Otto Stern Biography
Birthday: February 17, 1888 (Aquarius)
Born In: Żory
Otto Stern was a German born American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1943. He was born in a prosperous Jewish family towards the end of the nineteenth century in the Kingdom of Prussia. Because of the financial affluence of his family, he did not have to look for jobs immediately after he finished his education. Instead, he worked as Privatdozent in chosen universities for a long time before landing at his first official academic post in the early 1920s. Initially he concentrated more on theoretical problems. It was only after he met great experimentalists like James Franck and Max Volmer that he began to take interest into experimental physics. Within a short period he developed molecular-beam method and discovered spin quantization with Walther Gerlach. It not only brought him fame, but also opportunity for further research work. Measurement of atomic magnetic moments, demonstration of the wave nature of atoms and molecules, and discovery of the proton's magnetic moment are few of his important works. He migrated to the USA and took up American citizenship when Hitler’s Nazi Party came to power. After working at Carnegie Mellon University for more than twelve years he finally retired and settled in California.