Noblemen

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In ancient and medieval times noblemen occupied key positions in a king’s court and were an integral part of the administration. Here is a list of famous noblemen who made their mark in the history.
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 1 
Guy Fawkes
(Soldier)
Guy Fawkes
4
Birthdate: April 13, 1570
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: York
Died: January 31, 1606

Guy Fawkes was a member of an infamous group which unsuccessfully plotted the murder of King James I. The plot, which came to be known as the Gunpowder Plot, became popular and Guy Fawkes became synonymous with the plot. The failure of the plot has been commemorated as Guy Fawkes Night, during which Fawkes' effigy is burned on a bonfire.

 2 
Marquis de Lafayette
(French Aristocrat, Freemason and Military Officer Who Fought in the American Revolutionary War)
Marquis de Lafayette
4
Birthdate: September 6, 1757
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Chavaniac-Lafayette, France
Died: May 20, 1834

Marquis de Lafayette was a French aristocrat and military officer, who  is remembered for fighting in the American Revolutionary War, as the commander of American troops in several battles. After returning to France, he played key roles in the French Revolution of 1789 and the July Revolution of 1830. Considered a hero in both America and France, he advocated the end of slavery.  

 3 
Marquis de Sade
(French Writer Whose Perverse Sexual Preferences and Erotic Writings gave Rise to the Term 'Sadism')
Marquis de Sade
4
Birthdate: June 2, 1740
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 2, 1814
Marquis de Sade is remembered for his erotic books such as The 120 Days of Sodom. He was known for his peculiar way of deriving sexual pleasure by torturing his victims, now known as “sadism.” He was jailed for several years for sexual abuse against men, women, and children. 
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 4 
Cesare Borgia
(Duke of Valentinois (1498 - 1507))
Cesare Borgia
4
Birthdate: September 13, 1475
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Subiaco, Italy
Died: March 12, 1507
Italian politician and condottiero Cesare Borgia was an illegitimate son of Pope Alexander VI. He is said to have inspired The Prince by Machiavelli. He was also the first to resign a cardinalate, after his brother died in 1498. He was also the Duke of Valentinois from 1498 to 1507.
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 5 
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
(Son of Louis Xiii of France and His Wife Anne of Austria)
Philippe I, Duke of Orléans
4
Birthdate: September 21, 1640
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
Died: June 9, 1701

Philippe I, Duke of Orléans received the dukedoms of Chartres and Valois in 1661 as the younger son of Louis XIII of France. Unlike most royal persons of his generation, Philippe was open about his homosexuality and did not think twice before acting effeminately in public. However, he fathered several children and earned the nickname the grandfather of Europe.

 6 
Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia
(Prince of Russia from 1904 to 1918)
Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia
4
Birthdate: August 12, 1904
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Peterhof, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Died: July 17, 1918

Alexei Nikolaevich, Tsarevich of Russia was the heir apparent to the Russian Empire's throne. The only son of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna and Emperor Nicholas II, Alexei was born with haemophilia, which was treated by the popular faith healer Grigori Rasputin. In 1918, Alexei and his family members were executed brutally by Communist revolutionaries.  

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 7 
Antoine Lavoisier
(French Chemist Who Discovered the Role of Oxygen in Combustion)
Antoine Lavoisier
4
Birthdate: August 26, 1743
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: May 8, 1794

Antoine Lavoisier was a French chemist and nobleman. He played a crucial role during the chemical revolution of the 18th-century. Widely regarded as the father of modern chemistry, Lavoisier had a major influence on the history of biology as well as the history of chemistry. He also helped build the metric system. 

 8 
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk
(English Military Leader and Courtier)
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk
4
Birthdate: 1484 AD
Birthplace: Guildford, England, United kingdom
Died: August 22, 1545
Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk was the brother-in-law of King Henry VIII of England, through his third wife, Mary Tudor. He was sent by Henry to fix Mary’s marriage to King Francis I of France, but married her himself instead. He received viscountcy for the 1513 campaign against France.
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 9 
Otto von Habsburg
(Last Crown Prince of Austria-Hungary and Former Member of the European Parliament)
Otto von Habsburg
4
Birthdate: November 20, 1912
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Reichenau an der Rax, Austria
Died: July 4, 2011

Otto von Habsburg was the son of Charles I, the last emperor of Austria. A staunch opponent of Nazism, he called for the unification and integration of Europe. He had been a European Parliament member and spearheaded the Pan-European Picnic at the Austrian-Hungarian border during the 1989 revolution.

 10 
John of Gaunt
(British Royal Prince, Military Leader and Duke of Lancaster)
John of Gaunt
4
Birthdate: March 6, 1340
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Bavo's Abbey, Ghent, Belgium
Died: February 3, 1399

John of Gaunt was an English prince, statesman, and military leader. An influential figure, John of Gaunt is credited with founding the royal House of Lancaster, which would later produce men to ascend the royal throne. Early in his career, John spent considerable time in Spain participating in the Hundred Years' War.

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 11 
Haakon, Crown Prince of Norway
4
Birthdate: July 20, 1973
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oslo, Norway
 12 
Grigory Potemkin
(Russian Statesman, Army Officer and Lover of Empress Catherine the Great)
Grigory Potemkin
4
Birthdate: October 11, 1739
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Chizhevo, Russia
Died: October 16, 1791

Grigory Potemkin was a Russian statesman, military leader, and nobleman. A favorite of Catherine the Great, Grigory Potemkin was appointed governor-general of Russia's southern provinces in 1775. An influential personality, Potemkin supervised the construction of several important edifices, such as the Tauride Palace. He is also credited with founding the towns of Ekaterinoslav, Sevastopol, Kherson, and Nikolayev.

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Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
4
Birthdate: November 2, 1767
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 23, 1820

Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn was the father of Queen Victoria. His army career took him to Canada and the West Indies, making him the first royal family member to stay in North America. He was also the governor of Gibraltar and played a major role in Canada’s development.

 14 
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria
(Heir Apparent of Emperor Franz Joseph I of Austria, Who Died by a Suicide Pact With His Mistress)
Rudolf, Crown Prince of Austria
4
Birthdate: August 21, 1858
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Laxenburg castles, Austria
Died: January 30, 1889

Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria was heir apparent to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The only son of Elisabeth in Bavaria and Emperor Franz Joseph I, Rudolf died at the age of 30 at the Mayerling hunting lodge in an assumed suicide pact with his lover Mary Vetsera. The incident has inspired several works of art, such as cinema.

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 15 
Vladimir the Great
(Prince of Novgorod, Grand Prince of Kiev)
Vladimir the Great
4
Birthdate: 0958 AD
Birthplace: Kiev, Ukraine
Died: July 15, 1015
 16 
William the Silent
(Main Leader of the Dutch Revolt Against the Spanish Habsburgs that Set off the Eighty Years' War)
William the Silent
4
Birthdate: April 24, 1533
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dillenburg, Germany
Died: July 10, 1584

William the Silent played an important role in the Dutch Revolt where he led a group of fighters against the Spanish Habsburgs. The revolt resulted in the Eighty Years' War, which in turn paved the way for the independence of the United Provinces. Thanks to his efforts during the Dutch Revolt, William is referred to as Father of the Fatherland.    

 17 
Prince Christian of Denmark
(Eldest child of Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary)
Prince Christian of Denmark
4
Birthdate: October 15, 2005
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset
4
Birthdate: June 15, 1519
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Blackmore, England
Died: July 22, 1536

Henry FitzRoy, Duke of Richmond and Somerset, was the son of Henry VIII and his mistress Elizabeth Blount. Henry FitzRoy was the only illegitimate child acknowledged by King Henry VIII of England. In spite of being an illegitimate child, Henry FitzRoy was made Duke of Richmond and Somerset. He was later made Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland. 

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 19 
Owain Glyndŵr
(Prince of Wales from 1400 to 1415)
Owain Glyndŵr
4
Birthdate: 1359 AD
Birthplace: Sycharth, Wales
Died: 1415 AD

Legendary Welsh hero Owain Glyndŵr was part of the last major Welsh attempt at overthrowing the English reign. With the help of local rebels, he declared himself the prince of Wales and even set up a parliament, ignoring Henry IV’s rule. He eventually disappeared and was presumed dead.

Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk
4
Birthdate: March 10, 1473
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Unknown
Died: August 25, 1554
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William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire
4
Birthdate: December 14, 1748
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 29, 1811
 22 
Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany
4
Birthdate: August 16, 1763
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: St James's Palace, London, England
Died: January 5, 1827
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 23 
Hephaestion
(Ancient Macedonian Army General and a Close Friend of Alexander The Great)
Hephaestion
4
Birthdate: 0356 AD
Birthplace: Pella, Greece
Died: 0324 AD

Hephaestion was an ancient Macedonian army general and nobleman who served under Alexander the Great. A close ally of Alexander the Great, Hephaestion shared all his secrets with the former and their relationship has been compared to that of Patroclus and Achilles. Hephaestion has been portrayed in many films such as the 2004 epic historical drama film Alexander.

 24 
Juan de Borbón
(Spanish royal)
Juan de Borbón
4
Birthdate: June 20, 1913
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Segovia, Spain
Died: April 1, 1993
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Edward Stafford, 3rd Duke of Buckingham
4
Birthdate: February 3, 1478
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Brecon, Wales
Died: May 17, 1521
 26 
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
(Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1964 - 2000))
Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
4
Birthdate: January 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Colmar-Berg, Luxembourg
Died: April 23, 2019

Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg was exiled with his family following the German occupation of Luxembourg during World War II. A Royal Military Academy Sandhurst alumnus, he was part of the D-Day landings and the liberation of Luxembourg from the Nazis, and later turned Luxembourg into a financial hub.

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 27 
Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
(Archduke of Austria)
Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria
4
Birthdate: July 30, 1833
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 19, 1896

Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria was the younger brother of both Maximilian I of Mexico and Franz Joseph I of Austria. Ludwig is remembered as the father of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria whose assassination in Sarajevo is widely regarded as the most immediate cause of the First World War. Ludwig's grandson Charles I was the last emperor of Austria.

Richard of Shrewsbury, Duke of York
4
Birthdate: August 17, 1473
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England
Died: 1483 AD
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Reginald of Châtillon
4
Birthdate: 1120 AD
Birthplace: France
Died: July 4, 1187
James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
4
Birthdate: April 9, 1649
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rotterdam, Netherlands
Died: July 15, 1685
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 31 
Pedro Álvares Cabral
4
Birthdate: 1467 AD
Birthplace: Belmonte, Portugal
Died: 1520 AD

Pedro Álvares Cabral was a Portuguese nobleman, navigator, explorer, and military commander. Regarded as a prominent figure of the Age of Discovery, Cabral is often remembered as one of the earliest Europeans to set his foot on Brazil. Pedro Álvares Cabral is also remembered for his voyage to India in a failed attempt to return to Europe with valuable spices.

 32 
Afonso de Albuquerque
4
Birthdate: 1453 AD
Birthplace: Vila Franca de Xira
Died: December 16, 1515

Afonso de Albuquerque was a Portuguese statesman, admiral, and general. A fierce military commander, Albuquerque expanded the influence of the Portuguese across the Indian Ocean while serving as the viceroy of the Portuguese State of India from 1509 to 1515. Afonso de Albuquerque's military brilliance in the initial Portuguese campaigns helped Portugal to become the first intercontinental empire in history. 

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John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough
4
Birthdate: April 13, 1926
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Blenheim Palace, England
Died: October 16, 2014
Louis Philippe II, Duke of Orléans
4
Birthdate: April 13, 1747
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Domaine de Saint Cloud, Saint-Cloud, France
Died: November 6, 1793
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 35 
Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia
(Tsarevich (heir apparent) of Russia and the son of Ivan the Terrible)
Tsarevich Ivan Ivanovich of Russia
4
Birthdate: March 28, 1554
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: November 19, 1581
 36 
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
(The Only British Prince to Serve as the Governor General Of Canada)
Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn
4
Birthdate: May 1, 1850
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Buckingham Palace, England
Died: January 16, 1942

Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn was the third son of Prince Albert and Queen Victoria. He was the only British prince to serve as the Governor General of Canada. Prince Arthur is also remembered for performing various royal duties in the United Kingdom and India.

 37 
Æthelwold of Wessex
4
Birthplace: Great Britain
Died: December 13, 0902
 38 
Folke Bernadotte
(Swedish Diplomat Who Negotiated the Release of 31000 Prisoners from German Concentration Camps in World War II)
Folke Bernadotte
4
Birthdate: January 2, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: September 17, 1948

Folke Bernadotte was a Swedish diplomat and nobleman. He is best remembered for negotiating the release of over 30,000 prisoners from German concentration camps during World War II. Folke Bernadotte was assassinated at the age of 53 by a Zionist paramilitary organization called Lehi.

Jean, Count of Paris
4
Birthdate: May 19, 1965
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall
4
Birthdate: 1284 AD
Birthplace: Gascony, France
Died: June 19, 1312
 41 
John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
(British Nobleman and Father of Princess Diana)
John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer
4
Birthdate: January 24, 1924
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: London, England, United Kingdom
Died: March 29, 1992
Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford
4
Birthdate: April 12, 1550
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hedingham Castle, England
Died: June 24, 1604
James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bothwell
4
Birthdate: 1534 AD
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: April 14, 1578
 44 
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
(English Military Commander Best Known for his Role in the 'Wars of the Roses')
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
4
Birthdate: November 22, 1428
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Norwich, England
Died: April 14, 1471

Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick was an English administrator, nobleman, and military commander. Nicknamed Warwick the Kingmaker, Warwick played an important role in the Wars of the Roses; he originally supported the House of York only to switch his allegiance to the House of Lancaster. His actions resulted in the downfall of two kings which earned him his nickname.

 45 
Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
4
Birthdate: April 26, 1721
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Leicester House, London, England
Died: October 31, 1765
 46 
Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
(Austrian Nobleman, Writer and Journalist Known for His Romantic Stories of Galician Life)
Leopold von Sacher-Masoch
3
Birthdate: January 27, 1836
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Lviv, Ukraine
Died: March 9, 1895

Leopold von Sacher-Masoch lent his name to the term masochism, a form of sexual deviation. Best known for his novel Venus in Furs, one of his rare books that have been translated in English, he depicted Galician romance and fantasies. He spent his final years in a mental asylum.

George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence
4
Birthdate: October 21, 1449
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dublin, Ireland
Died: February 18, 1478
 48 
Hereward the Wake
3
Birthdate: 1035 AD
Birthplace: Lincolnshire, England
Died: 1072 AD
 49 
Sam Childers
(Humanitarian)
Sam Childers
4
Birthdate: 1963 AD
Birthplace: Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States
 50 
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
(Younger brother of King Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands)
Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau
4
Birthdate: September 25, 1968
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Utrecht, Netherlands
Died: August 12, 2013