Throughout history, there have been many women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female scientists such as Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Rosalind Franklin, Lise Meitner.The women scientists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Shakuntala DeviShakuntala Devi
04 November 1929, Indian
Human Computer
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French

Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson
26 August 1918, American

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954, German, Peruvian
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash
Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920, British

Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951, American
Physicist, Astronaut

Grace HopperGrace Hopper
09 December 1906, American
Computer Scientist
0370 AD, Ancient Roman
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian
Dian FosseyDian Fossey
16 January 1932, Rwandan, American
Zoologist, Conservationist

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

Rachel CarsonRachel Carson
27 May 1907, American
Marine biologist

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960, American
Astronaut, Biochemist

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis
05 March 1938, American

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
16 June 1902, American
Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923, American

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910, British
Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909, Italian

Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896, American

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn
26 November 1948, Australian, American
American-Australian researcher
Radia PerlmanRadia Perlman
18 December 1951, American
Computer Network Engineer

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

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Janaki AmmalJanaki Ammal
1897 AD, Indian
Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American

Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
18 August 1982, American
Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife

Ada YonathAda Yonath
22 June 1939, Israeli

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
19 July 1921, American
Medical Physicist
Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942, German

Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
28 June 1906, American

Inge LehmannInge Lehmann
13 May 1888, Danish
Seismologist, Geophysicist

Nina GrayNina Gray
23 August 1974, American
Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
10 January 1898, American

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
23 February 1879, British

Janet Lane-ClayponJanet Lane-Claypon
03 February 1877, British

Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt
13 February 1913, American
Biologist & Virologist

Shawna pandyaShawna Pandya
 , Canadian
Citizen-Scientist Astronaut
Sylvia EarleSylvia Earle
30 August 1935, American
Marine biologist

12 April 1970, American
Stand-up Comedian
Alicia NashAlicia Nash
01 January 1933, Salvadoran, American

Kiran Mazumdar-ShawKiran Mazumdar-Shaw
23 March 1953, Indian
Business woman

Dorothy VaughanDorothy Vaughan
20 September 1910, American
Maryam MirzakhaniMaryam Mirzakhani
03 May 1977, Iranian
mathematician, topologist, university teacher

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857, British, American, Scottish
Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952, Indian
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
03 October 1951, American

Aafia SiddiquiAafia Siddiqui
02 March 1972, Pakistani

Nell NewmanNell Newman
08 April 1959, American

Donna StricklandDonna Strickland
27 May 1959, Canadian
Optical physicist
Ginni RomettyGinni Rometty
29 July 1957, American

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900, British, American
Astronomer, University teacher

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Frances E. AllenFrances E. Allen
04 August 1932, American
Computer scientist
Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943, British
Astronomer, Astrophysicist

Kathleen RubinsKathleen Rubins
14 October 1978, American
Astronaut, Biologist
Roberta WilliamsRoberta Williams
16 February 1953, American
Writer, Computer scientist

Jennifer DoudnaJennifer Doudna
19 February 1964, American

Lisa RandallLisa Randall
18 June 1962, American
Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical
Arfa KarimArfa Karim
02 February 1995, Pakistani
Computer scientist

Lynn ConwayLynn Conway
10 January 1938, American
computer scientist, engineer, inventor
Tu YouyouTu Youyou
30 December 1930, Chinese
chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university

Émilie du ChâteletÉmilie du Châtelet
17 December 1706, French

Fei-Fei LiFei-Fei Li
1976 AD, American
Computer scientist
Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
30 May 1963, British

Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,
Daphne KollerDaphne Koller
27 August 1968, American
computer scientist, engineer

Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950, Indian
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,

Vera RubinVera Rubin
23 July 1928, American

Frances Oldham KelseyFrances Oldham Kelsey
24 July 1914, Canadian, American
Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
11 August 1974, French
Free-diver, Marine biologist
Chien-Shiung WuChien-Shiung Wu
31 May 1912, Chinese

Sophie WilsonSophie Wilson
1957 AD, British
computer scientist

Barbara LiskovBarbara Liskov
07 November 1939, American
Computer scientist

Clara ImmerwahrClara Immerwahr
21 June 1870
Chemist, Feminist
Jan DavisJan Davis
01 November 1953, American

Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider
15 April 1961, American
Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist,

Tessy ThomasTessy Thomas
31 March 1963, Indian
aerospace engineer, engineer, scientist

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
13 July 1863, British
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist

Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
29 November 1843, British
Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction
Valerie ThomasValerie Thomas
1943 AD, American
scientist and inventor

Fred VargasFred Vargas
07 June 1957, French
Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian
Françoise Barré-SinoussiFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi
30 July 1947, French

Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
06 February 1913, British
Shafi GoldwasserShafi Goldwasser
1958 AD, Israeli
university teacher, cryptographer, mathematician,
Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller