Women Mathematicians

Throughout history, there have been many women mathematicians who have made significant contribution to the field. The list includes many familiar and great female mathematicians such as Ada Lovelace, Shakuntala Devi, Emmy Noether, Sophie Germain, Maria Gaetana Agnesi.The women mathematicians featured in this list are from United States, United Kingdom, Canada & Australia and many more countries.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Ada Lovelace

Ada Lovelace
Famous As: Countess of Lovelace
Birthdate: December 10, 1815
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: London
Died: November 27, 1852

Ada Lovelace was a mathematician known for her work on the Analytical Engine, a mechanical general-purpose computer proposed by Charles Babbage. Many believe that Lovelace was the first to recognize the potential of computers. It is also believed that she published the first algorithm after realizing that the algorithm could be carried out by a machine like the Analytical Engine.

 2 Hypatia

Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: 0350 AD
Birthplace: Alexandria, Egypt
Died: February 29, 0415
Hypatia was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, mathematician, and astronomer who lived during the 4th and 5th centuries. She also taught and served as a counselor. She is remembered for her commentary on Diophantus's Arithmetica. She was later murdered and became a symbol of feminism and of opposition to Catholic ideals.

 3 Emmy Noether

Emmy Noether
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 23, 1882
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Erlangen, Bavaria, Germany
Died: April 14, 1935

Emmy Noether was a German mathematician best remembered for her contributions to abstract algebra. She is credited with discovering Noether's theorem, which is regarded as a fundamental theorem in mathematical physics. One of the most important mathematicians of her generation and the most important woman in mathematics history, Emmy Noether developed theories of algebras, fields, and rings.

 4 Katherine Johnson

Katherine Johnson
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 26, 1918
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, United States
Died: February 24, 2020
Katherine Johnson was a physicist and mathematician, remembered as the first African-American female NASA scientist. Her calculations helped launch the space missions of Alan Shepard and John Glenn. She was crucial to the Apollo program and won a Congressional Gold Medal and a Presidential Medal of Freedom for her achievements.

 5 Mary Jackson

Mary Jackson
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hampton, Virginia, United States
Died: February 11, 2005

American mathematician and aerospace engineer Mary Jackson went down in history as the first African-American woman to work as a NASA engineer. Initially a math teacher, she later joined NACA under Dorothy Vaughan and contributed to countless American space programs at a time when racial segregation was the norm.

 6 Shakuntala Devi

Shakuntala Devi
Famous As: Human Computer
Birthdate: November 4, 1929
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Bangalore
Died: April 21, 2013

A child prodigy who was never formally educated, Shakuntala Devi became a mathematical genius earning the title of Human Computer for her exceptional calculating abilities. The Indian genius was also an astrologer and a gifted writer who authored books on maths, astrology, homosexuality in India and a crime thriller novel.

 7 Maryam Mirzakhani

Maryam Mirzakhani
Famous As: First Iranian to Be Honored With the ‘Fields Medal’, the Most Prestigious Award in Mathematics
Birthdate: May 12, 1977
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Tehran, Iran
Died: July 14, 2017

Maryam Mirzakhani was an Iranian mathematician best remembered for her innovative methods and research involving different branches of mathematics like symplectic geometry and ergodic theory. On 13 August 2014, she became the first Iranian and only woman to date to be honored with the prestigious Fields Medal. Maryam Mirzakhani died of breast cancer when she was 40 years old.

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 8 Mileva Marić

Mileva Marić
Famous As: Physicist, Mathematician
Birthdate: December 19, 1875
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Titel, Serbia
Died: August 4, 1948
Serbian physicist/mathematician Mileva Marić was the first wife of Albert Einstein and the second lady to complete the full program at the mathematics and physics department of Zürich Polytechnic. Experts still debate over whether she had helped Einstein in his initial research. Einstein transferred his Nobel Prize money to her.

 9 Émilie du Châtelet

Émilie du Châtelet
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: December 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: September 10, 1749

 10 Dorothy Vaughan

Dorothy Vaughan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Kansas City, Missouri, United States
Died: November 10, 2008

American mathematician Dorothy Vaughan was also known as a "human computer." Initially a math teacher, she became the first African-American supervisor of NACA, later part of NASA, at a time when racial segregation was rampant in the U.S. Her contribution to the early American space programs is invaluable.

 11 Sophie Germain

Sophie Germain
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: April 1, 1776
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rue Saint-Denis, Paris, France
Died: June 27, 1831

French mathematician Sophie Germain had used the pseudonym M. Le Blanc to get hold of notes from the École Polytechnique, as being a woman, she was not allowed to attend the institute. She later contributed to the number theory and also pioneered the elasticity theory. She died of breast cancer.

 12 Mary Somerville

Mary Somerville
Famous As: Mathematician, Linguist, Translator, Astronomer, Scientist
Birthdate: December 26, 1780
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Jedburgh
Died: November 28, 1872

One of the two pioneering female honorary members of the Royal Astronomical Society, Mary Somerville was a 19th-century polymath and science writer. Though she specialized in math and astronomy, she was also well-versed in botany and geology. The Connection of the Physical Sciences remains her most notable work.

 13 Maria Gaetana Agnesi

Maria Gaetana Agnesi
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, Theologian
Birthdate: May 16, 1718
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Milan, Italy
Died: January 9, 1799

Italian mathematician Maria Gaetana Agnesi, daughter of an affluent silk trader, was well-versed in a number of languages as a child. Most of her work was regarding algebra, calculus, and the Witch of Agnesi. She was also the first female academic to write a math book and to teach math.

 14 Ruth Lawrence

Ruth Lawrence
Famous As: Mathematician, Topologist, University teacher
Birthdate: August 2, 1971
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Brighton

 15 Maria Reiche

Maria Reiche
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 15, 1903
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Dresden, Germany
Died: June 8, 1998

 16 Zoia Ceaușescu

Zoia Ceaușescu
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: February 28, 1949
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Bucharest, Romania
Died: November 20, 2006

 17 Christina Pagel

Christina Pagel
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: London, England

 18 Ingrid Daubechies

Ingrid Daubechies
Famous As: Mathematician, Physicist best known for her work with wavelets in image compression.
Birthdate: August 17, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Houthalen-Helchteren, Belgium

Belgian-born physicist Ingrid Daubechies was a prodigy of sorts and had started dealing with complicated mathematical concepts before turning 6. She grew up to work at the AT&T Bell Laboratories and also taught at Princeton. She is best known for her research on wavelets and image-compression technology.

 19 Julia Robinson

Julia Robinson
Famous As: Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher, Scientist
Birthdate: December 8, 1919
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: St. Louis
Died: July 30, 1985

 20 Lisa Sauermann

Lisa Sauermann
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 25, 1992
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Dresden, Saxony

 21 Jean Bartik

Jean Bartik
Famous As: Computer software pioneer
Birthdate: December 27, 1924
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Alanthus Grove, Missouri, United States
Died: March 23, 2011

 22 Mary Everest Boole

Mary Everest Boole
Famous As: mathematician, philosopher
Birthdate: 1832 AD
Birthplace: Wickwar
Died: 1916 AD

 23 Sofia Kovalevskaya

Sofia Kovalevskaya
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: January 15, 1850
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Moscow, Russia
Died: February 10, 1891

 24 Hertha Ayrton

Hertha Ayrton
Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: April 28, 1854
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Portsea Island, England
Died: August 26, 1923

Hertha Ayrton was a British engineer,  physicist, mathematician, and inventor. She is remembered for her work on electric arcs and ripple marks in sand and water, for which she was awarded the Hughes Medal by the Royal Society. As a woman in the 19th century, she had to face innumerable struggles in her career. She was also a passionate suffragist. 

 25 Euphemia Haynes

Euphemia Haynes
Famous As: Former Mathematician who was first African American woman to earn a PhD in mathematics
Birthdate: September 11, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States
Died: July 25, 1980

 26 Christine Ladd-Franklin

Christine Ladd-Franklin
Birthdate: 0000 AD

 27 Agnes Meyer Driscoll

Agnes Meyer Driscoll
Famous As: Cryptologist
Birthdate: July 24, 1889
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Illinois, United States
Died: September 16, 1971

 28 Claire Voisin

Claire Voisin
Famous As: Mathematician known for her work in algebraic geometry.
Birthdate: March 4, 1962
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saint-Leu-la-Forêt, France

 29 Evelyn Boyd Granville

Evelyn Boyd Granville
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: May 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Washington, D.C., United States

 30 Kathleen Ollerenshaw

Kathleen Ollerenshaw
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 1, 1912
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Withington, Manchester, England
Died: August 10, 2014

 31 Tatyana Afanasyeva

Tatyana Afanasyeva
Famous As: Former Mathematician, Physicist who made contributions to the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics
Birthdate: November 19, 1876
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Kyiv, Ukraine
Died: April 14, 1964

Tatyana Afanasyeva was a physicist and mathematician best remembered for making important contributions to the fields of statistical thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. She is also known as the wife of Austrian physicist Paul Ehrenfest with whom she collaborated often. Tatyana Afanasyeva published several papers on various topics like entropy and randomness.

 32 Tanja Stadler

Tanja Stadler
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1981 AD
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany

 33 Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest

Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: October 28, 1905
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: November 29, 1984

Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest was a Dutch mathematician best remembered for her contributions to low-discrepancy sequences, De Bruijn sequences, and the BEST theorem. Tatyana Pavlovna Ehrenfest was the daughter of famous physicists, Paul Ehrenfest and Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva. 

 34 Eva Crane

Eva Crane
Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: June 12, 1912
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: London, England
Died: September 6, 2007

 35 Jennifer Balakrishnan

Jennifer Balakrishnan
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Mangilao, Guam

 36 Etta Zuber Falconer

Etta Zuber Falconer
Famous As: Educator
Birthdate: November 21, 1933
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Tupelo, Mississippi, United States
Died: September 19, 2002

 37 Jenny Harrison

Jenny Harrison
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Birthplace: Atlanta, Georgia, United States

 38 Maleyka Abbaszadeh

Maleyka Abbaszadeh
Famous As: Chair of the State Students Admission Commission
Birthdate: February 23, 1953
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Baku, Azerbaijan

 39 Karen Aardal

Karen Aardal
Famous As: Computer scientist, Mathematician
Birthdate: 1961 AD
Birthplace: Unknown

Karen Aardal is a Norwegian and Dutch theoretical computer scientist, applied mathematician, and operations researcher. Apart from her research work, Aardal also works as a professor of Applied Mathematics at TU Delft. Her research work involves integer programming, combinatorial optimization, facility location, and approximation algorithms.

 40 Dorothy Maud Wrinch

Dorothy Maud Wrinch
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 12, 1894
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Rosario, Argentina
Died: February 11, 1976

 41 Daina Taimina

Daina Taimina
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: August 19, 1954
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Riga, Latvia

 42 Carol Schumacher

Carol Schumacher
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: 1960 AD
Birthplace: La Paz, Bolivia

 43 Hajer Bahouri

Hajer Bahouri
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: March 30, 1958
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Tunis, Tunisia

 44 Helen Almira Shafer

Helen Almira Shafer
Famous As: Mathematician
Birthdate: September 23, 1839
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, United States
Died: January 20, 1894