List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Botanists
Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

Stamford Raffles Stamford Raffles
Jamaican, British

Ferdinand von Mueller Ferdinand von Mueller
Australian, German

Robert Brown Robert Brown
British, Scottish

James BowieJames Bowie
British
Jan SmutsJan Smuts
South African

Gifford PinchotGifford Pinchot
American

Allan Octavian HumeAllan Octavian Hume
British

David BellamyDavid Bellamy
British
Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
American

Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
German
Asa GrayAsa Gray
American

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
British

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
Russian
Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
British

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish
Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Nick BrownNick Brown
British

David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
American
Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
Dutch
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Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
Dutch
Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
French

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British

Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
American

Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
-
Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
-
Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
German

James BruceJames Bruce
British

William BartramWilliam Bartram
American

Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
-
Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
French

Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
British, Scottish

Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
-

Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
British

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
German, French
Philip MillerPhilip Miller
British

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
British
Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
Swedish

Richard PankhurstRichard Pankhurst
British

Albert Ernest KitsonAlbert Ernest Kitson
British
Manuel de Mier y TeránManuel de Mier y Terán
Mexican

A. P. de CandolleA. P. de Candolle
Swiss
J.B. RhineJ.B. Rhine
American