## 1 Theodore Kaczynski

**Famous As:**Mathematician

**Birthdate:**May 22, 1942

**Sun Sign:**Gemini

**Nationality:**American

A mathematician is an expert in the field of mathematics; a person who is highly skilled and knowledgeable. It is a science that deals with numbers and their interrelations, combinations and operations, data, measurements, quantity, structure, space and generalizations. The science is extensively used in the fields of finance, engineering, industries, robotics, astronomy, business, information technology, and various other fields. Mathematicians analyze data, study patterns and develop mathematical models that not only help to further human knowledge, but are also utilized for solving problems in various fields. These scientists work in the fields of pure and applied mathematics. In the pure form of this science, the researchers work through abstract problems with the sole motive of furthering human knowledge and contributing to theory formation. On the other hand, professionals working in the applied form formulate mathematical models for problem solving in real-world situations. But these two fields are overlapping—what starts out as a theoretical study may spawn some practical applications, while applied study of maths may sometimes contribute to its theoretical base. They need to be highly analytical and technologically savvy with excellent reasoning skills. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous mathematicians from all over the world.

More From Mathematicians

10

64

Regarded as the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, Alan Turing was a distinguished mathematician and logician. During WWII, he successfully broke the challenging German Enigma machine codes thereby reducing the duration of war by a couple of years. The scientist, who was convicted for being gay, has been an inspiration for numerous films, plays and novels.

72

A self-taught genius Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan is known for his contributions to mathematical analysis, number theory and continued fractions. Born into a humble family, the celebrated mathematician struggled with poverty but still managed to publish first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. Later, his collaboration with English mathematician G. H. Hardy proved very productive.

31

Roger Penrose’s contribution to the research related to the black hole and general relativity earned him the **Nobel Prize in Physics** in 2020. The **Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics** at **Oxford**, Roger is also a fellow of **Wadham College**, **St John's College** of **Cambridge**, and **University College London**.

22

50

An Italian astronomer, engineer, and physicist, Galileo Galilei is widely regarded as the **father of observational astronomy**, the **father of the scientific method**, the **father of modern physics**, and the **father of modern science**. He is credited with popularizing the telescope, which changed the course of history.

01

You May Like

42

Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female **NASA** scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the **Apollo **program and won a **Congressional Gold Medal** and a **Presidential Medal of Freedom** for her achievements.

75

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of **Human Computer** for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

14

Ada Lovelace was a mathematician known for her work on the *Analytical Engine*, a mechanical general-purpose computer proposed by Charles Babbage. Many believe that Lovelace was the first to recognize the potential of computers. It is also believed that she published the first algorithm after realizing that the algorithm could be carried out by a machine like the *Analytical Engine*.

10

41

Pythagoras was an Ionian Greek philosopher. He is credited with many scientific and mathematical discoveries, including the *Sphericity of the Earth*, the *Theory of Proportions*, the* five regular solids*,* Pythagorean tuning*, and the* Pythagorean Theorem*. Pythagoras influenced other philosophers like Plato and Aristotle. His philosophy also had a major impact on personalities like Isaac Newton, Johannes Kepler, and Nicolaus Copernicus.

20

Nicolaus Copernicus was a mathematician and astronomer. He is credited with formulating *Heliocentrism*, which led to the *Copernican Revolution*. Although Aristarchus of Samos had formulated *Heliocentrism *18 centuries earlier, Copernicus was responsible for popularizing it. Copernicus is also credited with formulating an economic principle, which was later called *Gresham's law*.

10

Bertrand Russell was a British polymath and Nobel laureate. His work, which is spread across various fields, has had a considerable influence on philosophy, cognitive science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, linguistics, and logic. Russell is also credited with leading the revolt against idealism in Britain and is regarded as one of the founders of analytic philosophy.

10

Charles Lutwidge Dodgson, better known by his pseudonym, Lewis Carroll, is remembered for his iconic children’s fiction such as **Alice's Adventures in Wonderland** and **Through the Looking-Glass**. He explored the genre of literary nonsense with his poems such as **Jabberwocky**. He was also a photographer, a mathematician, and an inventor.

20

Greek mathematician, physicist, and astronomer Archimedes is remembered for his contribution to mathematics, especially geometry. He laid down theorems related to the area of a circle, and the area and volume of a sphere, and reached an accurate value of pi. He also invented machines such as the screw pump.

10

Hungarian-American scientist John von Neumann contributed to the development of game theory and the concept of self-replication. His work covered vast areas including math, economics, physics, and computer science. His research on nuclear physics led him to be part of the advisory committee of the **U.S. Atomic Energy Commission**.

40

Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhata pioneered the concept of “zero” and used it in his “place value system.” He had also worked on the approximation of pi and laid down the basic concepts of trigonometry, such as sine and cosine. He also mentioned that the Earth rotates on its axis.

00

20

Charles Babbage, or the “father of the computer,” invented the prototype of the world’s first mechanical calculator, the **Difference Engine**. With the help of mathematician Ada Lovelace, he also created the **Analytical Engine**, the first general-purpose computer and a precursor of the modern computer, with its looping and sequential mechanism.

10

Renowned as *father of early modern medicine*, Avicenna was an illustrious Persian polymath. He is specifically distingusihed for his contributions in the fields of *medicine and Aristotelian philisophy.* He is best-known for his works namely, *The Canon of Medicine* and *The Book of Healing. *The corpus of his writings also include *alchemy, geology, psychology, geography, physics, poetry and Islamic theology.*

10

21

00

00

02

11

10

00

00

00

10

01

20

30

00

00

01

01

24

01

00

00

10

01

20

30

20

00

10

See Also

Agricultural ScientistsAstrobiologistsAstronomersAstrophysicistsBacteriologistsBiochemistsBiologistsBiophysicistsBotanistsChemistsComputer ScientistsGeneticistsGeologistsImmunologistsInorganic ChemistsMedical ScientistsMeteorologistsMicrobiologistsMolecular BiologistsNeuroscientistsOrganic ChemistsOrnithologistsPaleontologistsPathologistsPharmacologistsPhysical ChemistsPhysicistsPhysiologistsVirologistsZoologists