List and biographies of world's most famous astronomers.

More From Astronomers
Kids have always looked up at the sky and wondered what those glimmering lights, lighting up the night sky are? Some of these kids grow fascinated by the glimmering lights and grow up to make these lights their life’s work. We call them astronomers; people who study the stars, planets, galaxies and even the asteroids. These scientists have existed for countless years and have made a considerable impact on the world we live in; it was the Mayan astronomers who gave us the famous Mayan calendar according to which, the world would have ended on the 21st of December 2012. It was astronomers who first suggested the theory that the earth revolved around the sun and not the other way around and the earth was not the center of the universe or our galaxy, for that matter. The invaluable work that astronomers do is dedicated to better understanding the universe, of which the earth is a part. This work has, at times, incurred the wrath of the people because at one time the understanding of the science was not as explicit as it is today and neither was the awareness about it.

Carl Sagan Carl Sagan
American

Hypatia Hypatia
Ancient Roman

William Herschel William Herschel
German, British

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Johann Heinrich Lambert Johann Heinrich Lambert
Swiss, German, French
Joseph Louis Lagrange Joseph Louis Lagrange
French, Italian

Claudius Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy
Ancient Roman

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
British, Scottish
PtolemyPtolemy
Egyptian

Carl Friedrich GaussCarl Friedrich Gauss
German
Guillaume Le GentilGuillaume Le Gentil
French

Julie PayetteJulie Payette
Canadian

Eugene Merle ShoemakerEugene Merle Shoemaker
American

Walter LewinWalter Lewin
-

Lawrence M. KraussLawrence M. Krauss
American
Aristarchus of SamosAristarchus of Samos
Greek

Gerolamo CardanoGerolamo Cardano
Italian

Clyde TombaughClyde Tombaugh
American

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
British
Vera RubinVera Rubin
American
Johann Georg FaustJohann Georg Faust
German

Jayant NarlikarJayant Narlikar
Indian

Max TegmarkMax Tegmark
Swedish, American

Fred HoyleFred Hoyle
British
Karl SchwarzschildKarl Schwarzschild
German

John HerschelJohn Herschel
British
Brian SchmidtBrian Schmidt
Australian, American

Siméon Denis PoissonSiméon Denis Poisson
French

Nicholas of CusaNicholas of Cusa
German
Matthew Fontaine MauryMatthew Fontaine Maury
American

Ulugh BegUlugh Beg
Iranian
Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
British, American

Eric W. WeissteinEric W. Weisstein
American

François AragoFrançois Arago
Spanish, French
Fritz ZwickyFritz Zwicky
Swiss, American

Samuel Pierpont LangleySamuel Pierpont Langley
American
George Biddell AiryGeorge Biddell Airy
British

Percival LowellPercival Lowell
American

Apollonius of PergaApollonius of Perga
Egyptian

Ernst ChladniErnst Chladni
German
Simon NewcombSimon Newcomb
Canadian, American

Urbain Le VerrierUrbain Le Verrier
French

David BrewsterDavid Brewster
British, Scottish

Frank DrakeFrank Drake
American

Pierre GassendiPierre Gassendi
French
David RittenhouseDavid Rittenhouse
American

Eudoxus of CnidusEudoxus of Cnidus
Turkish
Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
British, American, Scottish

Ole RømerOle Rømer
Danish

Joseph von FraunhoferJoseph von Fraunhofer
German
Michael E. BrownMichael E. Brown
American

Jean Sylvain BaillyJean Sylvain Bailly
French
Roger Joseph BoscovichRoger Joseph Boscovich
Croatian

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American
Hannes AlfvénHannes Alfvén
Swedish

Carolyn S. ShoemakerCarolyn S. Shoemaker
American

Lyman SpitzerLyman Spitzer
American
August Ferdinand MöbiusAugust Ferdinand Möbius
German

Ernst AbbeErnst Abbe
-
Su SongSu Song
Chinese