List of famous geologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

A geologist is a scientist who specializes in the study of the earth. Geologists analyze the materials that make up the earth, the structure of the earth, and the processes going on under and above the surface of the earth. Geology is also concerned with the history of the earth, how the materials, structures, processes and the organisms have changed over time. It is a field of science that attempts to understand the history of our planet through the examination of the earth’s crust, rocks, minerals, and fossil remains. Geologists need to a strong base in other sciences like physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics also to be able to explain the various phenomena that affect the earth. As compared to other scientists, they are required to spend more time outdoors though laboratory work is also essential to analyze the samples. Geologists try to understand why natural processes like earthquakes, landslides, floods, etc. occur and how man can take precautions to minimize damage from these disasters. They also study and help to locate various types of materials found in earth like petroleum, metals, underground water, etc. which are of use to human beings. Geologists analyze fossil remains of the ancient organisms that once inhabited the earth in order to determine the process of evolution and climate change. This section provides you with biographies and timelines which contain information about the life and works of various famous geologists from all over the world.

Douglas Mawson Douglas Mawson
Australian

Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American
John HickenlooperJohn Hickenlooper
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American

Wen JiabaoWen Jiabao
Chinese

George de MohrenschildtGeorge de Mohrenschildt
American
James HuttonJames Hutton
British, Scottish

Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
American
Ian PlimerIan Plimer
Australian

William John McGeeWilliam John McGee
American

William BucklandWilliam Buckland
British
Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American

Nicolas StenoNicolas Steno
Danish
Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American

Harry GlickenHarry Glicken
American

Walter MunkWalter Munk
Austrian, American
Marie TharpMarie Tharp
American
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Marcia McNuttMarcia McNutt
American
Harry Hammond HessHarry Hammond Hess
American

Charles Francis RichterCharles Francis Richter
American

Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
British

Maurice EwingMaurice Ewing
American
Arthur HolmesArthur Holmes
British

Henry Fairfield OsbornHenry Fairfield Osborn
American

Roderick MurchisonRoderick Murchison
Scottish

Stanisław StaszicStanisław Staszic
Polish

M. King HubbertM. King Hubbert
American
Christian Gottfried EhrenbergChristian Gottfried Ehrenberg
German

Gideon MantellGideon Mantell
British
James Dwight DanaJames Dwight Dana
American

Otto SchmidtOtto Schmidt
Russian

Francis BeaufortFrancis Beaufort
Irish
Joseph LeidyJoseph Leidy
American

Abraham Gottlob WernerAbraham Gottlob Werner
German
John NeedhamJohn Needham
British

Henry SchoolcraftHenry Schoolcraft
American

John Tuzo WilsonJohn Tuzo Wilson
Canadian

Adolf Erik NordenskiöldAdolf Erik Nordenskiöld
Swedish

Eduard SuessEduard Suess
Austrian
Clarence KingClarence King
American

Vivian FuchsVivian Fuchs
British

Hugh MillerHugh Miller
Scottish

Florence BascomFlorence Bascom
American
William WitheringWilliam Withering
British
Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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Ralph Alger BagnoldRalph Alger Bagnold
British

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British

William SmithWilliam Smith
British
Grove Karl GilbertGrove Karl Gilbert
American

Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
German, Italian
José Bonifácio de AndradaJosé Bonifácio de Andrada
Brazilian

Haroun TazieffHaroun Tazieff
Polish

Maurice TaiebMaurice Taieb
French
Karl TerzaghiKarl Terzaghi
Austrian, American

Ferdinand Vandiveer HaydenFerdinand Vandiveer Hayden
American
Stephen Henry SchneiderStephen Henry Schneider
American

Andrija MohorovičićAndrija Mohorovičić
Croatian

Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
Croatian, Serbian