Agricultural Scientists

Agricultural scientists study and provide solutions to various aspects of agricultural activities. Their study and evaluation of agricultural productivity have played a vital role for better production of crops. The responsibilities of agricultural scientists involve formulation of scientific methods and implement those methods successfully to get better result in agricultural productivity. These scientific methods play a key role in developing and maintaining safe standards of food production. An agricultural scientist’s job includes collection and analysis of samples of agricultural produce, fertilizers and soil. Based on the collected data, they conduct experiment and surveys to better understand the farming needs of a particular region. Besides conducting research on food, plants, dairy products and animals, agricultural scientists devote time to educate farmers and other agriculturists on scientific farming methods, disease of crops and livestock, proper usage of pesticides and methods to improve the condition of soil Based on various requirements of agricultural communities, they provide suitable solutions for better agricultural output. The agricultural scientists also study various factors of environment that affect commercial crop production and animal breeding. Supervising proper operation of farm machinery is also one of the duties of agricultural scientists. Listed below are the biographies, including trivia, timelines and personal and professional information, of some of the most famous agricultural scientists who have dedicated their lives to this science.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver.
Famous As: Scientist & Inventor
Birthdate: January 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Diamond, Missouri, United States
Died: January 5, 1943
Agricultural scientist George Washington Carver is best remembered for promoting crops that were alternative to cotton, such as peanuts and sweet potatoes. He invented ways to prevent soil depletion and developed scores of products made from peanuts, including paints and cosmetics. He won numerous honors, such as the Spingarn Medal.

 2 Norman Borlaug

Norman Borlaug.
Famous As: Father of the Green Revolution
Birthdate: March 25, 1914
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Cresco, Iowa
Died: September 12, 2009

Norman Borlaug was an American agronomist who played a key role in the Green Revolution, a set of research technology transfer initiatives that increased agricultural production, for which he won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. Nicknamed the Father of the Green Revolution, Borlaug was also honored with the Congressional Gold Medal and Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work.

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 3 Sonny Perdue

Sonny Perdue.
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: December 20, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Perry, Georgia, USA

Sonny Perdue is an American businessman, veterinarian, and politician. From 2017 to 2021, he served as the United States Secretary of Agriculture. He also served as the 81st Governor of Georgia and became the first Republican to serve in that position since the Reconstruction era. Sonny Perdue is also credited with founding an agricultural trading company called AGrowStar.

 4 M. S. Swaminathan

M. S. Swaminathan.
Famous As: Agricultural Scientist
Birthdate: August 7, 1925
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kumbakonam

Ramon Magsaysay Award-winning geneticist M. S. Swaminathan is best known for his contribution to the Indian Green Revolution. Featured on Time, he introduced high-yielding varieties of wheat and rice seedlings to Indian farmers. He is also known for his administrative work as part of the Indian civil services.

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 5 Justus von Liebig

Justus von Liebig.
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: May 12, 1803
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Darmstadt, Germany
Died: April 18, 1873

 6 Eva Ekeblad

Eva Ekeblad
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: July 10, 1724
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: May 15, 1786
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 7 Eliza Lucas

Eliza Lucas
Famous As: Business person
Birthdate: December 28, 1722
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Antigua, Antigua and Barbuda
Died: May 26, 1793

Eliza Lucas was an agronomist who redefined agriculture in colonial South Carolina by developing indigo as one of the region's most prominent cash crops. The processing of indigo as dye influenced the colony's economy greatly before the Revolutionary War. She was the first woman to be be inducted into the South Carolina's Business Hall of Fame in the 20th century.

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 8 Robert Bakewell

Robert Bakewell
Famous As: Agriculturalist
Birthdate: May 23, 1725
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Dishley, England
Died: October 1, 1795
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 9 Erich von Tschermak

Erich von Tschermak
Famous As: Agronomist
Birthdate: November 15, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 11, 1962

Austrian botanist and agronomist Erich von Tschermak is remembered for his research on seed breeding and his illustrious teaching career at the Academy of Agriculture. He studied the garden pea extensively and developed disease-resistant variants of wheat and oats. He was also part of the Royal Swedish Academy of Agriculture.

 10 Pierre Poivre

Pierre Poivre
Famous As: Horticulturist
Birthdate: August 23, 1719
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 6, 1786
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 11 Patrick Matthew

Patrick Matthew
Famous As: Agriculturalist
Birthdate: October 20, 1790
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Scotland, United Kingdom
Died: June 8, 1874

 12 Étienne de Boré

Étienne de Boré
Famous As: Agriculturalist
Birthdate: December 27, 1741
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Kaskaskia, Illinois, United States
Died: February 1, 1820

Étienne de Boré was a Creole French planter best remembered for producing Louisiana's first granulated sugar. His innovation encouraged planters to cultivate sugar cane in large quantities as it helped make sugar cane profitable as a commodity.

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 13 Abu Hanifa Dinawari

Abu Hanifa Dinawari
Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: 0828 AD
Birthplace: Dinavar District, Iran
Died: 0896 AD

 14 William Farrer

William Farrer
Famous As: Agronomist
Birthdate: April 3, 1845
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Docker, Westmorland, England
Died: April 16, 1906
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 15 John Bennet Lawes

John Bennet Lawes
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: December 28, 1814
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Rothamsted, England
Died: August 31, 1900

 16 Ibn al-ʿAwwām

Ibn al-ʿAwwām
Famous As: Islamic author
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Seville, Spain
Died: 1158 AD

 17 Franklin Hiram King

Franklin Hiram King
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 8, 1848
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Whitewater, Wisconsin, United States
Died: August 4, 1911

Franklin Hiram King was an agricultural scientist best known for his first-hand account of such agricultural practices that are considered today as standard organic farming practices. From 1888 to 1902, he also served as a professor at the University of Wisconsin–Madison where he taught agricultural physics. During his career, King made significant contributions to agriculture.

 18 David Lubin

David Lubin
Famous As: Merchant
Birthdate: June 10, 1849
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Klodawa, Poland
Died: January 1, 1919
A merchant and agriculturalist, David Lubin was pivotal in founding the International Institute of Agriculture in 1908. His successful fight for the lowering of oppressive freight rates helped lead to the development of the parcel post system. Born in Poland, Lubin also wrote essays and treatises and his novel, Let There be Light, proposed a universal world religion.
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 19 Shane Broad

Shane Broad
Famous As: Politician, Rower
Birthdate: August 21, 1974
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Burnie, Tasmania, Australia

 20 E. T. York

E. T. York
Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: July 4, 1922
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Valley Head, Alabama, United States
Died: April 15, 2011
 An American professor, E. T. York was also an agronomist, university administrator, agricultural extension administrator, and U.S. presidential adviser. York not only authored over 100 technical papers, journal articles, and books, but he also lectured at more than forty universities in the US and throughout the world. In 1997, the Museum of Florida History named York as a "Great Floridian." 

 21 Kim Soon-kwon

Kim Soon-kwon
Famous As: Agricultural Scientist
Birthdate: May 1, 1945
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Ulsan, South Korea

 22 George Stapledon

George Stapledon
Famous As: Environmentalist
Birthdate: September 22, 1882
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Northam, England
Died: September 16, 1960
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 23 Claude Hope

Claude Hope
Famous As: Horticulturalist
Birthdate: May 10, 1907
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Sweetwater, Texas, United States
Died: July 14, 2000
Claude Hope is best known for his role in turning the impatiens, an African river plant, into the most popular bedding plant in the US. In 1992, a book was written about him titled A Master of Seeds: The Life and Work of Claude Hope by Ricardo Arias Martinez. Hope was also honored for his social, economic contributions to Costa Rica.

 24 John Lorain

John Lorain
Famous As: Agriculturalist
Birthdate: 1753 AD
Birthplace: Maryland, United States
Died: 1823 AD
American farmer, merchant, agricultural writer, John Lorain was the first person to create a hybrid by combining two types of corn. His experiments anticipated the methods employed in the century following his death. In 1825, his book, Nature and Reason Harmonized in the Practice of Husbandry, was published by his widow. The book had descriptions of his experiments with hybrids.
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 25 Colin Spedding

Colin Spedding
Famous As: Biologist, Agronomist
Birthdate: March 22, 1925
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: United Kingdom
Died: December 17, 2012
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