Despite facing racial bias right from the birth, the black people excelled in education and research, and proved to be one of the greatest personalities in the history of the world. Black scientists from past to the present have made countless inventions that are significant to the society. George Washington Carver, named "Black Leonardo" by the Time Magazine, invented agricultural science and established an industrial research laboratory to help farmers develop crops that are useful for their livelihood. Dr. Daniel Hale Williams, the first African American doctor to successfully perform open heart surgery is also one of the physicians to perform pericardial surgery. NASA Astronaut and physician by profession, Mae Jemison is the first black woman to travel to space. Garrett Morgan, the inventor of traffic signal patented gas mask and Norbert Rillieux, the inventor of multiple-effect evaporator are a few notable black scientists.
George Washington CarverGeorge Washington Carver
01 January 1864, American
Scientist & Inventor
Neil deGrasse TysonNeil deGrasse Tyson
05 October 1958, American

Ben CarsonBen Carson
18 September 1951, American
Politician, Former Neurosurgeon

Mae JemisonMae Jemison
17 October 1956, American
First African American Woman To Travel To Space

Benjamin BannekerBenjamin Banneker
09 November 1731, American
Compiler of Almanacs