Pharmacologists

Pharmacologists are researchers who study the composition, properties, usage and toxicology of drugs, and analyze how the drugs interact with biological systems. The main aim of undertaking research pharmacology is to understand how drugs work and how they can be safely utilized for maximum efficiency. Pharmacologists study the drug design, its molecular and cellular mechanisms, and chemical biology. The two main branches of pharmacology are pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Pharmacokinetics focuses on how the body affects the drug after administration and what chemical changes happen to the substances in the drug after it enters the body. Pharmacodynamics is the study of the effects of the drugs on the body and on the microorganisms present in the body. It analyses the relationship between drug action and effect. Pharmacologists undertake two main types of research: in vitro research that involves using cells or animal tissue, and in vivo research that uses whole animals to predict the effects of specific drugs on human beings. Areas of specialization in this field include clinical pharmacology, neuropharmacology, and regulatory pharmacology. Read on to browse through a list of world famous pharmacologists and read their biographies and timelines.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Alexander Fleming

Alexander Fleming.
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Famous As: Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin
Birthdate: August 6, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Lochfield, Ayrshire, Scotland
Died: March 11, 1955

Alexander Fleming was a Scottish microbiologist and physician. He is credited with discovering penicillin, the world's first effective antibiotic substance; a discovery that changed the course of history. He also discovered lysozyme, an antimicrobial enzyme which forms part of the innate immune system. In 1999, Fleming was named in Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th century list.

 2 Alexander Shulgin

Alexander Shulgin.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: June 17, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berkeley, California, United States
Died: June 2, 2014

A pioneer of psychedelic drug synthesis, Alexander Shulgin came to be known as The Godfather of Ecstasy, for reinventing the drug MDMA, or ecstasy, for medical use. The Harvard drop-out, who later studied psychiatry and pharmacology, would often experiment his newly invented drugs on himself, his wife, and his friends.

 3 Frances Oldham Kelsey

Frances Oldham Kelsey.
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: July 24, 1914
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cobble Hill, Canada
Died: August 7, 2015

As part of the FDA, Frances Oldham Kelsey prevented thalidomide from being allowed in the US drug market as a painkiller, as she was unsure of its impact. Her concerns were proved right when the drug caused birth defects in European children. She was subsequently awarded by the US president.

 4 John Pemberton

John Pemberton.
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Famous As: Pharmacist, Inventor, Chemist
Birthdate: July 8, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Georgia
Died: August 16, 1888
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 5 George Ryan

George Ryan.
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: February 24, 1934
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Maquoketa, Iowa, U.S.

 6 Charles Stross

Charles Stross
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: October 18, 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Leeds, England
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 7 Howard Florey

Howard Florey.
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Famous As: Pathologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: September 24, 1898
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Adelaide, Australia
Died: February 21, 1968

Howard Florey was an Australian pathologist and pharmacologist. He is best remembered for his role in the formation of penicillin, for which he shared the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain in the year 1945. Florey is credited with carrying out the first clinical trial of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in 1941.

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 8 Rudolf Vrba

Rudolf Vrba
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Famous As: Pharmacologist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: September 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Topoľčany
Died: March 27, 2006
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 9 David Herold

David Herold
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: June 16, 1842
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Maryland
Died: July 7, 1865

 10 Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion.
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Famous As: Biochemist, Pharmacologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: February 21, 1999

The daughter of Jewish immigrants in New York, Gertrude B. Elion excelled in chemistry at Hunter College, where she studied for free, but was initially unable to find a job due to gender bias. The renowned biochemist and pharmacologist later won a Nobel and became a pioneer in medical research.

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 11 Ferid Murad

Ferid Murad.
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Famous As: Physician and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: September 14, 1936
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Whiting, Indiana

 12 Charles R. Walgreen

Charles R. Walgreen
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Famous As: American pharmacologist
Birthdate: October 9, 1873
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Knoxville, Illinois, United States
Died: December 11, 1939
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 13 Louis J. Ignarro

Louis J. Ignarro.
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: May 31, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Brooklyn, NY

 14 Sir James W. Black

Sir James W. Black.
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 14, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Uddingston, United Kingdom
Died: March 22, 2010

Sir James W. Black was a Scottish pharmacologist and physician. Black, who became interested in the study of the human heart and its reaction to adrenaline, developed a beta-blocker named propranolol to treat heart diseases. He is also credited with developing cimetidine, a drug used to cure stomach ulcers. He was honored with the 1988 Nobel Prize for Medicine.

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 15 Li Shizhen

Li Shizhen
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Famous As: Chinese scholar
Birthdate: July 3, 1518
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: China
Died: 1593 AD

 16 Arvid Carlsson

Arvid Carlsson
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Famous As: Neuropharmacologist
Birthdate: January 25, 1923
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden
Died: June 29, 2018

 17 Henry Hallett Dale

Henry Hallett Dale.
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Famous As: Physiologist & Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 9, 1875
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Islington
Died: July 23, 1968

 18 Ignacy Łukasiewicz

Ignacy Łukasiewicz
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Famous As: Polish pharmacist
Birthdate: March 8, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zaduszniki, Podkarpackie Voivodeship
Died: January 7, 1882

 19 Julius Axelrod

Julius Axelrod.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 30, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: December 29, 2004

 20 Salvador Moncada

Salvador Moncada.
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Famous As: Honduran-British pharmacologist and professor
Birthdate: December 3, 1944
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Tegucigalpa

Salvador Moncada is a Honduran-British pharmacologist and professor. He is well known for his discoveries related to nitric oxide function and metabolism. In the past, he was the research director of the Wellcome Research Laboratories and is currently the research domain director for cancer at the University of Manchester. He is married to Princess Marie-Esméralda of Belgium. 

 21 Carl Ferdinand Cori

Carl Ferdinand Cori.
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: December 5, 1896
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Prague, Czech Republic
Died: October 20, 1984

Czech-American biochemist Carl Ferdinand Cori’s interest in science was not surprising, with him being a zoologist’s son. Along with his wife, Gerty Cori, and Argentine physiologist Bernardo Houssay, Cori won the Nobel Prize for finding out that glycogen is an energy storehouse of the body.

 22 Alfred G. Gilman

Alfred G. Gilman.
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Famous As: Pharmacologist, Biochemist
Birthdate: July 1, 1941
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Haven, Connecticut
Died: December 23, 2015

American pharmacologist and Nobel laureate Alfred G. Gilman is best remembered for his research on G proteins. Born to a Yale pharmacology professor and author father, he was destined to make it big in science. He also taught at the University of Virginia and other institutes and co-established a biotechnology company.

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 23 Zhang Zhongjing

Zhang Zhongjing
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0150 AD
Birthplace: Nanyang, China
Died: 0219 AD

 24 John R. Vane

Sir John Robert Vane.
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: March 29, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tardebigge, Worcestershire
Died: November 19, 2004
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 25 Daniel Bovet

Daniel Bovet .
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1907
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Fleurier, Switzerland
Died: April 8, 1992

 26 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler.
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Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: March 9, 1983
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 27 Earl W. Sutherland Jr.

Earl W. Sutherland, Jr..
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Famous As: Biochemist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: November 19, 1915
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Burlingame, Kansas
Died: March 9, 1974

Earl W. Sutherland Jr. was a pharmacologist and biochemist known for his work in the field of hormones. He was honored with a Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1971. As a young man, he worked in the laboratory of Nobel laureate Carl Ferdinand Cori. Under Cori’s guidance, he began his research on the effects of hormones. 

 28 Colin Murdoch

Colin Murdoch
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Famous As: Pharmacist, veterinary chemist, and inventor
Birthdate: February 6, 1929
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Christchurch, New Zealand
Died: May 4, 2008
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 29 Karl Friedrich Mohr

Karl Friedrich Mohr
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: November 4, 1806
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: September 28, 1879

 30 Louis S. Goodman

Louis S. Goodman
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: August 27, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Portland, Oregon, United States
Died: November 19, 2000
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 31 Tao Hongjing

Tao Hongjing
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Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: 0456 AD
Birthplace: Nanjing, China
Died: 0536 AD

 32 William Prusoff

William Prusoff
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New York, United States
Died: April 3, 2011

 33 Friedrich Karl Kleine

Friedrich Karl Kleine
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: May 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stralsund, Germany
Died: March 22, 1951

 34 Frank Berger

Frank Berger
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: June 25, 1913
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Plzeň, Czech Republic
Died: March 18, 2008

 35 Joshua Harold Burn

Joshua Harold Burn
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: March 6, 1892
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Barnard Castle, England
Died: July 13, 1981

 36 Crateuas

Crateuas
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 37 Charles-Jacques Poncet

Charles-Jacques Poncet
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: 1706 AD

 38 Rida al-Tubuly

Rida al-Tubuly
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: 1967 AD
Birthplace: Tripoli, Libya
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