Organic chemists analyze the chemical properties and structure of organic compounds and organic materials. Organic compounds are structurally diverse compounds that contain carbon atoms. As a field of chemistry, organic chemistry involves the study of the physical as well as the chemical properties of organic compounds through spectroscopy and other methods to determine the chemical composition and constitution of such materials. Organic chemists work in a number of fields as organic compounds are present in almost all materials known to mankind such as food additives, paints, drugs, petrochemicals, plastics, explosives, etc. They also work in research and hold teaching jobs in academics. Researchers in this field basically work in the laboratory where they analyze compounds and their reactivity, and develop new compounds with the help of computers with sophisticated modeling and simulation software. Organic chemists form the foundation of the pharmaceutical industry and play a significant role in the development of new medicines to treat various diseases. They facilitate the rise in standards of living as their research is instrumental for the development of practically all industries in the business world. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous organic chemists.