Throughout history, there have been many women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female scientists such as Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Rosalind Franklin, Lise Meitner.The women scientists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.
Katherine JohnsonKatherine Johnson
26 August 1918, American
Marie CurieMarie Curie
07 November 1867, French, Polish
First woman to win a Nobel Prize

Ada LovelaceAda Lovelace
10 December 1815, British
Countess of Lovelace

Rosalind FranklinRosalind Franklin
25 July 1920, British

Sally RideSally Ride
26 May 1951, American
Physicist, Astronaut

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954, German, Peruvian
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash
Grace HopperGrace Hopper
09 December 1906, American
Computer Scientist

Dian FosseyDian Fossey
16 January 1932, Rwandan, American
Zoologist, Conservationist

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia CommonsMileva Marić
19 December 1875, Serbian
Maria MontessoriMaria Montessori
31 August 1870, Italian
Physician and Educator

0370 AD, Ancient Roman
Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Rachel CarsonRachel Carson
27 May 1907, American
Marine biologist

Shakuntala DeviShakuntala Devi
04 November 1929, Indian
Human Computer

Irène Joliot-CurieIrène Joliot-Curie
12 September 1897, French

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882, German

Lise MeitnerLise Meitner
07 November 1878, Austrian
Lynn MargulisLynn Margulis
05 March 1938, American

Barbara McClintockBarbara McClintock
16 June 1902, American

Peggy WhitsonPeggy Whitson
09 February 1960, American
Astronaut, Biochemist

Rita Levi-MontalciniRita Levi-Montalcini
22 April 1909, Italian
Marie StopesMarie Stopes
15 October 1880, British
Paleobotanist & Women’s Rights Activists

Dorothy HodgkinDorothy Hodgkin
12 May 1910, British
Henrietta Swan LeavittHenrietta Swan Leavitt
04 July 1868, American

Sophie GermainSophie Germain
01 April 1776, French

Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750, German
Stephanie KwolekStephanie Kwolek
31 July 1923, American

Radia PerlmanRadia Perlman
18 December 1951, American
Computer Network Engineer
Elizabeth BlackburnElizabeth Blackburn
26 November 1948, Australian, American
American-Australian researcher

Gertrude B. ElionGertrude B. Elion
23 January 1918, American
Biochemist, Pharmacologist

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon
11 December 1863, American
Janaki AmmalJanaki Ammal
1897 AD, Indian

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Gerty CoriGerty Cori
15 August 1896, American
Maria MitchellMaria Mitchell
01 August 1818, American

Ada YonathAda Yonath
22 June 1939, Israeli

Maria Gaetana AgnesiMaria Gaetana Agnesi
16 May 1718, Italian
Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian

Rosalyn Sussman YalowRosalyn Sussman Yalow
19 July 1921, American
Medical Physicist
Vanessa NadalVanessa Nadal
18 August 1982, American
Lin-Manuel Miranda's Wife
Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942, German

Katharine Burr BlodgettKatharine Burr Blodgett
10 January 1898, American

Maria Goeppert MayerMaria Goeppert-Mayer
28 June 1906, American

Inge LehmannInge Lehmann
13 May 1888, Danish
Seismologist, Geophysicist
Shawna pandyaShawna Pandya
 , Canadian
Citizen-Scientist Astronaut

Nina GrayNina Gray
23 August 1974, American

Agnes ArberAgnes Arber
23 February 1879, British

Janet Lane-ClayponJanet Lane-Claypon
03 February 1877, British

Marguerite VogtMarguerite Vogt
13 February 1913, American
Biologist & Virologist
Mary SomervilleMary Somerville
26 December 1780, British, Scottish
Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer,

12 April 1970, American
Stand-up Comedian
Dorothy VaughanDorothy Vaughan
20 September 1910, American

Ginni RomettyGinni Rometty
29 July 1957, American

Maryam MirzakhaniMaryam Mirzakhani
03 May 1977, Iranian
mathematician, topologist, university teacher
Julie PayetteJulie Payette
20 October 1963, Canadian

Alicia NashAlicia Nash
01 January 1933, Salvadoran, American
Kiran Mazumdar-ShawKiran Mazumdar-Shaw
23 March 1953, Indian
Business woman

Juana Inés de la CruzJuana Inés de la Cruz
12 November 1651, Mexican
Poet, Nun, Writer, Mathematician, Philosopher,

Aafia SiddiquiAafia Siddiqui
02 March 1972, Pakistani

Vandana ShivaVandana Shiva
05 November 1952, Indian
Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher

Arfa KarimArfa Karim
02 February 1995, Pakistani
Computer scientist
Nell NewmanNell Newman
08 April 1959, American

Sylvia EarleSylvia Earle
30 August 1935, American
Marine biologist

Masoumeh EbtekarMasoumeh Ebtekar
21 September 1960
Immunologist, Journalist, Translator

Sudha MurthySudha Murthy
19 August 1950, Indian
Author, Social worker, Computer scientist,
Jennifer DoudnaJennifer Doudna
19 February 1964, American

Tu YouyouTu Youyou
30 December 1930, Chinese
chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university
Jocelyn Bell BurnellJocelyn Bell Burnell
15 July 1943, British
Astronomer, Astrophysicist

Vera RubinVera Rubin
23 July 1928, American

Chien-Shiung WuChien-Shiung Wu
31 May 1912, Chinese
Tessy ThomasTessy Thomas
31 March 1963, Indian
aerospace engineer, engineer, scientist

Donna StricklandDonna Strickland
27 May 1959, Canadian
Optical physicist
Lynn ConwayLynn Conway
10 January 1938, American
computer scientist, engineer, inventor

Fei-Fei LiFei-Fei Li
1976 AD, American
Computer scientist

Sofia KovalevskayaSofia Kovalevskaya
15 January 1850, Russian
Roberta WilliamsRoberta Williams
16 February 1953, American
Writer, Computer scientist

Barbara LiskovBarbara Liskov
07 November 1939, American
Computer scientist, University teacher
Helen SharmanHelen Sharman
30 May 1963, British

Carol W. GreiderCarol W. Greider
15 April 1961, American
Biologist, Molecular biologist, Geneticist,

Cecilia Payne-GaposchkinCecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
10 May 1900, British, American
Astronomer, University teacher

Lisa RandallLisa Randall
18 June 1962, American
Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical
Frances Oldham KelseyFrances Oldham Kelsey
24 July 1914, Canadian, American
Laura BassiLaura Bassi
31 October 1711, Italian
Italian physicist, Academic

Ruth LawrenceRuth Lawrence
02 August 1971, British
Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher

Daphne KollerDaphne Koller
27 August 1968, American
computer scientist, engineer

Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-TyneMargaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne
1623 AD, British
philosopher, scientist, poet, science fiction
Margaret MurrayMargaret Murray
13 July 1863, British
Anthropologist, Archaeologist, Egyptologist

Kathryn D. SullivanKathryn D. Sullivan
03 October 1951, American

Shafi GoldwasserShafi Goldwasser
1958 AD, Israeli
university teacher, cryptographer, mathematician,

Mary LeakeyMary Leakey
06 February 1913, British
Academic, Anthropologist

Williamina FlemingWilliamina Fleming
15 May 1857, British, American, Scottish
Shannon LucidShannon Lucid
14 January 1943, American
Astronaut, Chemist

Nettie StevensNettie Stevens
07 July 1861, American
Sophie WilsonSophie Wilson
1957 AD, British
computer scientist

Audrey MestreAudrey Mestre
11 August 1974, French
Free-diver, Marine biologist
Fabiola GianottiFabiola Gianotti
29 October 1962, Italian
Ellen Swallow RichardsEllen Swallow Richards
03 December 1842, American
Chemist, University teacher, Economist