List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Botanists
Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

Stamford Raffles Stamford Raffles
Jamaican, British

Ferdinand von Mueller Ferdinand von Mueller
Australian, German

Robert Brown Robert Brown
British, Scottish

David BellamyDavid Bellamy
British

James BowieJames Bowie
British

Jan SmutsJan Smuts
South African

Gifford PinchotGifford Pinchot
American
Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
American

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
Russian
Asa GrayAsa Gray
American

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish

Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
German
Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
British

Joel Roberts PoinsettJoel Roberts Poinsett
American
David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
American

Nick BrownNick Brown
British

Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
-
Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
French
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Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss
Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
Dutch

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
British

Joseph Banks RhineJoseph Banks Rhine
American

Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
Dutch
Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
Russian

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
British

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British

Lester Frank WardLester Frank Ward
American

Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
German
Katherine EsauKatherine Esau
German, American

G. Ledyard StebbinsG. Ledyard Stebbins
American
Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
-

Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
-

William BartramWilliam Bartram
American
Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
American

John GerardJohn Gerard
British
James BruceJames Bruce
British

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
British

Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
French

Pierre-Joseph RedoutéPierre-Joseph Redouté
Belgian

Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
British
Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
British, Scottish

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
-

Gaspard BauhinGaspard Bauhin
Swiss

David FairchildDavid Fairchild
American
Leonhart FuchsLeonhart Fuchs
German
Heinrich Anton de BaryHeinrich Anton de Bary
German

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
German, French

Philip MillerPhilip Miller
British

George BenthamGeorge Bentham
British
John BartramJohn Bartram
American

Ogier Ghiselin de BusbecqOgier Ghiselin de Busbecq
Belgian, French
Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
Swedish

William WitheringWilliam Withering
British

Carl CorrensCarl Correns
German
John LindleyJohn Lindley
British

Joseph Pitton de TournefortJoseph Pitton de Tournefort
French
Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
Italian, Russian

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British

Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British
Richard PankhurstRichard Pankhurst
British

Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
French
John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
Scottish

Carolus ClusiusCarolus Clusius
Belgian

Manuel de Mier y TeránManuel de Mier y Terán
Mexican

Emma Lucy BraunEmma Lucy Braun
American
Albert Ernest KitsonAlbert Ernest Kitson
British

A. P. de CandolleA. P. de Candolle
Swiss

Wilhelm Ludvig JohannsenWilhelm Ludvig Johannsen
Danish

Ludwig von KöchelLudwig von Köchel
Austrian

Johannes Eugenius Bülow WarmingJohannes Eugenius Bülow Warming
Danish
Karl Friedrich Philipp von MartiusKarl Friedrich Philipp von Martius
German

Frederic Edward ClementsFrederic Edward Clements
American