List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Botanists
Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

Robert Brown Robert Brown
British, Scottish

Ferdinand von Mueller Ferdinand von Mueller
Australian, German

James BowieJames Bowie
British
Jan SmutsJan Smuts
South African
Jean-Baptiste LamarckJean-Baptiste Lamarck
French

Allan Octavian HumeAllan Octavian Hume
British
William MastersWilliam Masters
British
Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
American
Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
German

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
Russian
Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
British
Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
British

Nick BrownNick Brown
British
Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
Dutch
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish
Asa GrayAsa Gray
American

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British
David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
American
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
-
Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
-
Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
Dutch
Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
German

Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
French
James BruceJames Bruce
British
William BartramWilliam Bartram
American

Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
-
Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
French
Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
British, Scottish
Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
-

Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
British
Philip MillerPhilip Miller
British
Stephen HalesStephen Hales
British

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
German, French
Richard PankhurstRichard Pankhurst
British
Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
American
Albert Ernest KitsonAlbert Ernest Kitson
British

Manuel de Mier y TeránManuel de Mier y Terán
Mexican
A. P. de CandolleA. P. de Candolle
Swiss