List of famous geologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

A geologist is a scientist who specializes in the study of the earth. Geologists analyze the materials that make up the earth, the structure of the earth, and the processes going on under and above the surface of the earth. Geology is also concerned with the history of the earth, how the materials, structures, processes and the organisms have changed over time. It is a field of science that attempts to understand the history of our planet through the examination of the earth’s crust, rocks, minerals, and fossil remains. Geologists need to a strong base in other sciences like physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics also to be able to explain the various phenomena that affect the earth. As compared to other scientists, they are required to spend more time outdoors though laboratory work is also essential to analyze the samples. Geologists try to understand why natural processes like earthquakes, landslides, floods, etc. occur and how man can take precautions to minimize damage from these disasters. They also study and help to locate various types of materials found in earth like petroleum, metals, underground water, etc. which are of use to human beings. Geologists analyze fossil remains of the ancient organisms that once inhabited the earth in order to determine the process of evolution and climate change. This section provides you with biographies and timelines which contain information about the life and works of various famous geologists from all over the world.

Douglas Mawson Douglas Mawson
Australian

John HickenlooperJohn Hickenlooper
American
Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American

Wen JiabaoWen Jiabao
Chinese

George de MohrenschildtGeorge de Mohrenschildt
American
James HuttonJames Hutton
British, Scottish

Harry GlickenHarry Glicken
American
William BucklandWilliam Buckland
British

William John McGeeWilliam John McGee
American

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American
Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
Croatian, Serbian

Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
Scottish
Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
American

Nicolas StenoNicolas Steno
Danish

Marie TharpMarie Tharp
American
Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American
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Francis BeaufortFrancis Beaufort
Irish
Charles Francis RichterCharles Francis Richter
American

Henry Fairfield OsbornHenry Fairfield Osborn
American

Marcia McNuttMarcia McNutt
American

Harry Hammond HessHarry Hammond Hess
American
Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
British

M. King HubbertM. King Hubbert
American

Arthur HolmesArthur Holmes
British

Walter MunkWalter Munk
Austrian, American

Roderick MurchisonRoderick Murchison
Scottish
Gideon MantellGideon Mantell
British

Ian PlimerIan Plimer
Australian
Adolf Erik NordenskiöldAdolf Erik Nordenskiöld
Swedish

Henry SchoolcraftHenry Schoolcraft
American

Eduard SuessEduard Suess
Austrian
Otto SchmidtOtto Schmidt
Russian

Hermann BondiHermann Bondi
Austrian, British
John Tuzo WilsonJohn Tuzo Wilson
Canadian

Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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William WitheringWilliam Withering
British

Joseph LeidyJoseph Leidy
American

Andrija MohorovičićAndrija Mohorovičić
Croatian
Vivian FuchsVivian Fuchs
British

Florence BascomFlorence Bascom
American

Clarence KingClarence King
American

Christian Gottfried EhrenbergChristian Gottfried Ehrenberg
German
John JolyJohn Joly
Irish
Maurice EwingMaurice Ewing
American

Horace Bénédict de SaussureHorace Bénédict de Saussure
Swiss

Hugh MillerHugh Miller
Scottish

José Bonifácio de AndradaJosé Bonifácio de Andrada
Brazilian
Ralph Alger BagnoldRalph Alger Bagnold
British

John NeedhamJohn Needham
British
William SmithWilliam Smith
British

Stanisław StaszicStanisław Staszic
Polish

James Dwight DanaJames Dwight Dana
American
Edgeworth DavidEdgeworth David
Australian

Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
German, Italian
Abraham Gottlob WernerAbraham Gottlob Werner
German

Vasily DokuchaevVasily Dokuchaev
Russian

Robert Bruce FooteRobert Bruce Foote
British
John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British

Grove Karl GilbertGrove Karl Gilbert
American
Haroun TazieffHaroun Tazieff
Polish

Alexandre BrongniartAlexandre Brongniart
French

Ami BouéAmi Boué
French

Henry De la BecheHenry De la Beche
British
Otto NordenskjöldOtto Nordenskjöld
Swedish

Archibald GeikieArchibald Geikie
Scottish

John MilneJohn Milne
British

Edward ForbesEdward Forbes
Manx

Thomas Chrowder ChamberlinThomas Chrowder Chamberlin
American
Walther PenckWalther Penck
German

Ardito DesioArdito Desio
Italian
James David ForbesJames David Forbes
Scottish

Henry Nicholas RidleyHenry Nicholas Ridley
British

William Henry HolmesWilliam Henry Holmes
American
John EvansJohn Evans
British

Alexander Ross ClarkeAlexander Ross Clarke
British
William Edmond LoganWilliam Edmond Logan
Canadian

Déodat Gratet de DolomieuDéodat Gratet de Dolomieu
French
Robert S. DietzRobert S. Dietz
American

Johan Gunnar AnderssonJohan Gunnar Andersson
Swedish

Matilda Coxe StevensonMatilda Coxe Stevenson
American
Charles Thomas JacksonCharles Thomas Jackson
American

Arnold Henry GuyotArnold Henry Guyot
Swiss
Clarence DuttonClarence Dutton
American