Oceanographers

Oceanographers are the scientists who explore the oceans and study their physical and biological aspects and related phenomena. Know about famous oceanographers, such as Sylvia Earle, Matthew Fontaine Maury, Marie Tharp, Stepan Makarov, Charles Wilkes and many more.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jacques Cousteau

Jacques Cousteau
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Famous As: Explorer
Birthdate: June 11, 1910
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Saint-André-de-Cubzac, France
Died: June 25, 1997

Jacques Cousteau was a French explorer, naval officer, filmmaker, conservationist, scientist, photographer, researcher, and author. Renowned for his exploration of various forms of life in water, Jacques Cousteau is credited with pioneering marine conservation and co-developing the Aqua-Lung, the first underwater breathing apparatus to achieve popularity and commercial success.

 2 Sylvia Earle

Sylvia Earle
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Famous As: Marine biologist
Birthdate: August 30, 1935
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Gibbstown, New Jersey, U.S.
Sylvia Earle is known for her research on marine algae and she was the first female chief scientist of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Earle held the world record for the deepest untethered dive and was named by Time Magazine as its first Hero for the Planet, in 1998. She also featured in Netflix Original documentary Seaspiracy.

 3 Matthew Fontaine Maury

Matthew Fontaine Maury
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Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: January 14, 1806
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Spotsylvania County, Virginia, United States
Died: February 1, 1873

American astronomer, naval officer, oceanographer and author Matthew Fontaine Maury, who first served the United States Navy and then the Confederacy States Navy, made significant contributions in oceanography. His book Physical Geography of the Sea is counted among the first comprehensive books on oceanography. Navies and merchant marines across the world adopted his uniform system of recording oceanographic data.

 4 Albert I, Prince of Monaco

Albert I, Prince of Monaco
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Famous As: Prince
Birthdate: November 13, 1848
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: June 26, 1922
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 5 Marie Tharp

Marie Tharp
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Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: July 30, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ypsilanti, Michigan, United States
Died: August 23, 2006

 6 Charles Wilkes

Charles Wilkes
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Famous As: Naval Officer
Birthdate: April 3, 1798
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: February 8, 1877
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 7 Stepan Makarov

Stepan Makarov
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: January 8, 1849
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Mykolaiv, Ukraine
Died: April 13, 1904
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 8 Marcia McNutt

Marcia McNutt
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Famous As: Geophysicist
Birthdate: February 19, 1952
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
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 9 Walter Munk

Walter Munk
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: October 19, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: February 8, 2019

 10 Charles David Keeling

Charles David Keeling
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: April 20, 1928
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Scranton, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: June 20, 2005
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 11 James Rennell

James Rennell
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Famous As: Geographer
Birthdate: December 3, 1742
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Chudleigh, England
Died: March 29, 1830

James Rennell was an English historian and geographer. A pioneer of oceanography, Rennell is often referred to as the Father of Oceanography. Rennell, who served as a Surveyor General of Bengal, India, is credited with producing some of the earliest accurate maps of Bengal. James Rennell is also credited with co-founding the Royal Geographical Society in London in 1830.

 12 Charles J. Moore

Charles J. Moore
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: United States

 13 Maurice Ewing

Maurice Ewing
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Famous As: Geophysicist
Birthdate: May 12, 1906
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Lockney, Texas, United States
Died: May 4, 1974

 14 John Murray

John Murray
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: March 3, 1841
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cobourg, Canada
Died: March 16, 1914

Born to Scottish migrants in Canada, John Murray later went back to Scotland to study medicine but quit without graduating. He later studied geology and became one of the pioneers of oceanography. He was also associated with the Challenger Expedition and was knighted for his work as a marine biologist.

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 15 Robert S. Dietz

Robert S. Dietz
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: September 14, 1914
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Westfield, New Jersey, United States
Died: May 19, 1995

 16 Henry Stommel

Henry Stommel
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: September 27, 1920
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wilmington, Delaware, United States
Died: January 17, 1992
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 17 Per Teodor Cleve

Per Teodor Cleve
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Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: February 10, 1840
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: June 18, 1905

Per Teodor Cleve was a Swedish biologist, chemist, oceanographer, and mineralogist. He is best remembered for his discovery of holmium and thulium. He is also credited with discovering aminonaphthalenesulfonic acids. Per Teodor Cleve is also remembered for his service as professor of general and agricultural chemistry at Uppsala University. His contributions were honored with the Davy Medal.

 18 Vagn Walfrid Ekman

Vagn Walfrid Ekman
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: May 3, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: March 9, 1954

Vagn Walfrid Ekman was a Swedish oceanographer. He is credited with developing instruments like the Ekman water bottle and Ekman current meter. He also served as a professor of mathematical physics and mechanics at the University of Lund. In 1935, Vagn Walfrid Ekman was inducted into the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Ekman was also an amateur singer and pianist.

 19 Harald Sverdrup

Harald Sverdrup
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: November 15, 1888
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sogndal Municipality, Norway
Died: August 21, 1957

Harald Sverdrup was a Norwegian oceanographer and meteorologist who served as president of the International Association of Physical Oceanography. He was also director of Scripps Institution of Oceanography. He was the author of many books, including his magnum opus The Oceans: Their Physics, Chemistry, and General Biology. He was a recipient of the William Bowie Medal. 

 20 Bruce C. Heezen

Bruce C. Heezen
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Famous As: Geologist, Oceanographer
Birthdate: April 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Vinton, Iowa, United States
Died: June 21, 1977

 21 Carl-Gustaf Rossby

Carl-Gustaf Rossby
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: December 28, 1898
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: August 19, 1957

Carl-Gustaf Rossby was a Swedish-born American meteorologist. He played an important role during the Second World War, organizing the training of military meteorologists. Over the course of his career, Carl-Gustaf Rossby was honored with many prestigious awards such as the Applied Meteorology Award from the American Meteorological Society in 1959.

 22 Athelstan Spilhaus

Athelstan Spilhaus
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Famous As: Oceonographer
Birthdate: November 25, 1911
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Cape Town, South Africa
Died: March 30, 1998
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 23 Victor Hensen

Victor Hensen
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Famous As: Zoologist
Birthdate: February 10, 1835
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Schleswig, Germany
Died: April 5, 1924

 24 Joseph Proudman

Joseph Proudman
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Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: December 30, 1888
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Unsworth, England
Died: June 26, 1975

 25 Alexander Buchan

Alexander Buchan
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Famous As: Meteorologist
Birthdate: April 11, 1829
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Scotland
Died: May 13, 1907

 26 Georg Wüst

Georg Wüst
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: June 15, 1890
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: November 8, 1977
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 27 William Abbott Herdman

William Abbott Herdman
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: September 5, 1858
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Scotland
Died: July 21, 1924

 28 Peter A. Rona

Peter A. Rona
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: August 17, 1934
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Trenton, New Jersey, United States
Died: February 20, 2014
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 29 Bjørn Helland-Hansen

Bjørn Helland-Hansen
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: October 16, 1877
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Oslo, Norway
Died: September 7, 1957

Bjørn Helland-Hansen was a Norwegian oceanographer considered a pioneer in the field of modern oceanography. He studied both medicine and physics at the University of Christiania before beginning his multi-faceted career. He developed the "Helland-Hansen Photometer." He had a brilliant academic career and was made president of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG). 

 30 Columbus O'Donnell Iselin

Columbus O'Donnell Iselin
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: September 25, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: New Rochelle, New York, United States
Died: January 5, 1971
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 31 Richard H. Fleming

Richard H. Fleming
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: September 21, 1909
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Victoria, Canada
Died: October 25, 1989

 32 Dean Bumpus

Dean Bumpus
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Famous As: Oceanographer
Birthdate: May 11, 1912
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Newburyport, Massachusetts, United States
Died: March 14, 2002