Physiologists

Physiologists study the functions of living organisms. Physiology is the science of understanding the mechanical, physical and biochemical functioning in a living system. The organs, organ systems, cells, and bio-chemical molecules that constitute the living organism are analyzed to understand the physical and chemical functions that take place within the organism. The field of physiology is closely related to anatomy and the two sciences are often studied in tandem. Physiologists conduct research on the organ system and cellular structure of animals and plants. They study processes like respiration, growth, movement, digestion, reproduction, excretion and other functions of living organisms under different conditions. They determine the effects of external environmental factors like presence of pollutants and carcinogens on their life processes and functions. Physiologists may work in hospitals and help in the development of new and improved treatment regimes for patients. One very popular job option is that of exercise physiologist. They study how the body responds to training and exercises and help athletes and sports people to follow a scientifically designed food and exercise schedule. Physiologists may specialize in human physiology, animal physiology, plant physiology, or the sub-branches under any of these fields. This section gives you information about the life and works of various famous physiologists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jared Diamond

Jared Diamond.
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Famous As: Scientist & Author
Birthdate: September 10, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Boston, Massachusetts, United States

 2 Wilhelm Wundt

Wilhelm Wundt.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: August 16, 1832
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Mannheim
Died: August 31, 1920

Wilhelm Wundt was a German physiologist, professor, and philosopher. He is often counted among the founders of modern psychology and is widely considered the father of experimental psychology. He is also credited with founding the first laboratory for psychological research, which he founded at the University of Leipzig in 1879.

 3 Otto Heinrich Warburg

Otto Heinrich Warburg.
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Famous As: Physiologist & Physician
Birthdate: October 8, 1883
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Freiburg, Baden, German Empire
Died: August 1, 1970

Otto Heinrich Warburg was a German medical doctor and physiologist. In 1931, his discovery of the nature of the respiratory enzyme earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. He also played an important role during World War I where he served as an officer in the cavalry regiment; he was honored with the Iron Cross for bravery.

 4 Theodor Schwann

Theodor Schwann.
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: December 7, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Neuss, Germany
Died: January 11, 1882

Theodor Schwann was a German physiologist and physician best remembered for his important contributions to biology. He is credited with discovering the Schwann cells, which is named after him. He is also credited with discovering pepsin and the organic nature of yeast. Theodor Schwann also invented the term metabolism.

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 5 Johann Friedrich Blumenbach

Johann Friedrich Blumenbach.
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 11, 1752
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Gotha, Germany
Died: January 22, 1840

A pioneer of physical anthropology, Johann Friedrich Blumenbach laid down one of the first racial classification systems for humans after studying human skulls, dividing mankind into five racial groups. Born into a family of academics, he was a prodigy. He was against scientific racism, though his theory promoted the degenerative hypothesis.

 6 Claude Bernard

Claude Bernard.
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 12, 1813
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Saint-Julien, Rhône
Died: February 10, 1878

Claude Bernard was a French physiologist whose scientific experiments led to several important discoveries. He is credited with coining the phrase milieu intérieur, which refers to the extracellular fluid (ECF) environment. He also pioneered the use of a blinded experiment to eliminate various experimental biases.

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 7 Emil Adolf von Behring

Emil Adolf von Behring.
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Famous As: German physiologist
Birthdate: March 15, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Ławice
Died: March 31, 1917

Nobel Prize-winning German physiologist Emil Adolf von Behring is remembered as a pioneer of immunology for his research on serum therapy developed an antitoxin to cure diphtheria. One of the 13 children of his parents, he had studied medicine at a military academy due to lack of funds.

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 8 Albert Szent-Györgyi

Albert von Szent-Györgyi .
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: September 16, 1893
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Budapest, Austria-Hungary
Died: October 22, 1986

Born in Budapest, Nobel Prize-winning biochemist Albert Szent-Györgyi shot himself in the arm while serving in World War II, so that he could be sent back home, and then studied medicine. While he is remembered for first isolating vitamin C, unknown to many, he was also a skilled pianist.

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 9 Jan Baptista van Helmont

Jan Baptista van Helmont
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Famous As: Belgian scientist
Birthdate: January 12, 1580
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Brussels, Belgium
Died: December 30, 1644

 10 Andrew Huxley

Andrew Fielding Huxley.
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Famous As: Physiologist & Biophysicist
Birthdate: November 22, 1917
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Hampstead, London, England
Died: May 30, 2012
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 11 Walter Bradford Cannon

Walter Bradford Cannon
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, United States
Died: October 1, 1945

 12 Charles Scott Sherrington

Charles Scott Sherrington.
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Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: November 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Islington
Died: March 4, 1952
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 13 Jan Evangelista Purkinje

Jan Evangelista Purkinje
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: December 17, 1787
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Libochovice, Bohemia
Died: July 28, 1869

 14 David H. Hubel

David H. Hubel.
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Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: February 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada
Died: September 22, 2013
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 15 Nicolae Paulescu

Nicolae Paulescu
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 30, 1869
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: July 17, 1931

 16 Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel.
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Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden

Torsten Wiesel is a Swedish neurophysiologist whose work on ocular dominance columns along with David Hubel earned them the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Torsten Wiesel is also a human rights advocate whose work with non-governmental organizations earned him the David Rall Medal. He is also a founding member of a nonprofit establishment called the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization.

 17 Brian Kobilka

Brian Kobilka
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: May 30, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Little Falls, Minnesota, United States

 18 Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller.
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: April 28, 1858

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and comparative anatomist. Known for his discoveries and his capability to synthesize knowledge, Müller made important contributions to the field of physiology. He also mentored physiologists and scientists like Hermann von Helmholtz, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Ernst Haeckel, and Ernst Wilhelm Brücke.

 19 John Scott Haldane

John Scott Haldane
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Famous As: Inventor, Physiologist
Birthdate: May 3, 1860
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Edinburgh
Died: March 15, 1936

 20 Arthur Guyton

Arthur Guyton
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: September 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Oxford, Mississippi, United States
Died: April 3, 2003

 21 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille

Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: April 22, 1797
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 26, 1869

 22 Charles Richet

Charles Robert Richet .
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 25, 1850
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: December 4, 1935

Charles Richet was a French physiologist remembered for his pioneering work in immunology. He is acclaimed for his work on anaphylaxis, which earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1913. He was also interested in the study of the paranormal. A proponent of eugenics, Richet was in charge of the French Eugenics Society for six years.

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 23 John James Rickard Macleod

John James Rickard Macleod.
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Famous As: Biochemist & Physiologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1876
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Clunie, Perthshire, Scotland
Died: March 16, 1935

John James Rickard Macleod was a Scottish biochemist and physiologist. Even though his research covered diverse topics in physiology and biochemistry, he is best remembered for his work in carbohydrate metabolism. He played a major role in the discovery and isolation of insulin, for which he shared the 1923 Nobel prize in Physiology or Medicine with Frederick Banting.  

 24 Charles Best

Charles Best.
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Famous As: Co-discoverer of Insulin
Birthdate: February 27, 1899
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: West Pembroke, Pembroke, Maine, United States
Died: March 31, 1978

Charles Best made history with his discovery of insulin, along with Sir Frederick Banting, thus paving the path for its use as a treatment for diabetes. He, however, failed to get the 1923 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, like Banting, as he didn’t receive his medical degree till 1925.

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 25 Bernardo Houssay

Bernardo Houssay
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 10, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Buenos Aires, Argentina
Died: September 21, 1971

 26 Ernest Starling

Ernest Starling
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 17, 1866
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: London, England
Died: May 2, 1927
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 27 E. Morton Jellinek

E. Morton Jellinek
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 15, 1890
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 22, 1963

 28 Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard

Charles-Édouard Brown-Séquard
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Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: April 8, 1817
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Port Louis, Mauritius
Died: April 2, 1894
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 29 Santorio Santorio

Santorio Santorio
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: March 29, 1561
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Koper, Slovenia
Died: February 22, 1636

 30 Robert Remak

Robert Remak
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 26, 1815
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Poznań, Poland
Died: August 29, 1865

German embryologist and neurologist Robert Remak is known for pathbreaking scientific feats such as the discovery of the Remak’s ganglia and the use of electrotherapy to treat nervous ailments. He also named the three layers of the embryo, the ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. His Jewish origin deprived him from valid recognition.

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 31 Nehemiah Grew

Nehemiah Grew
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Famous As: Medico
Birthdate: September 26, 1641
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Mancetter Parish, Warwickshire
Died: March 25, 1712

 32 Albert von Kölliker

Albert von Kölliker
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Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: July 6, 1817
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: November 2, 1905

 33 Roger Guillemin

Roger Guillemin.
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: January 11, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Dijon, France

 34 Emil Heinrich Du Bois-Reymond

Emil Heinrich Du Bois-Reymond
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 7, 1818
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: December 26, 1896

 35 Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen

Wilhelm Ludvig Johannsen
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: February 3, 1857
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark
Died: November 11, 1927

 36 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg

Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: April 19, 1795
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Delitzsch, Germany
Died: June 27, 1876

 37 Albrecht von Haller

Albrecht von Haller.
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Famous As: Anatomist
Birthdate: October 16, 1708
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bern
Died: December 12, 1777

 38 Nathaniel Kleitman

Nathaniel Kleitman
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Moldova
Died: August 13, 1999

 39 Carl Gustav Carus

Carl Gustav Carus
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: January 3, 1789
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Died: July 28, 1869

 40 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler.
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Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: March 9, 1983

 41 Franciscus Sylvius

Franciscus Sylvius
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: March 15, 1614
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hanau, Germany
Died: November 19, 1672

 42 Charles Brenton Huggins

Charles Brenton.
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Famous As: Physician & Surgeon
Birthdate: September 22, 1901
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Halifax, Nova Scotia
Died: January 12, 1997

Canadian-American surgeon and urologist Charles Brenton Huggins is remembered for his pathbreaking research on how some hormones are related to cancer, which eventually won him the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine. His studies paved the way for the cure of cancer, specifically prostate cancer and breast cancer.

 43 Sir Patrick Manson

Sir Patrick Manson
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 3, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Oldmeldrum, Aberdeenshire, Scotland
Died: April 9, 1922

 44 Jean Pierre Flourens

Jean Pierre Flourens
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: April 13, 1794
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Maureilhan, France
Died: December 6, 1867

 45 Paul Bert

Paul Bert
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Auxerre, France
Died: November 11, 1886

 46 François Magendie

François Magendie
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: October 6, 1783
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bordeaux, France
Died: October 7, 1855

 47 Ewald Hering

Ewald Hering
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 5, 1834
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Gersdorf, Germany
Died: January 26, 1918

 48 Julius von Sachs

Julius von Sachs
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: October 2, 1832
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: May 29, 1897

 49 Bert Sakmann

Bert Sakmann
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Famous As: German physiologist
Birthdate: June 12, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stuttgart

 50 Richard Keynes

Richard Keynes
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: August 14, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: England
Died: June 12, 2010
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