Throughout history, there have been many women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female scientists such as Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Rosalind Franklin, Lise Meitner.The women scientists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson
26 August 1918, American
Mathematician

Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951, American
Physicist, Astronaut

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954, German, Peruvian
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash

Shakuntala DeviShakuntala Devi
04 November 1929, Indian
Human Computer
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920, British
Chemist

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian
Physicist

Grace HopperGrace Hopper
09 December 1906, American
Computer Scientist

Dian FosseyDian Fossey
16 January 1932, Rwandan, American
Zoologist, Conservationist
HypatiaHypatia
0370 AD, Ancient Roman
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator
Rachel CarsonRachel Carson
27 May 1907, American
Marine biologist

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Chemist

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician
Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Physicist

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis
05 March 1938, American
Author
Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
16 June 1902, American
Scientist

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960, American
Astronaut, Biochemist

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910, British
Biochemist
Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician
Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909, Italian
Neurologist

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn
26 November 1948, Australian, American
American-Australian researcher

Janaki AmmalJanaki Ammal
1897 AD, Indian
Botanist
Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923, American
Chemist
Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896, American
Biochemist

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American
Astronomer

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Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Astronomer

Ada YonathAda Yonath
22 June 1939, Israeli
Scientist

Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
19 July 1921, American
Medical Physicist

Inge LehmannInge Lehmann
13 May 1888, Danish
Seismologist, Geophysicist
Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
28 June 1906, American
Physicist

Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942, German
Researcher
Shawna pandyaShawna Pandya
 , Canadian
Citizen-Scientist Astronaut

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
10 January 1898, American
Scientist

Janet Lane-ClayponJanet Lane-Claypon
03 February 1877, British
Physician
Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
23 February 1879, British
Botanist

Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt
13 February 1913, American
Biologist & Virologist
Nina GrayNina Gray
23 August 1974, American
Entrepreneur

Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
18 August 1982, American
Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife

Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950, Indian
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,

Alicia NashAlicia Nash
01 January 1933, Salvadoran, American
Physicist

Aafia SiddiquiAafia Siddiqui
02 March 1972, Pakistani
Neuroscientist
Mary AnningMary Anning
21 May 1799, British
Paleontologist

Maryam MirzakhaniMaryam Mirzakhani
03 May 1977, Iranian
mathematician, topologist, university teacher

Steve ShirleySteve Shirley
16 September 1933, German, British
Computer scientist, Feminist

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952, Indian
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher
Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Tu YouyouTu Youyou
30 December 1930, Chinese
chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university
Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943, British
Astronomer, Astrophysicist

Arfa KarimArfa Karim
02 February 1995, Pakistani
Computer scientist

Chien-Shiung WuChien-Shiung Wu
31 May 1912, Chinese
Physicist
Lisa RandallLisa Randall
18 June 1962, American
Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical

Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya
Russian
 
Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
11 August 1974, French
Free-diver, Marine biologist

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900, British, American
Astronomer, University teacher

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Roberta WilliamsRoberta Williams
16 February 1953, American
Writer, Computer scientist

Barbara LiskovBarbara Liskov
07 November 1939, American
Computer scientist, University teacher
Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711, Italian
Italian physicist, Academic

Daphne KollerDaphne Koller
27 August 1968, American
computer scientist, engineer

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American
 

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
29 November 1843, British
Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction
Sophie WilsonSophie Wilson
1957 AD, British
computer scientist
Tessy ThomasTessy Thomas
31 March 1963, Indian
aerospace engineer, engineer, scientist

Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
06 February 1913, British
Academic, Anthropologist

Lynn ConwayLynn Conway
10 January 1938, American
computer scientist, engineer, inventor

Ruth LawrenceRuth Lawrence
02 August 1971, British
Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher
Shafi GoldwasserShafi Goldwasser
1958 AD, Israeli
university teacher, cryptographer, mathematician,

Clara ImmerwahrClara Immerwahr
21 June 1870
Chemist, Feminist

Fred VargasFred Vargas
07 June 1957, French
Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
13 July 1863, British
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British
 
Françoise Barré-SinoussiFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi
30 July 1947, French
Virologist

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
29 October 1962, Italian
physicist

Brenda MilnerBrenda Milner
15 July 1918, Canadian, British
Neuroscientist, Psychologist, University teacher

Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
02 January 1974, American
astronomer
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943, American
Astronaut, Chemist

Shirley M. TilghmanShirley M. Tilghman
17 September 1946, Canadian
Molecular biologist, University teacher,
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

May-Britt MoserMay-Britt Moser
04 January 1963, Norwegian
Professor, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Physician

Susan Greenfield, Baroness GreenfieldSusan Greenfield, Baroness Greenfield
01 October 1950, British
Politician, Biologist

Ingrid DaubechiesIngrid Daubechies
17 August 1954, Belgian, American
Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher
Marie-Louise von FranzMarie-Louise von Franz
04 January 1915, Swiss
Psychologist, Scientist, Writer

Johanna BudwigJohanna Budwig
30 September 1908, German
Chemist, Biochemist, Inventor, Physician
Betty HolbertonBetty Holberton
07 March 1917, American
Computer scientist, Programmer

Alice HamiltonAlice Hamilton
27 February 1869, American
Toxicologist, Pathologist, University teacher,
Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards
03 December 1842, American
Chemist, University teacher, Economist

Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider
15 April 1961, American
Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist,
Julia RobinsonJulia Robinson
08 December 1919, American
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher,