Geographers

A geographer is someone who is specialized in the study of geography, which includes the study of the earth, its properties and the distribution of life on the various parts of the planet. A geographer analyses the effects of geography and its impact on human lives across continents in the world. An expert who is proficient and well versed in the field of geographical research and delineations, a geographer studies topography, climate, soil, vegetation and earth surface structure among many other features. A geographer may be employed in various sectors like disaster management, city and country planning, community development, environment management, agricultural sector and construction industry among many others. Geographers are also involved in the research and study of human activity and their relationship with the natural environment around them. They employ and make use of a variety of techniques in order to assess and study about the various aspects of geography that affect and have a significant impact on the lives of human beings and animals. Geographers may be physical geographers or human geographers among many other types of geographers. Discover some of the most fascinating facts about world famous geographers by reading their detailed biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

 1 Claudius Ptolemy

Claudius Ptolemy
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Famous As: Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician
Birthdate: 0090 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0168 AD

 2 Eratosthenes

Eratosthenes
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Greek
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 3 Alexander von Humboldt

Alexander von Humboldt
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: September 14, 1769
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: May 6, 1859

 4 Alfred Russel Wallace

Alfred Russel Wallace
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Famous As: Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1823
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: November 7, 1913
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 5 Richard Francis Burton

Richard Francis Burton
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Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: March 19, 1821
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: October 20, 1890

 6 Jabir Ibn Hayyan

Jabir Ibn Hayyan
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Famous As: Alchemist
Birthdate: 0721 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0815 AD
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 7 Strabo

Strabo
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Famous As: Geographer, Philosopher, Historian
Birthdate: 0064 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0024 AD
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 8 David Harvey

David Harvey
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Famous As: Professor of Anthropology & Geography
Birthdate: October 31, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
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 9 Muhammad al-Idrisi

Muhammad al-Idrisi
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Famous As: Cartographer, Geographer, Traveler
Birthdate: 1100 AD
Nationality: Moroccan
Died: 1165 AD

 10 Hipparchus

Hipparchus
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Famous As: Astronomer & Mathematician
Birthdate: 0190 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0120 BC
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 11 George Everest

George Everest
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: July 4, 1790
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 1, 1866

 12 Peter Aufschnaiter

Peter Aufschnaiter
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Famous As: Explorer, Cartographer, Geographer, Rock climber
Birthdate: November 2, 1899
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Nepalese
Died: October 12, 1973

 13 Gerardus Mercator

Gerardus Mercator
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Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: March 5, 1512
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Belgian
Died: December 2, 1594

 14 James Lovelock

James Lovelock
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Famous As: Biologist, Chemist, University teacher, Mythographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
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 15 Pausanias

Pausanias
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: 0110 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 0180 AD

 16 Pytheas

Pytheas
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Famous As: Geographer, Explorer
Birthdate: 0350 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0285 BC
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 17 Leo Africanus

Leo Africanus
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Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: 1554 AD

 18 Charles Lyell

Charles Lyell
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Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: November 14, 1797
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: February 22, 1875

 19 Piri Reis

Piri Reis
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Famous As: Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 1553 AD

 20 Douglas Mawson

Douglas Mawson
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Famous As: Explorer, Geologist
Birthdate: May 5, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Australian
Died: October 14, 1958

 21 Matthew Fontaine Maury

Matthew Fontaine Maury
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: January 14, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 1, 1873

 22 Halford Mackinder

Halford Mackinder
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: February 15, 1861
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: March 6, 1947

 23 Abraham Ortelius

Abraham Ortelius
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Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: April 14, 1527
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Belgian
Died: June 28, 1598

 24 Al-Masudi

Al-Masudi
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0896 AD
Nationality: Iraqi
Died: August 31, 0956

 25 Friedrich Ratzel

Friedrich Ratzel
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Famous As: Biologist, Geopolitician, Geographer, Zoologist, Political scientist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 30, 1844
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: August 9, 1904

 26 Hecataeus of Miletus

Hecataeus of Miletus
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0550 AD
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0476 AD

 27 Gerald of Wales

Gerald of Wales
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Famous As: Clergyman
Birthdate: 1146 AD
Nationality: Welsh
Died: 1223 AD

 28 Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0780 AD
Nationality: Persian
Died: 0850 AD

 29 Martin Waldseemüller

Martin Waldseemüller
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Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: 1470 AD
Nationality: German
Died: March 16, 1520

 30 Carl Ritter

Carl Ritter
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Famous As: Co-founder of Modern Geography
Birthdate: August 7, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: September 28, 1859

 31 Sven Hedin

Sven Hedin
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Famous As: Geographer, Explorer
Birthdate: February 19, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: November 26, 1952

 32 Elisee Reclus

Élisée Reclus
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Famous As: Geographer, Anarchist, Writer
Birthdate: March 15, 1830
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: July 4, 1905

 33 Wladimir Köppen

Wladimir Köppen
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: October 7, 1846
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German, Russian
Died: June 22, 1940

 34 Ferdinand von Mueller

Ferdinand von Mueller
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Famous As: Botanist and Geographer
Birthdate: June 30, 1825
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Australian, German
Died: October 10, 1896

 35 Henry Schoolcraft

Henry Schoolcraft
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: March 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: December 10, 1864

 36 Nikolay Przhevalsky

Nikolay Przhevalsky
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Famous As: Geographer, Explorer
Birthdate: April 12, 1839
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 1, 1888

 37 Inge Lehmann

Inge Lehmann
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Famous As: Seismologist, Geophysicist
Birthdate: May 13, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Danish
Died: February 21, 1993

 38 Ibn Jubayr

Ibn Jubayr
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: September 1, 1145
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 29, 1217

 39 Peter Simon Pallas

Peter Simon Pallas
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Famous As: Explorer, Zoologist, Ornithologist, Scientist, Botanist, Geographer, Arachnologist, Entomologist
Birthdate: September 22, 1741
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: September 8, 1811

 40 Carl O. Sauer

Carl Ortwin Sauer
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: December 24, 1889
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: July 18, 1975

 41 Ferdinand von Richthofen

Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen
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Famous As: Geographer, Traveler, Scientist
Birthdate: May 5, 1833
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: October 6, 1905

 42 Martin Behaim

Martin Behaim
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Famous As: Geographer and navigator
Birthdate: October 6, 1459
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: July 29, 1507

 43 William Morris Davis

William Morris Davis
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Famous As: Geographer, Geologist, Meteorologist
Birthdate: February 12, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 5, 1934

 44 Nikolai Przhevalsky

Nikolai Przhevalsky
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: April 12, 1839
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 1, 1888

 45 Pomponius Mela

Pomponius Mela
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: 0015 AD
Nationality: Spanish, Italian

 46 Cosmas Indicopleustes

Cosmas Indicopleustes
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Famous As: Merchant
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Egyptian
Died: 0550 AD

 47 Paul Vidal de La Blache

Paul Vidal de La Blache
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: January 22, 1845
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: April 5, 1918

 48 James Rennell

James Rennell
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: December 3, 1742
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: March 29, 1830

 49 Sebastian Münster

Sebastian Münster
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Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: January 20, 1488
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: May 26, 1552

 50 Hubert Wilkins

Hubert Wilkins
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: October 31, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Australian
Died: November 30, 1958
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