James Chadwick Biography
(Discoverer of Neutron)
Birthday: October 20, 1891 (Libra)
Born In: Bollington
Sir James Chadwick CH was an English physicist, who won the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of neutron. Born in an economically backward family, he rose to become one of the most renowned scientists of Great Britain. While studying physics at the University of Manchester, he caught the attention of the head of the department, Professor Ernest Rutherford. When Rutherford became the Director of Research at Cavendish Laboratory, he invited Chadwick to join him. While working at the laboratory as Assistant Director, Chadwick discovered neutron, which led to the development of atomic bomb during the end of the Second World War. He later became the head of the British Mission at the Manhattan Project and was one of three men who had access to all the American research and production facilities for the atomic bomb. During his lifetime, he published a number of papers, which are now held at the Churchill Archives Centre in Cambridge. Apart from being a great physicist, he was also a great human being and was much distressed by the fact that his discovery had been used to kill many innocent people.