Microbiologists

Microbiologists are the scientists who study microscopic organisms like bacteria, fungi, algae, etc. and their effects on other living organisms. Microbiology, as a separate field of biology focuses on studying the characteristics, growth and development of microorganisms both at the molecular and cellular level. It also involves the study of their ecology and their effects on other living organisms like plants and animals. Microbiologists in the course of their work collect samples from various types of environments like human beings, animal, field locations, etc. and analyze these in the laboratory to identify and monitor the microorganisms present in the samples. Some specializations within this field include bacteriology, immunology, mycology, and phycology. This field of science is closely related with other life sciences like molecular biology and biochemistry. Microbiologists work in a number of fields like medicine, research, and university teaching. They basically work in a laboratory setting and use a variety of tools like microscopes, gas chromatographs, and electrophoresis gels while working with microbes. Their work is also required in industries like pharmaceuticals, food processing, and biotechnology. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines, trivia and other information about the professional and personal lives of some of the world’s most famous microbiologists.

 1 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 28, 1895
Considered one of the founders of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and invented the process of heating food and wine to kill microbes that cause contamination, which was named pasteurization after him. Known as the “father of microbiology,” he also founded the Pasteur Institute in Paris.  

 2 Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: October 24, 1632
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Dutch
Died: August 26, 1723

 3 Robert Koch

Robert Koch
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 11, 1843
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: May 27, 1910

 4 Francis Crick

Francis Crick
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Famous As: Co-discoverer of the Structure of the DNA Molecule, Nobel Prize Winner
Birthdate: June 8, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: July 28, 2004
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 5 Maurice Hilleman

Maurice Hilleman
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: August 30, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: April 11, 2005

 6 Arthur D. Levinson

Arthur D. Levinson
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: March 31, 1950
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
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 7 Bruce Edwards Ivins

Bruce Edwards Ivins
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Famous As: Biologist, Scientist, Circus performer, Politician
Birthdate: April 22, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: July 29, 2008
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 8 Richard M. Krause

Richard M. Krause
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: January 6, 2015
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 9 Carlo Urbani

Carlo Urbani
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Famous As: Epidemiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Italian
Died: March 29, 2003

 10 Martinus Beijerinck

Martinus Beijerinck
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: March 16, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Dutch
Died: January 1, 1931
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 11 Peter Piot

Peter Piot
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: February 17, 1949
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Belgian

 12 Selman Waksman

Selman Waksman
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Famous As: Discoverer of Streptomycin
Birthdate: July 22, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Ukrainian
Died: August 16, 1973
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 13 Salvador Luria

Salvatore Edoardo Luria
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: August 13, 1912
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Italian
Died: February 6, 1991

 14 Harold E. Varmus

Harold E. Varmus
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
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 15 Ferdinand Cohn

Ferdinand Cohn
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Famous As: Founder of Bacteriology and Microbiology
Birthdate: January 24, 1828
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Polish
Died: June 25, 1898

 16 John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders
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Famous As: The Father of Modern Vaccines
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: September 8, 1985

 17 Sergei Winogradsky

Sergei Winogradsky
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: September 1, 1856
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French, Russian
Died: February 25, 1953

 18 Werner Arber

Werner Arber
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Famous As: Microbiologist & Geneticist
Birthdate: June 3, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swiss

 19 Albert Schatz

Albert Schatz
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: February 2, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: January 17, 2005

 20 Hamilton O. Smith

Hamilton Othanel Smith
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: August 23, 1931
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

 21 Heinrich Anton de Bary

Heinrich Anton de Bary
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: January 26, 1831
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 19, 1888

 22 Daniel Nathans

Daniel Nathans
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: October 30, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: November 16, 1999
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 23 Jules Bordet

Jules Bordet
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Famous As: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Belgian
Died: April 6, 1961

 24 Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Frank Macfarlane Burnet
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Famous As: Virologist & Noble Prize Laureate
Birthdate: September 3, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Australian
Died: August 31, 1985
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 25 Jacob Dolson Cox

Jacob Dolson Cox
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Famous As: Statesman
Birthdate: October 27, 1828
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Canadian, American
Died: August 4, 1900

 26 René Dubos

René Dubos
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: February 20, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French, American
Died: February 20, 1982

 27 Shiga Kiyoshi

Shiga Kiyoshi
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 7, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Japanese
Died: January 25, 1957

 28 Félix d'Hérelle

Félix d'Hérelle
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: April 25, 1873
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Canadian, French
Died: February 22, 1949
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 29 Friedrich Loeffler

Friedrich Loeffler
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Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: June 24, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: April 9, 1915

 30 Rebecca Lancefield

Rebecca Lancefield
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: January 5, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: March 3, 1981
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 31 Max Schultze

Max Schultze
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Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: March 15, 1825
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: June 16, 1874

 32 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming

Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming
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Famous As: Danish botanist
Birthdate: November 3, 1841
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Danish
Died: April 2, 1924

 33 André Lwoff

André Michel Lwoff
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: May 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: French
Died: September 30, 1994

 34 Hans Cohen

Hans Cohen
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: February 3, 1923
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Netherlands Antilles
Died: May 14, 2020

 35 August von Wassermann

August von Wassermann
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Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: February 21, 1866
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: March 16, 1925

 36 Fritz Schaudinn

Fritz Schaudinn
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Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: September 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: June 22, 1906

 37 Hattie Alexander

Hattie Alexander
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Famous As: Pediatrician
Birthdate: April 5, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: June 24, 1968

 38 Kenneth V. Thimann

Kenneth V. Thimann
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 5, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British, American
Died: January 15, 1997

 39 Mary Bunting

Mary Bunting
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Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: July 10, 1910
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: January 21, 1998

 40 Friedrich Karl Kleine

Friedrich Karl Kleine
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Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: May 14, 1869
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: March 22, 1951

 41 Harold Ginsberg

Harold Ginsberg
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: May 27, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: February 2, 2003

 42 Irving Millman

Irving Millman
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: April 17, 2012

 43 Ephraim Anderson

Ephraim Anderson
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Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: October 28, 1911
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: March 14, 2006
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