Biologists

Biologists’ job involves the study of living organism and their relationship with natural world. They try to discover the mechanism of living creatures with their study of the origin, habits and genetic structure of those organisms. Study of wildlife is an important aspect of a biologist’s job. Methods like identification and observation play a major role in this concern. Various factors of environmental issue that affect wildlife are also important in this context. There are many biologists whose working area is concerned with zoo animals. They work for the preservation of endangered species in a systematic way. Based on their study, they prepare reports that are published in various scientific journals. Biologists working in healthcare sector work to prevent deadly diseases by identifying harmful virus. There are many biologists who serve in environmental management and conservation field. Their work involves providing solution for environmental problems and preservation of nature. Marine biologists conduct study on animals and plants that live in salt water. Biologists working in educational sector engage themselves in the publication of their study in different journals besides imparting education at classrooms. What follows is a collection of the biographies, timelines and trivia about some of the world’s most famous biologists.
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 1 Charles Darwin

Charles Darwin
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Famous As: Naturalist
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 19, 1882

Widely regarded as one of the most influential personalities in the history of mankind, Charles Darwin was an English biologist, naturalist, and geologist. He is credited with publishing the Theory of Evolution, which explains the evolution of life from a unicellular organism to human beings. A prolific writer, Charles Darwin also wrote important books on plants and barnacles.

 2 Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus
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Famous As: Botanist
Birthdate: May 23, 1707
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
Died: January 10, 1778

Swedish botanist and lecturer Carl Linnaeus, who established the concept of binomial nomenclature, or the system of naming organisms, is also known as the father of modern taxonomy. His system of classification is known as Linnaean taxonomy. He was the first to include humans and apes under the header Anthropomorpha.

 3 Alexander Fleming

Alexander Fleming
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Famous As: Biologist, Pharmacologist, Discovered Penicillin
Birthdate: August 6, 1881
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: March 11, 1955

Alexander Fleming was a Scottish microbiologist and physician. He is credited with discovering penicillin, the world's first effective antibiotic substance; a discovery that changed the course of history. He also discovered lysozyme, an antimicrobial enzyme which forms part of the innate immune system. In 1999, Fleming was named in Time magazine's 100 Most Important People of the 20th century list.

 4 Jagadish Chandra Bose

Jagadish Chandra Bose
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Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 30, 1858
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: November 23, 1937
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 5 Avicenna

Avicenna
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Famous As: Persian Plymath
Birthdate: 0980 AD
Died: May 31, 1037
Renowned as father of early modern medicine, Avicenna was an illustrious Persian polymath. He is specifically distingusihed for his contributions in the fields of medicine and Aristotelian philisophy. He is best-known for his works namely, The Canon of Medicine and The Book of Healing. The corpus of his writings also include alchemy, geology, psychology, geography, physics, poetry and Islamic theology.

 6 Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 28, 1635
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: March 3, 1703

Scientist Robert Hooke, also called England's Leonardo, initially gained recognition as an architect, conducting surveys following the Great Fire of London. He also taught geometry and was part of the Royal Society. He assisted Robert Boyle and eventually developed his own microscope, thus becoming the first to visualize micro-organisms.

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 7 Juliane Koepcke

Juliane Koepcke
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Famous As: Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash
Birthdate: October 10, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German, Peruvian
Juliane Koepcke is a German Peruvian mammalogist. She is well-known for being the only survivor of the Líneas Aéreas Nacionales S.A. Flight 508 plane crash; she survived ten days in the Amazon rainforest after surviving a fall of 9843 feet while strapped to her airplane seat. Her story inspired films like Miracles Still Happen (1974) and Wings of Hope (1998).
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 8 Norman Borlaug

Norman Borlaug
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Famous As: Father of the Green Revolution
Birthdate: March 25, 1914
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: September 12, 2009
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 9 Rachel Carson

Rachel Carson
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Famous As: Marine biologist
Birthdate: May 27, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: April 14, 1964

 10 Jeremy Wade

Jeremy Wade
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Famous As: Biologist, Television presenter, Writer
Birthdate: March 23, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
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 11 Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 26, 1943

 12 Francis Crick

Francis Crick
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Famous As: Co-discoverer of the Structure of the DNA Molecule, Nobel Prize Winner
Birthdate: June 8, 1916
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: July 28, 2004
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 13 Alfred Kinsey

Alfred Kinsey
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Famous As: Sexologist
Birthdate: June 23, 1894
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: August 25, 1956

 14 Eugene Sledge

Eugene Sledge
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Famous As: Biologist, Soldier, Academic, University teacher, Writer
Birthdate: November 4, 1923
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: March 3, 2001
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 15 Alfred Russel Wallace

Alfred Russel Wallace
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Famous As: Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist
Birthdate: January 8, 1823
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British
Died: November 7, 1913

 16 Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw

Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
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Famous As: Business woman
Birthdate: March 23, 1953
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian

 17 Nell Newman

Nell Newman
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Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: April 8, 1959
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 18 E. O. Wilson

E. O. Wilson
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: June 10, 1929
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
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 19 Nettie Stevens

Nettie Stevens
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: July 7, 1861
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: May 4, 1912

 20 Ernst Haeckel

Ernst Haeckel
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Famous As: Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist
Birthdate: February 16, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: German
Died: August 9, 1919

Ernst Haeckel had initially practiced medicine before he gained an interest in Charles Darwin’s theory and began exploring zoology and related fields. He not only coined terms such as ecology, but also named numerous species and created a genealogical tree. He drew numerous figures of animals and sea creatures, too.

 21 Thomas Henry Huxley

Thomas Henry Huxley
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: May 4, 1825
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: June 29, 1895

 22 Paul Stamets

Paul Stamets
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Famous As: Mycologist
Birthdate: July 17, 1955
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
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 23 Bruce Lipton

Bruce Lipton
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: October 21, 1944
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 24 Lynn Margulis

Lynn Margulis
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: March 5, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: November 22, 2011
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 25 Siddhartha Mukherjee

Siddhartha Mukherjee
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 21, 1970
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian, American

 26 Aubrey de Grey

Aubrey de Grey
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: April 20, 1963
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British

 27 Craig Venter

Craig Venter
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Famous As: Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors of Human Longevity, Inc.
Birthdate: October 14, 1946
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 28 Bruce Edwards Ivins

Bruce Edwards Ivins
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Famous As: Biologist, Scientist, Circus performer, Politician
Birthdate: April 22, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: July 29, 2008
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 29 Jeff Corwin

Jeff Corwin
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Famous As: biologist, television presenter, actor
Birthdate: July 11, 1967
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 30 Luc Montagnier

Luc Montagnier
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Famous As: Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher, Professor, Scientist
Birthdate: August 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
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 31 Theophrastus

Theophrastus
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Famous As: Plant biologist
Birthdate: 0371 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0287 BC

 32 Yoshinori Ohsumi

Yoshinori Ohsumi
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: February 9, 1945
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Japanese

 33 Hans Christian Gram

Hans Christian Gram
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Famous As: Physician, Bacteriologist, University teacher, Scientist
Birthdate: September 13, 1853
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Danish
Died: November 15, 1938

 34 Theodor Schwann

Theodor Schwann
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: December 7, 1810
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: German
Died: January 11, 1882

Theodor Schwann was a German physiologist and physician best remembered for his important contributions to biology. He is credited with discovering the Schwann cells, which is named after him. He is also credited with discovering pepsin and the organic nature of yeast. Theodor Schwann also invented the term metabolism.

 35 Kathleen Rubins

Kathleen Rubins
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Famous As: Astronaut, Biologist
Birthdate: October 14, 1978
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 36 James Lovelock

James Lovelock
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Famous As: Biologist, Chemist, University teacher, Mythographer
Birthdate: July 26, 1919
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British

 37 J.B.S. Haldane

J.B.S. Haldane
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: November 5, 1892
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: British
Died: December 1, 1964

 38 Trofim Lysenko

Trofim Lysenko
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Famous As: Experimenter
Birthdate: September 29, 1898
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: November 20, 1976

Trofim Lysenko was a Soviet biologist and agronomist. Lysenko was one of the most influential supporters of Lamarckism. He also condemned Mendelian genetics and supported Lysenkoism, a political campaign that rejected natural selection. Lysenko used his political power to imprison his critics. Several Soviet scientists, including Nikolai Vavilov, who failed to renounce genetics were either imprisoned or killed.

 39 Paul R. Ehrlich

Paul R. Ehrlich
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Famous As: Entomologist, Zoologist, University teacher
Birthdate: May 29, 1932
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 40 Gerolamo Cardano

Gerolamo Cardano
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: September 24, 1501
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Italian
Died: September 21, 1576

 41 Nikolai Vavilov

Nikolai Vavilov
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Famous As: botanist, biologist, explorer, geneticist, geographer
Birthdate: November 13, 1887
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 26, 1943

 42 Matthias Jakob Schleiden

Matthias Jakob Schleiden
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Famous As: Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University teacher
Birthdate: April 5, 1804
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: June 23, 1881

 43 Thomas Hunt Morgan

Thomas Hunt Morgan
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: September 25, 1866
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: December 4, 1945

 44 Pierre Joliot

Pierre Joliot
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Famous As: Biologist, Biochemist, Professor
Birthdate: March 12, 1932
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French

 45 Julian Huxley

Julian Huxley
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: June 22, 1887
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: February 14, 1975

 46 Shinya Yamanaka

Shinya Yamanaka
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Famous As: Biologist, Physician, Professor
Birthdate: September 4, 1962
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Japanese

 47 Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild

Walter Rothschild, 2nd Baron Rothschild
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Famous As: Biologist, Banker, Politician, Zoologist, Ornithologist, Entomologist, Lepidopterist
Birthdate: February 8, 1868
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: August 27, 1937

 48 Louis Agassiz

Louis Agassiz
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Famous As: Geologist
Birthdate: May 28, 1807
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: December 14, 1873

 49 Erasmus Darwin

Erasmus Darwin
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 12, 1731
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: April 18, 1802

 50 Richard Owen

Richard Owen
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: July 20, 1804
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: December 18, 1892
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