Gustav Ludwig Hertz Biography
(German Experimental Physicist Who Won the Nobel Prize for His Work on Inelastic Electron Collisions in Gases)
Birthday: July 22, 1887 (Cancer)
Born In: Hamburg, Germany
Gustav Ludwig Hertz was Nobel Prize winning German physicist who did path breaking work in the field of inelastic electron collisions in gases. In a career that spanned over five decades, he became one of the most important physicists of the 20th century. Gustav Ludwig Hertz made his most important discovery when he had just started off as a researcher in the University of Berlin but his career was brought to a brief halt when he had to serve the army after the break out of the First World War. Hertz returned in three years and continued from where he left off and made a name for himself as one of the most important scientists of his generations. Unlike many other scientists of his time Hertz wasn’t always in academia and in fact worked in senior researcher positions for giant corporations like Philips and Siemens. When his career was at its zenith, Hertz faced persecution from the Nazi Party in Germany owing to his Jewish heritage and hence he went to the then Soviet Union in order to play a pivotal role in their nuclear programme. However, he did return to Germany and continued his career as a top scientist.