Immunologists

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Immunologists are the medical scientists who specialize in the field of immunology. This branch of medicine deals with all the aspects of the immune system: its physiological functioning, its physical and chemical characteristics, and disease immunity. Immune system is the system of organs, tissues and cells within an organism that protect it from infection by foreign substances and pathogens. Immunologists study the medical conditions that involve the immune system like autoimmune diseases, immune deficiency, allergies and transplant rejection. They investigate the functions of the immune system and help to diagnose the diseases and disorders that arise due to the malfunction of this system. They analyze the components of the immune system such as cells, antibodies and proteins, and aid in the development of new drugs, vaccines, therapies and treatments to treat abnormal immune conditions. Immunologists primarily work in laboratories and conduct experiments on cells, genes, antibodies, etc. and test their interactions. In clinical settings they work with the patients by diagnosing and helping them in the management of immunological disorders. They work in collaboration with laboratory staff like biomedical scientists and immunology nurses to undertake a range of experiments and activities to monitor and treat these patients. Immunologists are also employed in medical universities and research institutes. Read on to learn about the life and works of various famous immunologists from all over the world.
Vote for Your Favourite Immunologists
 1 
Tasuku Honjo
(Immunologist)
Tasuku Honjo
6
Birthdate: January 27, 1942
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kyoto, Japan
 2 
Karl Landsteiner
(Physician)
Karl Landsteiner
4
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 26, 1943

Karl Landsteiner was a physician, biologist, and immunologist. He is credited with distinguishing the main blood groups as well as identifying the Rhesus factor. He is also credited with discovering the polio virus along with Erwin Popper and Constantin Levaditi. He won the Aronson Prize in 1926. In 1930, Landsteiner was honored with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

 3 
Barry Marshall
(Australian physician)
Barry Marshall
6
Birthdate: September 30, 1951
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kalgoorlie, Western Australia

Nobel Prize-winning Australian physician Barry Marshall, along with his colleague Robin Warren, proved that gastric ulcers were caused by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori and not by spicy food and other causes as previously believed. Their research made it possible to cure such ulcers by treating the bacteria with antibiotics.

 4 
Deborah Birx
(Physician)
Deborah Birx
6
Birthdate: April 4, 1956
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Carlisle, Pennsylvania, United States

Doctor and diplomat Deborah Birx was the Trump administration’s coronavirus response co-ordinator. The renowned HIV/AIDS researcher, however, quit the virus team after reports suggested she had attended a Thanksgiving family gathering, breaching COVID-19 protocol. She later joined the air-cleaning company ActivePure, amid reports of it using banned technology.

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 5 
Hilary Koprowski
(Virologist, Immunologist)
Hilary Koprowski
3
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: April 11, 2013

Hilary Koprowski was a Polish virologist and immunologist. He spent the majority of his career in USA and created an effective live polio vaccine. He also contributed significantly to the development of an improved rabies vaccine. He was the author or co-author of over 875 scientific papers. He was the recipient of many awards, including the Albert Sabin Gold Medal.

 6 
Robert Gallo
(American Biomedical Researcher Known for His Role in Establishing HIV as the Infectious Agent Responsible for AIDS)
Robert Gallo
4
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Waterbury

Robert Gallo is an American biomedical researcher best known for his immense contribution in ascertaining HIV as the infectious agent accountable for AIDS. He also played a major role in the progression of the HIV blood test and subsequent HIV research. He is also credited with co-founding the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine.

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 7 
David Baltimore
(Virologist)
David Baltimore
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States

David Baltimore is an American university administrator and biologist. He is currently serving as President Emeritus at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech). He won the 1975 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discoveries concerning the interaction between the genetic material of the cell and tumor viruses. In 1999, he was honored with the National Medal of Science. 

 8 
Richard M. Krause
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Marietta, Ohio, United States
Died: January 6, 2015
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 9 
Peter C. Doherty
(Scientist, Nobel Prize Winner)
Peter C. Doherty
3
Birthplace: Brisbane, Australia

Peter C. Doherty is an Australian veterinary surgeon whose work and research on the immune system earned him the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. In 1997, he was adjudged Australian of the Year. Over the course of his illustrious career, Doherty has received several other prestigious awards, such as the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research.

 10 
Anthony Fauci
(Chief Medical Advisor to the President of United States)
Anthony Fauci
46
Birthdate: December 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States

American physician-scientist and immunologist Anthony Fauci serves as director of National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Chief Medical Advisor to President Joe Biden. As research scientist and chief of NIAID, Fauci contributed in the areas of HIV/AIDS research and other immunodeficiency diseases and received Presidential Medal of Freedom for his work on the AIDS relief program PEPFAR.

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 11 
Susumu Tonegawa
(Recipent of Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987 for his Discovery of V(D)J Recombination)
Susumu Tonegawa
3
Birthdate: September 5, 1939
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Nagoya, Aichi, Japan

Susumu Tonegawa is a Japanese scientist known for his discovery of the genetic mechanism that produces antibody diversity. For this work, he received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1987. Even though he won the coveted award for his work in immunology, he is a molecular biologist by training. He now studies neuroscience. 

 12 
Gerald Edelman
(Biologist)
Gerald Edelman
3
Birthdate: July 1, 1929
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Ozone Park, New York, United States
Died: May 17, 2014
 13 
Masoumeh Ebtekar
(Immunologist, Journalist, Translator)
Masoumeh Ebtekar
3
Birthdate: September 21, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tehran
 14 
Ian Frazer
(Australian scientist)
Ian Frazer
3
Birthdate: January 6, 1953
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glasgow, Scotland

Ian Frazer is an immunologist who is credited with developing the technology behind the HPV vaccine. He is also credited with founding the Translational Research Institute, which aims at transforming scientific discoveries into useful applications for practice. Over the years, Frazer has received several prestigious awards, including the Australian Biotechnology Award.     

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 15 
Serge Voronoff
(Surgeon, Immunologist, Gynaecologist)
Serge Voronoff
3
Birthdate: July 10, 1866
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Voronezh
Died: September 3, 1951

Russian-French surgeon Serge Voronoff, or the Monkey Gland Man, stunned everyone by implanting monkey testicles in his patients to cure impotence. He had apparently also injected himself with dog and guinea pig testicle extracts. Unfortunately, the scientific community dismissed his claims as simply the result of placebo effect.

 16 
Cesar Milstein
(Biochemist, Immunologist)
Cesar Milstein
2
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

 17 
Baruj Benacerraf
(Immunologist)
Baruj Benacerraf
3
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: August 2, 2011

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist whose discovery of the MHC genes earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980; he shared the prize with George Davis Snell and Jean Dausset. Over the course of his illustrious career, Benacerraf received several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science in 1990.

 18 
Bruce Beutler
(American Immunologist and Geneticist Known for His Discoveries Concerning the Activation of Innate Immunity)
Bruce Beutler
2
Birthdate: December 29, 1957
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Chicago, Illinois, United States

Immunologist Bruce Beutler is best known for his Nobel Prize-winning research on the innate immune system of the human body. The son of a scientist and physician, he was a child prodigy and graduated at age 18. He grew up to be associated with institutes such as the Scripps Research Institute.

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 19 
John Franklin Enders
(American Biomedical Scientist Regarded as 'Father of Modern Vaccines')
John Franklin Enders
2
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: West Hartford, Connecticut
Died: September 8, 1985

John Franklin Enders was an American biomedical scientist best remembered for winning the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1954 along with Thomas Huckle Weller and Frederick Chapman Robbins for discovering that poliomyelitis viruses have the ability to grow in cultures of different types of tissue. John Franklin Enders is often referred to as the Father of Modern Vaccines.

 20 
Gustav Nossal
(Immunologist)
Gustav Nossal
2
Birthdate: June 4, 1931
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Bad Ischl, Austria

Renowned immunologist Gustav Nossal was born in Vienna but later moved with his family to Australia to escape the Nazi reign. A University of Melbourne professor, he was later knighted for his work. He has also passionately worked to ensure the public health of marginalized communities.

 21 
J. Michael Bishop
(Immunologist)
J. Michael Bishop
2
Birthdate: February 22, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: York
 22 
Albert Calmette
(Physician)
Albert Calmette
2
Birthdate: July 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Nice, France
Died: October 29, 1933
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 23 
Jules A. Hoffmann
2
Birthdate: August 2, 1941
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Echternach, Luxembourg
 24 
Jules Bordet
(Nobel Prize-Winning Belgian Scientist Known for His Discovery of Factors in Blood Serum that Destroy Bacteria)
Jules Bordet
2
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Soignies
Died: April 6, 1961

Nobel Prize-winning Belgian immunologist and microbiologist Jules Bordet is remembered for his discovery of blood serum components that are capable of destroying bacteria. He later established the Pasteur Institute of Brussels and taught at the Free University of Brussels. He also discovered the Bordetella pertussis bacteria that causes whooping cough.

 25 
Rolf M. Zinkernagel
(Immunologist)
Rolf M. Zinkernagel
2
Birthdate: January 6, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Riehen, Basel-Stadt, Switzerland

Rolf M. Zinkernagel is a Swiss professor who teaches Experimental Immunology. In 1996, he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work pertaining to the immune system. In 1999, his scientific work also earned him Australia's highest civilian honor, the Companion of the Order of Australia.  

 26 
Niels Kaj Jerne
(Immunologist)
Niels Kaj Jerne
2
Birthdate: December 23, 1911
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: October 7, 1994

Niels Kaj Jerne was a Danish immunologist best remembered for winning the 1984 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine alongside César Milstein and Georges J. F. Köhler. Jerne, who made important contributions to the fields of Immunology and Microbiology, was also honored with the Marcel Benoist Prize and Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize in 1978 and 1982 respectively.

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 27 
Pierre Paul Emile Roux
1
Birthdate: December 17, 1853
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Confolens (Charente), France
Died: November 3, 1933
 28 
Jacques Benveniste
(Physician, Immunologist)
Jacques Benveniste
2
Birthdate: March 12, 1935
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Paris
Died: October 3, 2004
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 29 
Rodney R. Porter
(British Biochemist and 1972 Nobel Prize in Medicine Winner Known for Determining the Chemical Structure of Antibodies)
Rodney R. Porter
1
Birthdate: October 8, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newton-le-Willows, United Kingdom
Died: September 6, 1985
 30 
Jean Dausset
(Immunologist)
Jean Dausset
3
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: June 6, 2009
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 31 
Robin Coombs
(Immunologist)
Robin Coombs
1
Birthdate: January 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: London, England
Died: January 25, 2006
 32 
Ruslan Medzhitov
(A member of Yale Cancer Center, and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator.)
Ruslan Medzhitov
0
Birthdate: March 12, 1966
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Tashkent, Uzbekistan
 33 
Miroslav Holub
(Poet, pathologist and immunologist)
Miroslav Holub
3
Birthdate: September 13, 1923
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pilsen, Czechia
Died: July 14, 1998
 34 
Leonard Herzenberg
(Immunologist)
Leonard Herzenberg
1
Birthdate: November 5, 1931
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: October 27, 2013
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 35 
Lloyd J. Old
(Founder)
Lloyd J. Old
1
Birthdate: September 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: November 28, 2011
 36 
Robert A. Good
(Physician)
Robert A. Good
1
Birthdate: May 21, 1922
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Crosby, Minnesota, United States
Died: June 13, 2003

A pioneer of modern immunology, Robert A. Good was partially paralysed in his younger days and completed his medical studies in a wheelchair, though he mostly recovered later. He was the man behind the first bone marrow transplant in the world. He later won the Lasker Award, among other honors.

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 37 
Theron Randolph
(Physician)
Theron Randolph
1
Birthdate: July 7, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: United States
Died: September 29, 1995
 38 
Avery August
(Immunologist)
Avery August
0
Birthdate: December 28, 1964
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Belize City, Belize
 39 
Julia Levy
(Microbiologist, Immunologist)
Julia Levy
0
Birthdate: May 15, 1934
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Singapore
 40 
Frank J. Dixon
(Researcher)
Frank J. Dixon
1
Birthdate: March 9, 1920
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States
Died: February 8, 2008
 41 
Rupert E. Billingham
(Immunologist)
Rupert E. Billingham
1
Birthdate: October 15, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Warminster, England,United States
Died: November 16, 2002
 42 
Max Samter
(Immunologist)
Max Samter
0
Birthdate: March 8, 1909
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 9, 1999
 43 
William Pollack
(Immunologist)
William Pollack
0
Birthdate: February 26, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: London, England
Died: November 3, 2013
 44 
Merrill Wallace Chase
(Immunologist)
Merrill Wallace Chase
0
Birthdate: September 17, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Providence, Rhode Island, United States
Died: January 5, 2004
 45 
Eli Sercarz
(Immunologist)
Eli Sercarz
0
Birthdate: February 14, 1934
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: November 3, 2009
 46 
Tomio Tada
(Writer)
Tomio Tada
0
Birthdate: March 31, 1934
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Yuki, Ibaraki, Japan
Died: April 21, 2010
 47 
Reuben Leon Kahn
(Immunologist)
Reuben Leon Kahn
0
Birthdate: July 26, 1887
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kovno, Lithuania
Died: July 22, 1979