2 Vladimir Vernadsky(Mineralogist)
Vladimir Vernadsky was a geochemist and mineralogist who is widely regarded as one of the founders of radiogeology, biogeochemistry, and geochemistry. He is also credited with founding the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences. Vernadsky is best remembered for his book, The Biosphere, which discusses Eduard Suess' work. He won the prestigious Stalin Prize in 1943.
3 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld(Geologist)
Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld was a Finland-Swedish geologist, aristocrat, Arctic explorer, and mineralogist. He is best remembered for leading the Vega Expedition of 1878–1880, the first Arctic expedition to steer through the Northeast Passage. The expedition is regarded as one of the greatest achievements in Swedish science history.
4 Victor Moritz Goldschmidt(Mineralogist)
Victor Moritz Goldschmidt was a Norwegian mineralogist. He is credited with co-founding crystal chemistry and modern geochemistry along with Vladimir Vernadsky. He is also credited with developing the Goldschmidt Classification of elements. The Geochemical Society has established the V. M. Goldschmidt Medal in his honor, which is awarded annually.
5 Johan Gadolin(Former chemist, physicist and mineralogist who discovered a "new earth" containing the first rare-earth compound yttrium)
6 James Dwight Dana(Geologist)
7 José Bonifácio de Andrada(Statesman)
José Bonifácio de Andrada was a Brazilian statesman. He was also a naturalist, mineralist, and professor. He was a significant proponent of Brazilian independence and also spearheaded the abolition project in Brazil. He was of the opinion that a new national capital should be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. As a naturalist, he discovered four new minerals.
8 Charles Friedel(Chemist)
Charles Friedel was a French chemist and mineralogist. He studied under famed chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur at the Sorbonne. He later obtained the post of professor of chemistry and mineralogy at the Sorbonne. He collaborated with James Crafts to develop the Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation reactions. His son Georges also became a renowned mineralogist.
9 Georg Brandt(Chemist)
Georg Brandt was a Swedish mineralogist and chemist best remembered for discovering cobalt. He is also credited with identifying and exposing fraudulent alchemists. Georg Brandt also served as a professor at Uppsala University.
10 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt(Mineralogist and chemist)
Axel Fredrik Cronstedt was a Swedish chemist and mineralogist. He is best remembered for discovering nickel in 1751. Widely regarded as a founder of modern mineralogy, Cronstedt is credited with introducing the blowpipe for mineralogists. In 1753, Axel Fredrik Cronstedt was inducted into the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
11 Per Teodor Cleve(Chemist)
Per Teodor Cleve was a Swedish biologist, chemist, oceanographer, and mineralogist. He is best remembered for his discovery of holmium and thulium. He is also credited with discovering aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids. Per Teodor Cleve is also remembered for his service as professor of general and agricultural chemistry at Uppsala University. His contributions were honored with the Davy Medal.
12 René-Just Haüy(Priest)
13 Alexandre Brongniart(Chemist)
Best known for exploring the geology of the Tertiary Period, Alexandre Brongniart initially taught natural history and then became a professor of mineralogy. He also worked for the development of porcelain enameling in France. His other works include a classification of reptiles and the introduction of geologic dating.
14 Charles Thomas Jackson(Physician)
15 Charles Hatchett(Chemist)
16 Edward Daniel Clarke(Naturalist)
17 Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton(Naturalist)
18 Khajidsuren Bolormaa(Engineer)
19 Georges Friedel(Crystallographer)
20 Quintino Sella(Politician)
After studying engineering and mineralogy, Quintino Sella taught math and mineralogy for a while before stepping into politics. He later served as the minister of finance of a newly unified Italy. Sella also convinced King Victor Emmanuel II to make Rome the capital after the French withdrew from the city.
21 Johann Gottlob Lehmann(Geologist)
22 Jean-Étienne Guettard(Doctor of medicine)
23 Waldemar Christofer Brøgger(Geologist)
Waldemar Christofer Brøgger was a Norwegian geologist and mineralogist best known for his research on Permian igneous rocks of the Oslo district. His contribution helped to greatly advance petrologic theory on the formation of rocks. He studied under Theodor Kjerulf at University of Christiania and pursued an academic career. He later became rector of the senate of University of Christiania.