Medical Scientists

Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. They study the various diseases that afflict human beings, their causes, and how they can be prevented and treated. Medical research adds to the existing base of scientific knowledge on health and medicine through experimentation. By studying human diseases and their underlying causes, scientists are able to develop newer drugs or improve existing treatment procedures. New breakthroughs in the field of medicine that has the potential to save thousands of lives each year is the result of extensive medical research. The main purpose of medical research is to search for newer methods of improving healthcare available to human beings which culminates in the development of better medicines and treatment procedures. These scientists also work to investigate methods of disease prevention through drugs and vaccination. Medical scientists may conduct research in laboratories, or work directly with patients in trial procedures to analyze how they respond to certain treatments. They basically work in research institutions, clinics, hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The findings of their research are published in scientific papers in order to disseminate their results to others. Browse this section to explore biographies and timelines about the life and works of various famous medical scientists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Frederick Banting

Frederick Banting
Famous As: Discoverer of Insulin
Birthdate: November 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alliston, Ontario, Canada
Died: February 21, 1941

Frederick Banting was a Canadian medical scientist and physician. In 1923, Banting and Scottish biochemist John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of insulin and its therapeutic potential. Aged 32 at that time, Banting remains the youngest Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine. He was knighted by King George V in 1934.

 2 Paul Ehrlich

Paul Ehrlich
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: March 14, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Strzelin, Poland
Died: August 20, 1915

German scientist Paul Ehrlich is remembered for his contribution to immunology, which also won him a Nobel Prize. Known as the pioneer of chemotherapy, he also discovered the first-known treatment of syphilis. Born into a business family, he was introduced to the method of studying cells by his pathologist uncle.

 3 Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 26, 1943

Karl Landsteiner was a physician, biologist, and immunologist. He is credited with distinguishing the main blood groups as well as identifying the Rhesus factor. He is also credited with discovering the polio virus along with Erwin Popper and Constantin Levaditi. He won the Aronson Prize in 1926. In 1930, Landsteiner was honored with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

 4 Harold E. Varmus

Harold E. Varmus
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oceanside, New York, US

Harold E. Varmus is an American scientist who shared the 1989 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with J. Michael Bishop for their discovery of the retroviral oncogenes' cellular origin. From 1993 to 1999, he served as the director of the National Institutes of Health. From 2010 to 2015, he served as the director of the National Cancer Institute.

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 5 David H. Hubel

David H. Hubel
Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: February 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada
Died: September 22, 2013

 6 Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel
Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden

Torsten Wiesel is a Swedish neurophysiologist whose work on ocular dominance columns along with David Hubel earned them the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Torsten Wiesel is also a human rights advocate whose work with non-governmental organizations earned him the David Rall Medal. He is also a founding member of a nonprofit establishment called the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization.

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 7 Daniel Vasella

Daniel Vasella
Famous As: Swiss medical doctor
Birthdate: August 15, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fribourg, Switzerland
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 8 Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein
Famous As: Biochemist, Immunologist
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

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 9 Abdul Rahman Al-Sumait

Abdul Rahman Al-Sumait
Famous As: Medical practitioner
Birthdate: October 15, 1947
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kuwait
Died: August 15, 2013

 10 Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: April 28, 1858

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and comparative anatomist. Known for his discoveries and his capability to synthesize knowledge, Müller made important contributions to the field of physiology. He also mentored physiologists and scientists like Hermann von Helmholtz, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Ernst Haeckel, and Ernst Wilhelm Brücke.

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 11 Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: August 2, 2011

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist whose discovery of the MHC genes earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980; he shared the prize with George Davis Snell and Jean Dausset. Over the course of his illustrious career, Benacerraf received several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science in 1990.

 12 Maud Menten

Maud Menten
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: March 20, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Lambton, Canada
Died: July 26, 1960

Maud Menten was a Canadian bio-medical and medical researcher. She made several important contributions to enzyme kinetics and histochemistry. She studied medicine at the University of Toronto, becoming among the first women in Canada to earn a medical doctorate. She collaborated with Leonor Michaelis to come up with the Michaelis-Menten equation model.

 13 Jacinto Convit

Jacinto Convit
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 12, 1913
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: May 12, 2014

 14 Upendranath Brahmachari

Upendranath Brahmachari
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: December 19, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Jamalpur
Died: February 6, 1946

The son of an East Indian Railways physician, leading Indian scientist and doctor Upendranath Brahmachari was the first to use Urea-Stibamine as a treatment for Kala-azar. Apart from winning honors such as the knighthood and the title of Rai Bahadur, he was also nominated for the Nobel Prize twice.

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 15 Joseph L. Goldstein

Joseph L. Goldstein
Famous As: Molecular Geneticist
Birthdate: April 18, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kingstree, South Carolina, United States

American molecular geneticist Joseph L. Goldstein was born to clothing store owner parents in South Carolina. He ended up winning a Nobel Prize for his research on cholesterol metabolism, which later helped researchers develop statin drugs. He currently chairs the molecular genetics department of the University of Texas.

 16 Joep Lange

Joep Lange
Famous As: Medical researcher
Birthdate: September 25, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands
Died: July 17, 2014
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 17 Henry Faulds

Henry Faulds
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 1, 1843
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Beith
Died: March 19, 1930

 18 Elsie Effah Kaufmann

Elsie Effah Kaufmann
Famous As: Biomedical engineer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown
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 19 August Krogh

August Krogh
Famous As: Zoophysiologist
Birthdate: November 15, 1874
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Grenå
Died: September 13, 1949

 20 Florence R. Sabin

Florence R. Sabin
Famous As: Medical Scientist
Birthdate: November 9, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Central City, Colorado, United States
Died: October 3, 1953
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 21 Jules Bordet

Jules Bordet
Famous As: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Soignies
Died: April 6, 1961

 22 Michael S. Brown

Michael S. Brown
Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States

Michael S. Brown is an American geneticist who received the 1985 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. His research on cholesterol metabolism along with Joseph L. Goldstein paved the way for the development of statin drugs, which are used today by 16 million Americans. For his contributions to medicine, Brown was honored with the National Medal of Science in 1988.

 23 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler
Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: March 9, 1983

 24 Victor A. McKusick

Victor A. McKusick
Famous As: Internist
Birthdate: October 21, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Parkman, Maine, United States
Died: July 22, 2008

Victor A. McKusick was an American medical geneticist and internist. Widely regarded as the father of medical genetics, McKusick was an ardent supporter of the mapping of the human genome. A celebrated geneticist, Victor A. McKusick won many prestigious awards including the Benjamin Franklin Medal for his contribution to science. 

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 25 Ghada Karmi

Ghada Karmi
Famous As: Doctor of medicine
Birthdate: 1939 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem

Palestinian doctor of medicine, author and academic Ghada Karmi is associated with the Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies at the University of Exeter as research fellow and lecturer. A Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, Karmi has penned several articles on Palestinian issues in Wayback Machine and in newspapers and magazines like Journal of Palestine Studies and The Guardian.

 26 Jean Dausset

Jean Dausset
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: June 6, 2009
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 27 Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins
Famous As: Virologist and Paediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Auburn, Alabama, United States
Died: August 4, 2003

 28 Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt I. Samuelsson
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 21, 1934
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Halmstad, Sweden
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 29 Leopold Auenbrugger

Leopold Auenbrugger
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 19, 1722
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: May 17, 1809

 30 Nina Gray

Nina Gray
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: August 23, 1974
Sun Sign: Virgo
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 31 Diana Atwine

Diana Atwine
Famous As: Physician, Scientist
Birthdate: 1973 AD
Birthplace: Galiraya, Uganda

 32 Ludvig Puusepp

Ludvig Puusepp
Famous As: Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first professor of neurosurgery
Birthdate: 1875 AD
Birthplace: Kiev
Died: October 19, 1942
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 33 María Luisa Ávila Agüero

María Luisa Ávila Agüero
Famous As: Infectious disease specialist
Birthdate: January 30, 1961
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San José, Costa Rica

 34 Eliza Maria Mosher

Eliza Maria Mosher
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 2, 1846
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cayuga County, New York, United States
Died: October 16, 1928
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