Women Scientists

Throughout history, there have been many women scientists who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female scientists such as Marie Curie, Ada Lovelace, Grace Hopper, Rosalind Franklin, Lise Meitner.The women scientists featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite Women Scientists

 1 Marie Curie

Marie Curie
17
Famous As: First woman to win a Nobel Prize
Birthdate: November 7, 1867
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: French, Polish
Died: July 4, 1934
Amongst the most notable scientists of her time, the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the sole person to win two Nobel Prize in two different category, and the first woman professor at the University of Paris—Marie Curie’s list of achievements is incredible. She did extensive research in the field of radioactivity and discovered polonium and radium.

 2 Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson
23
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: February 24, 2020
Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female NASA scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the Apollo program and won a Congressional Gold Medal and a Presidential Medal of Freedom for her achievements.

 3 Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi
35
Famous As: Human Computer
Birthdate: November 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

 4 Dorothy Vaughan

Dorothy Vaughan
22
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: November 10, 2008

 5 Rosalind Franklin

Rosalind Franklin
0
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: July 25, 1920
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: April 16, 1958
Chemist and X-ray crystallographer Rosalind Franklin is remembered for her pathbreaking X-ray diffraction studies of DNA, which helped in the Nobel Prize-winning discovery of the double helix structure of DNA by Francis Crick, James Watson, and Maurice Wilkins later. She also worked on the molecular structures of viruses. 

 6 Mileva Marić

See page for author [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: December 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Serbian
Died: August 4, 1948
Serbian physicist/mathematician Mileva Marić was the first wife of Albert Einstein and the second lady to complete the full program at the mathematics and physics department of Zürich Polytechnic. Experts still debate over whether she had helped Einstein in his initial research. Einstein transferred his Nobel Prize money to her.

 7 Mary Jackson

Mary Jackson
2
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: February 11, 2005
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 8 Rachel Carson

Rachel Carson
0
Famous As: Marine biologist
Birthdate: May 27, 1907
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: April 14, 1964

 9 Hypatia

Hypatia
7
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Astronomer, Writer
Birthdate: 0370 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0415 AD
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.

 10 Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori
0
Famous As: Physician and Educator
Birthdate: August 31, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Italian
Died: May 6, 1952

Maria Montessori was an Italian educator and physician best known for developing the Montessori method of education, a student-friendly method, which is being used in several public and private schools around the world. In 2020, she was nominated by Time magazine as one of their Top 100 Women of the year.

 11 Nettie Stevens

Nettie Stevens
0
Famous As: Geneticist
Birthdate: July 7, 1861
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: May 4, 1912

 12 Lise Meitner

Lise Meitner
0
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 7, 1878
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian
Died: October 27, 1968

Lise Meitner was an Austrian-Swedish physicist best remembered for her contributions that led to the discoveries of nuclear fission and the element protactinium. Nicknamed the German Marie Curie by Albert Einstein, Lise Meitner became the second woman in the world to receive a doctorate in physics in 1905. In 1997, chemical element 109 meitnerium was named in her honor.

 13 Jennifer Doudna

Jennifer Doudna
0
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: February 19, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 14 Alicia Nash

Alicia Nash
2
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: January 1, 1933
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Salvadoran, American
Died: May 23, 2015

 15 Emmy Noether

Emmy Noether
7
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 23, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: German
Died: April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering Noether's theorem, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and the most important woman in mathematics history, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

 16 Maryam Mirzakhani

Maryam Mirzakhani
17
Famous As: mathematician, topologist, university teacher
Birthdate: May 3, 1977
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Iranian

 17 Eva Ekeblad

Eva Ekeblad
0
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: July 10, 1724
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Swedish
Died: May 15, 1786

 18 Vandana Shiva

Vandana Shiva
0
Famous As: Philosopher, Physicist, Writer, University teacher
Birthdate: November 5, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Indian

 19 Jocelyn Bell Burnell

Jocelyn Bell Burnell
0
Famous As: Astronomer, Astrophysicist
Birthdate: July 15, 1943
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British

 20 Donna Strickland

Donna Strickland
0
Famous As: Optical physicist
Birthdate: May 27, 1959
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian

 21 Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin

Cecilia Payne-Gaposchkin
0
Famous As: Astronomer, University teacher
Birthdate: May 10, 1900
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British, American
Died: December 7, 1979

 22 Tu Youyou

Tu Youyou
0
Famous As: chemist, pharmacologist, inventor, university teacher
Birthdate: December 30, 1930
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Chinese

 23 Vera Rubin

Vera Rubin
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: July 23, 1928
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: December 25, 2016

 24 Arfa Karim

Arfa Karim
0
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: February 2, 1995
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Pakistani
Died: January 14, 2012

 25 Sudha Murty

Sudha Murty
2
Famous As: Author
Birthdate: August 19, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Indian

 26 Frances Oldham Kelsey

Frances Oldham Kelsey
0
Famous As: Pharmacologist
Birthdate: July 24, 1914
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Canadian, American
Died: August 7, 2015

 27 Rita Levi-Montalcini

Rita Levi-Montalcini
0
Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: April 22, 1909
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Italian
Died: December 30, 2012

Rita Levi-Montalcini was an Italian neurologist whose discovery of nerve growth factor earned her the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Throughout her life, Levi-Montalcini's work in neurobiology earned her several other honors and awards, including the Golden Plate Award from the American Academy of Achievement and the European Academy of Sciences' Leonardo da Vinci Award.

 28 Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin
0
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: July 29, 1994

 29 Henrietta Swan Leavitt

Henrietta Swan Leavitt
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: July 4, 1868
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: December 12, 1921

 30 Lisa Randall

Lisa Randall
0
Famous As: Physicist, Writer, University teacher, Theoretical physicist
Birthdate: June 18, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 31 Elizabeth Blackburn

Elizabeth Blackburn
0
Famous As: American-Australian researcher
Birthdate: November 26, 1948
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Australian, American

Nobel Prize-winning Australian-American biochemist and molecular biologist Elizabeth Blackburn is best known for co-discovering the enzyme telomerase. She was allegedly removed from the American President's Council on Bioethics over her support for stem cell research, which went against the government. She has honorary doctorate degrees from Harvard, Yale, and Princeton.

 32 Gerty Cori

Gerty Cori
0
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 15, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: October 26, 1957

 33 Lene Hau

Lene Hau
0
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: November 13, 1959
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Danish

 34 Amy Mainzer

Amy Mainzer
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: January 2, 1974
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 35 Annie Jump Cannon

Annie Jump Cannon
0
Famous As: Astronomer
Birthdate: December 11, 1863
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 13, 1941

 36 Barbara Liskov

Barbara Liskov
0
Famous As: Computer scientist
Birthdate: November 7, 1939
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

 37 Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion
0
Famous As: Biochemist, Pharmacologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 21, 1999

 38 Marie Maynard Daly

Marie Maynard Daly
0
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: April 16, 1921
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: October 28, 2003

 39 Fabiola Gianotti

Fabiola Gianotti
0
Famous As: physicist
Birthdate: October 29, 1962
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Italian

 40 Laura Bassi

Laura Bassi
0
Famous As: Italian physicist, Academic
Birthdate: October 31, 1711
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Italian
Died: February 20, 1778

 41 Inge Lehmann

Inge Lehmann
0
Famous As: Seismologist, Geophysicist
Birthdate: May 13, 1888
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Danish
Died: February 21, 1993

Danish seismologist Inge Lehmann is remembered for her groundbreaking discovery of the Earth’s solid inner core and molten outer core, using seismic waves. While she initially studied math, she later deviated to seismology, with a focus on ascertaining earthquake epicenters. The William Bowie Medal-winning scientist died at age 104.

 42 Ingrid Daubechies

Ingrid Daubechies
0
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 17, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Belgian, American

 43 Florence R. Sabin

Florence Sabin
0
Famous As: Medical Scientist
Birthdate: November 9, 1871
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: October 3, 1953

 44 Florence B. Seibert

Florence B. Seibert
0
Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: October 6, 1897
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: August 23, 1991

 45 Mary Styles Harris

Mary Styles Harris
12
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: June 26, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 46 Retta

Retta
2
Famous As: Stand-up Comedian
Birthdate: April 12, 1970
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 47 Irène Joliot-Curie

Irène Joliot-Curie
6
Famous As: Chemist
Birthdate: September 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: French
Died: March 17, 1956

Marie Curie and Pierre Curie’s daughter, Irène Joliot-Curie, herself a brilliant scientist, won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, along with her husband, Joliot-Curie, for discovering artificial radioactivity. She was also one of the first three female French government members. She tragically died of leukemia caused by exposure to radiation.

 48 Sophie Wilson

Sophie Wilson
2
Famous As: computer scientist
Birthdate: 1957 AD
Nationality: British

 49 Nell Newman

Nell Newman
2
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: April 8, 1959
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 50 Mayim Bialik

Mayim Bialik
0
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: December 12, 1975
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American