Medical Scientists

Medical scientists conduct research with the aim of improving human health. They study the various diseases that afflict human beings, their causes, and how they can be prevented and treated. Medical research adds to the existing base of scientific knowledge on health and medicine through experimentation. By studying human diseases and their underlying causes, scientists are able to develop newer drugs or improve existing treatment procedures. New breakthroughs in the field of medicine that has the potential to save thousands of lives each year is the result of extensive medical research. The main purpose of medical research is to search for newer methods of improving healthcare available to human beings which culminates in the development of better medicines and treatment procedures. These scientists also work to investigate methods of disease prevention through drugs and vaccination. Medical scientists may conduct research in laboratories, or work directly with patients in trial procedures to analyze how they respond to certain treatments. They basically work in research institutions, clinics, hospitals and other healthcare facilities. The findings of their research are published in scientific papers in order to disseminate their results to others. Browse this section to explore biographies and timelines about the life and works of various famous medical scientists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Paul Ehrlich

Paul Ehrlich
6
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: March 14, 1854
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Strzelin
Died: August 20, 1915

German scientist Paul Ehrlich is remembered for his contribution to immunology, which also won him a Nobel Prize. Known as the pioneer of chemotherapy, he also discovered the first-known treatment of syphilis. Born into a business family, he was introduced to the method of studying cells by his pathologist uncle.

 2 Harold E. Varmus

Harold E. Varmus
8
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 18, 1939
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Oceanside, New York, US

 3 Cesar Milstein

Cesar Milstein
2
Famous As: Biochemist, Immunologist
Birthdate: October 8, 1927
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bahía Blanca, Argentina
Died: March 24, 2002

Cesar Milstein was an Argentine biochemist renowned for his work in antibody research. He is credited with developing the Hybridoma technology, a method to produce identical antibodies in large numbers, for which he was honored with the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1984. He also received several other awards, including the Copley Medal in 1989.

 4 Upendranath Brahmachari

Upendranath Brahmachari
6
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: December 19, 1873
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Jamalpur
Died: February 6, 1946
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 5 Florence R. Sabin

Florence Sabin
2
Famous As: Medical Scientist
Birthdate: November 9, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Central City, Colorado, United States
Died: October 3, 1953

 6 Daniel Vasella

Daniel Vasella
2
Famous As: Swiss medical doctor
Birthdate: August 15, 1953
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fribourg, Switzerland
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 7 David H. Hubel

David H. Hubel
2
Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: February 27, 1926
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Windsor, Canada
Died: September 22, 2013
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 8 Frederick Banting

Frederick Banting
7
Famous As: Discoverer of Insulin
Birthdate: November 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Alliston, Ontario, Canada
Died: February 21, 1941

Frederick Banting was a Canadian medical scientist and physician. In 1923, Banting and Scottish biochemist John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of insulin and its therapeutic potential. Aged 32 at that time, Banting remains the youngest Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine. He was knighted by King George V in 1934.

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 9 Maud Menten

Maud Menten
2
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: March 20, 1879
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Port Lambton, Canada
Died: July 26, 1960

Maud Menten was a Canadian bio-medical and medical researcher. She made several important contributions to enzyme kinetics and histochemistry. She studied medicine at the University of Toronto, becoming among the first women in Canada to earn a medical doctorate. She collaborated with Leonor Michaelis to come up with the Michaelis-Menten equation model.

 10 Karl Landsteiner

Karl Landsteiner
11
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: June 26, 1943
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 11 Nina Gray

Nina Gray
0
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: August 23, 1974
Sun Sign: Virgo

 12 Abdul Rahman Al-Sumait

Abdul Rahman Al-Sumait
5
Famous As: Medical practitioner
Birthdate: October 15, 1947
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Kuwait
Died: August 15, 2013
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 13 Baruj Benacerraf

Baruj Benacerraf
7
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 29, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: August 2, 2011

Baruj Benacerraf was a Venezuelan-American immunologist whose discovery of the MHC genes earned him the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1980; he shared the prize with George Davis Snell and Jean Dausset. Over the course of his illustrious career, Benacerraf received several other awards, such as the National Medal of Science in 1990.

 14 Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller
5
Famous As: Physiologist
Birthdate: July 14, 1801
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Koblenz, Germany
Died: April 28, 1858

Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist, ichthyologist, herpetologist, and comparative anatomist. Known for his discoveries and his capability to synthesize knowledge, Müller made important contributions to the field of physiology. He also mentored physiologists and scientists like Hermann von Helmholtz, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Ernst Haeckel, and Ernst Wilhelm Brücke.

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 15 Torsten Wiesel

Torsten Wiesel
0
Famous As: Neurophysiologist
Birthdate: June 3, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Uppsala, Sweden

Torsten Wiesel is a Swedish neurophysiologist whose work on ocular dominance columns along with David Hubel earned them the 1981 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Torsten Wiesel is also a human rights advocate whose work with non-governmental organizations earned him the David Rall Medal. He is also a founding member of a nonprofit establishment called the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization.

 16 Jules Bordet

Jules Bordet
2
Famous As: Microbiologist and Immunologist
Birthdate: June 13, 1870
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Soignies
Died: April 6, 1961

 17 Joep Lange

Joep Lange
6
Famous As: Medical researcher
Birthdate: September 25, 1954
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Nieuwenhagen, Netherlands
Died: July 17, 2014

 18 Jacinto Convit

Jacinto Convit
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: September 12, 1913
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Caracas, Venezuela
Died: May 12, 2014
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 19 Joseph L. Goldstein

Joseph L. Goldstein
0
Famous As: Molecular Geneticist
Birthdate: April 18, 1940
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kingstree, South Carolina, United States

 20 Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins
2
Famous As: Virologist and Paediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Auburn, Alabama, United States
Died: August 4, 2003

 21 Bengt I. Samuelsson

Bengt I. Samuelsson
2
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 21, 1934
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Halmstad, Sweden

 22 Henry Faulds

Henry Faulds
0
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 1, 1843
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Beith
Died: March 19, 1930
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 23 August Krogh

August Krogh
0
Famous As: Zoophysiologist
Birthdate: November 15, 1874
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Grenå
Died: September 13, 1949

 24 Michael S. Brown

Michael S. Brown
0
Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: April 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Brooklyn, New York, United States
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 25 Elsie Effah Kaufmann

Elsie Effah Kaufmann
0
Famous As: Biomedical engineer
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

 26 Ulf von Euler

Ulf von Euler
0
Famous As: Physiologist and Pharmacologist
Birthdate: February 7, 1905
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Stockholm, Sweden
Died: March 9, 1983

 27 Victor A. McKusick

Victor A. McKusick
0
Famous As: Internist
Birthdate: October 21, 1921
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Parkman, Maine, United States
Died: July 22, 2008

 28 Jean Dausset

Jean Dausset
0
Famous As: Immunologist
Birthdate: October 19, 1916
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Toulouse, France
Died: June 6, 2009
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 29 Ghada Karmi

Ghada Karmi
0
Famous As: Doctor of medicine
Birthdate: 1939 AD
Birthplace: Jerusalem

 30 Leopold Auenbrugger

Leopold Auenbrugger
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: November 19, 1722
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Graz, Austria
Died: May 17, 1809
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 31 Ludvig Puusepp

Ludvig Puusepp
0
Famous As: Estonian surgeon,researcher and the world's first professor of neurosurgery
Birthdate: 1875 AD
Birthplace: Kiev
Died: October 19, 1942

 32 María Luisa Ávila Agüero

María Luisa Ávila Agüero
0
Famous As: Infectious disease specialist
Birthdate: January 30, 1961
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: San José, Costa Rica

 33 Eliza Maria Mosher

Eliza Maria Mosher
0
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: October 2, 1846
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cayuga County, New York, United States
Died: October 16, 1928
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