Immunologists

Immunologists are the medical scientists who specialize in the field of immunology. This branch of medicine deals with all the aspects of the immune system: its physiological functioning, its physical and chemical characteristics, and disease immunity. Immune system is the system of organs, tissues and cells within an organism that protect it from infection by foreign substances and pathogens. Immunologists study the medical conditions that involve the immune system like autoimmune diseases, immune deficiency, allergies and transplant rejection. They investigate the functions of the immune system and help to diagnose the diseases and disorders that arise due to the malfunction of this system. They analyze the components of the immune system such as cells, antibodies and proteins, and aid in the development of new drugs, vaccines, therapies and treatments to treat abnormal immune conditions. Immunologists primarily work in laboratories and conduct experiments on cells, genes, antibodies, etc. and test their interactions. In clinical settings they work with the patients by diagnosing and helping them in the management of immunological disorders. They work in collaboration with laboratory staff like biomedical scientists and immunology nurses to undertake a range of experiments and activities to monitor and treat these patients. Immunologists are also employed in medical universities and research institutes. Read on to learn about the life and works of various famous immunologists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Tasuku Honjo

Tasuku Honjo.
6
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 27, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan

 2 Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner.
4
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 26, 1943

Karl Landsteiner was a physician, biologist, and immunologist. He is credited with distinguishing the main blood groups as well as identifying the Rhesus factor. He is also credited with discovering the polio virus along with Erwin Popper and Constantin Levaditi. He won the Aronson Prize in 1926. In 1930, Landsteiner was honored with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

 3 Barry Marshall

Barry Marshall.
6
Famous As: Australian physician
Birthdate: September 30, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

Nobel Prize-winning Australian physician Barry Marshall, along with his colleague Robin Warren, proved that gastric ulcers were caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori and not by spicy food and other causes as previously believed. Their research made it possible to cure such ulcers by treating the bacteria with antibiotics.

 4 Robert Gallo

Robert Gallo.
4
Famous As: Virologist, Oncologist, Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Waterbury
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 5 Deborah Birx

Deborah Birx.
6
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 4, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States

Doctor and diplomat Deborah Birx was the Trump administration’s coronavirus response co-ordinator. The renowned HIV/AIDS researcher, however, quit the virus team after reports suggested she had attended a Thanksgiving family gathering, breaching COVID-19 protocol. She later joined the air-cleaning company ActivePure, amid reports of it using banned technology.

 6 Anthony Fauci

Anthony Fauci
44
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City, U.S.

American physician-scientist and immunologist Anthony Fauci serves as director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Chief Medical Advisor to President Joe Biden. As research scientist and chief of NIAID, Fauci contributed in the areas of HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiency diseases and received Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work on the AIDS relief program PEPFAR.

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 7 Hilary Koprowski

Hilary Koprowski
3
Famous As: Virologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: April 11, 2013
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 8 Richard M. Krause

Richard M. Krause
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Marietta, Ohio, United States
Died: January 6, 2015
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 9 David Baltimore

David Baltimore.
3
Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

 10 Peter Medawar

Peter Medawar.
3
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: February 28, 1915
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Petrópolis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: October 2, 1987
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 11 Masoumeh Ebtekar

Masoumeh Ebtekar
3
Famous As: Immunologist, Journalist, Translator
Birthdate: September 21, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tehran

 12 Peter C. Doherty

Peter C. Doherty.
3
Famous As: Scientist, Nobel Prize Winner
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Brisbane, Australia

Peter C. Doherty is an Australian veterinary surgeon whose work and research on the immune system earned him the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. In 1997, he was adjudged Australian of the Year. Over the course of his illustrious career, Doherty has received several other prestigious awards, such as the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research.

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 13 Harold E. Varmus

Harold E. Varmus.
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oceanside, New York, US

Harold E. Varmus is an American scientist who shared the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with J. Michael Bishop for their discovery of the retroviral oncogenes' cellular origin. From 1993 to 1999, he served as the director of the National Institutes of Health. From 2010 to 2015, he served as the director of the National Cancer Institute.

 14 Susumu Tonegawa

Susumu Tonegawa.
3
Famous As: Immunologist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: September 6, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nagoya, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese scientist known for his discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. For this work, he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987. Even though he won the coveted award for his work in immunology, he is a molecular biologist by training. He now studies neuroscience. 

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 15 Gerald Edelman

Gerald Edelman.
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: July 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ozone Park, New York City, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 2014

 16 Ian Frazer

Ian Frazer.
3
Famous As: Australian scientist
Birthdate: January 6, 1953
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland

Ian Frazer is an immunologist who is credited with developing the technology behind the HPV vaccine. He is also credited with founding the Translational Research Institute, which aims at transforming scientific discoveries into useful applications for practice. Over the years, Frazer has received several prestigious awards, including the Australian Biotechnology Award.     

 17 Serge Voronoff

Serge Voronoff
3
Famous As: Surgeon, Immunologist, Gynaecologist
Birthdate: July 10, 1866
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Voronezh
Died: September 3, 1951

 18 Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein.
2
Famous As: Biochemist, Immunologist
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

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 19 Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf.
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: August 2, 2011

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist whose discovery of the MHC genes earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980; he shared the prize with George Davis Snell and Jean Dausset. Over the course of his illustrious career, Benacerraf received several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science in 1990.

 20 Bruce Beutler

Bruce Beutler
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 29, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Immunologist Bruce Beutler is best known for his Nobel Prize-winning research on the innate immune system of the human body. The son of a scientist and physician, he was a child prodigy and graduated at age 18. He grew up to be associated with institutes such as the Scripps Research Institute.

 21 John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders.
2
Famous As: The Father of Modern Vaccines
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: West Hartford, Connecticut
Died: September 8, 1985

 22 Gustav Nossal

Gustav Nossal.
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: June 4, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bad Ischl, Austria
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 23 J. Michael Bishop

J. Michael Bishop
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York

 24 Jules A. Hoffmann

Jules A. Hoffmann
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Echternach, Luxembourg
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 25 Jules Bordet

Jules Bordet.
2
Famous As: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Soignies
Died: April 6, 1961

 26 Albert Calmette

Albert Calmette
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: October 29, 1933
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 27 Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Rolf M. Zinkernagel.
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland

Rolf M. Zinkernagel is a Swiss professor who teaches Experimental Immunology. In 1996, he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work pertaining to the immune system. In 1999, his scientific work also earned him Australia's highest civilian honor, the Companion of the Order of Australia.  

 28 Jacques Benveniste

Jacques Benveniste
2
Famous As: Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 3, 2004
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 29 Niels Kaj Jerne

Niels Kaj Jerne
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 23, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 7, 1994

 30 Georges J. F. Kohler

Georges J. F. Kohler.
2
Famous As: Immunologist, Biologist
Birthdate: April 17, 1946
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: March 1, 1995
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 31 Pierre Paul Emile Roux

Pierre Paul Emile Roux
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Confolens (Charente), France
Died: November 3, 1933

 32 Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Frank Macfarlane Burnet.
1
Famous As: Virologist & Noble Prize Laureate
Birthdate: September 3, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Traralgon
Died: August 31, 1985
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 33 Rodney R. Porter

Rodney R. Porter.
1
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: October 8, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newton-le-Willows, United Kingdom
Died: September 6, 1985

 34 Jean Dausset

Jean Dausset.
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: June 6, 2009

 35 Robin Coombs

Robin Coombs
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 25, 2006

 36 Miroslav Holub

Miroslav Holub
3
Famous As: Poet, pathologist and immunologist
Birthdate: September 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1998

 37 Leonard Herzenberg

Leonard Herzenberg
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 27, 2013

 38 Robert A. Good

Robert A. Good
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 21, 1922
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Crosby, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 13, 2003

A pioneer of modern immunology, Robert A. Good was partially paralysed in his younger days and completed his medical studies in a wheelchair, though he mostly recovered later. He was the man behind the first bone marrow transplant in the world. He later won the Lasker Award, among other honors.

 39 Lloyd J. Old

Lloyd J. Old
1
Famous As: Founder
Birthdate: September 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: November 28, 2011

 40 Theron Randolph

Theron Randolph
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 7, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: United States
Died: September 29, 1995

 41 Frank J. Dixon

Frank J. Dixon
1
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: March 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
Died: February 8, 2008

 42 Rupert E. Billingham

Rupert E. Billingham
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 15, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Warminster, England,United States
Died: November 16, 2002

 43 Max Samter

Max Samter
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: March 8, 1909
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 9, 1999

 44 Merrill Wallace Chase

Merrill Wallace Chase
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004

 45 William Pollack

William Pollack
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 26, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 3, 2013

 46 Reuben Leon Kahn

Reuben Leon Kahn
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: July 26, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kovno, Lithuania
Died: July 22, 1979

 47 Eli Sercarz

Eli Sercarz
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 14, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: November 3, 2009

 48 Tomio Tada

Tomio Tada
0
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 31, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Yuki, Ibaraki, Japan
Died: April 21, 2010

 49 Julia Levy

Julia Levy
0
Famous As: Microbiologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: May 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Singapore
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