Computer Scientists

Computer scientists specialize in the scientific study of computation and computer technology, hardware and software. They work in the field of computer science, i.e. the study of the theoretical and practical aspects of computing and computers. Computer scientists work alongside with other research professionals like computer programmers, information technology specialists, electrical engineers, etc. in order to develop new computer technology and design hardware and software. Their research helps to improve the performance of existing computer systems. The field of theoretical computer science deals with the theory of computation and other topics focused on logical, mathematical and abstract aspects of computing. Applied computer science, on the other hand, deals with issues like Artificial Intelligence, computer graphics, and computer security which can be put to practical use in real-life situations. Computer scientists may work in software development that involves designing of games, search engines, operating systems and web browsers. Those who work on computer hardware are dedicated to the development of higher processing speed. Some computer scientists work with engineers to design robotics that are used in the manufacturing sector. These professionals also teach in universities or work with government agencies. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous computer scientists.
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 1 Bill Gates

Bill Gates.
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Famous As: Co-Founder of Microssoft
Birthdate: October 28, 1955
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seattle, Washington, United States

Leading American technologist, business leader and philanthropist, Bill Gates is the co-founder of the world’s largest software company, Microsoft. His passion for computers made him one of the richest in the world and through his charity foundation, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, he and his ex-wife, Melinda, use this money generously to help people world over live a better life.

 2 Alan Turing

Alan Turing.
20
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
Died: June 7, 1954

Regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was a distinguished mathematician and logician. During WWII, he successfully broke the challenging German Enigma machine codes thereby reducing the duration of war by a couple of years. The scientist, who was convicted for being gay, has been an inspiration for numerous films, plays and novels.

 3 Larry Page

Larry Page.
20
Famous As: Co-founder of Google
Birthdate: March 26, 1973
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Lansing, Michigan, U.S.

Larry Page is an American Internet entrepreneur and computer scientist. As one of the co-founders of the multinational technology company Google, Larry Page effectively changed the way the world functions today as Google is a synonym for a search engine in many parts of the world. Unsurprisingly, he became a billionaire after co-founding Google.

 4 Steve Wozniak

Steve Wozniak.
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Famous As: Co-founder of Apple Computer (Apple Inc.)
Birthdate: August 11, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: San Jose, California, United States

Widely recognized as one of the two important pioneers of the personal computer revolution, Steve Wozniak is credited with co-founding Apple Inc. along with Steve Jobs. Not surprisingly, he has been described as one of the men that changed the course of history through technology. Apart from being a programmer and technology entrepreneur, Steve Wozniak is also a well-known philanthropist.

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 5 Sergey Brin

Sergey Brin.
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Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: August 21, 1973
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Moscow
Google co-founder Sergey Brin also served as the president of Alphabet Inc. The seventh-richest person in the world as of 2020, Brin earlier dropped his PhD plans at Stanford, following which he and Larry Page launched Google in a garage. He is a devoted philanthropist and a Democratic Party donor.

 6 Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee.
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Famous As: Inventor of the World Wide Web
Birthdate: June 8, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England

Widely known as ten inventor of the world wide web, Tim Berners-Lee made the first communication between an HTTP client and server through the internet in 1989. He is associated with various organizations, such as the W3C and the World Wide Web Foundation, and has received the knighthood, too.

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 7 Walter O'Brien

Walter O'Brien
11
Famous As: Business Person
Birthdate: February 24, 1975
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: County Wexford, Ireland
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 8 John von Neumann

John von Neumann.
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Famous As: Mathematician, Computer Scientist
Birthdate: December 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: February 8, 1957
Hungarian-American scientist John von Neumann contributed to the development of game theory and the concept of self-replication. His work covered vast areas including math, economics, physics, and computer science. His research on nuclear physics led him to be part of the advisory committee of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
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 9 Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage.
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Famous As: Father of the computer
Birthdate: December 26, 1791
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 18, 1871
Charles Babbage, or the “father of the computer,” invented the prototype of the world’s first mechanical calculator, the Difference Engine. With the help of mathematician Ada Lovelace, he also created the Analytical Engine, the first general-purpose computer and a precursor of the modern computer, with its looping and sequential mechanism.

 10 Shigeru Miyamoto

Shigeru Miyamoto.
19
Famous As: Video Game Designer, Artist
Birthdate: November 16, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sonobe
Japanese game designer Shigeru Miyamoto is the man behind games such as Super Mario, The Legend of Zelda, and Donkey Kong. He has been the general manager and senior MD at Nintendo and now serves as its representative director and creative fellow. He avoids appearing on TV or giving autographs.
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 11 Grace Hopper

Grace Hopper.
11
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: December 9, 1906
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 1, 1992
Computer scientist and U.S. Navy rear admiral Grace Hopper was one of the first programmers of the Harvard Mark I computing system. She pioneered the machine-independent programming language technique, and the FLOW-MATIC language used by her was later used to create COBOL. She received a posthumous Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 12 Claude Shannon

Claude Shannon.
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Cryptographer
Birthdate: April 30, 1916
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Petoskey, Michigan, United States
Died: February 24, 2001
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 13 Gabe Newell

Gabe Newell.
11
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: November 3, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Seattle, Washington

Businessman Gabe Newell is the co-founder and president of the video game developer and digital distribution company, Valve. As a young man, he worked for Microsoft for several years before he quit to found his own venture. He was inducted into the Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences Hall of Fame in 2013.

 14 Richard Stallman

Richard Stallman.
5
Famous As: Software Programmer
Birthdate: March 16, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City
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 15 Michael Dell

Michael Dell
7
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Financier, Businessperson, Computer scientist
Birthdate: February 23, 1965
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Houston, Texas, United States

 16 Dennis Ritchie

Dennis Ritchie.
5
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: September 9, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bronxville, New York, United States
Died: October 12, 2011

 17 Ray Kurzweil

Ray Kurzweil
0
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: February 12, 1948
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States

 18 Vitalik Buterin

Vitalik Buterin
5
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: January 31, 1994
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kolomna, Russia
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 19 John Carmack

John Carmack
5
Famous As: Chief technology officer, Aerospace engineer, Programmer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: August 20, 1970
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kansas City

 20 Tony Hsieh

Tony Hsieh
2
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: December 12, 1973
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Illinois

 21 Margaret Hamilton

Margaret Hamilton
2
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: August 17, 1936
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paoli, Indiana, United States

 22 George Hotz

George Hotz
5
Famous As: Blogger, Programmer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: October 2, 1989
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Glen Rock, New Jersey
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 23 Guido van Rossum

Guido van Rossum.
5
Famous As: Programmer
Birthdate: January 31, 1956
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Netherlands
Dutch programmer Guido van Rossum is known as the inventor of the Python programming language. He has also worked with Google and Dropbox earlier. In November 2020, he announced he announced his decision to join the Developer Division of Microsoft. He has won several honors, such as the NLUUG Award.

 24 Donald Knuth

Donald Knuth.
5
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: January 10, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States

Mathematician and computer scientist Donald Ervin Knuth is best known for his contribution to the development of the rigorous analysis of the computational complexity of algorithms. Also the creator of the TeX computer typesetting system as well as the WEB and CWEB computer programming systems, he has published twenty books, most significant among them being The Art of Computer Programming.

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 25 Andrew Ng

Andrew Ng
5
Famous As: artificial intelligence researcher, computer scientist
Birthdate: 1976 AD
Birthplace: United Kingdom

 26 Peter Sunde

Peter Sunde
11
Famous As: Computer scientist, Politician
Birthdate: September 13, 1978
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Uddevalla

 27 Gottfrid Svartholm

Gottfrid Svartholm
11
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: October 17, 1984
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Sweden

 28 Vint Cerf

Vint Cerf.
0
Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: June 23, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut, United States
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 29 Lawrence Lessig

Lawrence Lessig
5
Famous As: Jurist, Activist, Lawyer, Non-fiction writer, Computer scientist, Politician, Professor
Birthdate: June 3, 1961
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Rapid City

 30 Benoit Mandelbrot

Benoit Mandelbrot
2
Famous As: Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist, Writer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: November 20, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: October 14, 2010

Noted mathematician and polymath, Benoit B. Mandelbrot is perhaps best known for his work on fractal. He not only coined the term, but also used computer-constructed images to illustrate the mathematical definition. Also credited with the discovery of Mandelbrot set and Mandelbrot law, he established that even those things which were apparently chaotic or rough had a "degree of order".

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 31 Ginni Rometty

Ginni Rometty
2
Famous As: Businesswomen
Birthdate: July 29, 1957
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chicago Chicago, Illinois, U.S.

 32 Fredrik Neij

Fredrik Neij
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Famous As: Engineer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: April 27, 1978
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Jönköping

 33 Jaron Lanier

Jaron Lanier
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Famous As: Computer scientist, Composer, Programmer, Writer, Essayist, University teacher
Birthdate: May 3, 1960
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City

 34 Sid Meier

Sid Meier
7
Famous As: Video game producer, Engineer, Video game designer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: February 24, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Detroit

Game designer Sid Meier soared to fame with the strategy game series Civilization. Initially a cash-register designer, he later co-founded the gaming company MicroProse. He met his wife at a Lutheran Church, where they both still sing. Apart from the AIAS Hall of Fame Award, he has also penned a memoir.

 35 Ken Thompson

Ken Thompson.
5
Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: February 4, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, United States

 36 George Dantzig

George Dantzig
2
Famous As: Mathematician, Computer scientist, Statistician
Birthdate: November 8, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Portland
Died: May 13, 2005

 37 Marvin Minsky

Marvin Minsky
5
Famous As: Mathematician, Computer scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 9, 1927
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City
Died: January 24, 2016

 38 Andy Rubin

Andy Rubin
2
Famous As: Computer programmer
Birthdate: 1963 AD
Birthplace: Chappaqua, New York, United States

 39 James Gosling

James Gosling
5
Famous As: Programmer, Inventor, Computer scientist
Birthdate: May 19, 1955
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Calgary

James Gosling earned the nickname Dr. Java after he revolutionized the world of computer programming with his Java programming language. The Carnegie Mellon alumnus has had a 26-year stint with Sun Microsystems. The computer nerd has a picture of the first 1000 digits of √2 framed in his office.

 40 Paul Buchheit

Paul Buchheit
5
Famous As: Computer Engineer
Birthdate: November 7, 1977
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Webster, New York, United States

 41 Bjarne Stroustrup

Bjarne Stroustrup
5
Famous As: Computer scientist, Engineer, Scientist, Programmer, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: December 30, 1950
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Aarhus

 42 Shawn Fanning

Shawn Fanning
2
Famous As: Computer scientist, Programmer
Birthdate: November 22, 1980
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Brockton

 43 Sophie Wilson

Sophie Wilson
2
Famous As: computer scientist
Birthdate: 1957 AD
Birthplace: Leeds

 44 Edsger W. Dijkstra

Edsger W. Dijkstra
5
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: May 11, 1930
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: August 6, 2002

 45 Andy Hertzfeld

Andy Hertzfeld
2
Famous As: Computer scientist, Engineer, Programmer
Birthdate: April 6, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Philadelphia

 46 Stephen Wolfram

Stephen Wolfram
5
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist, Computer scientist, Businessperson, University teacher, Patent inventor, Writer
Birthdate: August 29, 1959
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London

Stephen Wolfram is a British-American computer scientist, physicist, and businessman, best known for his work in computer science, mathematics, and theoretical physics. He is a  fellow of the American Mathematical Society. As a businessman, he is the founder and CEO of Wolfram Research, a software company. 

 47 Mark Shuttleworth

Mark Shuttleworth
2
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Astronaut, Engineer, Inventor, Scientist, Blogger, Businessperson, Computer scientist
Birthdate: September 18, 1973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Welkom

 48 Max Levchin

Max Levchin
2
Famous As: Computer scientist, Entrepreneur, Businessperson
Birthdate: July 11, 1975
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Kyiv

 49 Geoffrey Hinton

Geoffrey Hinton
0
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: December 6, 1947
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Wimbledon

 50 Nick Bostrom

Nick Bostrom
0
Famous As: Philosopher, University teacher, Computer scientist
Birthdate: March 10, 1973
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Helsingborg
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