List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

James BowieJames Bowie
(British)

Jan SmutsJan Smuts
(South African)
Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck
(French)
Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
(German)

Allan Octavian HumeAllan Octavian Hume
(British)
William MastersWilliam Masters
(British)
Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
(American)

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
(Russian)
Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
(British)
Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
(French)

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
(British)
Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
(British)
Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck

Asa GrayAsa Gray
(American)
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
(British,Scottish)
Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
(Dutch)

David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
(American)
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
(Swiss)
Stephen HalesStephen Hales
(British)

Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
(Dutch)
Nick BrownNick Brown
(British)
Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
(German)

Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
James BruceJames Bruce
(British)

William BartramWilliam Bartram
(American)
Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
(British)

Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
(British,Scottish)
Philip MillerPhilip Miller
(British)
Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
(German,French)

Richard PankhurstRichard Pankhurst
(British)
Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
(French)
Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
(American)

Manuel de Mier y TeránManuel de Mier y Terán
(Mexican)
Albert Ernest KitsonAlbert Ernest Kitson
(British)
A. P. de CandolleA. P. de Candolle
(Swiss)