Chemists

Chemists are the scientists who specialize in the field of chemistry. They investigate the chemical nature of substances and how they behave under different conditions to search for new knowledge. Compounds, both organic and inorganic, are examined to determine their chemical and physical properties, composition, structure, and reactivity. Chemists try to decode the details of the chemical molecules and their component atoms. The knowledge gained through research is used to understand the composition and properties of unknown substances, and is used in practical applications in industries. Since chemicals play a vital role in virtually all types of industries, chemists are employed in various industrial establishments, especially those dealing in plastics, medicines, pharmaceuticals, and chemical industries. They also work in research and in university teaching positions. Newer discoveries and findings in the field of chemistry lead to the development of better products, processes and analytical methods. Chemistry is a vast field divided into several overlapping sub-branches: analytical chemistry, biochemistry, organic chemistry, physical chemistry, etc. Chemists primarily work in laboratories and use a variety of techniques in their research like spectroscopy, chromatography, and spectrophotometry. Read on to discover about the life and works of various famous chemists, through their biographies and timelines, from all over the world.
More From Chemists

 1 Marie Curie

Marie Curie
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Famous As: First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.

 2 Irène Joliot-Curie

Irène Joliot-Curie
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: March 17, 1956

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie’s daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, herself a brilliant scientist, won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with her husband, Joliot-Curie, for discovering artificial radioactivity. She was also one of the first three female French government members. She tragically died of leukemia caused by exposure to radiation.

 3 Julius Lothar Meyer

Julius Lothar Meyer
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 19, 1830
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: April 11, 1895

 4 Retta

Retta
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Famous As: Stand-up Comedian
Birthdate: April 12, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
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 5 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 28, 1895

 6 Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel
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Birthdate: October 21, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swedish
Died: December 10, 1896
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 7 Jerry Buss

Jerry Buss
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Famous As: Businessman
Birthdate: January 27, 1933
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 18, 2013
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 8 Michael Faraday

Michael Faraday
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Famous As: Physicist & Chemist
Birthdate: September 22, 1791
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: August 25, 1867
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 9 Rosalind Franklin

Rosalind Franklin
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: April 16, 1958

 10 Kary Mullis

Kary Mullis
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Famous As: Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist
Birthdate: December 28, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
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 11 Dmitri Mendeleev

Dmitri Mendeleev
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Famous As: Inventor of Periodic Table
Birthdate: February 8, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 2, 1907

 12 Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling
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Famous As: Chemist, Biochemist
Birthdate: February 28, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: August 19, 1994
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 13 Antoine Lavoisier

Antoine Lavoisier
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 26, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: May 8, 1794

 14 Albert Hofmann

Albert Hofmann
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Famous As: The First Person to Synthesize LSD
Birthdate: January 11, 1906
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Swiss
Died: April 29, 2008
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 15 Fritz Haber

Fritz Haber
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: December 9, 1868
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 29, 1934

 16 Humphry Davy

Humphry Davy
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Famous As: Inventor of Davy Lamp
Birthdate: December 17, 1778
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: May 29, 1829

 17 Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle
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Famous As: Founder of Modern Chemistry, Boyle's Law
Birthdate: January 25, 1627
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Irish, British
Died: December 30, 1691

 18 Paul Langevin

Paul Langevin
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Famous As: Physicist, Professor, Chemist, Philosopher of science, Educationist, Non-fiction writer
Birthdate: January 23, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: December 19, 1946
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 19 Owsley Stanley

Owsley Stanley
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Famous As: Chemist, Engineer, Audio engineer
Birthdate: January 19, 1935
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: March 12, 2011

 20 Joseph Priestley

Joseph Priestley
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Famous As: Discoverer of Oxygen
Birthdate: March 24, 1733
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: February 6, 1804

 21 James Lovelock

James Lovelock
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Famous As: Biologist, Chemist, University teacher, Mythographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 22 Joseph Swan

Joseph Swan
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Famous As: Chemist, Physicist, Inventor
Birthdate: October 31, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: May 27, 1914
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 23 Joachim Sauer

Joachim Sauer
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Famous As: Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 19, 1949
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German

 24 C. N. R. Rao

C.N.R. Rao
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: June 30, 1934
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
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 25 Otto Hahn

Otto Hahn
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 8, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: July 28, 1968

 26 Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sanger
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 13, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: November 19, 2013

 27 Henry Cavendish

Henry Cavendish
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: October 10, 1731
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: February 24, 1810

 28 Irving Langmuir

Irving Langmuir
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: January 31, 1881
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 16, 1957
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 29 Robert Bunsen

Robert Bunsen
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 30, 1811
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: August 16, 1899

 30 Michael Levitt

Michael Levitt
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Famous As: Physicist, Biologist, Bioinformatician, Chemist, Scientist, Educationist, University teacher
Birthdate: May 9, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American, South African
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 31 Chaim Weizmann

Chaim Weizmann
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Famous As: Former President of Israel
Birthdate: November 27, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 9, 1952

 32 Amedeo Avogadro

Amedeo Avogadro
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Famous As: Chemist and Physicist
Birthdate: August 9, 1776
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Italian
Died: July 9, 1856

 33 Tu Youyou

Tu Youyou
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Famous As: chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university teacher
Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Chinese

 34 Prafulla Chandra Ray

Prafulla Chandra Ray
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: August 2, 1861
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian
Died: June 16, 1944

 35 Sidney Gottlieb

Sidney Gottlieb
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Famous As: Chemist, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: August 3, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: March 7, 1999

 36 Alexander Borodin

Alexander Borodin
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Famous As: Composer, Chemist
Birthdate: November 12, 1833
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 27, 1887

 37 Mario J. Molina

Mario J. Molina
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: March 19, 1943
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Mexican

 38 Svante Arrhenius

Svante Arrhenius
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: February 19, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: October 2, 1927

 39 Glenn T. Seaborg

Glen T. Seaborg
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: April 19, 1912
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: February 25, 1999

 40 Hans Christian Ørsted

Hans Christian Ørsted
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: August 14, 1777
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Danish
Died: March 9, 1851

 41 Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: July 29, 1994

 42 John Herschel

John Herschel
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: March 7, 1792
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: May 11, 1871

 43 Charles Goodyear

Charles Goodyear
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Famous As: Inventor, Chemist, Engineer
Birthdate: December 29, 1800
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: July 1, 1860

 44 Gerolamo Cardano

Gerolamo Cardano
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: September 24, 1501
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Italian
Died: September 21, 1576

 45 Leo Baekeland

Leo Baekeland
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Famous As: Chemist & Inventor
Birthdate: November 14, 1863
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Belgian, American
Died: February 23, 1944

 46 Ahmed Zewail

Ahmed Zewail
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 26, 1946
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Egyptian
Died: August 2, 2016

 47 Martyn Poliakoff

Martyn Poliakoff
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Famous As: Chemist, University teacher
Birthdate: December 16, 1947
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British

 48 Jöns Jacob Berzelius

Jöns Jacob Berzelius
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Famous As: Chemist, Non-fiction writer, University teacher
Birthdate: August 20, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swedish
Died: August 7, 1848

 49 Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion
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Famous As: Biochemist, Pharmacologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 21, 1999

 50 Helen Sharman

Helen Sharman
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: May 30, 1963
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
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