George Paget Thomson Biography
(British Physicist Who Won the Nobel Prize in Physics for Discovering the Wave Properties of the Electron)
Birthday: May 3, 1892 (Taurus)
Born In: Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
George Paget Thomson was an English physicist, who shared the 1937 Nobel Prize in Physics with Clinton Joseph Davison, for their discovery of diffraction of electrons by crystals. Born in an academically distinguished family, he had his entire education at Cambridge, where his Nobel laureate father, J. J. Thomson, was a Professor of Experimental Physics. Although he joined Corpus Christi College after completing his studies he soon abandoned it to join Britain’s war effort as the First World War broke out. However, he spent much of his time working on aerodynamics trying to improve stability of airplanes. Later he resigned from his commission to rejoin the Corpus Christi College, but soon shifted to the University of Aberdeen, where he undertook major experiments and discovered electron diffraction. Later he turned his attention to nuclear physics and when uranium fission was discovered, he was struck by its potential for military use. During the Second World War, he became the Chairman of the MAUD committee. Later he went to Ottawa as the Scientific Liaison Officer and worked closely with the Manhattan Project. After the war, he joined Imperial College, where he started probing into the possibility of manufacturing nuclear power from deuterium. He retired as the Master of Corpus Christi College, Cambridge.