Virologists

Virologists study the structure, classification, and evolution of viruses, and analyze how they infect host cells and cause disease. Viruses are submicroscopic parasitic particles that exploit host cells to reproduce quickly. Virology is a field of microbiology. Virologists classify the viruses either according to the host cell they infect (animal viruses, plant viruses) or the shape of the virus structure. Studying viruses is of immense significance to the field of medicine as they cause several dangerous diseases like hepatitis, AIDS, influenza and even some types of cancer. Virologists work alongside with medical professionals to determine how some viruses cause diseases and how these can be prevented or treated. Their research is instrumental in the development of vaccines and drugs. , Even though viruses are primarily known to be disease causing, some viruses are being used as gene vectors in gene therapy to treat genetic disorders. Virologists the world over are engaged in research to find more uses for viruses in the medical field. Virologists use highly sophisticated tools and techniques like electron microscopy, X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy for their research. Virologists primarily work in laboratories and are required to take precautionary measures to protect them from harmful viruses during the course of their work. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous virologists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jonas Salk

Jonas Salk.
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Famous As: Medical researcher
Birthdate: October 28, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
Died: June 23, 1995

If the world is successful in its fight against polio, the credit goes to American virologist Jonas Salk who developed a vaccine for the disease. Described as a “miracle worker”, his concerns for humanity were reflected in the fact that he did not claim a patent for the vaccine. He founded the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, based in California.

 2 Robert Gallo

Robert Gallo.
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Famous As: Virologist, Oncologist, Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Waterbury

 3 Luc Montagnier

Luc Montagnier.
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Famous As: Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher, Professor, Scientist
Birthdate: August 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chabris

French virologist Luc Montagnier is known for discovering the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) which led him to jointly receive the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Montagnier also made headlines promoting controversial and unverified claims related to vaccinations, homeopathy and COVID-19 pandemic, which he argued as man-made and possibly a result of an attempt to create an HIV/AIDS vaccine.

 4 Hilary Koprowski

Hilary Koprowski.
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Famous As: Virologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Warsaw
Died: April 11, 2013
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 5 Albert Sabin

Albert Sabin.
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Famous As: Medical Researcher
Birthdate: August 26, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Białystok, Poland
Died: March 3, 1993

 6 David Baltimore

David Baltimore.
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: New York City, New York, United States
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 7 David Ho

David Ho
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Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: November 3, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Taichung, Taiwan
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 8 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: July 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Paris
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 9 Martinus Beijerinck

Martinus Beijerinck
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: March 16, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Amsterdam, Netherlands
Died: January 1, 1931

 10 Harald zur Hausen

Harald zur Hausen
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Gelsenkirchen
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 11 Howard Martin Temin

Howard Martin Temin.
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Famous As: Geneticist and Virologist
Birthdate: December 10, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: February 9, 1994

 12 Renato Dulbecco

Renato Dulbecco.
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: February 22, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Italy
Died: February 19, 2012

Renato Dulbecco was an Italian-American virologist whose work on oncoviruses earned him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1975. Over the course of his illustrious career, Renato Dulbecco also won other prestigious awards, such as the Marjory Stephenson Prize, Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, and Selman A. Waksman Award in Microbiology.  

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 13 John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders.
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Famous As: The Father of Modern Vaccines
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: West Hartford, Connecticut
Died: September 8, 1985

 14 Marion Koopmans

Marion Koopmans
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: September 21, 1956
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Tegelen
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 15 Francis Peyton Rous

Francis Peyton Rous
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: October 5, 1879
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Baltimore, Maryland, United States
Died: February 16, 1970

 16 Frank Fenner

Frank Fenner.
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Famous As: Played a vital role in eradication of smallpox and control of Australia's rabbit plague
Birthdate: December 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Ballarat, Australia
Died: November 22, 2010

Frank Fenner was an Australian scientist best remembered for his achievements in the field of virology. He played a key role in the eradication of smallpox. He is also credited with introducing the Myxoma virus, which played a major role in controlling Australia's rabbit plague. During his illustrious career, Fenner was honored with prestigious awards, such as the WHO Medal.

 17 Ilaria Capua

Ilaria Capua
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: April 21, 1966
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Rome, Italy

 18 Nathan Wolfe

Nathan Wolfe
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Famous As: Virologist and epidemiologist
Birthdate: August 24, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Detroit, Michigan, United States

 19 Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Frank Macfarlane Burnet.
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Famous As: Virologist & Noble Prize Laureate
Birthdate: September 3, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Traralgon
Died: August 31, 1985

 20 Thomas Huckle Weller

Thomas Huckle Weller
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: June 15, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States
Died: August 23, 2008

 21 Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins.
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Famous As: Virologist and Paediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Auburn, Alabama, United States
Died: August 4, 2003

 22 Thomas Francis, Jr.

Thomas Francis, Jr.
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 15, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Gas City, Indiana, United States
Died: October 1, 1969

Microbiologist Thomas Francis, Jr. is best remembered for identifying the influenza A and influenza B strains and creating a vaccine effective against both. He also contributed to the research on the treatment of pneumonia. His medical research won his many accolades and awards, such as the Medal of Freedom.

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 23 Charles Mérieux

Charles Mérieux
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Famous As: French virologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1907
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Lyon, France
Died: January 19, 2001

 24 Robert Huebner

Robert Huebner
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 23, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Cheviot, Ohio, United States
Died: August 26, 1998
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 25 Thomas Milton Rivers

Thomas Milton Rivers
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Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: September 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Jonesboro, Georgia, United States
Died: May 12, 1962

 26 Norman Pirie

Norman Pirie
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: July 1, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Easebourne, West Sussex,England
Died: March 29, 1997
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 27 Michiaki Takahashi

Michiaki Takahashi
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: 1928 AD
Birthplace: Ōsaka, Japan
Died: December 16, 2013

 28 Jean Lindenmann

Jean Lindenmann
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: September 18, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Zagreb, Croatia
Died: January 15, 2015
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 29 Thomas C. Peebles

Thomas C. Peebles
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Famous As: Physician and virologist
Birthdate: June 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Newton, Massachusetts
Died: July 8, 2010

 30 Ludwig Gross

Ludwig Gross
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: September 11, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kraków, Poland
Died: July 19, 1999
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 31 Irving Millman

Irving Millman
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 17, 2012

 32 Harold Ginsberg

Harold Ginsberg
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: May 27, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Daytona Beach, Florida, United States
Died: February 2, 2003

 33 Nadejda Branzan

Nadejda Branzan
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: August 29, 1948
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rezina, Moldova
Died: May 25, 2020

 34 Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.

Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: November 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Texas, United States
Died: August 19, 2001
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