Pharmacologists

Pharmacologists are researchers who study the composition, properties, usage and toxicology of drugs, and analyze how the drugs interact with biological systems. The main aim of undertaking research pharmacology is to understand how drugs work and how they can be safely utilized for maximum efficiency. Pharmacologists study the drug design, its molecular and cellular mechanisms, and chemical biology. The two main branches of pharmacology are pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Pharmacokinetics focuses on how the body affects the drug after administration and what chemical changes happen to the substances in the drug after it enters the body. Pharmacodynamics is the study of the effects of the drugs on the body and on the microorganisms present in the body. It analyses the relationship between drug action and effect. Pharmacologists undertake two main types of research: in vitro research that involves using cells or animal tissue, and in vivo research that uses whole animals to predict the effects of specific drugs on human beings. Areas of specialization in this field include clinical pharmacology, neuropharmacology, and regulatory pharmacology. Read on to browse through a list of world famous pharmacologists and read their biographies and timelines.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Alexander Fleming

Alexander Fleming
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Famous As: Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin
Birthdate: August 6, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: March 11, 1955

Alexander Fleming was a Scottish microbiologist and physician. He is credited with discovering penicillin, the world's first effective antibiotic substance; a discovery that changed the course of history. He also discovered lysozyme, an antimicrobial enzyme which forms part of the innate immune system. In 1999, Fleming was named in Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th century list.

 2 Alexander Shulgin

Alexander Shulgin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: June 17, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 2, 2014

 3 Frances Oldham Kelsey

Frances Oldham Kelsey
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: July 24, 1914
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Canadian, American
Died: August 7, 2015

 4 Howard Florey

Howard Florey
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Famous As: Pathologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: September 24, 1898
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Australian
Died: February 21, 1968

Howard Florey was an Australian pathologist and pharmacologist. He is best remembered for his role in the formation of penicillin, for which he shared the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain in the year 1945. Florey is credited with carrying out the first clinical trial of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in 1941.

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 5 George Ryan

George Ryan
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American

 6 Charles Stross

Charles Stross
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 18, 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
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 7 Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion
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Famous As: Biochemist, Pharmacologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 21, 1999
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 8 Rudolf Vrba

Rudolf Vrba
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Famous As: Pharmacologist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: September 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Canadian
Died: March 27, 2006
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 9 David Herold

David Herold
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 16, 1842
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: July 7, 1865

 10 Ferid Murad

Ferid Murad
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Famous As: Physician and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: September 14, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
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 11 Charles R. Walgreen

Charles R. Walgreen
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Famous As: American pharmacologist
Birthdate: October 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: December 11, 1939

 12 Louis J. Ignarro

Louis J. Ignarro
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: May 31, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
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 13 Sir James W. Black

Sir James W. Black
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 14, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: March 22, 2010

 14 Li Shizhen

Li Shizhen
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Famous As: Chinese scholar
Birthdate: July 3, 1518
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 1593 AD
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 15 Arvid Carlsson

Arvid Carlsson
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Famous As: Neuropharmacologist
Birthdate: January 25, 1923
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: June 29, 2018

 16 Henry Hallett Dale

Henry Hallett Dale
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Famous As: Physiologist & Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 9, 1875
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: July 23, 1968

 17 Ignacy Łukasiewicz

Ignacy Łukasiewicz
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Famous As: Polish pharmacist
Birthdate: March 8, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Polish
Died: January 7, 1882

 18 Julius Axelrod

Julius Axelrod
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 30, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: December 29, 2004

 19 Salvador Moncada

Salvador Moncada
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Famous As: Honduran-British pharmacologist and professor
Birthdate: December 3, 1944
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Honduran, British

 20 Alfred G. Gilman

Alfred G. Gilman
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Famous As: Pharmacologist, Biochemist
Birthdate: July 1, 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: December 23, 2015

 21 Carl Ferdinand Cori

Carl Ferdinand Cori
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: December 5, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Czech, American
Died: October 20, 1984

 22 Zhang Zhongjing

Zhang Zhongjing
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0150 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 0219 AD
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 23 John R. Vane

Sir John Robert Vane
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: March 29, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: November 19, 2004

 24 Daniel Bovet

Daniel Bovet
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Italian
Died: April 8, 1992
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 25 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler
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Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 9, 1983

 26 Earl W. Sutherland Jr.

Earl W. Sutherland, Jr.
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Famous As: Biochemist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: November 19, 1915
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: March 9, 1974
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 27 Colin Murdoch

Colin Murdoch
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Famous As: Pharmacist, veterinary chemist, and inventor
Birthdate: February 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: New Zealander
Died: May 4, 2008

 28 Louis S. Goodman

Louis S. Goodman
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: August 27, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: November 19, 2000
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 29 Karl Friedrich Mohr

Karl Friedrich Mohr
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 4, 1806
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: September 28, 1879

 30 Tao Hongjing

Tao Hongjing
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 0456 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 0536 AD
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 31 William Prusoff

William Prusoff
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: April 3, 2011

 32 Friedrich Karl Kleine

Friedrich Karl Kleine
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: May 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: March 22, 1951

 33 John Pemberton

John Pemberton
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Famous As: Pharmacist, Inventor, Chemist
Birthdate: July 8, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: August 16, 1888

 34 Frank Berger

Frank Berger
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Czech
Died: March 18, 2008

 35 Joshua Harold Burn

Joshua Harold Burn
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: March 6, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: British
Died: July 13, 1981

 36 Crateuas

Crateuas
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Greek

 37 Charles-Jacques Poncet

Charles-Jacques Poncet
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: French
Died: 1706 AD
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