List and biographies of world's most famous astronomers.

More From Astronomers
Kids have always looked up at the sky and wondered what those glimmering lights, lighting up the night sky are? Some of these kids grow fascinated by the glimmering lights and grow up to make these lights their life’s work. We call them astronomers; people who study the stars, planets, galaxies and even the asteroids. These scientists have existed for countless years and have made a considerable impact on the world we live in; it was the Mayan astronomers who gave us the famous Mayan calendar according to which, the world would have ended on the 21st of December 2012. It was astronomers who first suggested the theory that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around and the earth was not the center of the universe or our galaxy, for that matter. The invaluable work that astronomers do is dedicated to better understanding the universe, of which the earth is a part. This work has, at times, incurred the wrath of the people because at one time the understanding of the science was not as explicit as it is today and neither was the awareness about it.

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PtolemyPtolemy
(Egyptian)

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Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
(German)
Giordano BrunoGiordano Bruno
(Italian)
John DeeJohn Dee
(British)

Edwin HubbleEdwin Hubble
(American)
Aristarchus of SamosAristarchus of Samos
(Greek)
Patrick MoorePatrick Moore
(Canadian,British)

Lawrence M. KraussLawrence M. Krauss
(American)
Walter LewinWalter Lewin
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
(French,Italian)

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
(British)
Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
(British,American)
John HerschelJohn Herschel
(British)

Clyde TombaughClyde Tombaugh
(American)
Jayant NarlikarJayant Narlikar
(Indian)
Fred HoyleFred Hoyle
(British)

Johann Georg FaustJohann Georg Faust
(German)
Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
(Italian)
Max TegmarkMax Tegmark
(Swedish,American)

William Rowan HamiltonWilliam Rowan Hamilton
(Irish)
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(British,Scottish)
Percival LowellPercival Lowell
(American)

Ulugh BegUlugh Beg
(Iranian)
Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
(French)
Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
(German)

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
(German)
Nicholas of CusaNicholas of Cusa
(German)
Eudoxus of CnidusEudoxus of Cnidus
(Turkish)

Apollonius of PergaApollonius of Perga
(Egyptian)
Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
(American)
Philip MelanchthonPhilip Melanchthon
(German)

Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
(American)
Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
(Swiss,American)
Frank DrakeFrank Drake
(American)

François AragoFrançois Arago
(Spanish,French)
Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
(French)
David BrewsterDavid Brewster
(British,Scottish)

Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
(American)
Brian SchmidtBrian Schmidt
(Australian,American)
Michael E. BrownMichael E. Brown
(American)

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
(German)
Eric W. WeissteinEric W. Weisstein
(American)
James Van AllenJames Van Allen
(American)

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
(French)
Ole RømerOle Rømer
(Danish)
Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
(American)

Charles MasonCharles Mason
(British)
Su SongSu Song
(Chinese)
Adolphe QueteletAdolphe Quetelet
(Belgian)

Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
(Croatian)
Ernst AbbeErnst Abbe
Antonie PannekoekAntonie Pannekoek

Friedrich BesselFriedrich Bessel
(German)
Henry Percy, 9th Earl of NorthumberlandHenry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland
Al-BattaniAl-Battani
(Iraqi)