Born In: Birmingham, Alabama, U.S.
Edward Osborne Wilson, renonwed as E. O. Wilson was one of the world’s leading expert in the field of biology. Born in the Alabama, he spent his early childhood in the Washington. When his parents separated, Edward went on to stay with his father. Owing to a fishing accident in his childhood, Wilson had to live with a dysfunctional left eye his whole life. His disability prevented him from studying animals and birds in the field so he concentrated on studying miniature creatures such as ants and bugs. Thus began a long-lasting association and today he is regarded as the foremost authority on the study of ants which is also known as myrmecology. He contributed immensely towards further discoveries in this field. In addition to myrmecology, E. O. Wilson is also credited for being the founding father of the branch of biology known as socio-biology and biodiversity. In addition to his research work, he had also written bestselling books that have gone on to win major accolades. Many universities and organizations across the world conferred upon him numerous accolades and honours.
Also Known As: Edward Osborne Wilson, Edward O. Wilson, E. O.
Died At Age: 92
Spouse/Ex-: Irene Wilson
father: Edward Wilson
mother: Inez Wilson
children: Catherine Wilson
Born Country: United States
place of death: Burlington, Massachusetts, U.S.
education: 1955 - Harvard University, 1950 - University of Alabama, 1949 - University of Alabama
awards: 1991; 1979 - Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction - The Ants; On Human Nature
2013 - Hubbard Medal
2010 - Heartland Prize
1993 - International Prize for Biology
1994 - Eminent Ecologist Award
2001 - Nierenberg Prize
2002 - kNatural World Book Prize
1975 - Guggenheim Fellowship for Natural Sciences; US & Canada
1977 - National Medal of Science for Biological Sciences
1990 - Crafoord Prize in Biosciences
2003 - Julia Ward Howe Prize
1999 - Clarence Cason Award
It was in the year 1955, that Wilson came up with his first breakthrough in the study of ants as he finished taxonomic analysis of a particular breed of ants named Lasius and eventually came up with the concept of 'character displacement’ of species. He worked on the project with W. L. Brown.
His books ‘On Human Nature’ written in the year 1979, Wilson further explained the theories he first put forward in relation to socio-biology and applied it to the characteristics of human beings.
In 1990, he co-authored the book ‘The Ants’ with Bert Holldobler and the book was the sum total of all the research that he had done on the biological characteristics of ants of different species. The book won him another Pulitzer Prize.
Wilson continued to work diligently in various branches of biological science for many decades and in the year 1996, he gave up his teaching job at Harvard. He was a Professor Emeritus at Harvard and also held lectureship at ‘Duke University’.
The book ‘Diversity of Life’ he published in the year 1992, also went on to become one of the best sellers of the period and the book also explained how the extinction of certain species came about due to the various activities of human beings.
He won a Pulitzer Prize for the book ‘On Human Nature’ in the year 1979, and it remains one of the most important works on the subject of socio-biology.
Wilson won the ‘Crandoor Prize’ in the year 1990, for his theory on island biogeography and it is the highest prize in the biological sciences that is decided by the ‘Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences’.
E. O. Wilson got married in the year 1955 to Irene. They had one daughter named Catherine who was born to them thirteen years later.
E. O. Wilson died on December 26, 2021, in nearby Burlington. He was 92.
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