Botanists

Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.
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 1 Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 19, 1882

Widely regarded as one of the most influential personalities in the history of mankind, Charles Darwin was an English biologist, naturalist, and geologist. He is credited with publishing the Theory of Evolution, which explains the evolution of life from a unicellular organism to human beings. A prolific writer, Charles Darwin also wrote important books on plants and barnacles.

 2 Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: May 23, 1707
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 10, 1778

Swedish botanist and lecturer Carl Linnaeus, who established the concept of binomial nomenclature, or the system of naming organisms, is also known as the father of modern taxonomy. His system of classification is known as Linnaean taxonomy. He was the first to include humans and apes under the header Anthropomorpha.

 3 Carolus Linnaeus

Carolus Linnaeus
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: May 23, 1707
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 10, 1778

 4 George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver
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Famous As: Scientist & Inventor
Birthdate: January 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: January 5, 1943
Agricultural scientist George Washington Carver is best remembered for promoting crops that were alternative to cotton, such as peanuts and sweet potatoes. He invented ways to prevent soil depletion and developed scores of products made from peanuts, including paints and cosmetics. He won numerous honors, such as the Spingarn Medal.
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 5 Li Ching-Yuen

Li Ching-Yuen
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Famous As: Herbalist
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: May 6, 1933

 6 Jagadish Chandra Bose

Jagadish Chandra Bose
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 30, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 23, 1937
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 7 Jan Smuts

Jan Smuts
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Famous As: Botanist, Officer, Lawyer
Birthdate: May 24, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: South African
Died: September 11, 1950
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 8 Lynn Margulis

Lynn Margulis
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: March 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: November 22, 2011
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 9 Nikolai Vavilov

Nikolai Vavilov
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Famous As: botanist, biologist, explorer, geneticist, geographer
Birthdate: November 13, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 26, 1943

 10 Stamford Raffles

Stamford Raffles
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Famous As: Former Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies
Birthdate: July 6, 1781
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Jamaican, British
Died: July 5, 1826
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 11 Marie Stopes

Marie Stopes
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Famous As: Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists
Birthdate: October 15, 1880
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: October 2, 1958

 12 Joseph Banks

Joseph Banks
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: February 24, 1743
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: June 19, 1820
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 13 David Starr Jordan

David Starr Jordan
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Famous As: Botanist, Peace activist, Zoologist, Autobiographer, Ichthyologist
Birthdate: January 19, 1851
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: September 19, 1931

 14 Gifford Pinchot

Gifford Pinchot
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Famous As: Forestry scientist
Birthdate: August 11, 1865
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: October 4, 1946
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 15 Matthias Jakob Schleiden

Matthias Jakob Schleiden
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Famous As: Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: April 5, 1804
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: June 23, 1881

 16 David Bellamy

David Bellamy
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: January 18, 1933
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British

 17 Gerard Kuiper

Gerard Kuiper
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: December 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Dutch, American
Died: December 24, 1973

 18 Joel Roberts Poinsett

Joel Roberts Poinsett
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 2, 1779
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: December 12, 1851
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 19 Luther Burbank

Luther Burbank
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Famous As: Horticulturist, Geneticist, Botanist, Gardener, Academic, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: March 7, 1849
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: April 11, 1926

 20 Patrick Geddes

Patrick Geddes
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: October 2, 1854
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Scottish
Died: April 17, 1932

 21 Janaki Ammal

Janaki Ammal
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: 1897 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 1984 AD

 22 Joseph Dalton Hooker

Joseph Dalton Hooker
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: June 30, 1817
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 10, 1911
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 23 Martinus Beijerinck

Martinus Beijerinck
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: March 16, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Dutch
Died: January 1, 1931

 24 David Douglas

David Douglas
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: June 25, 1799
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Scottish
Died: July 12, 1834
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 25 Anna Atkins

Anna Atkins
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: British

 26 Dmitri Ivanovsky

Dmitri Ivanovsky
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: October 28, 1864
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: June 20, 1920

 27 Gertrude Jekyll

Gertrude Jekyll
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Famous As: Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction writer, Botanist, Architect
Birthdate: November 29, 1843
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: December 8, 1932

 28 Philip Miller

Philip Miller
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Famous As: English botanist
Birthdate: 1691 AD
Nationality: British
Died: December 18, 1771
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 29 Hugo de Vries

Hugo de Vries
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Famous As: Botanist, Biologist, Geneticist, University teacher
Birthdate: February 16, 1848
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Dutch
Died: May 21, 1935

 30 Antoine-Augustin Parmentier

Antoine-Augustin Parmentier
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Famous As: Botanist, Pharmacist, Physician, Agronomist, Nutritionist
Birthdate: August 12, 1737
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: December 17, 1813
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 31 James Bruce

James Bruce
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Famous As: Explorer, Archaeologist, Film editor, Botanist
Birthdate: December 14, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 27, 1794

 32 Birbal Sahni

Birbal Sahni
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Famous As: Palaeobotanist
Birthdate: 1891 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 10, 1949

 33 Antoine Laurent de Jussieu

Antoine Laurent de Jussieu
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: April 12, 1748
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: September 17, 1836

 34 Joseph Banks Rhine

Joseph Banks Rhine
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: September 29, 1895
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: February 20, 1980

 35 Ferdinand von Mueller

Ferdinand von Mueller
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Famous As: Botanist and Geographer
Birthdate: June 30, 1825
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Australian, German
Died: October 10, 1896

 36 Conrad Gessner

Conrad Gessner
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 26, 1516
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swiss
Died: December 13, 1565

 37 Asa Gray

Asa Gray
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Famous As: Curator, Botanist, University teacher
Birthdate: November 18, 1810
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: January 30, 1888

 38 Manuel de Mier y Terán

Manuel de Mier y Terán
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: February 18, 1789
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Mexican
Died: July 3, 1832

 39 Francis Darwin

Francis Darwin
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: August 16, 1848
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: September 19, 1925

 40 Peter Simon Pallas

Peter Simon Pallas
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Famous As: Explorer, Zoologist, Ornithologist, Scientist, Botanist, Geographer, Arachnologist, Entomologist
Birthdate: September 22, 1741
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: September 8, 1811

 41 Georg Wilhelm Steller

Georg Wilhelm Steller
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: March 10, 1709
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: November 14, 1746

 42 William Bartram

William Bartram
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Famous As: botanist, ornithologist, writer, zoologist
Birthdate: April 20, 1739
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: July 22, 1823

 43 Jan Ingenhousz

Jan Ingenhousz
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Famous As: Botanist, Physician, Physicist
Birthdate: December 8, 1730
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Dutch
Died: September 7, 1799

 44 Avempace

Avempace
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 1085 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: 1138 AD

 45 Philipp Franz von Siebold

Philipp Franz von Siebold
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Famous As: Botanist, Carcinologist
Birthdate: February 17, 1796
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality:
Died: October 18, 1866

 46 Robert Fortune

Robert Fortune
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: September 16, 1812
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: April 13, 1880

 47 Lester Frank Ward

Lester Frank Ward
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: June 18, 1841
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: April 18, 1913

 48 Herman Boerhaave

Herman Boerhaave
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Famous As: Philosopher, Botanist, Physician, Anatomist, University teacher, Chemist, Entomologist
Birthdate: December 31, 1668
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality:
Died: September 23, 1738

 49 Augustin Pyrame de Candolle

Augustin Pyrame de Candolle
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: February 4, 1778
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swiss
Died: September 9, 1841

 50 Elias Magnus Fries

Elias Magnus Fries
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Famous As: Mycologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1794
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: February 8, 1878
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