List and biographies of world's most famous astronomers.

More From Astronomers
Kids have always looked up at the sky and wondered what those glimmering lights, lighting up the night sky are? Some of these kids grow fascinated by the glimmering lights and grow up to make these lights their life’s work. We call them astronomers; people who study the stars, planets, galaxies and even the asteroids. These scientists have existed for countless years and have made a considerable impact on the world we live in; it was the Mayan astronomers who gave us the famous Mayan calendar according to which, the world would have ended on the 21st of December 2012. It was astronomers who first suggested the theory that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around and the earth was not the center of the universe or our galaxy, for that matter. The invaluable work that astronomers do is dedicated to better understanding the universe, of which the earth is a part. This work has, at times, incurred the wrath of the people because at one time the understanding of the science was not as explicit as it is today and neither was the awareness about it.
Omar Khayyam Omar Khayyam
Iranian, Persian

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
American

Hypatia Hypatia
Ancient Roman

William Herschel William Herschel
German, British

Claudius Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy
Ancient Roman

Joseph Louis Lagrange Joseph Louis Lagrange
French, Italian
Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lambert
Swiss, German, French

PtolemyPtolemy
Egyptian

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
German
Guillaume Le GentilGuillaume Le Gentil
French
Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
Italian
Edwin HubbleEdwin Hubble
American

John DeeJohn Dee
British
Lawrence M. KraussLawrence M. Krauss
American
Patrick MoorePatrick Moore
Canadian, British

Walter LewinWalter Lewin
-
Aristarchus of SamosAristarchus of Samos
Greek
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
French, Italian
Fred HoyleFred Hoyle
British

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
British
Johann Georg FaustJohann Georg Faust
German
William Rowan HamiltonWilliam Rowan Hamilton
Irish

Max TegmarkMax Tegmark
Swedish, American
Jayant NarlikarJayant Narlikar
Indian
Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
German
Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
Italian

Clyde TombaughClyde Tombaugh
American
John HerschelJohn Herschel
British
Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
British, American

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish
Ulugh BegUlugh Beg
Iranian
Nicholas of CusaNicholas of Cusa
German
Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
French
Apollonius of PergaApollonius of Perga
Egyptian
Philip MelanchthonPhilip Melanchthon
German

Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
Swiss, American
Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
German
Percival LowellPercival Lowell
American
Frank DrakeFrank Drake
American

Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American
Eudoxus of CnidusEudoxus of Cnidus
Turkish
Brian SchmidtBrian Schmidt
Australian, American

Michael E. BrownMichael E. Brown
American
Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian
François AragoFrançois Arago
Spanish, French
Eric W. WeissteinEric W. Weisstein
American

Charles MasonCharles Mason
British
Karl Gordon HenizeKarl Gordon Henize
American
Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
French

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish
Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
German
August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
German
Henry Percy, 9th Earl of NorthumberlandHenry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland
-

James Van AllenJames Van Allen
American
Su SongSu Song
Chinese
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
Canadian, American

Antonie PannekoekAntonie Pannekoek
-
RegiomontanusRegiomontanus
German
Adolphe QueteletAdolphe Quetelet
Belgian
Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
French