Physicians

Physicians or doctors have always been a very respected and revered group of people. The reasons for this are quite obvious; they have always been the healers and the voice of the necessity for good health. Due to the advancements in the understanding of medicine, physicians are generally categorized under various specialties like cardiologists, radiologists, internal medicine, surgeons and many more. These, however, are not the only classification of doctors. There are medical practitioners who practice traditional methods of healing; methods like Ayurveda and Chinese traditional medicine. The science of medicine has seen great advancements in the past and even more so in recent times; all of which have been the result of the work of some dedicated people. A list of such people would include names like Frederick Banting, who was famous for his work with insulin, Elizabeth Blackwell, she was the first woman in the US to get a medical degree and laid the foundation for the entry of women into medicine and Harvey Cushing, a neurosurgeon who is widely accepted as the father of brain surgery in its current form. The following is a list of the biographies, including trivia, timelines and the life stories, of many such men and women.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud
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Famous As: Neurologist
Birthdate: May 6, 1856
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Austrian
Died: September 23, 1939

Regarded as the father of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud was a neurologist. Despite suffering criticism, psychoanalysis remains influential in the fields of psychology and psychiatry; such is the influence Freud has on humanities. Scholars believe that Freud is one of the most influential personalities of the 20th century and that his impact is comparable to that of Marxism and Darwinism.

 2 Hippocrates

Hippocrates
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Listed In: Surgeons
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0460 BC
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0370 BC
Hippocrates, or Hippocrates II, also known as the "Father of Medicine,” founded the Hippocratic School of Medicine, which heralded the professional practice of medicine. He also laid down the Hippocratic Oath, an oath still taken by doctors all over the world. His teachings were primarily collated in the Hippocratic Corpus.

 3 Nostradamus

Nostradamus
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 14, 1503
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: French
Died: July 2, 1566

Nostradamus was a French physician, astrologer, and respected seer whose book Les Prophéties is viewed as a document that predicts future events. Since the publication of the book, Nostradamus has been praised for his accurate predictions of major world events. His life has been the subject of several films and hundreds of books.

 4 Carl Jung

Carl Jung
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Famous As: Psychiatrist
Birthdate: July 26, 1875
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss
Died: June 6, 1961

Widely regarded as the father of analytical psychology, Carl Jung is one of the most important contributors to symbolization and dream analysis. The concepts of socionics and a popular psychometric instrument called Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) were developed from Jung's theory. Apart from working as a psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, Carl Jung was also an artist, craftsman, builder, and prolific writer.

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 5 Bennet Omalu

Bennet Omalu
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Famous As: Neuropathologist, Forensic Pathologist
Birthdate: August 31, 1968
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 6 Jill Stein

Jill Stein
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 14, 1950
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Jill Stein is a physician who later became the presidential nominee for the Green Party in the 2012 and 2016 elections. She has also been the Green-Rainbow Party's candidate for the governorship of Massachusetts in 2002 and 2010. She believed in the Green New Deal, including climate change reforms.

 7 Sanjay Gupta

Sanjay Gupta
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Famous As: Surgeon, Neurosurgeon, Journalist, Screenwriter
Birthdate: October 23, 1969
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
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 8 Ben Carson

Ben Carson
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Famous As: Politician, Former Neurosurgeon
Birthdate: September 18, 1951
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

Neurosurgeon Ben Carson is credited with many pioneering neurosurgical procedures. He became a Library of Congress “Living Legend” and received the Presidential Medal of Freedom. He later contested in the 2016 presidential primaries, has authored numerous books, was a Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, and earned 60 honorary doctorates.

 9 Michael Burry

Michael Burry
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Listed In: Investors
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: June 19, 1971
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 10 John Locke

John Locke
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Listed In: Philosophers
Famous As: Father of Classical Liberalism
Birthdate: August 29, 1632
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: British
Died: October 28, 1704
John Locke, also known as The Father of Liberalism, was a prominent Enlightenment Age philosopher. A qualified physician, Locke postulated the theory of mind, empiricism, and the idea of tabula rasa. His ideas influenced the social contract theory, the works of Kant and Rousseau, and the U.S. Declaration of Independence.
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 11 Jose Rizal

Jose Rizal
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Birthdate: June 19, 1861
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Filipino
Died: December 30, 1896

Jose Rizal was a Filipino polymath and nationalist. An ophthalmologist by profession, Rizal turned towards writing and inspired the Philippine Revolution through his writings. The revolution eventually led to Philippine independence and Rizal became a national hero. His life has inspired several biographical films and TV series.

 12 Charles Krauthammer

Charles Krauthammer
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Famous As: Columnist
Birthdate: March 13, 1950
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Canadian, American
Died: June 21, 2018

 13 Ron Paul

Ron Paul
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Birthdate: August 20, 1935
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Ron Paul is a physician, author, and retired politician who has played an important role in promoting libertarian vision by delivering speeches on American college campuses. A doctor by profession, Ron Paul served in the U.S. Air Force as a flight surgeon from 1963 to 1968. His life and career inspired the 2012 film Ron Paul Uprising.

 14 Mehmet Oz

Mehmet Oz
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Famous As: Television personality
Birthdate: June 11, 1960
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Turkish, American
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 15 Hasnat Khan

Hasnat Khan
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Famous As: Cardiologist
Birthdate: April 1, 1959
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: British

 16 Conrad Murray

Conrad Murray
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Listed In: Cardiologists
Famous As: Cardiologist
Birthdate: February 19, 1953
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Grenadian
Grenadian former cardiologist Conrad Murray worked as the personal physician of popstar Michael Jackson at the time of Jackson’s death in 2009. Murray was convicted of involuntary manslaughter for administering the anesthetic drug that caused Jackson's death. Murray served 2 of the 4 years of his initial prison sentence.

 17 Jack Kevorkian

Jack Kevorkian
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Famous As: American pathologist
Birthdate: May 26, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: June 3, 2011

Jack Kevorkian was a pathologist who believed that euthanasia or mercy killing of terminally ill patients was necessary. He later claimed to have helped 130 patients die and earned the nickname “Dr. Death.” He was later convicted of murder for his role in the voluntary euthanasia of a patient.

 18 Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget
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Birthdate: August 9, 1896
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Swiss
Died: September 16, 1980
Swiss psychologist and academic Jean Piaget is remembered for his work on child development and genetic epistemology, consisting of his theory of cognitive development. He also established the International Center for Genetic Epistemology and was the director of the International Bureau of Education. He was an honorary Harvard doctorate.

 19 Patch Adams

Patch Adams
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 28, 1945
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

Patch Adams is an American physician, clown, comedian, author, and social activist. Credited with founding the Gesundheit! Institute, Adams advocates an alternative health care model. He also organizes volunteers who travel to various countries every year in order to bring a smile to the faces of patients, orphans, and other people.

 20 Paul Nassif

Paul Nassif
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Famous As: Plastic surgeon
Birthdate: June 6, 1962
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 21 Mae Jemison

Mae Jemison
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Listed In: Astronauts
Famous As: First African American Woman To Travel To Space
Birthdate: October 17, 1956
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

Former NASA astronaut Mae Jemison became the first Black woman to fly into space, as a mission specialist on the Space Shuttle Endeavour. A qualified physician, she has served as a Peace Corps doctor, too. She has written several books and established a non-profit and a tech research organization.

 22 Jacques Lacan

Jacques Lacan
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Famous As: Psychoanalyst, Psychiatrist
Birthdate: April 13, 1901
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: French
Died: September 9, 1981
French psychoanalyst and psychiatrist Jacques Lacan is remembered for his philosophical approach that explored Freudian concepts, to which he applied elements of structuralism and anthropology to create his own concepts. His controversial suggestions led to his expulsion from the International Psychoanalytic Association. One of his key concepts was “Return to Freud.”

 23 Andrew Wakefield

Andrew Wakefield
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 1957 AD
Nationality: British

Former physician Andrew Wakefield had his name removed from the medical register due to his association with a fraudulent 1998 study that claimed there was a link between autism and the vaccine for measles, mumps, and rubella. An anti-vaccination activist, he also taught at the Royal Free and University College.

 24 Ralph Northam

Ralph Northam
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 13, 1959
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 25 Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov
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Birthdate: September 26, 1849
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 27, 1936
Russian physiologist Ivan Pavlov is best remembered for his research in classical conditioning. He became the first Russian Nobel laureate after winning the 1904 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his study of the physiology of digestion. His experiment on conditioned reflex using dogs is still studied in colleges.

 26 Y S Rajasekhara Reddy

Y S Rajasekhara Reddy
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Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: July 8, 1949
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Indian
Died: September 2, 2009

 27 Edward Jenner

Edward Jenner
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Famous As: Physicians
Birthdate: May 17, 1749
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British
Died: January 26, 1823

Edward Jenner was an English scientist and physician. Referred to as the father of immunology, Jenner is credited with pioneering the concept of vaccines. Jenner's work laid the foundation for subsequent discoveries in the field of immunology; his work is believed to have saved more lives than any other work. In 2002, Jenner was included in BBC’s Greatest Britons list.

 28 Ignaz Semmelweis

Ignaz Semmelweis
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: July 1, 1818
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian, Hungarian
Died: August 13, 1865

Almost 2 decades before germ theory was laid down, Ignaz Semmelweis became the first physician to suggest that hand-washing could prevent the spread of puerperal fever and related deaths. Ironically, after being ridiculed for his theory, he died in a mental asylum, due to an infection from a wound.

 29 Frederick Banting

Frederick Banting
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Famous As: Discoverer of Insulin
Birthdate: November 14, 1891
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Canadian
Died: February 21, 1941

Frederick Banting was a Canadian medical scientist and physician. In 1923, Banting and Scottish biochemist John James Rickard Macleod received the Nobel Prize in Medicine for the discovery of insulin and its therapeutic potential. Aged 32 at that time, Banting remains the youngest Nobel laureate in physiology or medicine. He was knighted by King George V in 1934.

 30 Russell M. Nelson

Russell M. Nelson
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Famous As: Religious Leader, Surgeon
Birthdate: September 9, 1924
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

 31 Sam Sheppard

Sam Sheppard
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Famous As: Neurosurgeon
Birthdate: December 29, 1923
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 6, 1970

 32 Jeffrey R. MacDonald

Jeffrey R. MacDonald
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Listed In: Soldiers
Famous As: Military physician, Soldier
Birthdate: October 12, 1943
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

 33 Philip Zimbardo

Philip Zimbardo
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Famous As: Social psychologist, University teacher, Non-fiction writer, Psychologist
Birthdate: March 23, 1933
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American

 34 Howard Dean

Howard Dean
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Famous As: Former Governor of Vermont
Birthdate: November 17, 1948
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

 35 Erik Erikson

Erik Erikson
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Listed In: Psychologists
Famous As: American-German psychologist
Birthdate: June 15, 1902
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Canadian, German, American
Died: May 12, 1994

Erik Erikson was a German-American psychoanalyst and developmental psychologist best remembered for developing a theory on the psychological development of humans. He is credited with coining the term identity crisis, the failure to achieve ego identity. Also a prolific writer, Erikson won a US National Book Award and a Pulitzer Prize for his book Gandhi's Truth.

 36 John Harvey Kellogg

John Harvey Kellogg
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Doctor, Inventor
Birthdate: February 26, 1852
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: December 14, 1943
Physician, nutritionist, and businessman John Harvey Kellogg served as the director of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, which was a combination of a European spa, a hydrotherapy center, a hospital, and a hotel. He believed in biologic living. However, he is best remembered as the inventor of corn flakes.

 37 Luke the Evangelist

Luke the Evangelist
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Famous As: Evangelist
Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: Greek, Ancient Roman
Died: February 29, 0084

 38 George Pell

George Pell
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Famous As: Cardinal
Birthdate: June 8, 1941
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Australian

 39 Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori
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Listed In: Educators
Famous As: Physician and Educator
Birthdate: August 31, 1870
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Italian
Died: May 6, 1952

Maria Montessori was an Italian educator and physician best known for developing the Montessori method of education, a student-friendly method, which is being used in several public and private schools around the world. In 2020, she was nominated by Time magazine as one of their Top 100 Women of the year.

 40 Anandi Gopal Joshi

Anandi Gopal Joshi
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Famous As: First Indian Female Doctor
Birthdate: March 31, 1865
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Indian
Died: February 26, 1887

 41 Galen

Galen
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: 0130 AD
Nationality: Greek
Died: 0200 AD

Galen was a Greek physician, philosopher, and surgeon in the Roman Empire. Regarded as one of the most proficient medical researchers in ancient history, Galen influenced the growth of several scientific disciplines, such as neurology, pharmacology, pathology, physiology, and anatomy. Thanks to the translation of his works into Arabic, Galen's approach to medicine remains influential in the Islamic world.

 42 Wilhelm Reich

Wilhelm Reich
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Listed In: Psychiatrists
Famous As: Psychoanalyst
Birthdate: March 24, 1897
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: Austrian
Died: November 3, 1957

Wilhelm Reich was an Austrian psychoanalyst and doctor of medicine. He is credited with shaping innovations like body psychotherapy, primal therapy, and Gestalt therapy. Also a writer, Reich's books like The Sexual Revolution and The Mass Psychology of Fascism influenced generations of intellectuals. Also a controversial figure, some of Wilhelm Reich's practices caused a disturbance in the psychoanalytic community.

 43 Albert Schweitzer

Albert Schweitzer
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Famous As: Philosopher, Theologian
Birthdate: January 14, 1875
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: French
Died: September 4, 1965

Albert Schweitzer was an Alsatian polymath who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1952 for his philosophical work, Reverence for Life. He is credited with founding the Albert Schweitzer Hospital, which was a direct result of his philosophical expression. Schweitzer is also credited with influencing the Organ reform movement, which began in the mid-20th-century.

 44 Jean-Paul Marat

Jean-Paul Marat
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Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: May 24, 1743
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Swiss, French
Died: July 13, 1793

French political theorist, scientist, and physician Jean-Paul Marat was a key figure of the French Revolution. He published his radical views in pamphlets and newspapers, such as L'Ami du people. He was held responsible for the September massacres. His assassination by a Girondin supporter made him a Jacobin martyr.

 45 Paracelsus

Paracelsus
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Famous As: Physician, Botanist, Astrologer
Birthdate: December 17, 1493
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Swiss
Died: September 24, 1541
German-Swiss physician and alchemist Paracelsus, son of a poor chemist, grew up into a key figure of the German Renaissance. Known as the "father of toxicology," he explored the importance of chemistry in medical science. His interest in chemistry was ignited by his stint at the Bergschule in childhood. 

 46 Li Wenliang

Li Wenliang
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Listed In: Ophthalmologists
Famous As: Ophthalmologist
Birthdate: October 12, 1986
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Chinese
Died: February 17, 2020

 47 Anthony Fauci

Anthony Fauci
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Listed In: Immunologists
Famous As: Physician
Birthdate: December 24, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

 48 Andrea Dotti

Andrea Dotti
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Listed In: Psychiatrists
Famous As: psychiatrist
Birthdate: March 18, 1938
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Italian
Died: September 30, 2007

 49 Virginia Apgar

Virginia Apgar
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Famous As: Physician and Anesthesiologist
Birthdate: June 7, 1909
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: August 7, 1974

 50 Osamu Tezuka

Osamu Tezuka
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Famous As: Film director, Film producer, Mangaka, Animator, Physician, Writer, Designer, Screenwriter
Birthdate: November 3, 1928
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Japanese
Died: February 9, 1989
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