Alfred Russel Wallace Biography
(Naturalist, Explorer, Geographer, Anthropologist and Biologist)
Birthday: January 8, 1823 (Capricorn)
Born In: Llanbadoc
Alfred Russel Wallace was a British scientist, anthropologist, biologist and explorer, best known for discovering the concept of evolution by natural selection. He was also a pioneer in the field of biogeography, contributing significantly to the study of geographical distribution of various animal species. Despite being so richly knowledgeable about nature and its phenomena, his life was a constant financial struggle. It was quite late in his life, when one of his closest friends, Charles Darwin, helped him acquire a regular source of income in the form of a small government pension, in return for his lifetime of scientific contributions. His prominent works involved the groundbreaking discovery of the evolutionary theory through natural selection and extensive fieldwork for collecting specimens in the Amazon River basin and then in the Malay Archipelago. Apart from his exceptional scientific works, he also got involved in social activism, raising his voice against the unjust social and economic system in 19th-century Britain. He was also a prolific author and one of the first scientists to raise concerns over the environmental impact of human activity. But, he is most remembered as a natural explorer and a curious scientist who independently revolutionized the concept of evolution through his keen interest in natural history.