Molecular Biologists

Molecular biologists study biology at the molecular level. Molecular biology is a field of biology that deals with the biochemical processes within living cells such as DNA, RNA, protein biosynthesis and genetic coding. Even though considered a distinct discipline, molecular biology overlaps with other scientific fields like biology and chemistry; several techniques and concepts of genetics and biochemistry are applicable to this science as well. Molecular biologists have in-depth knowledge of cell physiology, genetics and biochemistry which help them in analyzing the cell processes and codes in living organisms, including human beings. They use sophisticated equipment like DNA synthesizers, cloning kits, electron guns and temperature cyclers. They study the molecular basis of genetic variations, heredity and gene expressions to determine how some biological traits are passed on from generation to generation. By analyzing the cellular makeup of bacteria and viruses, they help doctors in understanding how these microorganisms cause diseases, and how they can be treated. Molecular biologists work primarily in laboratories and may be employed in hospitals, pharmaceutical companies, biotech companies, colleges, environmental organizations, etc. to name a few. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous molecular biologists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 James Watson

James Watson.
Famous As: Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: April 6, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

James Watson is a geneticist, molecular biologist, and zoologist. He is credited with co-authoring the academic paper that propounded the double helix structure of nucleic acids such as DNA for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1962. In 1977, he was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom. In 1997, he was awarded the National Medal of Science.

 2 Francis Crick

Francis Crick.
Famous As: Co-discoverer of the Structure of the DNA Molecule, Nobel Prize Winner
Birthdate: June 8, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Weston Favell, Northamptonshire, England
Died: July 28, 2004

Nobel Prize-winning British biophysicist Francis Crick is best known for his ground-breaking work to determine the structure of the DNA, along with James Watson, Maurice Wilkins, and Rosalind Franklin. He taught at various institutes, such as the Salk Institute, and was also awarded the Order of Merit.

 3 Suzanne Eaton

Suzanne Eaton.
Famous As: Molecular biologist, Taekwondo athletic
Birthdate: December 23, 1959
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Oakland, California, United States
Died: July 2, 2019

 4 Matthieu Ricard

Matthieu Ricard.
Famous As: Molecular biologist, Photographer, Bhikkhu, Writer, Translator
Birthdate: February 15, 1946
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Aix-les-Bains
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 5 Sydney Brenner

Sydney Brenner.
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: January 13, 1927
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Germiston, Transvaal, Union of South Africa
Died: April 5, 2019

Sydney Brenner was a South African biologist who made important contributions to various areas of molecular biology, including the genetic code. Brenner shared the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Sir John E. Sulston and H. Robert Horvitz. Sydney Brenner is credited with founding the Molecular Sciences Institute, which is situated in the United States of America.

 6 Arthur Kornberg

Arthur Kornberg.
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: March 3, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, United States
Died: October 26, 2007

Nobel Prize-winning biochemist and doctor Arthur Kornberg is best remembered for his research on DNA synthesis. Born to Jewish immigrants in New York, Kornberg assisted his father at his hardware shop as a child. He had also been a ship doctor for the U.S. Coast Guard.

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 7 Carol W. Greider

Carol W. Greider
Famous As: Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician
Birthdate: April 15, 1961
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Davis

Carol W. Greider is a molecular biologist who discovered the enzyme telomerase in 1984. Her discovery was honored several years later when she received the 2009 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, along with Blackburn and Jack W. Szostak for their work on telomeres.  The trio also shared the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research for the same work.  

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 8 Jack W. Szostak

Jack W. Szostak
Famous As: Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician, Professor
Birthdate: November 9, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: London

Nobel Prize-winning Canadian-American biochemist and geneticist Jack W. Szostak revolutionized medical science with his research on the manipulation of genes. The Cornell alumnus is credited with creating the first yeast artificial chromosome. He has also taught at the Harvard Medical School. In spite of being Polish, he doesn’t speak the language.

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 9 Walter Gilbert

Walter Gilbert.
Famous As: Biochemist, Physicist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: March 21, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

American molecular biologist and Nobel laureate Walter Gilbert pioneered research on the sequence of nucleotide links in DNA and RNA molecules. The Harvard and Cambridge alumnus later taught at Harvard. He also co-established firms dealing with genetic engineering and pharmaceutical research and was part of the Human Genome Project.

 10 Susumu Tonegawa

Susumu Tonegawa.
Famous As: Immunologist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese scientist known for his discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. For this work, he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987. Even though he won the coveted award for his work in immunology, he is a molecular biologist by training. He now studies neuroscience. 

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 11 Max Perutz

Max Perutz.
Famous As: Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: May 19, 1914
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died: February 6, 2002

 12 Peter Agre

Peter Agre
Famous As: Chemist, Molecular biologist, Professor
Birthdate: January 30, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Northfield
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 13 Shirley M. Tilghman

Shirley M. Tilghman
Famous As: Molecular biologist, University teacher, Biochemist
Birthdate: September 17, 1946
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Toronto

Shirley Marie Tilghman, the nineteenth President of Princeton University, currently the Emeritus Professor of Molecular Biology and Public Affairs, is considered to be one of the most influential female scientists of our time. Although she is no longer involved in active research she is known for her contributions in the fields of molecular genetics, especially in genomic imprinting.

 14 Philip Allen Sharp

Philip Allen Sharp.
Famous As: Geneticist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: June 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Falmouth, Kentucky

Philip Allen Sharp is an American molecular biologist and geneticist best known for co-discovering RNA splicing. In 1993, he received the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine along with Sir Richard John Roberts. Philip Allen Sharp has also won several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science, the Benjamin Franklin Medal, and the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize. 

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 15 Richard J. Roberts

Richard J. Roberts.
Famous As: Biochemist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1943
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Derby, England,

 16 Margarita Salas

Margarita Salas
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: November 30, 1938
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vald├ęs, Spain
Died: November 7, 2019

 17 Sidney Altman

Sidney Altman.
Famous As: Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: May 7, 1939
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Known for his independent work on ribonucleic acid (RNA), molecular biologist Sidney Altman co-won the 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for discovering that RNA, which was thought to be a passive carrier of genetic codes, is also capable of taking up active enzymatic functions. The discovery is significant in that it forced scientists to reexamine traditional theories on cellular functions.  

 18 Seymour Benzer

Seymour Benzer
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: October 15, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bensonhurst, New York, United States
Died: November 30, 2007

Born to Polish Jew parents in the Bronx, Seymour Benzer would often cut open frogs in childhood. The molecular biologist is best known for his research on viral genes and for coining the term cistron. A Caltech professor, he was also made a Fellow of the Royal Society.

 19 Susan Lindquist

Susan Lindquist
Famous As: Professor
Birthdate: June 5, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Died: October 27, 2016

Cell biologist and MIT professor Susan Lindquist is best remembered for her research on protein folding and its impact on diseases. The Harvard alumna had also taught at the University of Chicago for 23 years. She was also the first female director of the Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research.

 20 Maclyn McCarty

Maclyn McCarty
Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: June 9, 1911
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: South Bend, Indiana, United States
Died: January 2, 2005

Maclyn McCarty was an American geneticist who became the first person to illustrate that genes were made of DNA. McCarty served as the Rockefeller University Hospital's physician-in-chief for 14 years. He also served as the vice president and a trusted adviser of Rockefeller University.

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 21 Angelika Amon

Angelika Amon
Famous As: Molecular biologist
Birthdate: January 10, 1967
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: October 29, 2020

 22 Rana Dajani

Rana Dajani
Famous As: Molecular biologist
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Jordan
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 23 Kenneth Murray

Kenneth Murray
Famous As: Molecular biologist
Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Yorkshire, England
Died: April 7, 2013

 24 Richard Henderson

Richard Henderson
Famous As: Molecular biologist
Birthdate: July 19, 1945
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
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 25 Hiba Mohamed

Hiba Mohamed
Famous As: Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: January 18, 1968
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Sudan
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