Photographers

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Photography is a profession that is highly creative, technical and immensely satisfying for those who put their souls into it. Photography literally means “drawing with light”, and that is what it is! Photographers create visual images traditionally by recording light on photographic film or electronically by means of an image sensor. Photographers work on a number of varied fields that include wedding photography, corporate photography, photo journalism, food photography, fashion photography, wildlife photography, and war photography. Professional photographers often specialize in one area and many of them work on a freelance basis or are self-employed. Many publishers, media houses, photographic agencies and corporate houses also employ photographers among their staff. Photographers have to plan the photography shoot, choose location and settings, experiment with different subjects and possess extensive technical knowledge about equipment like cameras, lenses, and software. A keen sense of aesthetics and an eye for detail is indispensable in this profession. Since photography is an ever evolving field, photographers have to keep themselves updated with the new developments in the industry. Photographers are creative artists who hold the power to move their viewers with their pictures which may convey far more than what words can express. Browse this section to learn more about the famous photographers who have marked the world with their artistic expressions.

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 1 
Ansel Adams
(Photographer)
Ansel Adams
6
Birthdate: February 20, 1902
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: San Francisco, California, United States
Died: April 22, 1984

Ansel Adams was an American photographer and environmentalist. Best known for capturing the beauty of the American West, Adams helped found the Group f/64. He also formulated a photographic technique called the Zone System, which helped photographers come up with clearer images. For his photographic work and advocacy for environmental conservation, Ansel Adams was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 2 
Annie Leibovitz
(Portrait Photographer Who is Known for Her Engaging Portraits of Celebrities in Intimate Settings)
Annie Leibovitz
11
Birthdate: October 2, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Waterbury, Connecticut, United States

Anna-Lou Leibovitz is an American portrait photographer whose career is defined by intimate photographs of celebrities, as exemplified by her famous portrait of John Lennon and Yoko Ono, hours before the English musician’s murder. The Rolling Stone magazine provided the platform for her photographic talent during the early years of her career. She was involved in a controversy over an apparent topless photo of Miley Cyrus.

 3 
Diane Arbus
(Photographer)
Diane Arbus
6
Birthdate: March 14, 1923
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Manhattan, New York, United States
Died: July 26, 1971
 4 
Man Ray
(Modernist Artist)
Man Ray
6
Birthdate: August 27, 1890
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Philadelphia
Died: November 18, 1976

Famous photographer, painter and filmmaker, Man Ray was the sole American who was a significant part of both the Dada and Surrealist movements. Despite his contributions in various artistic mediums, he is best remembered as a photographer who popularised solarisation and Rayographs techniques. He also made films including the Surrealist classic L’Étoile de mer and published his autobiography Self-Portrait.

 5 
Robert Mapplethorpe
(American Photographer Best Known for His Black-And-White Photographs)
Robert Mapplethorpe
8
Birthdate: November 4, 1946
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Floral Park, New York, United States
Died: March 9, 1989

Best known for his black and white photographs, Robert Mapplethorpe chose homoerotic themes to express himself. His male nudes reflected the gay BDSM subculture of New York. His works also included flowers, still lifes, and portraits of celebrities. The gay photographer-artist eventually died of aids.

 6 
Robert Capa
(Photographer, Photojournalist)
Robert Capa
5
Listed In: Journalists
Birthdate: October 22, 1913
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Budapest, Hungary
Died: May 25, 1954

Robert Capa was a Hungarian-American photojournalist and war photographer. Regarded as the greatest adventure and combat photographer of all time, Robert Capa is best remembered for covering five major wars, namely Second Sino-Japanese War, Spanish Civil War, World War II, First Indochina War, and the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. In 1947, he was honored with the prestigious Medal of Freedom.

 7 
Dorothea Lange
(Photographer)
Dorothea Lange
5
Birthdate: May 26, 1895
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Hoboken, New Jersey, United States
Died: October 11, 1965
 8 
Cindy Sherman
(Photographer, Film director)
Cindy Sherman
6
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: January 19, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Glen Ridge
 9 
Henri Cartier-Bresson
(Photographer and Painter)
Henri Cartier-Bresson
5
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: August 22, 1908
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Chanteloup-en-Brie, France
Died: August 3, 2004

Henri Cartier-Bresson was a French humanist photographer. Considered a master of candid photography, he pioneered the genre of street photography. He was among the earliest users of the 35 mm film. In 1947, he became one of the founding members of Magnum Photos, an international photographic cooperative. In his later years, he explored drawing and painting. 

 10 
Vivian Maier
(American Street Photographer Whose Work was Discovered After Her Death)
Vivian Maier
9
Birthdate: February 1, 1926
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Died: April 21, 2009

Vivian Maier was an American street photographer whose works received critical acclaim after her death. Maier's photographs were unpublished during her lifetime. However, her works went viral on the internet when it was published on Flickr five months after her death. Vivian Maier's life and work have inspired documentary films like Finding Vivian Maier.

 11 
Alfred Stieglitz
(Photographer)
Alfred Stieglitz
4
Birthdate: January 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hoboken
Died: July 13, 1946
 12 
David Bailey
(Photographer)
David Bailey
6
Birthdate: January 2, 1938
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Leytonstone

David Bailey is an English portrait and fashion photographer. He is credited with co-creating the Swinging London movement along with Brian Duffy and Terence Donovan during the 1960s. Bailey is also known for his work with the famous Vogue magazine. The character played by David Hemmings in the 1966 mystery thriller film Blowup was inspired by David Bailey.

Richard Avedon
5
Birthdate: May 15, 1923
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York City
Died: October 1, 2004
 14 
Helmut Newton
(Photographer)
Helmut Newton
3
Birthdate: October 31, 1920
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: January 23, 2004

Helmut Newton was a German-American photographer whose works earned him accolades all over the world. His photographs were featured on popular fashion magazines like Harper's Bazaar and Vogue. He also worked closely with Playboy, shooting several pictorials of models like Kristine DeBell and Nastassja Kinski.

 15 
Linda McCartney
(Photographer)
Linda McCartney
5
Birthdate: September 4, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Scarsdale, New York, United States
Died: April 17, 1998
Linda McCartney, the first wife of Paul McCartney, formed the band Wings with her husband, after the Beatles disbanded. An animal rights activist, she wrote several vegetarian cookbooks, apart from launching Linda McCartney Foods. She was also a skilled photographer and published a photo book. She died of breast cancer.  
 16 
Jena Malone
(Actress and Musician Who is Known for Her Roles in Both Independent Films and Mainstream Blockbuster Features)
Jena Malone
4
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: November 21, 1984
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Sparks, Nevada, United States

As a child actor, Jena Malone delivered a Saturn Award-winning performance in Contact. She later starred in Donnie Darko, Sucker Punch, Into the Wild. and The Hunger Games franchise. She also sings as part of Jena Malone and the Blood Stains and is a talented photographer who has held exhibitions.

 17 
Cecil Beaton
(Photographer)
Cecil Beaton
3
Birthdate: January 14, 1904
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Hampstead, London, England
Died: January 18, 1980

Cecil Beaton was a British war, portrait, and fashion photographer. A multi-talented personality, Beaton is also known for his work as a painter, diarist, interior designer, and costume designer. Cecil Beaton worked with popular publications like Vogue before becoming a leading war photographer. His work as a costume designer for the theatre and films earned him Oscars and Tony Awards.  

 18 
Robert Clarence Irwin
(American Television Personality, Wildlife Photographer and Son of Steve Irwin)
Robert Clarence Irwin
6
Listed In: TV Presenters
Birthdate: December 1, 2003
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Buderim, Australia
Robert Irwin, the son of the late wildlife expert Steve Irwin and Terri Irwin, has also gained fame as the host of Robert's Real Life Adventures and co-hosted Wild But True. He is part of the series Crikey!, is a wildlife photographer, and has created a book series, too.
 19 
Weegee
(Photographer, Photojournalist, Journalist)
Weegee
4
Listed In: Journalists
Birthdate: June 12, 1899
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York City
Died: December 26, 1968
 20 
David LaChapelle
(Photographer)
David LaChapelle
5
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: March 11, 1963
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fairfield
 21 
Alexandra Hedison
(American Actress and Photographer Known for Her TV Series ‘The L Word’ and ‘Prey’)
Alexandra Hedison
5
Listed In: Directors, Actresses
Birthdate: July 10, 1969
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
Alexandra Hedison is a renowned photographer and has exhibited her creations at numerous galleries, throughout the U.S. and Europe. She has also appeared in the series The L Word and Nash Bridges. Openly lesbian, she has dated Ellen DeGeneres in the past and is now married to Jodie Foster.
 22 
David Hockney
(Painter)
David Hockney
5
Listed In: Artists
Birthdate: July 9, 1937
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Bradford

Painter, photographer, printmaker, and stage designer David Hockney is best known for his works such as Portrait of an Artist, which became the most expensive piece of art by a living artist ever auctioned, at $90 million. His works have explored themes such as homosexuality. He has synesthesia, too.

 23 
Kevin Carter
(Photographer)
Kevin Carter
4
Birthdate: September 13, 1960
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Johannesburg
Died: July 27, 1994

Kevin Carter was a South African photojournalist whose photograph titled the vulture and the little girl, which depicted the 1993 famine in Sudan, earned him the Pulitzer Prize for Feature Photography in 1994. Carter committed suicide in 1994 after suffering from depression. A book titled The Bang Bang Club, which was later made into a film, depicts his story.

 24 
Leni Riefenstahl
(Film Director, Photographer and Actress Known for Her Seminal Role in Producing Nazi Propaganda)
Leni Riefenstahl
4
Birthdate: August 22, 1902
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: September 8, 2003

Leni Riefenstahl was a German film director and actress best remembered for her role in producing Nazi propaganda. She made her directorial debut in 1932, becoming one of the few women to direct a movie during the Weimar Period. Riefenstahl is credited with directing two of the most technically innovative propaganda films of all time, Olympia and Triumph des Willens.

 25 
Linda Fiorentino
5
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: March 9, 1960
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

Linda Fiorentino is an American actress best known for her portrayal of Bridget Gregory in the 1994 neo-noir erotic thriller film The Last Seduction, for which she received a BAFTA Award nomination and won a couple of prestigious awards, including the New York Film Critics Circle Award.

 26 
Gina Lollobrigida
(Actress, Photojournalist)
Gina Lollobrigida
4
Birthdate: July 4, 1927
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Subiaco, Italy

Gina Lollobrigida is an Italian actress and photojournalist counted amongst the highest-profile European actresses of the 1950s and 1960s. Considered a  sex symbol in her youth, she had a successful career both in the film and TV industries. She later built a second career as a photojournalist. She is a recipient of the NIAF Lifetime Achievement Award.  

 27 
W. Eugene Smith
(Photographer, Photojournalist, War photographer, Journalist)
W. Eugene Smith
3
Listed In: Journalists
Birthdate: December 30, 1918
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wichita
Died: October 15, 1978

W. Eugene Smith was an American photojournalist whose major photo essays include photographs of the Second World War. His work, Country Doctor, which he photographed for Life magazine, is now widely regarded as the first extended editorial photo story. An organization named W. Eugene Smith Memorial Fund has been established in his honor to support young photographers. 

 28 
Berry Berenson
(Actress, Model and Photographer)
Berry Berenson
4
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: April 14, 1948
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Murray Hill, New York, United States
Died: September 11, 2001

Berry Berenson was an American actress, photographer, and model. Apart from appearing on films alongside actors like Jeff Bridges and Anthony Perkins, Berenson also contributed as a photographer; her works were featured in popular magazines like Newsweek, Glamour, Vogue, and Life. Berry Berenson died aboard American Airlines Flight 11 during the September 11 attacks. 

 29 
Helena Christensen
(Danish Model, Co-founder of 'Nylon' Magazine, Former Beauty Queen and ‘Victoria's Secret Angel’)
Helena Christensen
5
Listed In: Models
Birthdate: December 25, 1968
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark

Helena Christensen is a Danish photographer and supermodel. A former beauty queen, clothing designer, and Victoria's Secret Angel, Christensen has been featured on cover pages of magazines, such as Vogue and Harper’s Bazaar. Well-known for her philanthropic activities, Christensen has participated in campaigns to raise awareness about climate change. She has also launched fundraising campaigns to fight against breast cancer.

 30 
Ann Curry
(Journalist)
Ann Curry
5
Birthdate: November 19, 1956
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Hagåtña, Guam

Born to a Japanese mother and an American father, journalist Ann Curry is best known for her extensive war reporting and has covered disturbances from areas such as Syria and Afghanistan. The Emmy Award-winning journalist has had a long stint on NBC. She also supports cancer research.

 31 
Edward Weston
(Photographer)
Edward Weston
3
Birthdate: March 24, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Highland Park, Illinois, United States
Died: January 1, 1958

Edward Weston was an American photographer and archer. Regarded as one of the most influential and innovative American photographers of all time, Weston became the first photographer to be honored with a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1937. Some of his photographs, such as Nude, 1925 and Nautilus, are among the most expensive photographs ever sold.

 32 
Zdzisław Beksiński
4
Listed In: Sculptors, Artists
Birthdate: February 24, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Sanok, Poland
Died: February 21, 2005
 33 
Sebastião Salgado
(Photojournalist, Painter, Journalist)
Sebastião Salgado
4
Listed In: Journalists, Artists
Birthdate: February 8, 1944
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Aimorés

Sebastião Salgado is a Brazilian photojournalist and social documentary photographer. His photographic projects, which have appeared in numerous books and press publications, have taken him to over 120 countries. Sebastião Salgado is a recipient of several prestigious honors and awards such as the Oskar Barnack Award and Royal Photographic Society's Centenary Medal.

 34 
Susan Mikula
(Photographer, Rachel Maddow’s Partner)
Susan Mikula
9
Birthdate: 1958 AD
Birthplace: New Jersey, United States
Self-taught photographer Susan Mikula is known for using old Polaroids and pinhole cameras to create her masterpieces. She was an accountant earlier and has also worked for the U.S. consulate in Mexico. The LGBT icon is in a long-term relationship with her partner, journalist and TV personality Rachel Maddow.
 35 
Margaret Bourke-White
(Photographer, War photographer, Photojournalist, Journalist)
Margaret Bourke-White
3
Listed In: Journalists
Birthdate: June 14, 1904
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: New York City
Died: August 27, 1971
 36 
Keegan Allen
4
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: July 22, 1989
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Southern California, California, United States
 37 
Barret Oliver
(Photographer)
Barret Oliver
4
Birthdate: August 24, 1973
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Los Angeles, California, United States
 38 
Lance Gross
4
Listed In: Actors, Models
Birthdate: July 8, 1981
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Oakland, California, USA
 39 
Eadweard Muybridge
(Photographer)
Eadweard Muybridge
4
Birthdate: April 9, 1830
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kingston upon Thames, Surrey, England
Died: May 8, 1904

Eadweard Muybridge was an English photographer best remembered for his contribution to photographic studies of motion. Muybridge achieved international prominence when he exhibited photographs of Yosemite Valley in 1868. He is said to have inspired several artists and inventors like Sol LeWitt, Thomas Eakins, William Dickson, and Francis Bacon.

 40 
Koo Stark
(American Photographer and Actress)
Koo Stark
4
Listed In: Actresses
Birthdate: April 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: New York, New York, United States
Renowned photographer Koo Stark has held numerous exhibitions. Her works have also been showcased at the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. She has also been an actor and a model, and has been in the news for her relationship with Britain’s Prince Andrew. Stark is a cancer survivor. 
 41 
Robert Frank
(Photographer)
Robert Frank
5
Listed In: Cinematographers
Birthdate: November 9, 1924
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Zürich, Switzerland
Died: September 9, 2019

Robert Frank was a Swiss documentary filmmaker and photographer best remembered for his photographic book The Americans which earned him comparisons with the likes of Tocqueville. An acclaimed photographer, Robert Frank won many prestigious awards, such as Hasselblad Foundation International Award in Photography in 1996 and the Edward MacDowell Medal in 2002.

 42 
Abbas Kiarostami
(Film director, Screenwriter, Photographer, Film producer, Poet, Film editor)
Abbas Kiarostami
4
Listed In: Poets, Directors
Birthdate: June 22, 1940
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Tehran
Died: July 4, 2016

Abbas Kiarostami was an Iranian screenwriter, film director, film producer, photographer, and poet. Over the course of his illustrious career, Kiarostami was honored with numerous awards such as the Jury Special Award at the Tehran International Film Festival and Best Film Award at the Iranian Film Festival for Children and Young Adults. 

 43 
Gordon Parks
(Photographer)
Gordon Parks
4
Listed In: Directors
Birthdate: November 30, 1912
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Fort Scott, Kansas, United States
Died: March 7, 2006

Gordon Parks was a writer, photographer, musician, and film director. He was the first Black American to direct and produce major motion pictures pertaining to the experience of slaves and African-Americans. He is credited with co-creating a new film genre called blaxploitation and his works have influenced filmmakers like Spike Lee. He is also credited with co-founding Essence magazine.

 44 
Austin Swift
(Photographer, Actor)
Austin Swift
4
Listed In: Actors
Birthdate: March 11, 1992
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, United States

Austin Swift is an American actor best known for playing important roles in films like We Summon the Darkness, for which he also served as a co-producer. The younger brother of Taylor Swift, Austin Swift followed in the footsteps of his sister to establish himself in the entertainment industry.

 45 
Andy Goldsworthy
(Sculptor & Photographer)
Andy Goldsworthy
4
Listed In: Sculptors
Birthdate: July 26, 1956
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Cheshire, England

English sculptor, artist, and photographer Andy Goldsworthy has revolutionized outdoor art by creating masterpieces with naturally available material such as rain, snow, and rocks. A farm laborer in his younger days, he developed an early love for nature and the elements. Rain Shadows remains one of his best-loved works.

 46 
Dora Maar
(Photographer, Painter)
Dora Maar
4
Birthdate: November 22, 1907
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Paris, France
Died: July 16, 1997

Born to a French mother and a Croatian father, Dora Maar spent her childhood in Argentina and later studied art in Paris. The renowned surrealist artist and photographer later gained fame as Pablo Picasso’s lover and muse, and was featured in his paintings such as Weeping Woman.

 47 
Mary McCartney
(Photographer)
Mary McCartney
4
Birthdate: August 28, 1969
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: London

Mary McCartney is a British photographer best known as the daughter of Linda and Paul McCartney. McCartney is credited with capturing portraits of popular personalities like Jude Law, Ralph Fiennes, and Sam Taylor-Wood. Apart from being a photographer, Mary McCartney is also an animal rights activist. She is a Global Ambassador for initiatives like Green Monday and Meat Free Monday.

 48 
Chris Owen
(Actor)
Chris Owen
4
Listed In: Actors, Child Actors
Birthdate: September 25, 1980
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Houghton, Michigan, U.S.
 49 
Julia Margaret Cameron
3
Birthdate: June 11, 1815
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Kolkata
Died: January 26, 1879

Julia Margaret Cameron was a British photographer best remembered for her close-up portraits of popular Victorian men. Widely regarded as one of the 19th century's most important portraitists, Cameron is credited with capturing the beauty and innocence of children, women, and men. Julia Margaret Cameron is also credited with popularizing the close-ups in photography.

 50 
Russ Meyer
(Director)
Russ Meyer
4
Birthdate: March 21, 1922
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: San Leandro, California
Died: September 18, 2004

Russ Meyer was an American film producer, director, screenwriter, editor, and cinematographer. He is best remembered for directing a series of popular sexploitation films, such as Beneath the Valley of the Ultra-Vixens and Faster, Pussycat! Kill! Kill! After his death, the majority of his estate and money went to the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, as per his will.