Geographers

A geographer is someone who is specialized in the study of geography, which includes the study of the earth, its properties and the distribution of life on the various parts of the planet. A geographer analyses the effects of geography and its impact on human lives across continents in the world. An expert who is proficient and well versed in the field of geographical research and delineations, a geographer studies topography, climate, soil, vegetation and earth surface structure among many other features. A geographer may be employed in various sectors like disaster management, city and country planning, community development, environment management, agricultural sector and construction industry among many others. Geographers are also involved in the research and study of human activity and their relationship with the natural environment around them. They employ and make use of a variety of techniques in order to assess and study about the various aspects of geography that affect and have a significant impact on the lives of human beings and animals. Geographers may be physical geographers or human geographers among many other types of geographers. Discover some of the most fascinating facts about world famous geographers by reading their detailed biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Eratosthenes

Eratosthenes
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Greek

Greek polymath Eratosthenes of Cyrene was a mathematician, poet, geographer, music theorist, and astronomer. He also served as the Library of Alexandria’s chief librarian. He was also the first to calculate the Earth’s circumference and the tilt of the Earth's axis. Nicknamed Pentathlos, he also invented many scientific terms.

 2 Strabo

Strabo
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Famous As: Geographer, Philosopher, Historian
Birthdate: 0064 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0024 AD

Strabo was a Greek philosopher, geographer, and historian. He is best remembered for his work Geographica, an encyclopedia of geographical knowledge. Written in Greek during Strabo's time, Geographica holds great historical significance as it houses a descriptive history of places and people from different regions. Among his descriptions were places like the city of Alexandria and India.

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 3 Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī

Muḥammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0780 AD
Nationality: Persian
Died: 0850 AD

 4 David Harvey

David Harvey
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Famous As: Professor of Anthropology & Geography
Birthdate: October 31, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
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 5 Abraham Ortelius

Abraham Ortelius
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Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: April 14, 1527
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Belgian
Died: June 28, 1598

 6 Richard Francis Burton

Richard Francis Burton
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Famous As: Translator
Birthdate: March 19, 1821
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: October 20, 1890
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 7 George Everest

George Everest
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: July 4, 1790
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 1, 1866
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 8 James Lovelock

James Lovelock
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Famous As: Biologist, Chemist, University teacher, Mythographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
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 9 Jabir Ibn Hayyan

Jabir Ibn Hayyan
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Famous As: Alchemist
Birthdate: 0721 AD
Nationality: Iranian
Died: 0815 AD

Eighth-century alchemist and physician Jabir Ibn Hayyan has been credited with too many written works. Experts believe his vast works may not have been written by a single person. The Jabirian corpus, a collection of his works, is known for its "method of the balance" and its focus on chemistry.

 10 Hipparchus

Hipparchus
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Famous As: Astronomer & Mathematician
Birthdate: 0190 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0120 BC
In his early years in Bithynia, Hipparchus spent most of his time compiling weather records. He devoted almost his entire life to astronomical research. Remembered as the man who founded trigonometry, he also discovered the precession of the equinoxes. However, most of his written work hasn’t survived.
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 11 Charles Lyell

Charles Lyell
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Famous As: Lawyer
Birthdate: November 14, 1797
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: February 22, 1875

 12 Pytheas

Pytheas
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Famous As: Geographer, Explorer
Birthdate: 0350 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0285 BC

 13 Douglas Mawson

Douglas Mawson
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Famous As: Explorer, Geologist
Birthdate: May 5, 1882
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Australian
Died: October 14, 1958

 14 Muhammad al-Idrisi

Muhammad al-Idrisi
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Famous As: Cartographer, Geographer, Traveler
Birthdate: 1100 AD
Nationality: Moroccan
Died: 1165 AD

Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi created over 70 maps. Born in Ceuta, he spent much of his early life traveling around regions of North Africa, Western Europe, and Asia Minor. Advisor to Sicilian king Roger II, he created the Tabula Rogeriana, one of the most detailed maps of the world.

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 15 Leo Africanus

Leo Africanus
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Famous As: Diplomat
Birthdate: 1494 AD
Nationality: Spanish
Died: 1554 AD

 16 Piri Reis

Piri Reis
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Famous As: Ottoman Admiral, Geographer, Cartographer.
Birthdate: 1465 AD
Nationality: Turkish
Died: 1553 AD
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 17 Matthew Fontaine Maury

Matthew Fontaine Maury
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: January 14, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 1, 1873

 18 Peter Aufschnaiter

Peter Aufschnaiter
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Famous As: Explorer, Cartographer, Geographer, Rock climber
Birthdate: November 2, 1899
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Nepalese
Died: October 12, 1973

 19 Halford Mackinder

Halford Mackinder
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: February 15, 1861
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: March 6, 1947

 20 Al-Masudi

Al-Masudi
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0896 AD
Nationality: Iraqi
Died: August 31, 0956

 21 Hecataeus of Miletus

Hecataeus of Miletus
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Famous As: Historian
Birthdate: 0550 AD
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0476 AD

 22 Carl Ritter

Carl Ritter
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Famous As: Co-founder of Modern Geography
Birthdate: August 7, 1779
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: German
Died: September 28, 1859

 23 Gerald of Wales

Gerald of Wales
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Famous As: Clergyman
Birthdate: 1146 AD
Nationality: Welsh
Died: 1223 AD

 24 Sven Hedin

Sven Hedin
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Famous As: Geographer, Explorer
Birthdate: February 19, 1865
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: November 26, 1952

 25 Ibn Jubayr

Ibn Jubayr
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: September 1, 1145
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 29, 1217

 26 Carl O. Sauer

Carl Ortwin Sauer
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: December 24, 1889
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: July 18, 1975

 27 Inge Lehmann

Inge Lehmann
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Famous As: Seismologist, Geophysicist
Birthdate: May 13, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Danish
Died: February 21, 1993

 28 Wladimir Köppen

Wladimir Köppen
0
Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: October 7, 1846
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German, Russian
Died: June 22, 1940

 29 Peter Simon Pallas

Peter Simon Pallas
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Famous As: Explorer, Zoologist, Ornithologist, Scientist, Botanist, Geographer, Arachnologist, Entomologist
Birthdate: September 22, 1741
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: September 8, 1811

 30 Pomponius Mela

Pomponius Mela
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: 0015 AD
Nationality: Spanish, Italian

 31 Martin Behaim

Martin Behaim
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Famous As: Geographer and navigator
Birthdate: October 6, 1459
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: July 29, 1507

 32 Adam Sedgwick

Adam Sedgwick
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Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: March 22, 1785
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: January 27, 1873

 33 Elisee Reclus

Élisée Reclus
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Famous As: Geographer, Anarchist, Writer
Birthdate: March 15, 1830
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French
Died: July 4, 1905

 34 Henry Schoolcraft

Henry Schoolcraft
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: March 28, 1793
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: December 10, 1864

 35 William Morris Davis

William Morris Davis
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Famous As: Geographer, Geologist, Meteorologist
Birthdate: February 12, 1850
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 5, 1934

 36 Nikolay Przhevalsky

Nikolay Przhevalsky
0
Famous As: Geographer, Explorer
Birthdate: April 12, 1839
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 1, 1888

 37 Cosmas Indicopleustes

Cosmas Indicopleustes
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Famous As: Merchant
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Egyptian
Died: 0550 AD

 38 Hubert Wilkins

Hubert Wilkins
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: October 31, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Australian
Died: November 30, 1958

 39 Sebastian Münster

Sebastian Münster
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Famous As: Cartographer
Birthdate: January 20, 1488
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: May 26, 1552

 40 James Rennell

James Rennell
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: December 3, 1742
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: March 29, 1830

 41 Paul Vidal de La Blache

Paul Vidal de La Blache
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: January 22, 1845
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: April 5, 1918

 42 Charles Marie de La Condamine

Charles Marie de La Condamine
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: January 28, 1701
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: French
Died: February 4, 1774

 43 Ferdinand von Richthofen

Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen
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Famous As: Geographer, Traveler, Scientist
Birthdate: May 5, 1833
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: October 6, 1905

 44 Ellen Churchill Semple

Ellen Churchill Semple
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: January 8, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: May 8, 1932

 45 Ferdinand von Mueller

Ferdinand von Mueller
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Famous As: Botanist and Geographer
Birthdate: June 30, 1825
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Australian, German
Died: October 10, 1896

 46 William Roy

William Roy
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Famous As: Cartographer, Engineer, Geographer
Birthdate: May 4, 1726
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: July 1, 1790

 47 Vasily Dokuchaev

Vasily Dokuchaev
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Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: March 1, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 8, 1903

 48 William Hopkins

William Hopkins
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Famous As: Mathematician, Geologist
Birthdate: February 2, 1793
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: October 13, 1866

 49 Jedidiah Morse

Jedidiah Morse
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: August 23, 1761
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: June 9, 1826

 50 Al-Yaʿqūbī

Al-Yaʿqūbī
0
Famous As: Historian and geographer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Iraqi
Died: 0897 AD
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