The Germans have always been known for their pioneering work in the field of science and technology. Over the years the Germans have brought about much technological inventions that redefined the course of modern human civilization. Be it Emile Berliner’s invention of the gramophone or the diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel or the contribution of Wernher Von Braun in the field of rocket science, the Germans have steered the world to the pinnacles of advancements. Their scientists have made significant contribution in the field of atomic and quantum physics, thermodynamics, anatomy, pathology, to name a few. The German automobiles are considered by many as the safest and the most sophisticated in the world. The country has been the home to many eminent scientists like the legendary Albert Einstein, whose theory E=mc2, revolutionized the world of physics. Heisenberg’s theory on the composition of atom, which is the constituent of all matter, led to many significant inventions including nuclear fission and fusion reactions. In this section we present to you a collection of biographies of the famous German scientists whose contributions have changed the world. Explore to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts and trivia related to these personalities.

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879
Physicist
Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg
05 December 1901
Physicist

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858
Physicist

Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843
Physician
Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880
Researcher

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868
Chemist

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832
Philosopher

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862
Mathematician
Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845
Mathematician
Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857
Physicist

Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882
Physicist

Klaus FuchsKlaus Fuchs
29 December 1911
Theoretical Physicist and Atomic Spy
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882
Mathematician

William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer
Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826
Mathematician

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854
Scientist

Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879
Chemist
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821
Physicist and Physician

Theodor SchwannTheodor Schwann
07 December 1810
Physiologist
Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883
Physiologist & Physician

Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789
Physicist & Mathematician

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff
12 March 1824
Physicist

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen
30 March 1811
Chemist
Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld
05 December 1868
Physicist
Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750
Astronomer

Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862
Physicist

Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864
 

Hans Adolf KrebsHans Adolf Krebs
25 August 1900
Biochemist
Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
31 October 1815
Mathematician

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Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804
Mathematician

Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
13 February 1805
Mathematician

Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
06 October 1831
Mathematician

Max von Laue or Max bMax von Laue
09 October 1879
Physicist
Carl Bosch Carl Bosch
27 August 1874
Chemist & Engineer

Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer
31 October 1835
Chemist
Ernst RuskaErnst Ruska
25 December 1906
Inventor of Electron Microscope

Max DelbrückMax Delbrück
04 September 1906
Biophysicist

Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942
Researcher
Wilhelm OstwaldWilhelm Ostwald
02 September 1853
Chemist

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer
Karl Ferdinand BraunKarl Ferdinand Braun
06 June 1850
German Physicist & Inventor

Hermann StaudingerHermann Staudinger
23 March 1881
Chemist

Walther NernstWalther Nernst
25 June 1864
Physicist and Chemist

Gustav Ludwig HertzGustav Ludwig Hertz
22 July 1887
Physicists

James FranckJames Franck
26 August 1882
Physicist
Wilhelm WienWilhelm Wien
13 January 1864
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Otto SternOtto Stern
17 February 1888
Physicist

Albrecht KosselAlbrecht Kossel
16 September 1853
Biochemist

Johannes StarkJohannes Stark
15 April 1874
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics
Johannes Peter MüllerJohannes Peter Müller
14 July 1801
Physiologist

Karl ZieglerKarl Ziegler
26 November 1898
Chemist
Richard KuhnRichard Kuhn
03 December 1900
Biochemist

Gerd Binnig Gerd Binnig
20 July 1947
Physicist

Eduard BuchnerEduard Buchner
20 May 1860
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
Emil Adolf von BehringEmil Adolf von Behring
15 March 1854
German physiologist

Walther BotheWalther Bothe
08 January 1891
Physicist
Hermann Emil FischerHermann Emil Fischer
09 October 1852
Chemist

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884
Physician and Biochemist

Erwin NeherErwin Neher
20 March 1944
Biophysicist
Heinrich Otto WielandHeinrich Otto Wieland
04 June 1877
Father of Biochemistry

Manfred EigenManfred Eigen
09 May 1927
Biophysical Chemist
Herbert KroemerHerbert Kroemer
25 August 1928
Physicist

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912
Biochemist

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777
Mathematician

Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
31 December 1896
Mathematician
Wolfgang PaulWolfgang Paul
10 August 1913
Physicist
Hans Fischer Hans Fischer
27 July 1881
Chemist

Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen Ferdinand von Richthofen
05 May 1833
Geographer, Traveler, Scientist

Gerhard HerzbergGerhard Herzberg
25 December 1904
Physical Chemist, Physicist

Kurt AlderKurt Alder
10 July 1902
Chemist
Ernst Boris ChainErnst Boris Chain
19 June 1906
Biochemist

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646
Philosopher, Mathematician

Rudolf MossbauerRudolf Mössbauer
31 January 1929
Physicist

Johannes Hans Daniel JensenJ. Hans D. Jensen
25 June 1907
Physicist

Polykarp Kusch Polykarp Kusch
26 January 1911
Physicist
Robert HuberRobert Huber
20 February 1937
Biochemist

Ernst Otto FischerErnst Otto Fischer
10 November 1918
Chemist
Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller
30 June 1825
Botanist and Geographer

Horst Ludwig StörmerHorst Ludwig Störmer
06 April 1949
Physicist

Otto DielsOtto Diels
23 January 1876
Chemist
Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius Friedrich Bergius
11 October 1884
Chemist

Otto WallachOtto Wallach
27 March 1847
Chemist
Georg WittigGeorg Wittig
16 June 1897
Organic Chemist

Hans Georg DehmeltHans Georg Dehmelt
09 September 1922
Physicist

Hartmut MichelHartmut Michel
18 July 1948
Biochemist

Hugo von MohlHugo von Mohl
08 April 1805
Botanist
Johann DeisenhoferJohann Deisenhofer
30 September 1943
Biochemist

Wernher Von BraunWernher Von Braun
23 March 1912
 
Wilhelm RontgenWilhelm Rontgen
27 March 1845
Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics

Wilhelm WeberWilhelm Weber
24 October 1804
Physicst
Walter GerlachWalter Gerlach
01 August 1889
Physicist

Feodor LynenFeodor Felix Konrad Lynen
06 April 1911
Biochemist
Paul WaldenPaul Walden
26 July 1863
Chemist