List of famous Germans with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.

When we talk about famous Germans, which is the first name that comes to our mind? Albert Einstein, the great scientist; Adolf Hitler, the most notorious dictator; or the philosopher and socialist, Karl Marx? The contributions of the Germans to the technological, literary, political and spiritual developments of the world have been so immense that it is difficult to express in words. Creative, focused, efficient and reserved, the Germans are considered to be among the world’s most disciplined and hardworking people. From ancient times, Germans have enriched the world heritage in one way or the other. Way back in the 15th century, Nicholas of Kues became one of the first proponents of Renaissance humanism and thus making spiritual and political contributions to not just European history, but to the world.

Adolf HitlerAdolf Hitler
(Nazi Leader, German Dictator and Chancellor of Germany)

20 April 1889

30 April 1945

Braunau am Inn

Aries

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
(Father of Modern Physics)

14 March 1879

18 April 1955

Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire

Pisces

Pope Benedict XVIPope Benedict XVI
(Pope)

16 April 1927

Marktl, Germany

Aries

Kirsten DunstKirsten Dunst
(Actress)

30 April 1982

Point Pleasant, New Jersey, United States

Taurus

Karl MarxKarl Marx
(Economist, Philosopher)

05 May 1818

14 March 1883

Trier

Taurus

Ludwig van BeethovenLudwig van Beethoven
(Composer)

16 December 1770

26 March 1827

Bonn, Germany

Sagittarius

Angela MerkelAngela Merkel
(Chancellor of Germany)

17 July 1954

Hamburg

Cancer

CharlemagneCharlemagne

02 April 0742

28 January 0814

Herstal

Aries

Martin LutherMartin Luther
(Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer)

10 November 1483

18 February 1546

Eisleben, Germany

Scorpio

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
(Philosopher and Philologist)

15 October 1844

25 August 1900

Röcken-bei-Lützen, Kingdom of Prussia

Libra

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
(Philosopher)

22 April 1724

12 February 1804

Königsberg, Germany

Taurus

Erwin RommelErwin Rommel
(General)

15 November 1891

14 October 1944

Heidenheim an der Brenz, Germany

Scorpio

Anne FrankAnne Frank
(Writer)

12 June 1929

01 March 1945

Frankfurt am Main, Weimar Germany

Gemini

Hans ZimmerHans Zimmer
(Music Composer)

12 September 1957

Frankfurt am Main, West Germany

Virgo

Johann Sebastian BachJohann Sebastian Bach
(Composer)

31 March 1685

28 July 1750

Eisenach, Saxe-Eisenach

Aries

Otto von BismarckOtto von Bismarck
(German Statesman)

01 April 1815

30 July 1898

Schönhausen

Aries

Michael SchumacherMichael Schumacher
(Racing driver)

03 January 1969

Hürth, Germany

Capricorn

Josef MengeleJosef Mengele
(War Criminal)

16 March 1911

07 February 1979

Günzburg, Bavaria, Germany

Pisces

Joseph GoebbelsJoseph Goebbels

29 October 1897

01 May 1945

Rheydt

Scorpio

Heinrich HimmlerHeinrich Himmler
(Nazi Commander)

07 October 1900

23 May 1945

Munich, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany

Libra

Nicolaus CopernicusNicolaus Copernicus

19 February 1473

24 May 1543

Toruń

Aquarius

Heidi KlumHeidi Klum
(Model, Fashion Designer)

01 June 1973

Bergisch Gladbach, West Germany

Gemini

Manuel Neuer Manuel Neuer
(Football Player)

27 March 1986

Gelsenkirchen, West Germany

Aries

Albert SpeerAlbert Speer
(German Architect)

19 March 1905

01 September 1981

Mannheim, Baden, Germany

Pisces

John DenverJohn Denver
(Singer-songwriter)

31 December 1943

12 October 1997

Roswell

Capricorn

Eva BraunEva Braun

06 February 1912

30 April 1945

Munich

Aquarius

Karl DönitzKarl Dönitz
(Naval Officer)

16 September 1891

24 December 1980

Grünau

Virgo

Diane KrugerDiane Kruger

15 July 1976

Algermissen

Cancer

Richard WagnerRichard Wagner
(Composer, conductor, theatre director)

22 May 1813

13 February 1883

Leipzig

Gemini

Oskar SchindlerOskar Schindler

28 April 1908

09 October 1974

Svitavy

Taurus

Otto Adolf EichmannAdolf Eichmann
(One of the Main Organizers of the Holocaust)

19 March 1906

31 May 1962

Solingen, Rhine Province, Germany

Pisces

Karl LagerfeldKarl Lagerfeld
(Fashion Designer)

10 September 1933

Hamburg

Virgo

Reinhard HeydrichReinhard Heydrich
(Nazi Official)

07 March 1904

04 June 1942

Halle

Pisces

Werner Herzog Werner Herzog
(Actor, Director)

05 September 1942

Munich

Virgo

Martin BormannMartin Bormann
(Private Secretary of Adolf Hitler)

17 June 1900

02 May 1945

Wegeleben

Gemini

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
(Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer)

27 December 1571

15 November 1630

Weil der Stadt

Capricorn

Gerd MüllerGerd Müller
(Former German Footballer)

03 November 1945

Nördlingen, Allied-occupied Germany

Scorpio

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
(Poet)

28 August 1749

22 March 1832

Frankfurt

Virgo

Nico RosbergNico Rosberg
(Formula One Racing Driver)

27 June 1985

Wiesbaden, Germany

Cancer

Charles BukowskiCharles Bukowski
(Poet)

16 August 1920

09 March 1994

Andernach

Leo

Wernher Von BraunWernher Von Braun

23 March 1912

16 June 1977

Wyrzysk

Aries

George Frideric HandelGeorge Frideric Handel
(Composer)

23 February 1685

14 April 1759

Halle, Germany

Pisces

Johannes GutenbergJohannes Gutenberg
(Printer)

1398 AD

03 February 1468

Mainz

Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg
(Physicist)

05 December 1901

01 February 1976

Würzburg

Sagittarius

Max RiemeltMax Riemelt

07 January 1984

Germany

Capricorn

Irma GreseIrma Grese
(Nazi Guard)

07 October 1923

13 December 1945

Feldberger Seenlandschaft, Germany

Libra

Franz LisztFranz Liszt
(Composer, pianist, conductor and teacher)

22 October 1811

31 July 1886

Raiding, Hungary

Libra

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
(Philosopher)

14 October 1906

04 December 1975

Hanover, Germany

Libra

Sebastian VettelSebastian Vettel
(Racing Driver)

03 July 1987

Heppenheim

Cancer

Marlene DietrichMarlene Dietrich
(Actress & Singer)

27 December 1901

06 May 1992

Schöneberg

Capricorn

Frederick the GreatFrederick The Great
(King of Prussia)

24 January 1712

17 August 1786

Berlin

Aquarius

Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
(Philosopher)

22 February 1788

21 September 1860

Gdańsk

Pisces

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
(Philosopher)

28 November 1820

05 August 1895

Barmen, Germany

Sagittarius

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
(Philosopher, Philosophy Historian)

27 August 1770

14 November 1831

Stuttgart, Duchy of Württemberg, Germany

Virgo

Johannes BrahmsJohannes Brahms
(Composer and pianist)

07 May 1833

03 April 1897

Hamburg

Taurus

Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht
(Poet)

10 February 1898

14 August 1956

Augsburg, German Empire

Aquarius

Hildegard of BingenHildegard of Bingen
(Philosopher)

16 September 1098

17 September 1179

Bermersheim vor der Höhe, Germany

Virgo

Max PlanckMax Planck
(Physicist)

23 April 1858

04 October 1947

Kiel

Taurus

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
(German Philosopher)

26 September 1889

26 May 1976

Meßkirch, Baden,, German Empire

Libra

Robert SchumannRobert Schumann
(Composer, Aesthete and Music Critic)

08 June 1810

29 July 1856

Zwickau

Gemini

Klaus BarbieKlaus Barbie
(Nazi Leader)

25 October 1913

1991 AD

Bad Godesberg

Scorpio

Erik EriksonErik Erikson
(American-German psychologist)

15 June 1902

12 May 1994

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Gemini

Jackson BrowneJackson Browne
(Singer-songwriter)

09 October 1948

Heidelberg, Germany

Libra

Albert, Prince ConsortAlbert, Prince Consort
(Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha)

26 August 1819

14 December 1861

Coburg

Virgo

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
(Economist)

29 November 1942

Vienna, Austria

Sagittarius

Roland EmmerichRoland Emmerich
(Film Director, Screenwriter)

10 November 1955

Stuttgart, Germany

Scorpio

Jordan CarverJordan Carver
(Model & actress)

30 January 1986

Trier, Germany

Aquarius

Karlheinz StockhausenKarlheinz Stockhausen
(Composer)

22 August 1928

05 December 2007

Mödrath

Leo

Helmut KohlHelmut Kohl
(Former Chancellor of Germany)

03 April 1930

16 June 2017

Ludwigshafen

Aries

Miroslav KloseMiroslav Klose
(German Footballer)

09 June 1978

Opole, Poland

Gemini

Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
(Geographer)

14 September 1769

06 May 1859

Berlin

Virgo

Lothar MatthäusLothar Matthäus
(Former German Footballer)

21 March 1961

Erlangen, Bavaria, West Germany

Aries

Ludwig Mies van der RoheLudwig Mies van der Rohe
(Architect)

27 March 1886

17 August 1969

Aachen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire

Aries

Dietrich BonhoefferDietrich Bonhoeffer

04 February 1906

09 April 1945

Breslau, Silesia Province, Prussia

Aquarius

Hermann HesseHermann Hesse
(Poet)

02 July 1877

09 August 1962

Calw

Cancer

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
(Researcher)

01 November 1880

31 October 1930

Berlin

Scorpio

Steffi GrafSteffi Graf

14 June 1969

Gemini

Paul Thomas MannThomas Mann
(Novelist, Short Story Writer)

06 June 1875

12 August 1955

Lübeck, Germany

Gemini

Paul KleePaul Klee
(Painter)

18 December 1879

29 June 1940

Münchenbuchsee

Sagittarius

Franz BeckenbauerFranz Beckenbauer
(Former German Footballer)

11 September 1945

Munich, Germany

Virgo

Konrad AdenauerKonrad Adenauer
(Former Chancellor of Germany)

05 January 1876

19 April 1967

Cologne

Capricorn

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
(Mathematician)

03 March 1845

06 January 1918

Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire

Pisces

Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-SaalfeldPrincess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
(Princess)

17 August 1786

16 March 1861

Coburg, Germany

Leo

Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin

15 July 1892

27 September 1940

Berlin, German Empire

Cancer

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
(Marxist Theorist)

05 March 1871

15 January 1919

Zamos'c'

Pisces

Ilse Koch Ilse Koch
(Nazi Concentration Camp Overseer)

22 September 1906

01 September 1967

Dresden, Saxony, German Empire

Virgo

Willy BrandtWilly Brandt
(Former Chancellor of Germany)

18 December 1913

08 October 1992

Lübeck

Sagittarius

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
(Mathematician)

23 January 1862

14 February 1943

Königsberg or Wehlau, Province of Prussia (today Znamensk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia)

Aquarius

Jürgen KlinsmannJürgen Klinsmann
(Football Player)

30 July 1964

Göppingen

Leo

Max ErnstMax Ernst
(Painter, Sculptor)

02 April 1891

01 April 1976

Brühl

Aries

Robert KochRobert Koch
(Physician)

11 December 1843

27 May 1910

Clausthal-Zellerfeld

Sagittarius

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
(Physicist)

22 February 1857

01 January 1894

Hamburg

Pisces

Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow
(Doctor, Anthropologist)

13 October 1821

05 September 1902

Schivelbein, Pomerania, Kingdom of Prussia

Libra

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
(Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist)

16 February 1834

09 August 1919

Potsdam

Aquarius

Boris  BeckerBoris Becker
(Former World No. 1 Tennis Star)

22 November 1967

Leimen, West Germany

Scorpio

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
(Philosopher)

16 August 1832

31 August 1920

Mannheim

Leo

Günter GrassGünter Grass
(Novelist)

16 October 1927

13 April 2015

Free City of Danzig

Libra

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
(Chemist)

09 December 1868

29 January 1934

Wrocław

Sagittarius

Otto FrankOtto Frank
(Father of Anne Frank)

12 May 1889

19 August 1980

Frankfurt am Main, German Empire

Taurus

Over the centuries Germans have kept alive their tradition of actively enriching the world history through their philosophical theories, military contributions, literary pursuits, and technological advancements. In fact, Germany boasts of having had more Nobel Prizes in the sciences than any other nation in the 20th century. Germany is also home to some of the most beautiful and talented people who adorn the field of fine arts, theatre and films. Browse this section to read all about the famous Germans who helped shape the world.

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