List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Botanists
Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

Stamford Raffles Stamford Raffles
Jamaican, British

Ferdinand von Mueller Ferdinand von Mueller
Australian, German

Robert Brown Robert Brown
British, Scottish
James BowieJames Bowie
British

Li Ching-YuenLi Ching-Yuen
Chinese

Jan SmutsJan Smuts
South African

Gifford PinchotGifford Pinchot
American
Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
Russian

David BellamyDavid Bellamy
British
David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
American

Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
American

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
British
Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
German

Gerard KuiperGerard Kuiper
Dutch, American
Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
Scottish

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
British

Nick BrownNick Brown
British
Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
Dutch
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Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
Dutch
Asa GrayAsa Gray
American

Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
French

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish

Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
Russian
Joseph Banks RhineJoseph Banks Rhine
American

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

James BruceJames Bruce
British

Georg Wilhelm StellerGeorg Wilhelm Steller
German
Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
German

Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
-
John GerardJohn Gerard
British

Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
British, Scottish

Joel Roberts PoinsettJoel Roberts Poinsett
American
William BartramWilliam Bartram
American

Lester Frank WardLester Frank Ward
American
Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
British

Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
-

Pierre-Joseph RedoutéPierre-Joseph Redouté
Belgian

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
-

Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
Dutch
John BartramJohn Bartram
American

Philip MillerPhilip Miller
British

Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
French

David FairchildDavid Fairchild
American
Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British
William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
British

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
German, French

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
British

Leonhart FuchsLeonhart Fuchs
German
George BenthamGeorge Bentham
British

Gaspard BauhinGaspard Bauhin
Swiss
John LindleyJohn Lindley
British

William WitheringWilliam Withering
British

Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
Italian, Russian
Heinrich Anton de BaryHeinrich Anton de Bary
German

Ogier Ghiselin de BusbecqOgier Ghiselin de Busbecq
Belgian, French
Carl CorrensCarl Correns
German

G. Ledyard StebbinsG. Ledyard Stebbins
American

Abu Hanifa DinawariAbu Hanifa Dinawari
Iranian
John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
Scottish

Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
British
Liberty Hyde BaileyLiberty Hyde Bailey
American

Joseph Pitton de TournefortJoseph Pitton de Tournefort
French

Katherine EsauKatherine Esau
German, American

Lorenz OkenLorenz Oken
German
Arthur GalstonArthur Galston
American

Ynes MexiaYnes Mexia
Mexican, American

André MichauxAndré Michaux
French

Nehemiah GrewNehemiah Grew
British

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
Italian
Carl NägeliCarl Nägeli
Swiss

Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
American
Carolus ClusiusCarolus Clusius
Belgian

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
French

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British
Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
French

Julius von SachsJulius von Sachs
German
José Celestino MutisJosé Celestino Mutis
Spanish

Catharine Parr TraillCatharine Parr Traill
Canadian, British
Adolf EnglerAdolf Engler
German, Polish

Elias Magnus FriesElias Magnus Fries
Swedish

Gottlieb HaberlandtGottlieb Haberlandt
Austrian
Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
Swedish

AvempaceAvempace
Spanish
Eva EkebladEva Ekeblad
Swedish