Biochemists

Biochemists study the structure, composition, chemical processes and chemical reactions in living organisms. They analyze the chemical reactions in the cells and tissues of living things, study the expression of genes, and research on the effects of food, medicine and other substances on living tissues. Biochemistry is an interdisciplinary field and encompasses elements of molecular biology, molecular genetics, microbiology, and organic and inorganic chemistry. Pure research in biochemistry is conducted to further human knowledge of the subject while applied research is conducted to solve practical problems. The work of biochemists is applicable to a variety of fields like medicine, food science, agriculture and industry. In human and veterinary medicine, biochemists analyze drug function and mechanism, and help in the development of new drugs. Biochemists engaged in agriculture and food science determine the chemical composition of foods to explore different sources of nutritious food, and study the effects of herbicides and other chemicals on crop plants. They use advanced tools and techniques like radioactive isotopes, spectrophotometers, centrifuges, electron microscopes and specialized software to perform experiments. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous biochemists from all over the world.
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 1 Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov
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Famous As: Writer, Professor
Birthdate: January 2, 1920
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 6, 1992

Isaac Asimov was an American writer. Best known for his science fiction works, Asimov was regarded as one of the Big Three writers along with Arthur C. Clarke and Robert A. Heinlein. Asimov is credited with influencing most sci-fi writers since the 1950s. Nobel Prize winner Paul Krugman stated that one of Asimov's works inspired him to take up Economics.

 2 Louis Pasteur

Louis Pasteur
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Famous As: Chemist and Microbiologist
Birthdate: December 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 28, 1895
Considered one of the founders of bacteriology, Louis Pasteur created vaccines for anthrax and rabies, and invented the process of heating food and wine to kill microbes that cause contamination, which was named pasteurization after him. Known as the “father of microbiology,” he also founded the Pasteur Institute in Paris.  

 3 Har Gobind Khorana

Har Gobind Khorana
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Birthdate: January 9, 1922
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: November 9, 2011

 4 Linus Pauling

Linus Pauling
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Famous As: Chemist, Biochemist
Birthdate: February 28, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: August 19, 1994
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 5 Kary B. Mullis

Kary B. Mullis
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: December 28, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Biochemist Kary Mullis won the 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for inventing the polymerase chain reaction. He was also known for practicing clandestine chemistry and researching on hallucinogenic drugs such as LSD. He also wrote several books, including an autobiography named Dancing Naked in the Mind Field.

 6 Kary Mullis

Kary Mullis
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Famous As: Biochemist, Molecular biologist, Chemist
Birthdate: December 28, 1944
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
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 7 Jennifer Doudna

Jennifer Doudna
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: February 19, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
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 8 Alexander Shulgin

Alexander Shulgin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: June 17, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 2, 2014
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 9 Peggy Whitson

Peggy Whitson
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Famous As: Astronaut, Biochemist
Birthdate: February 9, 1960
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 10 Rupert Sheldrake

Rupert Sheldrake
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Famous As: Author
Birthdate: June 28, 1942
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
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 11 Frederick Sanger

Frederick Sanger
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 13, 1918
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British
Died: November 19, 2013

 12 Dorothy Hodgkin

Dorothy Hodgkin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: May 12, 1910
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: July 29, 1994
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 13 John Kendrew

John Kendrew
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Famous As: Biochemist and Crystallographer
Birthdate: March 24, 1917
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British
Died: August 23, 1997

 14 Erwin Chargaff

Erwin Chargaff
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 11, 1905
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Ukrainian, American
Died: June 20, 2002
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 15 Pierre Joliot

Pierre Joliot
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Famous As: Biologist, Biochemist, Professor
Birthdate: March 12, 1932
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: French

 16 Eric Kandel

Eric Kandel
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Famous As: Neurologist, Psychiatrist, Neuroscientist, Psychologist, Biochemist
Birthdate: November 7, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

 17 Tim Hunt

Tim Hunt
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Famous As: Biochemist, Chemist
Birthdate: February 19, 1943
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British

 18 Rashad Khalifa

Rashad Khalifa
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Famous As: Chemist, Translator, Biochemist, Computer scientist
Birthdate: November 19, 1935
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: January 31, 1990
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 19 Yellapragada Subbarow

Yellapragada Subbarow
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: January 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian
Died: August 9, 1948

 20 Hans Adolf Krebs

Hans Adolf Krebs
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 25, 1900
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: German
Died: November 22, 1981

 21 Gertrude B. Elion

Gertrude B. Elion
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Famous As: Biochemist, Pharmacologist
Birthdate: January 23, 1918
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 21, 1999

 22 Roger Y. Tsien

Roger Y. Tsien
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: February 1, 1952
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 24, 2016
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 23 Friedrich Miescher

Friedrich Miescher
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Famous As: Biologist, Biochemist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 13, 1844
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss
Died: August 26, 1895

 24 Duane Gish

Duane Gish
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Famous As: biochemist
Birthdate: February 17, 1921
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: March 5, 2013
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 25 Gerty Cori

Gerty Cori
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: August 15, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: October 26, 1957

 26 Alberto Granado

Alberto Granado
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Famous As: Scientist, Writer, Screenwriter
Birthdate: August 8, 1922
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Argentinian
Died: March 5, 2011

 27 Tomas Lindahl

Tomas Lindahl
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 28, 1938
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Swedish, British

 28 Johanna Budwig

Johanna Budwig
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Famous As: Chemist, Biochemist, Inventor, Physician
Birthdate: September 30, 1908
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: German
Died: May 19, 2003
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 29 Severo Ochoa

Severo Ochoa
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Famous As: Physician and Biochemist
Birthdate: September 14, 1905
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 1, 1993

 30 Selman Waksman

Selman Waksman
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Famous As: Discoverer of Streptomycin
Birthdate: July 22, 1888
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Ukrainian
Died: August 16, 1973
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 31 Melvin Calvin

Melvin Ellis Calvin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: April 8, 1911
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: January 8, 1997

 32 Satoshi Ōmura

Satoshi Ōmura
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: July 12, 1935
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Japanese

 33 Paul Berg

Paul Berg
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: June 30, 1926
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 34 Arthur Kornberg

Arthur Kornberg
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: March 3, 1918
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: October 26, 2007

 35 Alexander Oparin

Alexander Oparin
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Famous As: biologist, biochemist, chemist
Birthdate: March 2, 1894
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: April 21, 1980

 36 Aleksandr Oparin

Aleksandr Oparin
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: March 2, 1894
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian
Died: April 21, 1980

 37 Marie Maynard Daly

Marie M. Daly
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: April 16, 1921
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: October 28, 2003

 38 Gerhard Domagk

Gerhard Domagk
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Famous As: Biochemist, Physician, University teacher
Birthdate: October 30, 1895
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German, Polish
Died: April 24, 1964

 39 Shannon Lucid

Shannon Lucid
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: January 14, 1943
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 40 Paul L. Modrich

Paul L. Modrich
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: June 13, 1946
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 41 Rosalyn Sussman Yalow

Rosalyn Sussman Yalow
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Famous As: Medical Physicist
Birthdate: July 19, 1921
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: May 30, 2011

 42 Walter Gilbert

Walter Gilbert
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Famous As: Biochemist, Physicist, Molecular Biologist
Birthdate: March 21, 1932
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 43 Shirley M. Tilghman

Shirley M. Tilghman
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Famous As: Molecular biologist, University teacher, Biochemist
Birthdate: September 17, 1946
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Canadian

 44 Christian de Duve

Christian de Duve
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: October 2, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Belgian
Died: May 4, 2013

 45 Marshall W. Nirenberg

Marshall W. Nirenberg
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Famous As: Biochemist and Geneticist
Birthdate: April 10, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: January 15, 2010

 46 Marshall Warren Nirenberg

Marshall Warren Nirenberg
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: April 10, 1927
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: January 15, 2010

 47 Stanley B. Prusiner

Stanley B. Prusiner
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Famous As: Neurologist and Biochemist
Birthdate: May 28, 1942
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 48 Roger D. Kornberg

Roger D. Kornberg
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Famous As: biochemist, chemist, university teacher
Birthdate: April 24, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American

 49 Robert Lefkowitz

Robert Lefkowitz
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: April 15, 1943
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 50 Gregory Goodwin Pincus

Gregory Pincus
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Famous As: Biologist
Birthdate: April 9, 1903
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: 1967 AD
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