Famous as: Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Birth Date: March 31, 1596
Died At Age: 53
Sun Sign: Aries
Born in: La Haye en Touraine, Touraine, France
father: Joachim Descartes
mother: Jeanne Brochard
religion: Roman Catholic
Died on: February 11, 1650
place of death: Stockholm, Sweden
discoveries/inventions: Law Of Conservation Of Mechanical Momentum
education: University of Poitiers, Prytanée National Militaire
René Descartes was an eminent French Mathematician, philosopher and writer, who has been popularly referred to as ‘Father of Modern Philosophy’. Descartes was the foremost amongst all to highlight the importance of reason for the growth of natural sciences. He regarded philosophy as a belief system that contained immense knowledge. To this day, his work on philosophy “ Meditations on First Philosophy” is taught as a standard text in many universities. His philosophical statement "Cogito ergo sum" meaning “I think, therefore I am”, mentioned in his book ‘Discourse on the Method’ took him to fame. In his natural philosophy he refuted the ‘analysis of corporeal substance into matter and form’ and rejected any appeal to divine or natural ends in explaining natural phenomena. His contribution in mathematics was immense that he has been called the ‘father of analytical geometry’. Descartes was also proponent of continental rationalism along with Leibniz, Gottfried and Spinoza in the seventeenth century.
- Compendium Musicae (1618)
- Regulae ad directionem ingenii (Rules for the Direction of the Mind (1626–1628)
- Le Monde (The World) and L'Homme (Man)- 1630–1633.
- Discours de la méthode -Discourse on the Method (1637).
- La Géométrie (1637). Descartes's major work in mathematics.
- Meditationes de prima philosophia- Meditations on First Philosophy (1641)
- Principia philosophiae (1644)
- Les passions de l'âme- Passions of the Soul (1649.)
- Musicae Compendium- Instruction in Music (1656).
RENé DéSCARTES TIMELINE
Descartes was born in La Haye en Touraine, (now known as Descartes), France.
He was in the defense force of Maurice of Nassau, Dutch Republic.
He returned to France.
He moved to Dutch Republic.
He publishedLa Géométrie and Discourse on the Method.
He wrote “Meditations on First Philosophy”.
He published “Principal of Philosophy”.
He was rewarded pension by the king of France.
-“Passions of the Soul”.
He died on 11 February 1650 in Stockholm, Sweden due to pneumonia.
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