Born: 1114
Born In: Bijjaragi, Vijayapur, Karnataka
Born: 1114
Born In: Bijjaragi, Vijayapur, Karnataka
Bhaskara II, also known as Bhaskara or as Bhaskaracharya, was a 12th century Indian mathematician. He was also a renowned astronomer who accurately defined many astronomical quantities, including the length of the sidereal year. A brilliant mathematician, he made the significant discovery of the principles of differential calculus and its application to astronomical problems and computations centuries before European mathematicians like Newton and Leibniz made similar discoveries. It is believed that Bhaskara II was the first to conceive the differential coefficient and differential calculus. The son of a mathematician and astronomer, he was trained by his father in the subjects. Following in his father’s footsteps the young man too became a renowned mathematician and astronomer and was considered the lineal successor of the noted Indian mathematician Brahmagupta as head of an astronomical observatory at Ujjain. Bhaskara II wrote the first work with full and systematic use of the decimal number system and also wrote extensively on other mathematical techniques and on his astronomical observations of planetary positions, conjunctions, eclipses, cosmography, and geography. In addition, he also filled many of the gaps in his predecessor Brahmagupta’s work. In recognition of his invaluable contributions to mathematics and astronomy, he has been called the greatest mathematician of medieval India.
Born: 1114
Born In: Bijjaragi, Vijayapur, Karnataka
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Also Known As: Bhaskara the teacher, Bhaskara Achārya, Bhaskara II, Bhāskarācārya
Died At Age: 71
Born Country: India
Died on: 1185
place of death: Ujjain, Madhya Pradesh, India
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Bhāskara II made significant contributions to algebra, arithmetic, geometry, and trigonometry. He is known for his work on indeterminate equations, quadratic equations, and the concept of zero.
Bhāskara II's most famous work in astronomy is the Siddhānta Shiromani, where he discusses planetary positions, eclipses, and the cosmology of his time.
Bhāskara II provided important advancements in trigonometry by introducing the concept of sine and exploring trigonometric ratios in his mathematical works.
Lilavati, a mathematical treatise by Bhāskara II, covers various topics such as arithmetic, geometry, and algebra. It is known for its innovative problem-solving techniques and mathematical principles.
Bhāskara II's works laid the foundation for calculus concepts, such as differential calculus and infinite series. His contributions to mathematical analysis had a lasting impact on the development of calculus.
Bhāskara II, a renowned Indian mathematician and astronomer, is credited with developing the concept of positive and negative numbers in the 12th century, a groundbreaking achievement that significantly advanced mathematics.
In his mathematical treatise, Lilavati, Bhāskara II included fascinating puzzles and riddles to engage and challenge his readers, showcasing his playful and creative approach to teaching.
Bhāskara II's work also delved into the field of calculus, with his contributions foreshadowing some of the principles later formalized by European mathematicians like Newton and Leibniz.
Beyond his mathematical prowess, Bhāskara II was also an accomplished poet, weaving his love for literature and mathematics together in his writings, showcasing his multifaceted talents.
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