Throughout history, there have been many women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female scientists such as Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Rosalind Franklin, Lise Meitner.The women scientists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
(First woman to win a Nobel Prize)

07 November 1867

Polish

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
(Countess of Lovelace)

10 December 1815

British

Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson
(Mathematician)

26 August 1918

American

Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
(Chemist)

25 July 1920

British

Dian FosseyDian Fossey
(Zoologist, Conservationist)

16 January 1932

Rwandan,American

Shakuntala DeviShakuntala Devi
(Human Computer)

04 November 1929

Indian

Sally RideSally Ride
(Physicist, Astronaut)

26 May 1951

American

Grace HopperGrace Hopper
(Computer Scientist)

09 December 1906

American

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
(Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash)

10 October 1954

German,Peruvian

HypatiaHypatia
(Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer)

0370 AD

Ancient Roman

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
(Physician and Educator)

31 August 1870

Italian

Rachel CarsonRachel Carson
(Marine biologist)

27 May 1907

American

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Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
(Mathematician)

23 March 1882

German

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
(Chemist)

12 September 1897

French

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
(Physicist)

07 November 1878

Austrian

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis
(Author)

05 March 1938

American

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
(Mathematician)

01 April 1776

French

Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
(Scientist)

16 June 1902

American

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Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
(Biochemist)

12 May 1910

British

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
(Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists)

15 October 1880

British

Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
(Neurologist)

22 April 1909

Italian

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
(Chemist)

31 July 1923

American

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn
(American-Australian researcher)

26 November 1948

Australian,American

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
(Biochemist, Pharmacologist)

23 January 1918

American

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Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
(Astronomer)

04 July 1868

American

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
(Astronomer)

16 March 1750

German

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
(Astronomer)

11 December 1863

American

Gerty CoriGerty Cori
(Biochemist)

15 August 1896

American

Ada YonathAda Yonath
(Scientist)

22 June 1939

Israeli

Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
(Astronomer)

01 August 1818

American

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Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
(Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian)

16 May 1718

Italian

Janaki AmmalJanaki Ammal
(Botanist)

1897 AD

Indian

Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
(Medical Physicist)

19 July 1921

American

Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
(Researcher)

20 October 1942

German

Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
(Physicist)

28 June 1906

American

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
(Scientist)

10 January 1898

American

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Shawna pandyaShawna Pandya
(Citizen-Scientist Astronaut)

Canadian

Inge LehmannInge Lehmann
(Seismologist, Geophysicist)

13 May 1888

Danish

Janet Lane-ClayponJanet Lane-Claypon
(Physician)

03 February 1877

British

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
(Botanist)

23 February 1879

British

Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt
(Biologist & Virologist)

13 February 1913

American

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
(Physicist)

19 December 1875

Serbian

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Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
(Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife)

18 August 1982

American

Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
(Author, Social worker, Computer scientist, Children's writer)

19 August 1950

Indian

Mary, Crown Princess of DenmarkMary, Crown Princess of Denmark
(Mathematician)

05 February 1972

Australian,Danish

Mary AnningMary Anning
(Paleontologist)

21 May 1799

British

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
(Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Feminist, Composer)

12 November 1651

Mexican

Maryam MirzakhaniMaryam Mirzakhani
(mathematician, topologist, university teacher)

03 May 1977

Iranian

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Tu YouyouTu Youyou
(chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university teacher)

30 December 1930

Chinese

Aafia SiddiquiAafia Siddiqui
(Neuroscientist)

02 March 1972

Pakistani

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
(Astronomer, Astrophysicist)

15 July 1943

British

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
(Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher)

05 November 1952

Indian

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
(Astronomer, University teacher)

10 May 1900

British,American

Arfa KarimArfa Karim
(Computer scientist)

02 February 1995

Pakistani

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Lisa RandallLisa Randall
(Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical physicist)

18 June 1962

American

Chien-Shiung WuChien-Shiung Wu
(Physicist)

31 May 1912

Chinese

Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya

Russian

Daphne KollerDaphne Koller
(computer scientist, engineer)

27 August 1968

American

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
(Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer, Scientist)

26 December 1780

British,Scottish

Tessy ThomasTessy Thomas
(aerospace engineer, engineer, scientist)

31 March 1963

Indian

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Roberta WilliamsRoberta Williams
(Writer, Computer scientist)

16 February 1953

American

Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
(Academic, Anthropologist)

06 February 1913

British

Barbara LiskovBarbara Liskov
(Computer scientist, University teacher)

07 November 1939

American

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
(philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction writer)

1623 AD

British

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller

American

Sophie WilsonSophie Wilson
(computer scientist)

1957 AD

British

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Steve ShirleySteve Shirley
(Computer scientist, Feminist)

16 September 1933

German,British

Ruth LawrenceRuth Lawrence
(Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher)

02 August 1971

British

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
(Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist)

13 July 1863

British

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
(Free-diver, Marine biologist)

11 August 1974

French

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins

British

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
(Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction writer, Botanist, Architect)

29 November 1843

British

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Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
(scientist and inventor)

1943 AD

American

Lynn ConwayLynn Conway
(computer scientist, engineer, inventor)

10 January 1938

American

Alice HamiltonAlice Hamilton
(Toxicologist, Pathologist, University teacher, Physician)

27 February 1869

American

Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
(physicist)

29 October 1962

Italian

Fred VargasFred Vargas
(Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian)

07 June 1957

French

Françoise Barré-SinoussiFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi
(Virologist)

30 July 1947

French

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Shafi GoldwasserShafi Goldwasser
(university teacher, cryptographer, mathematician, computer scientist)

1958 AD

Israeli

Lene HauLene Hau
(Physicist, University teacher)

13 November 1959

Danish

Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
(astronomer)

02 January 1974

American

Clara ImmerwahrClara Immerwahr
(Chemist, Feminist)

21 June 1870

Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards
(Chemist, University teacher, Economist)

03 December 1842

American

Johanna BudwigJohanna Budwig
(Chemist, Biochemist, Inventor, Physician)

30 September 1908

German

Brenda MilnerBrenda Milner
(Neuroscientist, Psychologist, University teacher)

15 July 1918

Canadian,British

Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
(Astronaut, Chemist)

14 January 1943

American

Betty HolbertonBetty Holberton
(Computer scientist, Programmer)

07 March 1917

American

May-Britt MoserMay-Britt Moser
(Professor, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Physician)

04 January 1963

Norwegian

Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
(Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer)

14 December 1960

American

Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider
(Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist, Physician)

15 April 1961

American

Shirley M. TilghmanShirley M. Tilghman
(Molecular biologist, University teacher, Biochemist)

17 September 1946

Canadian

Ingrid DaubechiesIngrid Daubechies
(Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher)

17 August 1954

Belgian,American

Marie-Louise von FranzMarie-Louise von Franz
(Psychologist, Scientist, Writer)

04 January 1915

Swiss

Laura BassiLaura Bassi
(Italian physicist, Academic)

31 October 1711

Italian

Masoumeh EbtekarMasoumeh Ebtekar
(Immunologist, Journalist, Translator)

21 September 1960

Julia RobinsonJulia Robinson
(Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher, Scientist)

08 December 1919

American

Linda B. BuckLinda B. Buck
(American biologist)

29 January 1947

American

Chiara NappiChiara Nappi

Italian

Dina KatabiDina Katabi

American