issue of the weapons of mass destruction and rallied against nuclear proliferation.

 20 Richard Feynman

Richard Feynman
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: May 11, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: February 15, 1988

Theoretical physicist Richard Feynman won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, along with Julian Schwinger and Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, for his research on quantum electrodynamics. He also contributed to the development of the atomic bomb. Feyman made it to Physics World’s list of the 10 greatest physicists of all time.

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 21 Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan
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Famous As: Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Writer
Birthdate: November 9, 1934
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: December 20, 1996
Pulitzer- and Emmy-winning astrophysicist and author Carl Sagan was best known for co-writing the TV series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. His novel Contact was adapted into a film. He was known for his extensive research on extra-terrestrial life, had taught at major universities, and written countless papers and science books.

 22 Sergey Brin

Sergey Brin
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Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: August 21, 1973
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Russian, American
Google co-founder Sergey Brin also served as the president of Alphabet Inc. The seventh-richest person in the world as of 2020, Brin earlier dropped his PhD plans at Stanford, following which he and Larry Page launched Google in a garage. He is a devoted philanthropist and a Democratic Party donor.

 23 Eduardo Saverin

Eduardo Saverin
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Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: March 19, 1982
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Brazilian

Born into an affluent Jewish Brazilian family, Eduardo Saverin co-founded Facebook with his Harvard roommate Mark Zuckerberg and others in 2004. He was later involved in a lawsuit against Zuckerberg. He also renounced his U.S. citizenship and moved to Singapore, which some believe was his excuse to avoid paying taxes.

 24 Neil deGrasse Tyson

Neil deGrasse Tyson
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Famous As: Astrophysicist
Birthdate: October 5, 1958
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

Public Welfare Medal-winning astrophysicist and academic Neil deGrasse Tyson hosted shows such as NOVA ScienceNow, Cosmos: A Spacetime Odyssey, and Star Talk. He is the director of Hayden Planetarium and contributed to the dismissal of Pluto’s status as the ninth planet. He has also written a monthly column as "Merlin.”

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 25 Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie
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Famous As: Nobel Laureate in Physics
Birthdate: May 15, 1859
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: April 19, 1906

A pioneer in crystallography, radioactivity, piezoelectricity, and magnetism, Pierre Curie was a French physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics along with Henri Becquerel and Marie Curie. Despite being an atheist, Pierre Curie was fascinated by spiritualism as he believed that spiritual questions deal with physics. 

 26 Irène Joliot-Curie

Irène Joliot-Curie
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: March 17, 1956

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie’s daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, herself a brilliant scientist, won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with her husband, Joliot-Curie, for discovering artificial radioactivity. She was also one of the first three female French government members. She tragically died of leukemia caused by exposure to radiation.

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 27 Ada Lovelace

Ada Lovelace
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Famous As: Countess of Lovelace
Birthdate: December 10, 1815
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 27, 1852

Ada Lovelace was a mathematician known for her work on the Analytical Engine, a mechanical general-purpose computer proposed by Charles Babbage. Many believe that Lovelace was the first to recognize the potential of computers. It is also believed that she published the first algorithm after realizing that the algorithm could be carried out by a machine like the Analytical Engine.

 28 Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov
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Famous As: Writer, Professor
Birthdate: January 2, 1920
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 6, 1992

Isaac Asimov was an American writer. Best known for his science fiction works, Asimov was regarded as one of the Big Three writers along with Arthur C. Clarke and Robert A. Heinlein. Asimov is credited with influencing most sci-fi writers since the 1950s. Nobel Prize winner Paul Krugman stated that one of Asimov's works inspired him to take up Economics.

 29 Jennifer Doudna

Jennifer Doudna
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: February 19, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 30 Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female NASA scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the Apollo program and won a Congressional Gold Medal and a Presidential Medal of Freedom for her achievements.
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 31 Jaron Lanier

Jaron Lanier
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Famous As: Computer scientist, Composer, Programmer, Writer, Essayist, University teacher
Birthdate: May 3, 1960
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

 32 Sylvia Earle

Sylvia Earle
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Famous As: Marine biologist
Birthdate: August 30, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
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 33 Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell
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Famous As: Inventor of Telephone
Birthdate: March 3, 1847
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Canadian, Scottish
Died: August 2, 1922

Alexander Graham Bell was a scientist, inventor, and engineer. He is credited with inventing the first functional telephone. He is also credited with co-founding America's major telephone company AT&T, which has been going strong since 1885. Bell's later life was marked by his groundbreaking work in aeronautics, hydrofoils, and optical telecommunications. He was also an ardent supporter of compulsory sterilization.

 34 Pythagoras

Pythagoras
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Famous As: Philosopher and Mathematician
Birthdate: 0570 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0495 BC

Pythagoras was an Ionian Greek philosopher. He is credited with many scientific and mathematical discoveries, including the Sphericity of the Earth, the Theory of Proportions, the five regular solids, Pythagorean tuning, and the Pythagorean Theorem. Pythagoras influenced other philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. His philosophy also had a major impact on personalities like Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, and Nicolaus Copernicus.

 35 Peter Sunde

Peter Sunde
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Famous As: Computer scientist, Politician
Birthdate: September 13, 1978
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Finnish, Norwegian, Swedish

 36 Gottfrid Svartholm

Gottfrid Svartholm
2
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: October 17, 1984
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swedish

 37 Fredrik Neij

Fredrik Neij
3
Famous As: Engineer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: April 27, 1978
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Swedish

 38 Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee
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Famous As: Inventor of the World Wide Web
Birthdate: June 8, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British

 39 Julius Lothar Meyer

Julius Lothar Meyer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 19, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: April 11, 1895

 40 Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus
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Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Polish
Died: May 24, 1543

 41 Richard Dawkins

Richard Dawkins
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Famous As: Evolutionary Biologist
Birthdate: March 26, 1941
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British

 42 Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 18, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: February 2, 1970

 43 Sally Ride

Sally Ride
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronaut
Birthdate: May 26, 1951
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: July 23, 2012

 44 Walter O'Brien

Walter O'Brien
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Famous As: Business Person
Birthdate: February 24, 1975
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Irish

 45 Retta

Retta
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Famous As: Stand-up Comedian
Birthdate: April 12, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 46 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 28, 1895

 47 Lewis Carroll

Lewis Carroll
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Famous As: Author, Mathematician and Photographer
Birthdate: January 27, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 14, 1898

 48 Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: May 23, 1707
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 10, 1778

 49 Archimedes

Archimedes
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Famous As: Mathematician, Engineer, Inventor, Physicist, Astronomer
Birthdate: 0287 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0212 BC

 50 Lewis Howard Latimer

Lewis Howard Latimer
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Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: September 4, 1848
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: December 11, 1928
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