Mathematicians

A mathematician is an expert in the field of mathematics; a person who is highly skilled and knowledgeable. It is a science that deals with numbers and their interrelations, combinations and operations, data, measurements, quantity, structure, space and generalizations. The science is extensively used in the fields of finance, engineering, industries, robotics, astronomy, business, information technology, and various other fields. Mathematicians analyze data, study patterns and develop mathematical models that not only help to further human knowledge, but are also utilized for solving problems in various fields. These scientists work in the fields of pure and applied mathematics. In the pure form of this science, the researchers work through abstract problems with the sole motive of furthering human knowledge and contributing to theory formation. On the other hand, professionals working in the applied form formulate mathematical models for problem solving in real-world situations. But these two fields are overlapping—what starts out as a theoretical study may spawn some practical applications, while applied study of maths may sometimes contribute to its theoretical base. They need to be highly analytical and technologically savvy with excellent reasoning skills. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous mathematicians from all over the world.
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 1 Theodore Kaczynski

Theodore Kaczynski
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 22, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 2 Alan Turing

Alan Turing
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 23, 1912
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: June 7, 1954

Regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was a distinguished mathematician and logician. During WWII, he successfully broke the challenging German Enigma machine codes thereby reducing the duration of war by a couple of years. The scientist, who was convicted for being gay, has been an inspiration for numerous films, plays and novels.

 3 Srinivasa Ramanujan

Srinivasa Ramanujan
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 26, 1920

A self-taught genius Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan is known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory and continued fractions. Born into a humble family, the celebrated mathematician struggled with poverty but still managed to publish first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. Later, his collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy proved very productive.

 4 Roger Penrose

Roger Penrose
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 8, 1931
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

Roger Penrose’s contribution to the research related to the black hole and general relativity earned him the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2020. The Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics at Oxford, Roger is also a fellow of Wadham College, St John's College of Cambridge, and University College London.

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 5 Benoit Mandelbrot

Benoit Mandelbrot
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Famous As: Mathematician, Economist, Professor, Scientist, Writer, Computer scientist
Birthdate: November 20, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish, American
Died: October 14, 2010

 6 Galileo Galilei

Galileo Galilei
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: February 15, 1564
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Italian
Died: January 8, 1642

An Italian astronomer, engineer, and physicist, Galileo Galilei is widely regarded as the father of observational astronomy, the father of the scientific method, the father of modern physics, and the father of modern science. He is credited with popularizing the telescope, which changed the course of history.

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 7 John Forbes Nash, Jr.

John Forbes Nash, Jr.
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 13, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: May 23, 2015
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 8 Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female NASA scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the Apollo program and won a Congressional Gold Medal and a Presidential Medal of Freedom for her achievements.
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 9 Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi
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Famous As: Human Computer
Birthdate: November 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

 10 Ada Lovelace

Ada Lovelace
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Famous As: Countess of Lovelace
Birthdate: December 10, 1815
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: November 27, 1852

Ada Lovelace was a mathematician known for her work on the Analytical Engine, a mechanical general-purpose computer proposed by Charles Babbage. Many believe that Lovelace was the first to recognize the potential of computers. It is also believed that she published the first algorithm after realizing that the algorithm could be carried out by a machine like the Analytical Engine.

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 11 René Déscartes

René Déscartes
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Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher and Writer
Birthdate: March 31, 1596
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: February 11, 1650

 12 Pythagoras

Pythagoras
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Famous As: Philosopher and Mathematician
Birthdate: 0570 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0495 BC

Pythagoras was an Ionian Greek philosopher. He is credited with many scientific and mathematical discoveries, including the Sphericity of the Earth, the Theory of Proportions, the five regular solids, Pythagorean tuning, and the Pythagorean Theorem. Pythagoras influenced other philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. His philosophy also had a major impact on personalities like Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, and Nicolaus Copernicus.

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 13 Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus
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Birthdate: February 19, 1473
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Polish
Died: May 24, 1543

Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer. He is credited with formulating Heliocentrism, which led to the Copernican Revolution. Although Aristarchus of Samos had formulated Heliocentrism 18 centuries earlier, Copernicus was responsible for popularizing it. Copernicus is also credited with formulating an economic principle, which was later called Gresham's law.

 14 Bertrand Russell

Bertrand Russell
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: May 18, 1872
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British, Welsh
Died: February 2, 1970

Bertrand Russell was a British polymath and Nobel laureate. His work, which is spread across various fields, has had a considerable influence on philosophy, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, linguistics, and logic. Russell is also credited with leading the revolt against idealism in Britain and is regarded as one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

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 15 Lewis Carroll

Lewis Carroll
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Famous As: Author, Mathematician and Photographer
Birthdate: January 27, 1832
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 14, 1898
Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known by his pseudonym, Lewis Carroll, is remembered for his iconic children’s fiction such as Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and Through the Looking-Glass. He explored the genre of literary nonsense with his poems such as Jabberwocky. He was also a photographer, a mathematician, and an inventor.

 16 Archimedes

Archimedes
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Famous As: Mathematician, Engineer, Inventor, Physicist, Astronomer
Birthdate: 0287 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0212 BC
Greek mathematician, physicist, and astronomer Archimedes is remembered for his contribution to mathematics, especially geometry. He laid down theorems related to the area of a circle, and the area and volume of a sphere, and reached an accurate value of pi. He also invented machines such as the screw pump.

 17 John von Neumann

John von Neumann
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 28, 1903
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Hungarian, American
Died: February 8, 1957
Hungarian-American scientist John von Neumann contributed to the development of game theory and the concept of self-replication. His work covered vast areas including math, economics, physics, and computer science. His research on nuclear physics led him to be part of the advisory committee of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.

 18 Aryabhata

Aryabhata
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Birthdate: 0476 AD
Nationality: Indian
Died: 0550 AD
Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata pioneered the concept of “zero” and used it in his “place value system.” He had also worked on the approximation of pi and laid down the basic concepts of trigonometry, such as sine and cosine. He also mentioned that the Earth rotates on its axis.
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 19 Sal Khan

Sal Khan
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Famous As: Teacher
Birthdate: October 11, 1976
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 20 Charles Babbage

Charles Babbage
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Famous As: Father of the computer
Birthdate: December 26, 1791
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: October 18, 1871
Charles Babbage, or the “father of the computer,” invented the prototype of the world’s first mechanical calculator, the Difference Engine. With the help of mathematician Ada Lovelace, he also created the Analytical Engine, the first general-purpose computer and a precursor of the modern computer, with its looping and sequential mechanism.

 21 Avicenna

Avicenna
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Famous As: Persian Plymath
Birthdate: 0980 AD
Nationality:
Died: May 31, 1037
Renowned as father of early modern medicine, Avicenna was an illustrious Persian polymath. He is specifically distingusihed for his contributions in the fields of medicine and Aristotelian philisophy. He is best-known for his works namely, The Canon of Medicine and The Book of Healing. The corpus of his writings also include alchemy, geology, psychology, geography, physics, poetry and Islamic theology.

 22 Leonhard Euler

Leonhard Euler
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Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist
Birthdate: April 15, 1707
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Swiss, Russian
Died: September 18, 1783
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 23 Hypatia

Hypatia
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Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Birthdate: 0370 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0415 AD

 24 Eric Weinstein

Eric Weinstein
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 26, 1965
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
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 25 Claudius Ptolemy

Claudius Ptolemy
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Famous As: Astronomer, Cartographer & Mathematician
Birthdate: 0090 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0168 AD

 26 Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal
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Famous As: French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Philosopher
Birthdate: June 19, 1623
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: August 19, 1662

 27 Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler
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Famous As: Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer
Birthdate: December 27, 1571
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: German
Died: November 15, 1630

 28 Euclid

Euclid
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Famous As: Mathematician - Euclidean Geometry, Euclid's Elements and Euclidean Algorithm
Birthdate: 0330 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0260 BC
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 29 Carl F. Gauss

Carl F. Gauss
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: February 23, 1855

 30 Gottfried W. Leibniz

Gottfried W. Leibniz
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Famous As: Philosopher, Mathematician
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: November 14, 1716
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 31 George Dantzig

George Dantzig
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Famous As: Mathematician, Computer scientist, Statistician
Birthdate: November 8, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: May 13, 2005

 32 Carl Friedrich Gauss

Carl Friedrich Gauss
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Famous As: Mathematician, Geophysicist, Astronomer, Science writer, Physicist, Geodesist, University teacher
Birthdate: April 30, 1777
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: German
Died: February 23, 1855

 33 Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
1
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 1, 1646
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: November 14, 1716

 34 Eratosthenes

Eratosthenes
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Greek

 35 Tom Lehrer

Tom Lehrer
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Famous As: American musician
Birthdate: April 9, 1928
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 36 James Maxwell

James Maxwell
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Famous As: Mathematician & Physicist
Birthdate: June 13, 1831
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Scottish
Died: November 5, 1879

 37 James C. Maxwell

James C. Maxwell
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 13, 1831
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: November 5, 1879

 38 James Clerk Maxwell

James Clerk Maxwell
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 13, 1831
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: November 5, 1879

 39 Grigori Perelman

Grigori Perelman
1
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: June 13, 1966
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Russian

 40 Dorothy Vaughan

Dorothy Vaughan
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: November 10, 2008

 41 Terence Tao

Terence Tao
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: July 17, 1975
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Australian, American

 42 Mary Jackson

Mary Jackson
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: February 11, 2005

 43 Leonardo Fibonacci

Leonardo Fibonacci
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1170 AD
Nationality: Italian

 44 Kurt Gödel

Kurt Gödel
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Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher
Birthdate: April 28, 1906
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: January 14, 1978

 45 Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker
1
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: German, Polish

 46 Paul Dirac

Paul Dirac
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: August 8, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: October 20, 1984

 47 Freeman Dyson

Freeman Dyson
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 15, 1923
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British, American
Died: February 28, 2020

 48 Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria
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Famous As: Inventor, Mathematician
Birthdate: 0010 AD
Nationality: Egyptian, Greek
Died: 0070 AD

 49 Edwin Powell Hubble

Edwin Powell Hubble
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Famous As: Astronomer & Mathematician
Birthdate: November 20, 1889
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: September 28, 1953

 50 Donald Knuth

Donald Knuth
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Famous As: Computer Scientist
Birthdate: January 10, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
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