Born: 287 BC
Born In: Syracuse, Italy
Born: 287 BC
Born In: Syracuse, Italy
Archimedes of Syracuse was an outstanding ancient Greek mathematician, inventor, physicist, engineer and also an astronomer. Although not much is known about his life, he is considered as one of the most eminent scientists and mathematicians of the classical era. He established strong foundations in the field of mathematics, physics, particularly in statics, hydrostatics and also explained the principle of the lever. In his lifetime, he made many incredible inventions such as designing innovative machines, including screw pumps, compound pulleys and siege machines. He is said to have anticipated modern calculus and analysis and derived a range of geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola. He applied the ‘method of exhaustion’ in calculating the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an endless series and gave a precise approximation of pi. He also identified the spiral that bears his name, designed formulae for the volumes of surfaces of revolution and also invented a technique for expressing extremely large numbers. While the inventions of Archimedes were known in the antiquity but his mathematical writings were little known. The first comprehensive compilation of his mathematical writings was not made until c. 530 AD by Isidore of Miletus. The commentaries on the works of Archimedes written by Eutocius in the sixth century AD opened them to a wider audience for the first time. Only a few copies of Archimedes' written work survived through the middle ages and became an influential source of ideas for scientists during the Renaissance. In addition to that, the discovery in 1906 of unknown works by Archimedes in the Archimedes Palimpsest has thrown new light into how he obtained mathematical results.
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Also Known As: Archimedes of Syracuse
Died At Age: 75
father: Phidias
Born Country: Italy
Died on: 212 BC
place of death: Syracuse, Italy
discoveries/inventions: Archimedes' Principle, Archimedes' Screw, Hydrostatics, Levers, Infinitesimals
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Archimedes principle states that a body immersed in a fluid experiences a buoyant force equal to the weight of the fluid it displaces.
Archimedes invented the screw pump, compound pulleys, and the Archimedes screw, which is still used today to move water and other materials.
Archimedes' principle of levers states that with a lever, it is possible to lift a heavy weight with a small force by placing the pivot point closer to the load.
The Archimedes screw is used to lift water from a lower to a higher level, such as in irrigation systems or to drain water from mines.
Archimedes made significant contributions to mathematics, including calculating the value of pi, developing methods for calculating areas and volumes of shapes, and creating the concept of exponents.
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