A genius and proficient physicist, mathematician, astronomer, and alchemist, Sir Isaac Newton is considered to be the greatest and the most influential scientist of all time. One of the paramount contributors of the 17th century ‘Scientific Revolution,’ he developed the principles of modern physics which he laid out in his book, ‘Philosophiae, Naturalis, Principia Mathematica.’ Popularly known as ‘Principia,’ the book highlighted the concepts of universal gravitation and laws of motion that remained at the forefront of scientific theories for centuries. Furthermore, he worked on and developed the theory of color. He was the first to lay out the fact that color is an intrinsic property of light and that when reflected, scattered, or transmitted, a white light decomposes into numerous colors, often seen in the spectrum or in the rainbow. He was responsible for building the first practical telescope. Newton also contributed to the study of power series, generalized the binomial theorem to non-integer exponents, and developed a method for approximating the roots of a function. Apart from the aforementioned, Newton made noteworthy and substantial contribution in the field of alchemy and theology. In his life, he held numerous significant positions. Apart from serving as the Lucasian Professor of mathematics, and the president of the ‘Royal Society,’ he also served as the Warden and Master of the Mint. It wouldn’t be wrong to say that Newton single-handedly laid the groundwork for future discoveries by scientists across the globe.