List of famous geologists with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

A geologist is a scientist who specializes in the study of the earth. Geologists analyze the materials that make up the earth, the structure of the earth, and the processes going on under and above the surface of the earth. Geology is also concerned with the history of the earth, how the materials, structures, processes and the organisms have changed over time. It is a field of science that attempts to understand the history of our planet through the examination of the earth’s crust, rocks, minerals, and fossil remains. Geologists need to a strong base in other sciences like physics, chemistry, biology and mathematics also to be able to explain the various phenomena that affect the earth. As compared to other scientists, they are required to spend more time outdoors though laboratory work is also essential to analyze the samples. Geologists try to understand why natural processes like earthquakes, landslides, floods, etc. occur and how man can take precautions to minimize damage from these disasters. They also study and help to locate various types of materials found in earth like petroleum, metals, underground water, etc. which are of use to human beings. Geologists analyze fossil remains of the ancient organisms that once inhabited the earth in order to determine the process of evolution and climate change. This section provides you with biographies and timelines which contain information about the life and works of various famous geologists from all over the world.

Douglas Mawson Douglas Mawson
Australian

Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American
Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
American

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
American

Harrison SchmittHarrison Schmitt
American

Wen JiabaoWen Jiabao
Chinese
George de MohrenschildtGeorge de Mohrenschildt
American

James HuttonJames Hutton
British, Scottish
William John McGeeWilliam John McGee
American

William BucklandWilliam Buckland
British

Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
Croatian, Serbian
Patrick GeddesPatrick Geddes
Scottish

Nicolas StenoNicolas Steno
Danish
Henry Fairfield OsbornHenry Fairfield Osborn
American

Roderick MurchisonRoderick Murchison
Scottish

Marie TharpMarie Tharp
American
Walter AlvarezWalter Alvarez
American
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Harry GlickenHarry Glicken
American
Francis BeaufortFrancis Beaufort
Irish

Gideon MantellGideon Mantell
British

Henry SchoolcraftHenry Schoolcraft
American

Adam SedgwickAdam Sedgwick
British
Charles Francis RichterCharles Francis Richter
American

Adolf Erik NordenskiöldAdolf Erik Nordenskiöld
Finnish, Swedish

Henry De la BecheHenry De la Beche
British

Eduard SuessEduard Suess
Austrian

Marcia McNuttMarcia McNutt
American
Arthur HolmesArthur Holmes
British

M. King HubbertM. King Hubbert
American
Bernard PalissyBernard Palissy
French

José Bonifácio de AndradaJosé Bonifácio de Andrada
Brazilian

Harry Hammond HessHarry Hammond Hess
American
Otto SchmidtOtto Schmidt
Russian

Clarence KingClarence King
American
Hermann BondiHermann Bondi
Austrian, British

Ralph Alger BagnoldRalph Alger Bagnold
British

Vivian FuchsVivian Fuchs
British

Hugh MillerHugh Miller
Scottish

Eugène DuboisEugène Dubois
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Horace Bénédict de SaussureHorace Bénédict de Saussure
Swiss

Ian PlimerIan Plimer
Australian

William WitheringWilliam Withering
British

Joseph LeidyJoseph Leidy
American
Maurice EwingMaurice Ewing
American
Walter MunkWalter Munk
Austrian, American

Andrija MohorovičićAndrija Mohorovičić
Croatian

Robert Bruce FooteRobert Bruce Foote
British

James Dwight DanaJames Dwight Dana
American
Stanisław StaszicStanisław Staszic
Polish

Christian Gottfried EhrenbergChristian Gottfried Ehrenberg
German
Friedrich MohsFriedrich Mohs
German, Italian

Edgeworth DavidEdgeworth David
Australian

John NeedhamJohn Needham
British
Florence BascomFlorence Bascom
American

Marina SalyeMarina Salye
Russian
John Tuzo WilsonJohn Tuzo Wilson
Canadian

Abraham Gottlob WernerAbraham Gottlob Werner
German

John Stevens HenslowJohn Stevens Henslow
British
William SmithWilliam Smith
British

Vasily DokuchaevVasily Dokuchaev
Russian
John JolyJohn Joly
Irish

Grove Karl GilbertGrove Karl Gilbert
American

James David ForbesJames David Forbes
Scottish

Haroun TazieffHaroun Tazieff
Polish
Ardito DesioArdito Desio
Italian

John MilneJohn Milne
British

Thomas Chrowder ChamberlinThomas Chrowder Chamberlin
American

Otto NordenskjöldOtto Nordenskjöld
Swedish

Edward ForbesEdward Forbes
Manx
John EvansJohn Evans
British

Henry Nicholas RidleyHenry Nicholas Ridley
British
Walther PenckWalther Penck
German

Déodat Gratet de DolomieuDéodat Gratet de Dolomieu
French

Keith RuncornKeith Runcorn
British
Archibald GeikieArchibald Geikie
Scottish

William Henry HolmesWilliam Henry Holmes
American
Alexandre BrongniartAlexandre Brongniart
French

Reginald Aldworth DalyReginald Aldworth Daly
Canadian
Charles Thomas JacksonCharles Thomas Jackson
American

Arnold Henry GuyotArnold Henry Guyot
Swiss

Robert S. DietzRobert S. Dietz
American
Edward BullardEdward Bullard
British

Johan Gunnar AnderssonJohan Gunnar Andersson
Swedish
Karl MauchKarl Mauch
German