List of famous botanists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

More From Botanists
Botanists are people who study botany (the science of studying plant biology) and conduct research base on their studies. Apart from plants, they also study fungi and algae. Conducting research on fossilized plants is the job of those botanists who have specialized knowledge in paleobotany. Botanists possess specific knowledge in ethnobotany which is the study of the use of plants by different cultures. Identification and classification of new species of plants are some of the important segments of a botanist’s work. Scientific study of plants helps us to comprehend the effect of plants on human and animals. Their study also works to determine the medicinal effect of any plant. Armed with modern scientific equipment, botanists conduct studies into the genetic structure of specific plants. To investigate the effects of various environmental factors like temperature, sunlight, soil and rainfall on plants is a part of a botanist’s profession. By using biochemical and molecular techniques, botanists also examine the nature of evolution of plants. Based on their findings, they prepare scientific reports and papers. They play a key role in developing drugs and other products from plants. Their study plays a vital role in controlling the factors of pollution in nature. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous botanists.

Stamford Raffles Stamford Raffles
Jamaican, British

Ferdinand von Mueller Ferdinand von Mueller
Australian, German

Robert Brown Robert Brown
British, Scottish
James BowieJames Bowie
British

Jan SmutsJan Smuts
South African

Nikolai VavilovNikolai Vavilov
Russian

Gifford PinchotGifford Pinchot
American
Dmitri IvanovskyDmitri Ivanovsky
Russian

David BellamyDavid Bellamy
British
Martinus BeijerinckMartinus Beijerinck
Dutch

Luther BurbankLuther Burbank
American

David Starr JordanDavid Starr Jordan
American
Nick BrownNick Brown
British

Gerard KuiperGerard Kuiper
Dutch, American
Philipp Franz von SieboldPhilipp Franz von Siebold
-

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
British

Joseph Dalton HookerJoseph Dalton Hooker
British
Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
Scottish
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Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
German
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish

Antoine-Augustin ParmentierAntoine-Augustin Parmentier
French

Hugo de VriesHugo de Vries
Dutch

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British
Asa GrayAsa Gray
American

Conrad GessnerConrad Gessner
Swiss

Joseph Banks RhineJoseph Banks Rhine
American

James BruceJames Bruce
British

Peter Simon PallasPeter Simon Pallas
German
Robert FortuneRobert Fortune
British, Scottish

John GerardJohn Gerard
British
Herman BoerhaaveHerman Boerhaave
-

Antoine Laurent de JussieuAntoine Laurent de Jussieu
French

William BartramWilliam Bartram
American
Joel Roberts PoinsettJoel Roberts Poinsett
American

Francis DarwinFrancis Darwin
British
Georg ForsterGeorg Forster
-

Jan IngenhouszJan Ingenhousz
Dutch

Pierre-Joseph RedoutéPierre-Joseph Redouté
Belgian

Lester Frank WardLester Frank Ward
American

David FairchildDavid Fairchild
American
John BartramJohn Bartram
American

Adelbert von ChamissoAdelbert von Chamisso
German, French

Philip MillerPhilip Miller
British

Stephen HalesStephen Hales
British
Carl CorrensCarl Correns
German
Leonhart FuchsLeonhart Fuchs
German

Ogier Ghiselin de BusbecqOgier Ghiselin de Busbecq
Belgian, French

Gaspard BauhinGaspard Bauhin
Swiss

John LindleyJohn Lindley
British
Harry JohnstonHarry Johnston
British

William WitheringWilliam Withering
British
Heinrich Anton de BaryHeinrich Anton de Bary
German

G. Ledyard StebbinsG. Ledyard Stebbins
American

William Jackson HookerWilliam Jackson Hooker
British
Liberty Hyde BaileyLiberty Hyde Bailey
American

Joseph Pitton de TournefortJoseph Pitton de Tournefort
French
George BenthamGeorge Bentham
British

Katherine EsauKatherine Esau
German, American

Mikhail TsvetMikhail Tsvet
Italian, Russian
Ruth PatrickRuth Patrick
American

Thomas NuttallThomas Nuttall
British
Arthur GalstonArthur Galston
American

John Claudius LoudonJohn Claudius Loudon
Scottish

Ynes MexiaYnes Mexia
Mexican, American

Michel AdansonMichel Adanson
French
Carolus ClusiusCarolus Clusius
Belgian

Elias Magnus FriesElias Magnus Fries
Swedish

Andrea CesalpinoAndrea Cesalpino
Italian

Julius von SachsJulius von Sachs
German

Jean SenebierJean Senebier
Swiss
Abu Hanifa DinawariAbu Hanifa Dinawari
Iranian

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British
Carolus LinnaeusCarolus Linnaeus
Swedish

Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-PierreJacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre
French

Nehemiah GrewNehemiah Grew
British
Adolf EnglerAdolf Engler
German, Polish

Carl NägeliCarl Nägeli
Swiss
Catharine Parr TraillCatharine Parr Traill
Canadian, British

Otto BrunfelsOtto Brunfels
German
André MichauxAndré Michaux
French

Erich von TschermakErich von Tschermak
Austrian

Hieronymus BockHieronymus Bock
German
George EngelmannGeorge Engelmann
German, American

Gottlieb HaberlandtGottlieb Haberlandt
Austrian
Pierre PoivrePierre Poivre
French