List and biographies of world's most famous astronomers.

More From Astronomers
Kids have always looked up at the sky and wondered what those glimmering lights, lighting up the night sky are? Some of these kids grow fascinated by the glimmering lights and grow up to make these lights their life’s work. We call them astronomers; people who study the stars, planets, galaxies and even the asteroids. These scientists have existed for countless years and have made a considerable impact on the world we live in; it was the Mayan astronomers who gave us the famous Mayan calendar according to which, the world would have ended on the 21st of December 2012. It was astronomers who first suggested the theory that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around and the earth was not the center of the universe or our galaxy, for that matter. The invaluable work that astronomers do is dedicated to better understanding the universe, of which the earth is a part. This work has, at times, incurred the wrath of the people because at one time the understanding of the science was not as explicit as it is today and neither was the awareness about it.

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
American

Hypatia Hypatia
Ancient Roman

William Herschel William Herschel
German, British

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Joseph Louis Lagrange Joseph Louis Lagrange
French, Italian
Claudius Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy
Ancient Roman

Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lambert
Swiss, German, French

PtolemyPtolemy
Egyptian
Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
German

Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American
Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
American

Thales of MiletusThales of Miletus
Turkish

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
British, American, Scottish

Walter LewinWalter Lewin
-

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
British, American
Lawrence M. KraussLawrence M. Krauss
American

Aristarchus of SamosAristarchus of Samos
Greek

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
British

Johann Georg FaustJohann Georg Faust
German
Fred HoyleFred Hoyle
British
Joseph-Louis LagrangeJoseph-Louis Lagrange
French, Italian

Max TegmarkMax Tegmark
Swedish, American

Clyde TombaughClyde Tombaugh
American

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish
Jeremiah DixonJeremiah Dixon
British

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
Italian
David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
American

John HerschelJohn Herschel
British

Vera RubinVera Rubin
American
Jerry NelsonJerry Nelson
American

Ulugh BegUlugh Beg
Iranian
Jayant NarlikarJayant Narlikar
Indian

Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
German

Bhāskara IBhāskara I
Indian
Frank DrakeFrank Drake
American

Nicholas of CusaNicholas of Cusa
German
Jan DavisJan Davis
American

Charles MasonCharles Mason
British

François AragoFrançois Arago
Spanish, French

Eric W. WeissteinEric W. Weisstein
American
Apollonius of PergaApollonius of Perga
Egyptian

Percival LowellPercival Lowell
American

Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
American

Milutin MilankovićMilutin Milanković
Croatian, Serbian

Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
Swiss, American
Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian, Italian

Ibn TufailIbn Tufail
Spanish
Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
German

Eudoxus of CnidusEudoxus of Cnidus
Turkish

Gerard KuiperGerard Kuiper
Dutch, American
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
Canadian, American

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American
Michael E. BrownMichael E. Brown
American

Adolphe QueteletAdolphe Quetelet
Belgian
Antonie PannekoekAntonie Pannekoek
-

Abraham ibn EzraAbraham ibn Ezra
Spanish

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
German
Carolyn S. ShoemakerCarolyn S. Shoemaker
American

ArchytasArchytas
Greek
Ole RømerOle Rømer
Danish