List of famous geologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

A geologist is a scientist who specializes in the study of the earth. Geologists analyze the materials that make up the earth, the structure of the earth, and the processes going on under and above the surface of the earth. Geology is also concerned with the history of the earth, how the materials, structures, processes and the organisms have changed over time. It is a field of science that attempts to understand the history of our planet through the examination of the earth’s crust, rocks, minerals, and fossil remains. Geologists need to a strong base in other sciences like physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics also to be able to explain the various phenomena that affect the earth. As compared to other scientists, they are required to spend more time outdoors though laboratory work is also essential to analyze the samples. Geologists try to understand why natural processes like earthquakes, landslides, floods, etc. occur and how man can take precautions to minimize damage from these disasters. They also study and help to locate various types of materials found in earth like petroleum, metals, underground water, etc. which are of use to human beings. Geologists analyze fossil remains of the ancient organisms that once inhabited the earth in order to determine the process of evolution and climate change. This section provides you with biographies and timelines which contain information about the life and works of various famous geologists from all over the world.

Douglas Mawson Douglas Mawson
Australian

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American
Georges CuvierGeorges Cuvier
French
Wen JiabaoWen Jiabao
Chinese

George de MohrenschildtGeorge de Mohrenschildt
American
James HuttonJames Hutton
British, Scottish
William John McGeeWilliam John McGee
American
Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American

Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American
Nicolas StenoNicolas Steno
Danish
Ian PlimerIan Plimer
Australian

Charles Francis RichterCharles Francis Richter
American
Harry GlickenHarry Glicken
American
Harry Hammond HessHarry Hammond Hess
American
Henry Fairfield OsbornHenry Fairfield Osborn
American

Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
British
Arthur HolmesArthur Holmes
British
Francis BeaufortFrancis Beaufort
Irish

Adolf Erik NordenskiöldAdolf Erik Nordenskiöld
Swedish
Eduard SuessEduard Suess
Austrian
William SmithWilliam Smith
British
John Tuzo WilsonJohn Tuzo Wilson
Canadian

Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
German, Italian
Maurice TaiebMaurice Taieb
French

Andrija MohorovičićAndrija Mohorovičić
Croatian
Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
Croatian, Serbian