# Women Mathematicians

*Right Icon*This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Throughout history, there have been many women mathematicians who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female mathematicians such as Ada Lovelace, Shakuntala Devi, Emmy Noether, Sophie Germain, Maria Gaetana Agnesi.The women mathematicians featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.

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**Birthdate: **December 10, 1815

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **London

**Died: **November 27, 1852

Ada Lovelace was a mathematician known for her work on the *Analytical Engine*, a mechanical general-purpose computer proposed by Charles Babbage. Many believe that Lovelace was the first to recognize the potential of computers. It is also believed that she published the first algorithm after realizing that the algorithm could be carried out by a machine like the *Analytical Engine*.

2

Hypatia(Mathematician, Astronomer and Philosopher)

**Birthdate: **0350 AD

**Birthplace: **Alexandria, Egypt

**Died: **February 29, 0415

Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's **Arithmetica**. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.

3

Emmy Noether(German Mathematician Who Made Many Important Contributions to Abstract Algebra)

**Birthdate: **March 23, 1882

**Sun Sign: **Aries

**Birthplace: **Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany

**Died: **April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering *Noether's theorem*, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and **the most important woman in mathematics history**, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

4

Katherine Johnson(Mathematician and One of the First African-American Women to Work as a NASA Scientist)

**Birthdate: **August 26, 1918

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, United States

**Died: **February 24, 2020

Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female **NASA** scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the **Apollo **program and won a **Congressional Gold Medal** and a **Presidential Medal of Freedom** for her achievements.

5

Mileva MariÄ‡(Serbian Physicist, Mathematician and the First Wife of Albert Einstein)

**Birthdate: **December 19, 1875

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **Titel, Serbia

**Died: **August 4, 1948

Serbian physicist/mathematician Mileva MariÄ‡ was the first wife of Albert Einstein and the second lady to complete the full program at the mathematics and physics department of **Zürich Polytechnic**. Experts still debate over whether she had helped Einstein in his initial research. Einstein transferred his **Nobel Prize** money to her.

**Birthdate: **April 9, 1921

**Sun Sign: **Aries

**Birthplace: **Hampton, Virginia, United States

**Died: **February 11, 2005

American mathematician and aerospace engineer Mary Jackson went down in history as the first African-American woman to work as a **NASA **engineer. Initially a math teacher, she later joined** NACA** under Dorothy Vaughan and contributed to countless American space programs at a time when racial segregation was the norm.

7

Maryam Mirzakhani(First Iranian to Be Honored With the â€˜Fields Medalâ€™, the Most Prestigious Award in Mathematics)

**Birthdate: **May 12, 1977

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Tehran, Iran

**Died: **July 14, 2017

Maryam Mirzakhani was an Iranian mathematician best remembered for her innovative methods and research involving different branches of mathematics like symplectic geometry and ergodic theory. On 13 August 2014, she became the first Iranian and only woman to date to be honored with the prestigious **Fields Medal***.* Maryam Mirzakhani died of breast cancer when she was 40 years old.

**Birthdate: **November 4, 1929

**Sun Sign: **Scorpio

**Birthplace: **Bangalore

**Died: **April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of **Human Computer** for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

**Birthdate: **December 17, 1706

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **Paris, France

**Died: **September 10, 1749

10

Sophie Germain(French Mathematician Known for Her 'Sophie Germain Prime Numbers')

**Birthdate: **April 1, 1776

**Sun Sign: **Aries

**Birthplace: **Rue Saint-Denis, Paris, France

**Died: **June 27, 1831

French mathematician Sophie Germain had used the pseudonym *M. Le Blanc* to get hold of notes from the **École Polytechnique**, as being a woman, she was not allowed to attend the institute. She later contributed to the number theory and also pioneered the elasticity theory. She died of breast cancer.

11

Mary Somerville(Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer, Scientist)

**Birthdate: **December 26, 1780

**Sun Sign: **Capricorn

**Birthplace: **Jedburgh

**Died: **November 28, 1872

One of the two pioneering female honorary members of the **Royal Astronomical Society**, Mary Somerville was a 19th-century polymath and science writer. Though she specialized in math and astronomy, she was also well-versed in botany and geology. *The Connection of the Physical Sciences *remains her most notable work.

12

Dorothy Vaughan(American Mathematician, Human Computer and the First African-American to Receive Promotion as Supervisor in NASA)

**Birthdate: **September 20, 1910

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Kansas City, Missouri, United States

**Died: **November 10, 2008

American mathematician Dorothy Vaughan was also known as a "human computer." Initially a math teacher, she became the first African-American supervisor of **NACA**, later part of **NASA**, at a time when racial segregation was rampant in the U.S. Her contribution to the early American space programs is invaluable.

13

Maria Gaetana Agnesi(First Woman to Write a Mathematics Handbook and the First Woman Appointed as a University Mathematics Professor)

**Birthdate: **May 16, 1718

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Milan, Italy

**Died: **January 9, 1799

Italian mathematician Maria Gaetana Agnesi, daughter of an affluent silk trader, was well-versed in a number of languages as a child. Most of her work was regarding algebra, calculus, and the *Witch of Agnesi*. She was also the first female academic to write a math book and to teach math.

**Birthdate: **August 2, 1971

**Sun Sign: **Leo

**Birthplace: **Brighton

15

Maria Reiche(German-Born Peruvian Mathematician and Archaeologist Who Studied the Nazca Lines)

**Birthdate: **May 15, 1903

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Dresden, Germany

**Died: **June 8, 1998

Celebrated German-born Peruvian mathematician, archaeologist, linguist, and astronomer Maria Reiche is remembered for her pioneering research on* the Nazca lines*. Nicknamed *the Lady of the Lines*, she was initially a governess and teacher in Peru. She later also became a founding-member of the non-profit organization **South American Explorers**.

16

Zoia CeauÈ™escu(Romanian Mathematician and the Daughter of Romanian Dictator Nicolae CeauÈ™escu)

**Birthdate: **February 28, 1949

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **Bucharest, Romania

**Died: **November 20, 2006

The daughter of Romanian Communist dictator Nicolae CeauÈ™escu, Zoia CeauÈ™escu was a renowned mathematician who had won the **Simion Stoilow Prize**. She was also known for her reckless lifestyle, her frequent travels, and her multiple relationships. Following her parents’ execution, she lost all her wealth and lived with her friends.

17

Ingrid Daubechies(Mathematician, Physicist best known for her work with wavelets in image compression.)

**Birthdate: **August 17, 1954

**Sun Sign: **Leo

**Birthplace: **Houthalen-Helchteren, Belgium

Belgian-born physicist Ingrid Daubechies was a prodigy of sorts and had started dealing with complicated mathematical concepts before turning 6. She grew up to work at the **AT&T Bell Laboratories** and also taught at **Princeton**. She is best known for her research on wavelets and image-compression technology.

18

Julia Robinson(Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher, Scientist)

**Birthdate: **December 8, 1919

**Sun Sign: **Sagittarius

**Birthplace: **St. Louis

**Died: **July 30, 1985

**Birthplace: **London, England

**Birthdate: **January 15, 1850

**Sun Sign: **Capricorn

**Birthplace: **Moscow, Russia

**Died: **February 10, 1891

**Birthdate: **December 27, 1924

**Sun Sign: **Capricorn

**Birthplace: **Alanthus Grove, Missouri, United States

**Died: **March 23, 2011

**Birthdate: **September 25, 1992

**Sun Sign: **Libra

**Birthplace: **Dresden, Saxony

**Birthdate: **1832 AD

**Birthplace: ** Wickwar

**Died: **1916 AD

24

Hertha Ayrton(British Engineer, Mathematician, Physicist and Inventor Known for Her Work With the 'Electric Arcs')

**Birthdate: **April 28, 1854

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Portsea, Portsmouth, Hampshire, England

**Died: **August 26, 1923

Hertha Ayrton was a British engineer, physicist, mathematician, and inventor. She is remembered for her work on electric arcs and ripple marks in sand and water, for which she was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society. As a woman in the 19th century, she had to face innumerable struggles in her career. She was also a passionate suffragist.

25

Euphemia Haynes(Former Mathematician who was first African American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics)

**Birthdate: **September 11, 1890

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Washington, D.C., United States

**Died: **July 25, 1980

**Birthdate: **July 24, 1889

**Sun Sign: **Leo

**Birthplace: **Illinois, United States

**Died: **September 16, 1971

**Birthdate: **May 1, 1924

**Sun Sign: **Taurus

**Birthplace: **Washington, D.C., United States

29

Claire Voisin(Mathematician known for her work in algebraic geometry.)

**Birthdate: **March 4, 1962

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **Saint-Leu-la-ForÃªt, France

**Birthdate: **October 1, 1912

**Sun Sign: **Libra

**Birthplace: **Withington, Manchester, England

**Died: **August 10, 2014

31

Tatyana Afanasyeva(Former Mathematician, Physicist who made contributions to the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics)

**Birthdate: **November 19, 1876

**Sun Sign: **Scorpio

**Birthplace: **Kyiv, Ukraine

**Died: **April 14, 1964

Tatyana Afanasyeva was a physicist and mathematician best remembered for making important contributions to the fields of statistical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. She is also known as the wife of Austrian physicist Paul Ehrenfest with whom she collaborated often. Tatyana Afanasyeva published several papers on various topics like entropy and randomness.

**Birthdate: **1981 AD

**Birthplace: **Stuttgart, Germany

**Birthplace: **Mangilao, Guam

**Birthdate: **October 28, 1905

**Sun Sign: **Scorpio

**Birthplace: **Vienna, Austria

**Died: **November 29, 1984

Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest was a Dutch mathematician best remembered for her contributions to low-discrepancy sequences, De Bruijn sequences, and the BEST theorem. Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest was the daughter of famous physicists, Paul Ehrenfest and Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva.

**Birthplace: **Atlanta, Georgia, United States

36

Maleyka Abbaszadeh(Chair of the State Students Admission Commission of the Azerbaijan Republic)

**Birthdate: **February 23, 1953

**Sun Sign: **Pisces

**Birthplace: **Baku, Azerbaijan

Maleyka Abbaszadeh is an Azerbaijani political figure. She is best known for her service as the Chair of the SSAC, a newly established organization which oversees the national entrance test for potential post-secondary students in Azerbaijan.

**Birthdate: **June 12, 1912

**Sun Sign: **Gemini

**Birthplace: **London, England

**Died: **September 6, 2007

38

Dorothy Maud Wrinch(British-American Mathematician and Biochemist Who Studied Protein Structure using Mathematical Tenets)

**Birthdate: **September 12, 1894

**Sun Sign: **Virgo

**Birthplace: **Rosario, Argentina

**Died: **February 11, 1976

British-American mathematician and biochemist Dorothy Maud Wrinch initially gained recognition as the only female *wrangler* of the *Mathematical Tripos* in 1916. She later taught math at the universities of **Oxford** and **Cambridge** and became the first woman in the world to get a doctorate in science from **Oxford**.

**Birthdate: **1961 AD

**Birthplace: **Unknown

Karen Aardal is a Norwegian and Dutch theoretical computer scientist, applied mathematician, and operations researcher. Apart from her research work, Aardal also works as a professor of Applied Mathematics at *TU Delft. *Her research work involves integer programming, combinatorial optimization, facility location, and approximation algorithms.

**Birthdate: **August 19, 1954

**Sun Sign: **Leo

**Birthplace: **Riga, Latvia

**Birthdate: **November 21, 1933

**Sun Sign: **Scorpio

**Birthplace: **Tupelo, Mississippi, United States

**Died: **September 19, 2002

**Birthdate: **March 30, 1958

**Sun Sign: **Aries

**Birthplace: **Tunis, Tunisia

**Birthdate: **September 23, 1839

**Sun Sign: **Libra

**Birthplace: **Newark, New Jersey, United States

**Died: **January 20, 1894

**Birthdate: **1960 AD

**Birthplace: **La Paz, Bolivia