Throughout history, there have been many women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female scientists such as Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Rosalind Franklin, Lise Meitner.The women scientists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson
26 August 1918, American
Mathematician

Shakuntala DeviShakuntala Devi
04 November 1929, Indian
Human Computer

Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951, American
Physicist, Astronaut

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954, German, Peruvian
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash
Grace HopperGrace Hopper
09 December 1906, American
Computer Scientist

Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920, British
Chemist

Dian FosseyDian Fossey
16 January 1932, Rwandan, American
Zoologist, Conservationist

Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator
See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian
Physicist

HypatiaHypatia
0370 AD, Ancient Roman
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Rachel CarsonRachel Carson
27 May 1907, American
Marine biologist

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French
Chemist

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German
Mathematician
Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Physicist

Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis
05 March 1938, American
Author
Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
16 June 1902, American
Scientist

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910, British
Biochemist

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French
Mathematician
Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909, Italian
Neurologist

Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists
Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960, American
Astronaut, Biochemist

Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn
26 November 1948, Australian, American
American-Australian researcher

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Astronomer

Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923, American
Chemist
Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896, American
Biochemist
Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American
Astronomer

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American
Astronomer

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Astronomer
Radia PerlmanRadia Perlman
18 December 1951, American
Computer Network Engineer

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Janaki AmmalJanaki Ammal
1897 AD, Indian
Botanist

Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
19 July 1921, American
Medical Physicist

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Ada YonathAda Yonath
22 June 1939, Israeli
Scientist
Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942, German
Researcher

Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
28 June 1906, American
Physicist
Inge LehmannInge Lehmann
13 May 1888, Danish
Seismologist, Geophysicist

Shawna pandyaShawna Pandya
 , Canadian
Citizen-Scientist Astronaut

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
10 January 1898, American
Scientist
Janet Lane-ClayponJanet Lane-Claypon
03 February 1877, British
Physician

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
23 February 1879, British
Botanist
Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt
13 February 1913, American
Biologist & Virologist

Nina GrayNina Gray
23 August 1974, American
Entrepreneur

Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
18 August 1982, American
Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife

RettaRetta
12 April 1970, American
Stand-up Comedian

Alicia NashAlicia Nash
01 January 1933, Salvadoran, American
Physicist
Dorothy VaughanDorothy Vaughan
20 September 1910, American
Mathematician

Kiran Mazumdar-ShawKiran Mazumdar-Shaw
23 March 1953, Indian
Business woman

Aafia SiddiquiAafia Siddiqui
02 March 1972, Pakistani
Neuroscientist

Ginni RomettyGinni Rometty
29 July 1957, American
Businesswomen
Nell NewmanNell Newman
08 April 1959, American
Actress

Maryam MirzakhaniMaryam Mirzakhani
03 May 1977, Iranian
mathematician, topologist, university teacher
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900, British, American
Astronomer, University teacher
Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952, Indian
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Donna StricklandDonna Strickland
27 May 1959, Canadian
Optical physicist
Jennifer DoudnaJennifer Doudna
19 February 1964, American
Biochemist

Arfa KarimArfa Karim
02 February 1995, Pakistani
Computer scientist

Tu YouyouTu Youyou
30 December 1930, Chinese
chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university
Sylvia EarleSylvia Earle
30 August 1935, American
Marine biologist

Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943, British
Astronomer, Astrophysicist
Steve ShirleySteve Shirley
16 September 1933, German, British
Computer scientist, Feminist

Fei-Fei LiFei-Fei Li
1976 AD, American
Computer scientist

Vera RubinVera Rubin
23 July 1928, American
Astronomer

Chien-Shiung WuChien-Shiung Wu
31 May 1912, Chinese
Physicist
Lynn ConwayLynn Conway
10 January 1938, American
computer scientist, engineer, inventor
Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya
Russian
 

Roberta WilliamsRoberta Williams
16 February 1953, American
Writer, Computer scientist

Lisa RandallLisa Randall
18 June 1962, American
Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical

Barbara LiskovBarbara Liskov
07 November 1939, American
Computer scientist, University teacher
Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950, Indian
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,

Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711, Italian
Italian physicist, Academic

Michelle ThallerMichelle Thaller
American
 

Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
13 July 1863, British
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
Gertrude JekyllGertrude Jekyll
29 November 1843, British
Horticulturist, Painter, Gardener, Non-fiction

Daphne KollerDaphne Koller
27 August 1968, American
computer scientist, engineer
Tessy ThomasTessy Thomas
31 March 1963, Indian
aerospace engineer, engineer, scientist

Sophie WilsonSophie Wilson
1957 AD, British
computer scientist

Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
06 February 1913, British
Academic, Anthropologist
Shafi GoldwasserShafi Goldwasser
1958 AD, Israeli
university teacher, cryptographer, mathematician,

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
11 August 1974, French
Free-diver, Marine biologist
Alice HamiltonAlice Hamilton
27 February 1869, American
Toxicologist, Pathologist, University teacher,

Clara ImmerwahrClara Immerwahr
21 June 1870
Chemist, Feminist

Fred VargasFred Vargas
07 June 1957, French
Writer, Archaeologist, Novelist, Historian

Shirley M. TilghmanShirley M. Tilghman
17 September 1946, Canadian
Molecular biologist, University teacher,
Ruth LawrenceRuth Lawrence
02 August 1971, British
Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher

Anna AtkinsAnna Atkins
British
 
Catherine ColemanCatherine Coleman
14 December 1960, American
Chemist, Air force officer, Astronaut, Engineer

Françoise Barré-SinoussiFrançoise Barré-Sinoussi
30 July 1947, French
Virologist
Anita BorgAnita Borg
17 January 1949, American
Computer scientist

Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards
03 December 1842, American
Chemist, University teacher, Economist
Amy MainzerAmy Mainzer
02 January 1974, American
astronomer