Medical Scientists

Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. They study the various diseases that afflict human beings, their causes, and how they can be prevented and treated. Medical research adds to the existing base of scientific knowledge on health and medicine through experimentation. By studying human diseases and their underlying causes, scientists are able to develop newer drugs or improve existing treatment procedures. New breakthroughs in the field of medicine that has the potential to save thousands of lives each year is the result of extensive medical research. The main purpose of medical research is to search for newer methods of improving healthcare available to human beings which culminates in the development of better medicines and treatment procedures. These scientists also work to investigate methods of disease prevention through drugs and vaccination. Medical scientists may conduct research in laboratories, or work directly with patients in trial procedures to analyze how they respond to certain treatments. They basically work in research institutions, clinics, hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The findings of their research are published in scientific papers in order to disseminate their results to others. Browse this section to explore biographies and timelines about the life and works of various famous medical scientists from all over the world.

 1 Paul Ehrlich

Paul Ehrlich
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: March 14, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
Died: August 20, 1915

 2 Frederick Banting

Frederick Banting
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Famous As: Discoverer of Insulin
Birthdate: November 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Canadian
Died: February 21, 1941

 3 Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 26, 1943

 4 Harold E. Varmus

Harold E. Varmus
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
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 5 Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf
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Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Venezuelan
Died: August 2, 2011

 6 David H. Hubel

David H. Hubel
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Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: February 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: September 22, 2013
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 7 Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller
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Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: German
Died: April 28, 1858
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 8 Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel
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Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swedish
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 9 Abdul Rahman Al-Sumait

Abdul Rahman Al-Sumait
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Famous As: Medical practitioner
Birthdate: October 15, 1947
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Kuwaiti
Died: August 15, 2013

 10 Maud Menten

Maud Menten
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Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: March 20, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Canadian
Died: July 26, 1960
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 11 Upendranath Brahmachari

Upendranath Brahmachari
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: December 19, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 6, 1946

 12 Joseph L. Goldstein

Joseph L. Goldstein
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Famous As: Molecular Geneticist
Birthdate: April 18, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
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 13 Henry Faulds

Henry Faulds
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 1, 1843
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: March 19, 1930

 14 Jacinto Convit

Jacinto Convit
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 12, 1913
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Venezuelan
Died: May 12, 2014
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 15 Jules Bordet

Jules Bordet
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Famous As: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Belgian
Died: April 6, 1961

 16 August Krogh

August Krogh
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Famous As: Zoophysiologist
Birthdate: November 15, 1874
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Danish
Died: September 13, 1949

 17 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler
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Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish
Died: March 9, 1983

 18 Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins
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Famous As: Virologist and Paediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: August 4, 2003
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 19 Jean Dausset

Jean Dausset
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Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: French
Died: June 6, 2009

 20 Florence R. Sabin

Florence Sabin
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Famous As: Medical Scientist
Birthdate: November 9, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: October 3, 1953

 21 Joep Lange

Joep Lange
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Famous As: Medical researcher
Birthdate: September 25, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Dutch
Died: July 17, 2014

 22 Daniel Vasella

Daniel Vasella
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Famous As: Swiss medical doctor
Birthdate: August 15, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss
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 23 Victor A. McKusick

Victor A. McKusick
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Famous As: Internist
Birthdate: October 21, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: July 22, 2008

 24 Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt I. Samuelsson
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 21, 1934
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Swedish
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 25 Nina Gray

Nina Gray
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Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: August 23, 1974
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

 26 Michael S. Brown

Michael S. Brown
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Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 27 Leopold Auenbrugger

Leopold Auenbrugger
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 19, 1722
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian
Died: May 17, 1809

 28 Ludvig Puusepp

Ludvig Puusepp
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Famous As: Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first professor of neurosurgery
Birthdate: 1875 AD
Nationality: Estonian
Died: October 19, 1942
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 29 Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein
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Famous As: Biochemist, Immunologist
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Argentinian
Died: March 24, 2002

 30 Eliza Maria Mosher

Eliza Maria Mosher
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 2, 1846
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality:
Died: October 16, 1928
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