Virologists

Virologists study the structure, classification, and evolution of viruses, and analyze how they infect host cells and cause disease. Viruses are submicroscopic parasitic particles that exploit host cells to reproduce quickly. Virology is a field of microbiology. Virologists classify the viruses either according to the host cell they infect (animal viruses, plant viruses) or the shape of the virus structure. Studying viruses is of immense significance to the field of medicine as they cause several dangerous diseases like hepatitis, AIDS, influenza and even some types of cancer. Virologists work alongside with medical professionals to determine how some viruses cause diseases and how these can be prevented or treated. Their research is instrumental in the development of vaccines and drugs. , Even though viruses are primarily known to be disease causing, some viruses are being used as gene vectors in gene therapy to treat genetic disorders. Virologists the world over are engaged in research to find more uses for viruses in the medical field. Virologists use highly sophisticated tools and techniques like electron microscopy, X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy for their research. Virologists primarily work in laboratories and are required to take precautionary measures to protect them from harmful viruses during the course of their work. Browse this section to explore about the life and works of various famous virologists from all over the world.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Jonas Salk

Jonas Salk
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Famous As: Medical researcher
Birthdate: October 28, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 23, 1995

If the world is successful in its fight against polio, the credit goes to American virologist Jonas Salk who developed a vaccine for the disease. Described as a “miracle worker”, his concerns for humanity were reflected in the fact that he did not claim a patent for the vaccine. He founded the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, based in California.

 2 Luc Montagnier

Luc Montagnier
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Famous As: Physician, Biologist, Virologist, Researcher, Professor, Scientist
Birthdate: August 18, 1932
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

 3 Hilary Koprowski

Hilary Koprowski
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Famous As: Virologist, Immunologist
Birthdate: December 5, 1916
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Polish, American
Died: April 11, 2013

 4 David Baltimore

David Baltimore
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 7, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
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 5 Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: July 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French

 6 Martinus Beijerinck

Martinus Beijerinck
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: March 16, 1851
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Dutch
Died: January 1, 1931
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 7 Harald zur Hausen

Harald zur Hausen
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: March 11, 1936
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: German
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 8 Howard Martin Temin

Howard Martin Temin
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Famous As: Geneticist and Virologist
Birthdate: December 10, 1934
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: February 9, 1994
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 9 Renato Dulbecco

Renato Dulbecco
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: February 22, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Italian, American
Died: February 19, 2012

 10 John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders
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Famous As: The Father of Modern Vaccines
Birthdate: February 10, 1897
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: September 8, 1985
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 11 Francis Peyton Rous

Francis Peyton Rous
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: October 5, 1879
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: February 16, 1970

 12 Frank Fenner

Frank Fenner
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Famous As: Played a vital role in eradication of smallpox and control of Australia's rabbit plague
Birthdate: December 21, 1914
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Australian
Died: November 22, 2010
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 13 Nathan Wolfe

Nathan Wolfe
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Famous As: Virologist and epidemiologist
Birthdate: August 24, 1970
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 14 Frank Macfarlane Burnet

Frank Macfarlane Burnet
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Famous As: Virologist & Noble Prize Laureate
Birthdate: September 3, 1899
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Australian
Died: August 31, 1985
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 15 Thomas Huckle Weller

Thomas Huckle Weller
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: June 15, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: August 23, 2008

 16 Frederick Chapman Robbins

Frederick Chapman Robbins
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Famous As: Virologist and Paediatrician
Birthdate: August 25, 1916
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: August 4, 2003

 17 Thomas Francis, Jr.

Thomas Francis, Jr.
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 15, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: October 1, 1969

 18 Charles Mérieux

Charles Mérieux
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Famous As: French virologist
Birthdate: January 9, 1907
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: January 19, 2001

 19 Robert Huebner

Robert Huebner
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: February 23, 1914
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: August 26, 1998

 20 Thomas Milton Rivers

Thomas Milton Rivers
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Famous As: Bacteriologist
Birthdate: September 3, 1888
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: May 12, 1962

 21 Norman Pirie

Norman Pirie
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Famous As: Biochemist
Birthdate: July 1, 1907
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: British
Died: March 29, 1997

 22 Michiaki Takahashi

Michiaki Takahashi
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: 1928 AD
Nationality: Japanese
Died: December 16, 2013
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 23 Robert Gallo

Robert Gallo
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Famous As: Virologist, Oncologist, Physician, Immunologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1937
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 24 Thomas C. Peebles

Thomas C. Peebles
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Famous As: Physician and virologist
Birthdate: June 5, 1921
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: July 8, 2010
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 25 Ludwig Gross

Ludwig Gross
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: September 11, 1904
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Polish, American
Died: July 19, 1999

 26 Albert Sabin

Albert Sabin
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Famous As: Medical Researcher
Birthdate: August 26, 1906
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Polish, American
Died: March 3, 1993
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 27 Irving Millman

Irving Millman
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: May 23, 1923
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: April 17, 2012

 28 Harold Ginsberg

Harold Ginsberg
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Famous As: Microbiologist
Birthdate: May 27, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: February 2, 2003
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 29 David Ho

David Ho
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Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: November 3, 1952
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Taiwanese, American

 30 Jean Lindenmann

Jean Lindenmann
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: September 18, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Swiss, Croatian
Died: January 15, 2015
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 31 Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.

Harry Martin Meyer, Jr.
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Famous As: Virologist
Birthdate: November 25, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 19, 2001
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