2 Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild(Biologist, Banker, Politician, Zoologist, Ornithologist, Entomologist, Lepidopterist)
3 Charles Rothschild(Banker, Entomologist)
4 Paul R. Ehrlich(Entomologist, Zoologist, University teacher)
Paul R. Ehrlich is a biologist best known for the 1968 book The Population Bomb, which he co-authored with his wife, Anne. He kindled controversy for his views on the consequences of population growth in a world with limited resources. He has been called an "irrepressible doomster” by his critics, while his supporters credit him for spreading concern about overpopulation.
5 Pierre-André Latreille(Zoologist)
6 Mary Ward(Naturalist)
English nun Mary Ward was one of the first to show how influential women could be in the Church. Her work led to the development of the Congregation of Jesus and Blessed Virgin Mary, or the Loreto Sisters. She traveled on foot all across Europe, establishing schools and was often criticized by traditionalists.
7 Jean-Henri Fabre(Entomologist)
8 William Beebe(Ornithologist)
9 Laurent Schwartz(Mathematician, University teacher, Entomologist)
10 John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury(Anthropologist, Politician, Archaeologist, Prehistorian, Banker, Statistician, Naturalist, Zoologist, Entomologist)
British banker John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury, better known as Sir John Lubbock, had also been an MP. However, he is best known for his contribution to ethnography and archaeology. He is also credited with coining the terms Paleolithic and Neolithic, and is known for his books on animal behavior.
11 Giovanni Alfonso Borelli(Physicist, Mathematician, Astronomer, Historian of mathematics, Entomologist)
While he matriculated in math and taught the subject later, Giovanni Alfonso Borelli also made pioneering discoveries as a physicist and physiologist. With works such as De Motu Animalium, he revolutionized the field of biomechanics, explaining muscular movements with the help of statics and dynamics.
12 Johan Christian Fabricius(Zoologist)
Johan Christian Fabricius was a Danish zoologist. He specialized in "Insecta", which at that time included all insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and other anthropoids. He studied under the renowned Swedish zoologist Carl Linnaeus and went on to become one of the most important entomologists of the 18th century. He is credited to have named nearly 10,000 species of animals.
13 René-Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur(Entomologist)
14 Jan Swammerdam(Biologist)
Dutch naturalist Jan Swammerdam was the first to detect red blood cells. Though a qualified doctor, he never practiced medicine, and took to research instead. Known for his research on anatomy, he also revolutionized the study of insects, proving that the egg, larva, pupa, and adult are all the same organism.
15 René Antoine Ferchault de Réaumur(Entomologist)
16 Clinton Hart Merriam(Zoologist)
17 William Kirby(Founder of Entomology)
18 Carlos Chagas(Physician)
Carlos Chagas was a Brazilian sanitary physician and bacteriologist. Also a clinician and researcher, he discovered Chagas disease, also called American trypanosomiasis, in 1909. He was working at the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in Rio de Janeiro at that time. He was also the first to discover the parasitic fungal genus Pneumocystis. He founded a nursing school as well.
19 Willy Burgdorfer(Scientist)
20 Thomas Say(Entomologist)
21 Thomas Eisner(Ecologist and entomologist)
22 Edward F. Knipling(Entomologist)
23 Hieronymus Bock(Botanist)
Hieronymus Bock was a Lutheran minister, credited with helping the philological scholasticism of medieval botany to evolve into modern science by categorizing plants according to their structural similarities. His major work, New Kreuterbuch, not only includes detailed description, but also careful illustrations of around 700 plants. For a time he also served as the physician to the prince of Zweibrücken.
24 Carl Gustaf Mannerheim(Entomologist, Judge and Politician)
25 Paul-Émile Botta(Scientist)
26 Charles Lee Remington(Entomologist)
27 Paul Gervais(Paleontologist)
28 Alphonse Pyrame de Candolle(Botanist)
Born to famous botanist Augustin Pyramus de Candolle, Alphonse Pyrame de Candolle had initially studied law but switched to botany later. Part of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, he made significant contributions to phytogeography. He also called the inaugural International Botanical Congress for standardizing botanical nomenclature.
29 William Morton Wheeler(Entomologist)
30 Rudolph Jacob Camerarius(Botanist)
31 Charles De Geer(Industrialist)
Charles De Geer was a Swedish entomologist and industrialist. A respected entomologist, De Geer was made a member of the prestigious Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences at the age of 19. In 1748, Charles De Geer was elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences.