Birthday: April 30, 1916 (Taurus)
Born In: Petoskey, Michigan, United States
Claude Elwood Shannon was an American mathematician, cryptographer, and electrical engineer, who garnered fame when he conceptualised information theory with the landmark paper, ‘Mathematical Theory of Communication’, which he put out in 1948. Because of this, he is widely considered "the father of information theory". Originally from Michigan, Shannon grew up inspired by Thomas Edison, who he later came to know was one of his relatives. He was educated at the University of Michigan from where he obtained bachelor’s degrees in mathematics and electrical engineering before enrolling in MIT to continue his education in electrical engineering. He also came up with the digital circuit design theory in 1937. During World War II, he was hired by Bell Labs to research on fire-control systems and cryptography. In 1942, he received the credits for the creation of signal-flow graphs. In 1956, he became part of the MIT faculty and worked in the Research Laboratory of Electronics (RLE). Shannon was affiliated with the institute until 1978. In later years, he was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and lived in a nursing home in Massachusetts. At the age of 84, Shannon passed away in February 2001.
Recommended For You
Also Known As: Claude Elwood Shannon
Died At Age: 84
Spouse/Ex-: Mary Elizabeth Moore Shannon (m. 1949)
father: Claude, Sr. (1862–1934)
mother: Mabel Wolf Shannon (1890–1945)
siblings: Catherine Shannon Kay
Born Country: United States
Mathematicians Computer Scientists
Died on: February 24, 2001
place of death: Medford, Massachusetts, United States
Cause of Death: Alzheimer
U.S. State: Michigan
education: Massachusetts Institute Of Technology, University Of Michigan
awards: 1972 - Claude E. Shannon Award
Kyoto Prize
1966 - IEEE Medal of Honor
1985 - Kyoto Prize in Basic Sciences
Alfred Noble Prize
1983 - John Fritz Medal
Stuart Ballantine Medal
Josiah Willard Gibbs Lectureship
1967 - National Medal of Science for Engineering
1972 - Harvey Prize in Science and Technology
Recommended For You
Claude Shannon is known as the "father of information theory" for his groundbreaking work in the field of communication and information processing.
The Shannon limit, also known as the channel capacity, represents the maximum rate at which data can be reliably transmitted over a communication channel.
Shannon's work on cryptography laid the foundation for modern secure communication systems, including the development of encryption techniques and methods for ensuring data confidentiality.
Shannon's contributions to digital computing include the concept of digital circuits, which provided a theoretical framework for designing and building complex electronic systems such as computers.
Claude Shannon was an avid unicyclist and even built his own unicycle during his time at MIT.
He was known to juggle while riding his unicycle, showcasing his impressive coordination skills.
Shannon had a love for gadgets and enjoyed creating his own mechanical inventions, such as a machine that could solve Rubik's Cubes.
He was a talented chess player and often played against fellow mathematicians and engineers, combining his love for strategy with his analytical mind.
How To Cite
People Also Viewed