Immunologists

Immunologists are the medical scientists who specialize in the field of immunology. This branch of medicine deals with all the aspects of the immune system: its physiological functioning, its physical and chemical characteristics, and disease immunity. Immune system is the system of organs, tissues and cells within an organism that protect it from infection by foreign substances and pathogens. Immunologists study the medical conditions that involve the immune system like autoimmune diseases, immune deficiency, allergies and transplant rejection. They investigate the functions of the immune system and help to diagnose the diseases and disorders that arise due to the malfunction of this system. They analyze the components of the immune system such as cells, antibodies and proteins, and aid in the development of new drugs, vaccines, therapies and treatments to treat abnormal immune conditions. Immunologists primarily work in laboratories and conduct experiments on cells, genes, antibodies, etc. and test their interactions. In clinical settings they work with the patients by diagnosing and helping them in the management of immunological disorders. They work in collaboration with laboratory staff like biomedical scientists and immunology nurses to undertake a range of experiments and activities to monitor and treat these patients. Immunologists are also employed in medical universities and research institutes. Read on to learn about the life and works of various famous immunologists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Tasuku Honjo

Tasuku Honjo
6
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 27, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan

 2 Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner
4
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 26, 1943

Karl Landsteiner was a physician, biologist, and immunologist. He is credited with distinguishing the main blood groups as well as identifying the Rhesus factor. He is also credited with discovering the polio virus along with Erwin Popper and Constantin Levaditi. He won the Aronson Prize in 1926. In 1930, Landsteiner was honored with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

 3 Barry Marshall

Barry Marshall
6
Famous As: Australian physician
Birthdate: September 30, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

Nobel Prize-winning Australian physician Barry Marshall, along with his colleague Robin Warren, proved that gastric ulcers were caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori and not by spicy food and other causes as previously believed. Their research made it possible to cure such ulcers by treating the bacteria with antibiotics.

 4 Deborah Birx

Deborah Birx
6
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 4, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States

Doctor and diplomat Deborah Birx was the Trump administration’s coronavirus response co-ordinator. The renowned HIV/AIDS researcher, however, quit the virus team after reports suggested she had attended a Thanksgiving family gathering, breaching COVID-19 protocol. She later joined the air-cleaning company ActivePure, amid reports of it using banned technology.

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 5 Hilary Koprowski

Hilary Koprowski
3
Famous As: Virologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: April 11, 2013

Hilary Koprowski was a Polish virologist and immunologist. He spent the majority of his career in USA and created an effective live polio vaccine. He also contributed significantly to the development of an improved rabies vaccine. He was the author or co-author of over 875 scientific papers. He was the recipient of many awards, including the Albert Sabin Gold Medal.

 6 Robert Gallo

Robert Gallo
4
Famous As: Virologist, Oncologist, Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Waterbury
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 7 David Baltimore

David Baltimore
3
Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

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 8 Richard M. Krause

Richard M. Krause
3
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: January 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Marietta, Ohio, United States
Died: January 6, 2015
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 9 Masoumeh Ebtekar

Masoumeh Ebtekar
3
Famous As: Immunologist, Journalist, Translator
Birthdate: September 21, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tehran

 10 Peter C. Doherty

Peter C. Doherty
3
Famous As: Scientist, Nobel Prize Winner
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Brisbane, Australia

Peter C. Doherty is an Australian veterinary surgeon whose work and research on the immune system earned him the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. In 1997, he was adjudged Australian of the Year. Over the course of his illustrious career, Doherty has received several other prestigious awards, such as the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research.

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 11 Anthony Fauci

Anthony Fauci
46
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: New York City, U.S.

American physician-scientist and immunologist Anthony Fauci serves as director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Chief Medical Advisor to President Joe Biden. As research scientist and chief of NIAID, Fauci contributed in the areas of HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiency diseases and received Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work on the AIDS relief program PEPFAR.

 12 Gerald Edelman

Gerald Edelman
3
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: July 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ozone Park, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 2014

 13 Susumu Tonegawa

Susumu Tonegawa
3
Famous As: Immunologist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: September 5, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese scientist known for his discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. For this work, he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987. Even though he won the coveted award for his work in immunology, he is a molecular biologist by training. He now studies neuroscience. 

 14 Ian Frazer

Ian Frazer
3
Famous As: Australian scientist
Birthdate: January 6, 1953
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland

Ian Frazer is an immunologist who is credited with developing the technology behind the HPV vaccine. He is also credited with founding the Translational Research Institute, which aims at transforming scientific discoveries into useful applications for practice. Over the years, Frazer has received several prestigious awards, including the Australian Biotechnology Award.     

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 15 Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein
2
Famous As: Biochemist, Immunologist
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

 16 Serge Voronoff

Serge Voronoff
3
Famous As: Surgeon, Immunologist, Gynaecologist
Birthdate: July 10, 1866
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Voronezh
Died: September 3, 1951

Russian-French surgeon Serge Voronoff, or the Monkey Gland Man, stunned everyone by implanting monkey testicles in his patients to cure impotence. He had apparently also injected himself with dog and guinea pig testicle extracts. Unfortunately, the scientific community dismissed his claims as simply the result of placebo effect.

 17 Bruce Beutler

Bruce Beutler
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 29, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Immunologist Bruce Beutler is best known for his Nobel Prize-winning research on the innate immune system of the human body. The son of a scientist and physician, he was a child prodigy and graduated at age 18. He grew up to be associated with institutes such as the Scripps Research Institute.

 18 Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: August 2, 2011

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist whose discovery of the MHC genes earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980; he shared the prize with George Davis Snell and Jean Dausset. Over the course of his illustrious career, Benacerraf received several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science in 1990.

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 19 John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders
2
Famous As: The Father of Modern Vaccines
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: West Hartford, Connecticut
Died: September 8, 1985

 20 Gustav Nossal

Gustav Nossal
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: June 4, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bad Ischl, Austria

Renowned immunologist Gustav Nossal was born in Vienna but later moved with his family to Australia to escape the Nazi reign. A University of Melbourne professor, he was later knighted for his work. He has also passionately worked to ensure the public health of marginalized communities.

 21 J. Michael Bishop

J. Michael Bishop
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York

 22 Albert Calmette

Albert Calmette
2
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: October 29, 1933
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 23 Jules A. Hoffmann

Jules A. Hoffmann
2
Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: August 2, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Echternach, Luxembourg

 24 Jules Bordet

Jules Bordet
2
Famous As: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Soignies
Died: April 6, 1961

 25 Rolf M. Zinkernagel

Rolf M. Zinkernagel
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland

Rolf M. Zinkernagel is a Swiss professor who teaches Experimental Immunology. In 1996, he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work pertaining to the immune system. In 1999, his scientific work also earned him Australia's highest civilian honor, the Companion of the Order of Australia.  

 26 Niels Kaj Jerne

Niels Kaj Jerne
2
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 23, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 7, 1994

Niels Kaj Jerne was a Danish immunologist best remembered for winning the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine alongside César Milstein and Georges J. F. Köhler. Jerne, who made important contributions to the fields of Immunology and Microbiology, was also honored with the Marcel Benoist Prize and Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize in 1978 and 1982 respectively.

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 27 Pierre Paul Emile Roux

Pierre Paul Emile Roux
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Confolens (Charente), France
Died: November 3, 1933

 28 Jacques Benveniste

Jacques Benveniste
2
Famous As: Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 12, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 3, 2004
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 29 Rodney R. Porter

Rodney R. Porter
1
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: October 8, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newton-le-Willows, United Kingdom
Died: September 6, 1985

 30 Jean Dausset

Jean Dausset
3
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: June 6, 2009
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 31 Robin Coombs

Robin Coombs
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 25, 2006

 32 Ruslan Medzhitov

Ruslan Medzhitov
0
Famous As: A member of Yale Cancer Center, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.
Birthdate: March 12, 1966
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tashkent, Uzbekistan

 33 Miroslav Holub

Miroslav Holub
3
Famous As: Poet, pathologist and immunologist
Birthdate: September 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1998

 34 Leonard Herzenberg

Leonard Herzenberg
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: November 5, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 27, 2013
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 35 Lloyd J. Old

Lloyd J. Old
1
Famous As: Founder
Birthdate: September 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: November 28, 2011

 36 Robert A. Good

Robert A. Good
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 21, 1922
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Crosby, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 13, 2003

A pioneer of modern immunology, Robert A. Good was partially paralysed in his younger days and completed his medical studies in a wheelchair, though he mostly recovered later. He was the man behind the first bone marrow transplant in the world. He later won the Lasker Award, among other honors.

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 37 Theron Randolph

Theron Randolph
1
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 7, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: United States
Died: September 29, 1995

 38 Avery August

Avery August
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: December 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Belize City, Belize

 39 Julia Levy

Julia Levy
0
Famous As: Microbiologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: May 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Singapore

 40 Frank J. Dixon

Frank J. Dixon
1
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: March 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
Died: February 8, 2008

 41 Rupert E. Billingham

Rupert E. Billingham
1
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 15, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Warminster, England,United States
Died: November 16, 2002

 42 Max Samter

Max Samter
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: March 8, 1909
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 9, 1999

 43 William Pollack

William Pollack
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 26, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 3, 2013

 44 Merrill Wallace Chase

Merrill Wallace Chase
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004

 45 Eli Sercarz

Eli Sercarz
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: February 14, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: November 3, 2009

 46 Reuben Leon Kahn

Reuben Leon Kahn
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: July 26, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kovno, Lithuania
Died: July 22, 1979

 47 Tomio Tada

Tomio Tada
0
Famous As: Writer
Birthdate: March 31, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Yuki, Ibaraki, Japan
Died: April 21, 2010