Pathologists

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Pathologists are medical doctors who specialize in the diagnosis of diseases. They examine tissues, analyze laboratory results and interpret them to provide an accurate and early diagnosis of various diseases. By using a variety of investigative techniques, they identity sources of diseases and facilitate the patient’s treatment. Pathologists also conduct autopsies to determine the cause of death. . Pathology is an interdisciplinary field that encompasses elements of sciences like anatomy, pharmacology, biochemistry, physiology and microbiology. They work in a number of fields. A clinical pathologist supervises the laboratory tests conducted on bodily fluids and works together with clinical lab technicians to ensure that blood and blood fluids meant for usage during surgeries are safe from microorganisms. An anatomic pathologist examines tissues removed during biopsies or surgeries to provide a diagnosis on the disease. The early detection of diseases by the pathologists facilitates timely treatment of the patients. In forensic pathology, pathologists examine a corpse to determine the cause of death. They assist law enforcement officers in investigation of deaths under mysterious conditions, and also help to pinpoint undetermined causes of natural death. Some pathologists may work in research and teach in universities. Read on to browse through a list of world famous pathologosts and read their biographies and timelines.
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 1 
Bennet Omalu
(Forensic Pathologist Known for His Research in ‘Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy’ in American Football Players)
Bennet Omalu
4
Birthdate: September 30, 1968
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Idemili South, Nigeria

Nigerian-American physician, forensic-pathologist and neuropathologist Bennet Omalu is most-noted for discovering chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in American football players. He was serving at Allegheny County coroner's office in Pittsburgh at that time. He presently serves as President and Medical Director of Bennet Omalu Pathology, chief medical examiner for San Joaquin County, and as professor at the University of California, Davis.

 2 
Rudolf Virchow
(The Father of Modern Pathology' & the Founder of 'Social Medicine')
Rudolf Virchow
6
Birthdate: October 13, 1821
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Swidwin, Poland
Died: September 5, 1902

Rudolf Virchow was a German physician, pathologist, anthropologist, biologist, prehistorian, editor, writer, and politician. Nicknamed the Pope of medicine by his colleagues, Virchow is credited with founding the field of social medicine. He is also widely regarded as the father of modern pathology.  Rudolf Virchow was the first person to name diseases, such as thrombosis, leukemia, ochronosis, embolism, and chordoma.

 3 
Joseph Lister
(British Medical Scientist and a Pioneer in the Field of Antiseptic Medicine and Surgery)
Joseph Lister
6
Birthdate: April 5, 1827
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Upton House, West Ham, England
Died: February 10, 1912

British surgeon Joseph Lister was a pioneer of antiseptic medicine usage and made a huge contribution to the development of preventive medicine for bacterial infection. His achievements have been honored by many, such as the makers of Listerine antiseptic and mouthwash, who named their product after him.

 4 
Howard Florey
(Pathologist and Pharmacologist)
Howard Florey
6
Birthdate: September 24, 1898
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Adelaide, Australia
Died: February 21, 1968

Howard Florey was an Australian pathologist and pharmacologist. He is best remembered for his role in the formation of penicillin, for which he shared the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Alexander Fleming and Ernst Chain in the year 1945. Florey is credited with carrying out the first clinical trial of penicillin at the Radcliffe Infirmary in 1941.

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 5 
Albert Sabin
(Polish-American Medical Researcher Best Known for Developing the Oral Polio Vaccine)
Albert Sabin
3
Birthdate: August 26, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Białystok, Poland
Died: March 3, 1993

Polish-American medical researcher Albert Bruce Sabin is best-remembered for developing oral polio vaccine which is easier to give and more effective than earlier polio vaccine. His vaccine has remained instrumental in the ongoing effort of eradicating polio. Other vaccines developed by Sabin include the ones for encephalitis and dengue. He served as President of Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel.

 6 
Beck Weathers
(Pathologist)
Beck Weathers
6
Birthdate: December 16, 1946
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Texas, United States
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 7 
Thomas Stoltz Harvey
(Pathologist, Neurologist)
Thomas Stoltz Harvey
6
Birthdate: October 10, 1912
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Louisville
Died: April 5, 2007

Pathologist Thomas Stoltz Harvey was the man who conducted an autopsy on Albert Einstein. It is believed the Princeton Hospital employee later stole Einstein’s brain without his family’s permission and even lost his job for it. He kept parts of the brain with him for 43 years.

 8 
Camillo Golgi
(Physician, Pathologist, Biologist)
Camillo Golgi
11
Birthdate: July 7, 1843
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Corteno, Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia, Italy
Died: January 21, 1926

Nobel Prize-winning cytologist and physician Camillo Golgi is remembered for his contribution to the study of the central nervous system. He revolutionized medical science with his staining technique and discoveries such as the Golgi cell, the Golgi tendon organ, and the Golgi apparatus, apart from his research on malaria.

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 9 
Charles Scott Sherrington
(English Neurophysiologist Who Won the 1932 Nobel Prize in Medicine)
Charles Scott Sherrington
5
Birthdate: November 27, 1857
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Islington, London, England
Died: March 4, 1952

Charles Scott Sherrington was an English histologist, neurophysiologist, pathologist, and bacteriologist. In 1932, Sherrington and Edgar Douglas Adrian were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their discoveries of the functions of neurons. Charles Scott Sherrington's exposition of synaptic communication between neurons helped understand the central nervous system. He was also the recipient of the prestigious Royal Medal.

 10 
Alice Hamilton
(Toxicologist, Pathologist, University teacher, Physician)
Alice Hamilton
6
Birthdate: February 27, 1869
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fort Wayne
Died: September 22, 1970
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 11 
Gerhard Domagk
(Pathologist and Bacteriologist)
Gerhard Domagk
5
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Łagów, Poland
Died: April 24, 1964

Nobel Prize-winning German pathologist and bacteriologist Gerhard Domagk is best remembered for his pathbreaking discovery of Prontosil, the first sulfonamide antibiotic. The Nazis, however, didn’t allow him to accept the Nobel Prize immediately and detained him briefly instead. He had also served as a soldier in World War I.

 12 
Lionel Logue
(Former Speech therapist to King George VI)
Lionel Logue
2
Birthdate: February 26, 1880
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: College Park, Australia
Died: April 12, 1953
 13 
Thomas Hodgkin
(Former Physician best known for the first account of Hodgkin's disease, a form of lymphoma and blood disease, in 1832)
Thomas Hodgkin
5
Birthdate: August 17, 1798
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Pentonville, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Died: April 5, 1866
 14 
Robin Warren
(Australian pathologist)
Robin Warren
5
Birthdate: June 11, 1937
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Adelaide, Australia

Robin Warren is an Australian pathologist best known for re-discovering the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. Along with Barry J. Marshall, Warren proved that Helicobacter pylori causes stomach ulcers. In 2005, he won the prestigious Nobel Prize in Medicine, which he shared with Marshall. Their Nobel Prize-winning work became the subject of a documentary titled The Winner's Guide to the Nobel Prize.

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 15 
William H. Welch
(Physician)
William H. Welch
5
Birthdate: April 8, 1850
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Norfolk Historic District, Connecticut, United States
Died: April 30, 1934
 16 
Marie Cassidy
(Pathologist)
Marie Cassidy
5
Birthdate: 1951 AD
Birthplace: Rutherglen, Scotland
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Giovanni Battista Morgagni
5
Birthdate: February 25, 1682
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Forlì, Italy
Died: December 6, 1771
 18 
Bert Vogelstein
(Oncologist)
Bert Vogelstein
10
Birthdate: June 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
 19 
George Whipple
(Physician)
George Whipple
5
Birthdate: August 28, 1878
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Ashland, New Hampshire, United States
Died: February 1, 1976
 20 
René Dubos
(Microbiologist)
René Dubos
5
Birthdate: February 20, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint-Brice-sous-Forêt, France
Died: February 20, 1982
 21 
Clarence Lushbaugh
(Radiologist, Pathologist)
Clarence Lushbaugh
2
Birthdate: March 15, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Covington, Kentucky, United States
Died: October 13, 2000
 22 
Jonathan Hutchinson
5
Birthdate: July 23, 1828
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Selby, Yorkshire, England
Died: June 13, 1913
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 23 
Carl von Rokitansky
(Pathologist)
Carl von Rokitansky
5
Birthdate: February 19, 1804
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
Died: July 23, 1878
Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle
5
Birthdate: July 9, 1809
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Fürth, Bavaria, Germany
Died: May 13, 1885

German pathologist and anatomist Friedrich Gustav Jacob Henle is best remembered for his discovery of two of the most significant parts of the kidney, the loop of Henle and Henle's tubules. His Allgemeine Anatomie, or General Anatomy, was the first systematic written work on histology.

 25 
Simon Flexner
(Physician)
Simon Flexner
4
Birthdate: March 25, 1863
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Louisville, Kentucky, Unites States
Died: May 2, 1946
Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen
4
Birthdate: December 2, 1833
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Gütersloh, Germany
Died: August 26, 1910
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 27 
Johannes Fibiger
(Physician)
Johannes Fibiger
4
Birthdate: April 23, 1867
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Silkeborg, Denmark
Died: January 30, 1928
 28 
Theobald Smith
(Pathologist)
Theobald Smith
4
Birthdate: July 31, 1859
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Albany, New York, United States
Died: December 10, 1934
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 29 
Xavier Bichat
(Medical doctor)
Xavier Bichat
3
Birthdate: November 14, 1771
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Thoirette, France
Died: July 22, 1802
 30 
Donald Teare
(Pathologist)
Donald Teare
4
Birthdate: July 1, 1911
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Isle of Man
Died: January 17, 1979
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 31 
Howard Taylor Ricketts
4
Birthdate: February 9, 1871
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Findlay, Ohio, United States
Died: May 3, 1910
 32 
Miroslav Holub
(Poet, pathologist and immunologist)
Miroslav Holub
6
Birthdate: September 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1998
 33 
Matthew Baillie
(Physician)
Matthew Baillie
4
Birthdate: October 27, 1761
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Shots Manse, Scotland
Died: September 23, 1823

The man who penned the first published study of pathology in English, Matthew Baillie was an Oxford-educated physician who was later also named a Fellow of The Royal Society. He also inherited the estates of his physician uncle William Hunter and taught at his medical school for a while.

 34 
Robin Coombs
(Immunologist)
Robin Coombs
4
Birthdate: January 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 25, 2006
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Ernest William Goodpasture
4
Birthdate: October 17, 1886
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Clarksville, Tennessee, United States
Died: September 20, 1960
 36 
Ludwig Aschoff
(Physician)
Ludwig Aschoff
3
Birthdate: January 10, 1866
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 24, 1942
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 37 
Louis-Antoine Ranvier
3
Birthdate: October 2, 1835
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: March 22, 1922
 38 
Jean Cruveilhier
(Anatomist)
Jean Cruveilhier
3
Birthdate: February 9, 1791
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Limoges, France
Died: March 10, 1874
 39 
John Simon
(Surgeon)
John Simon
3
Birthdate: October 10, 1816
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: London, England
Died: July 23, 1904
 40 
Giulio Bizzozero
3
Birthdate: March 20, 1846
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Varese, Italy
Died: April 8, 1901
 41 
Elizabeth Stern
(Canadian pathologist)
Elizabeth Stern
3
Birthdate: September 29, 1915
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cobalt, Canada
Died: August 18, 1980

One of the first specialists in cytopathology, Elizabeth Stern is noted for her work on progression of a healthy cell to a cancerous state. She became interested in cervical cancer while serving as professor of epidemiology at UCLA and began extensive research on the subject, eventually helping to establish that cervical cancer can be successfully treated by prophylactic measures.

 42 
Sophia Getzowa
(Pathologist)
Sophia Getzowa
3
Birthdate: January 23, 1872
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Belarus, Russian Empire
Died: July 11, 1946

Sophia Getzowa had lost her mother at 8. A prominent Zionist, she studied medicine and became known for her research on solid cell nests and for being the first woman to teach at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. She was also engaged to Chaim Weizmann, who later became Israel’s first president.

 43 
Margaret Newton
(Mycologist, Pathologist)
Margaret Newton
2
Birthdate: April 20, 1887
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Died: April 6, 1971
 44 
Julius Friedrich Cohnheim
3
Birthdate: July 20, 1839
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Demmin, Germany
Died: August 15, 1884
Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs
2
Birthdate: March 24, 1819
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aurich, Germany
Died: March 14, 1885

Pathologist Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs, considered the founder of experimental pathology, had initially been an optician and had also taught at several universities. His contributions include studies in kidney and liver diseases and research on multiple sclerosis. He also released the first German book on nephrology.

Aristides Agramonte y Simoni
2
Birthdate: June 3, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Camagüey, Cuba
Died: August 19, 1931
 47 
Elvin C. Stakman
0
Birthdate: May 17, 1885
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Algoma, Wisconsin, United States
Died: January 22, 1979
 48 
Eugene Lindsay Opie
3
Birthdate: July 5, 1873
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Staunton, Virginia, United States
Died: March 12, 1971
 49 
Oscar Auerbach
2
Birthdate: January 1, 1905
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Manhattan, New York, United States
Died: January 15, 1997
 50 
Lydia Maria Adams DeWitt
4
Birthdate: February 1, 1859
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Flint, Michigan, United States
Died: March 10, 1928