Physicists

Physicists are the scientists who study the field of physics in great detail. They conduct research into physical phenomena or the natural science that involve the study of matter and related concepts. They analyze the general happenings in nature and try to understand how the universe behaves. On the basis of research through observation and experiments, they discover physical laws and propound theories that explain the functioning of natural forces like gravity, electromagnetism, and nuclear interactions. The discovery of new physical laws and theories contribute to the existing base of theoretical knowledge and can also be used for more practical applications such as development of medial equipment, electronic devices, nuclear reactors, etc. During the earlier days, physics was considered a field of philosophy; it was only during the 19th century that physics was realized as a discipline separate from philosophy. Some of the major branches of physics are classical mechanics, quantum mechanics, theory of relativity and electromagnetism. Since physics covers a vast number of fields, most physicists specialize in one of the many subfields. However, the various subfields may overlap with each other and also with other sciences resulting in interdisciplinary fields such as biophysics, geophysics, meteorology, etc. Browse through this section to explore the biographies, life and works of various famous physicists from all over the world.
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 1 Stephen Hawking

Stephen Hawking
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Famous As: Theoretical Physicist, Cosmologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1942
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: March 14, 2018

Stephen Hawking was an English theoretical physicist and cosmologist, who despite being afflicted motor neurone disease that severely limited his physical abilities, was able to build a phenomenally successful career. He was the first to set out a theory of cosmology explained by a union of the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics. Hawking was ranked 25 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons, in 2002.

 2 Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: March 14, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German, American
Died: April 18, 1955
Deemed as the most influential physicist of the 20th century, the German-born physicist Albert Einstein was one of the greatest minds to have ever lived. Even his name is now synonymous with the term genius. The father of Modern Physics is credited with developing the theory of relativity and explaining the photoelectric effect. The latter won him the Nobel Prize.

 3 Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla
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Famous As: Inventor, Father of Radio
Birthdate: July 10, 1856
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: January 7, 1943

Inventor, engineer and futurist, Nikola Tesla, is best remembered for his contribution to the development of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. A prolific inventor, he had around 300 patents for his inventions. Even though he earned a considerable amount of money, he had poor money management skills and died a poor man.

 4 Marie Curie

Marie Curie
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Famous As: First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.
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 5 Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 4, 1643
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: March 31, 1727

One of the most influential and popular scientists of all time, Sir Isaac Newton played a prominent role in our understanding of natural phenomena. He formulated the law of universal gravitation and laws of motion. He also developed the Newtonian telescope among other devices. Apart from science, Newton was also intrigued by religion, occult, and alchemy.

 6 Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: February 15, 1564
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Italian
Died: January 8, 1642

An Italian astronomer, engineer, and physicist, Galileo Galilei is widely regarded as the father of observational astronomy, the father of the scientific method, the father of modern physics, and the father of modern science. He is credited with popularizing the telescope, which changed the course of history.

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 7 Carl Sagan

Carl Sagan
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Famous As: Astronomer, Astrophysicist, Writer
Birthdate: November 9, 1934
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: December 20, 1996
Pulitzer- and Emmy-winning astrophysicist and author Carl Sagan was best known for co-writing the TV series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. His novel Contact was adapted into a film. He was known for his extensive research on extra-terrestrial life, had taught at major universities, and written countless papers and science books.
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 8 Richard Feynman

Richard Feynman
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: May 11, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: February 15, 1988

Theoretical physicist Richard Feynman won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1965, along with Julian Schwinger and Shin'ichirō Tomonaga, for his research on quantum electrodynamics. He also contributed to the development of the atomic bomb. Feyman made it to Physics World’s list of the 10 greatest physicists of all time.

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 9 J. Robert Oppenheimer

J. Robert Oppenheimer
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Birthdate: April 22, 1904
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: February 18, 1967

Hailed as a brilliant scientific mind, American physicist J Robert Oppenheimer, led the Manhattan Project which resulted in the development of atomic bomb during the World War II. The bombs were dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. However, Oppenheimer was in a constant conflict over the moral issue of the weapons of mass destruction and rallied against nuclear proliferation.

 10 Richard Phillips Feynman

Richard Phillips Feynman
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Birthdate: May 11, 1918
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: February 15, 1988
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 11 Archimedes

Archimedes
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Famous As: Mathematician, Engineer, Inventor, Physicist, Astronomer
Birthdate: 0287 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0212 BC
Greek mathematician, physicist, and astronomer Archimedes is remembered for his contribution to mathematics, especially geometry. He laid down theorems related to the area of a circle, and the area and volume of a sphere, and reached an accurate value of pi. He also invented machines such as the screw pump.

 12 C.V. Raman

C.V. Raman
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 7, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 21, 1970
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 13 C. V. Raman

C. V. Raman
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Famous As: Physicist, University teacher
Birthdate: November 7, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 21, 1970

 14 Pierre Curie

Pierre Curie
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Famous As: Nobel Laureate in Physics
Birthdate: May 15, 1859
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: April 19, 1906

A pioneer in crystallography, radioactivity, piezoelectricity, and magnetism, Pierre Curie was a French physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics along with Henri Becquerel and Marie Curie. Despite being an atheist, Pierre Curie was fascinated by spiritualism as he believed that spiritual questions deal with physics. 

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 15 Brian Cox

Brian Cox
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: March 3, 1968
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British

 16 Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday
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Famous As: Physicist & Chemist
Birthdate: September 22, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: August 25, 1867

Michael Faraday was an English scientist known for his contribution to the study of electrochemistry and electromagnetism. Considered one of the most influential scientists ever, Faraday's inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices established the basis for electric motor technology. His research also helped understand the concept of the electromagnetic field. Ernest Rutherford called him one of the greatest scientific discoverers ever.

 17 Sally Ride

Sally Ride
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronaut
Birthdate: May 26, 1951
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: July 23, 2012
Astronaut and physicist Sally Ride was the first American woman and the youngest American astronaut to enter space. Following her death, it was revealed that she had been in a 27-year lesbian relationship with tennis player and professor Tam O'Shaughnessy. Sally herself was a ranked junior tennis player, too.

 18 Werner Heisenberg

Werner Heisenberg
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 5, 1901
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: February 1, 1976
German theoretical physicist Werner Heisenberg is best known for pioneering quantum mechanics. He received the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics. He had also helped Germany plan nuclear weapon strategies during World War II and was the director of what is now known as the Max Planck Institute for Physics.

 19 Avicenna

Avicenna
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Famous As: Persian Plymath
Birthdate: 0980 AD
Nationality:
Died: May 31, 1037
Renowned as father of early modern medicine, Avicenna was an illustrious Persian polymath. He is specifically distingusihed for his contributions in the fields of medicine and Aristotelian philisophy. He is best-known for his works namely, The Canon of Medicine and The Book of Healing. The corpus of his writings also include alchemy, geology, psychology, geography, physics, poetry and Islamic theology.

 20 Erwin Schrödinger

Erwin Schrödinger
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: August 12, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian
Died: January 4, 1961

 21 Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
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Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: April 15, 1707
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swiss, Russian
Died: September 18, 1783

 22 Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal
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Famous As: French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Philosopher
Birthdate: June 19, 1623
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: August 19, 1662
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 23 Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr
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Famous As: Nobel Prize Winning Physicist
Birthdate: October 7, 1885
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Danish
Died: November 18, 1962

 24 Alicia Nash

Alicia Nash
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: January 1, 1933
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Salvadoran, American
Died: May 23, 2015
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 25 Carl Friedrich Gauss

Carl Friedrich Gauss
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Famous As: Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science writer, Physicist, Geodesist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: February 23, 1855

 26 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: November 14, 1716
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 27 John G. Trump

John G. Trump
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: August 21, 1907
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: February 21, 1985

 28 Ernest Rutherford

Ernest Rutherford
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Famous As: Physicist, Chemist
Birthdate: August 30, 1871
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: New Zealander, British
Died: October 19, 1937
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 29 Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 28, 1635
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: March 3, 1703

 30 James Maxwell

James Maxwell
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Famous As: Mathematician & Physicist
Birthdate: June 13, 1831
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Scottish
Died: November 5, 1879
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 31 James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 13, 1831
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: November 5, 1879

 32 J. J. Thomson

J J Thompson
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Famous As: Physicist, Nobel Prize Winner
Birthdate: December 18, 1856
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: August 30, 1940

 33 Mileva Marić

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Serbian
Died: August 4, 1948

 34 Max Planck

Max Planck
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: April 23, 1858
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: October 4, 1947

 35 Rajnath Singh

Rajnath Singh
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 10, 1951
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian

 36 Jagadish Chandra Bose

Jagadish Chandra Bose
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 30, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 23, 1937

 37 Vikram Sarabhai

Vikram Sarabhai
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: August 12, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: December 30, 1971

 38 Walter Lewin

Walter Lewin
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Famous As: Astronomer, University teacher, Astrophysicist, Physicist
Birthdate: January 29, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality:

 39 Thales of Miletus

Thales of Miletus
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0626 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0548 AD

 40 Enrico Fermi

Enrico Fermi
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Famous As: Nobel Laureate in Physics
Birthdate: September 29, 1901
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Italian, American
Died: November 28, 1954

 41 Ronald McNair

Ronald McNair
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Famous As: Physicist, Astronaut
Birthdate: October 21, 1950
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: January 28, 1986

 42 Michio Kaku

Michio Kaku
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Famous As: Theoretical physicist, Science writer, Popularizer of science, Futurist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Radio personality
Birthdate: January 24, 1947
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 43 Paul Dirac

Paul Dirac
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: August 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: October 20, 1984

 44 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar

Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
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Birthdate: October 19, 1910
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 21, 1995

 45 Anatoli Bugorski

Anatoli Bugorski
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Famous As: physicist, nuclear scientist
Birthdate: June 25, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Russian

 46 Francis Collins

Francis Collins
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 14, 1950
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 47 Abdus Salam

Abdus Salam
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Famous As: Theoretical Physicist
Birthdate: January 29, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Pakistani
Died: November 21, 1996

 48 Wilhelm Rontgen

Wilhelm Rontgen
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Famous As: Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics
Birthdate: March 27, 1845
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: February 10, 1923

 49 Freeman Dyson

Freeman Dyson
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 15, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British, American
Died: February 28, 2020

 50 Narinder Singh Kapany

Narinder Singh Kapany
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Famous As: physicist, scientist, university teacher
Birthdate: October 12, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
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