The Germans have always been known for their pioneering work in the field of science and technology. Over the years the Germans have brought about much technological inventions that redefined the course of modern human civilization. Be it Emile Berliner’s invention of the gramophone or the diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel or the contribution of Wernher Von Braun in the field of rocket science, the Germans have steered the world to the pinnacles of advancements. Their scientists have made significant contribution in the field of atomic and quantum physics, thermodynamics, anatomy, pathology, to name a few. The German automobiles are considered by many as the safest and the most sophisticated in the world. The country has been the home to many eminent scientists like the legendary Albert Einstein, whose theory E=mc2, revolutionized the world of physics. Heisenberg’s theory on the composition of atom, which is the constituent of all matter, led to many significant inventions including nuclear fission and fusion reactions. In this section we present to you a collection of biographies of the famous German scientists whose contributions have changed the world. Explore to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts and trivia related to these personalities.

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879
Physicist
Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg
05 December 1901
Physicist

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858
Physicist

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868
Chemist
Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843
Physician

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880
Researcher

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862
Mathematician

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845
Mathematician
Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882
Mathematician

Klaus FuchsKlaus Fuchs
29 December 1911
Theoretical Physicist and Atomic Spy
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826
Mathematician

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist
Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882
Physicist

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832
Philosopher
Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854
Scientist

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857
Physicist

Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879
Chemist
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821
Physicist and Physician

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883
Physiologist & Physician
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789
Physicist & Mathematician

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff
12 March 1824
Physicist

Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804
Mathematician

Theodor SchwannTheodor Schwann
07 December 1810
Physiologist
Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864
 
Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862
Physicist

Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld
05 December 1868
Physicist

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
31 October 1815
Mathematician

Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
13 February 1805
Mathematician
Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750
Astronomer

Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
06 October 1831
Mathematician

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen
30 March 1811
Chemist

Hans Adolf KrebsHans Adolf Krebs
25 August 1900
Biochemist

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Carl Bosch Carl Bosch
27 August 1874
Chemist & Engineer
Max von Laue or Max bMax von Laue
09 October 1879
Physicist

Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer
31 October 1835
Chemist
Karl Ferdinand BraunKarl Ferdinand Braun
06 June 1850
German Physicist & Inventor

James FranckJames Franck
26 August 1882
Physicist

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777
Mathematician
Wilhelm OstwaldWilhelm Ostwald
02 September 1853
Chemist

Walther NernstWalther Nernst
25 June 1864
Physicist and Chemist
Max DelbrückMax Delbrück
04 September 1906
Biophysicist

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Johannes StarkJohannes Stark
15 April 1874
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Wilhelm WienWilhelm Wien
13 January 1864
Nobel Laureate in Physics

Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942
Researcher
Ernst RuskaErnst Ruska
25 December 1906
Inventor of Electron Microscope

Johannes Peter MüllerJohannes Peter Müller
14 July 1801
Physiologist

Hermann StaudingerHermann Staudinger
23 March 1881
Chemist

Otto SternOtto Stern
17 February 1888
Physicist
Manfred EigenManfred Eigen
09 May 1927
Biophysical Chemist

Karl ZieglerKarl Ziegler
26 November 1898
Chemist
Heinrich Otto WielandHeinrich Otto Wieland
04 June 1877
Father of Biochemistry

Hermann Emil FischerHermann Emil Fischer
09 October 1852
Chemist

Gerd Binnig Gerd Binnig
20 July 1947
Physicist
Gustav Ludwig HertzGustav Ludwig Hertz
22 July 1887
Physicists

Richard KuhnRichard Kuhn
03 December 1900
Biochemist
Eduard BuchnerEduard Buchner
20 May 1860
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry

Walther BotheWalther Bothe
08 January 1891
Physicist

Albrecht KosselAlbrecht Kossel
16 September 1853
Biochemist
Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen Ferdinand von Richthofen
05 May 1833
Geographer, Traveler, Scientist

Herbert KroemerHerbert Kroemer
25 August 1928
Physicist
Wolfgang PaulWolfgang Paul
10 August 1913
Physicist

Robert HuberRobert Huber
20 February 1937
Biochemist

Ernst Boris ChainErnst Boris Chain
19 June 1906
Biochemist

Gerhard HerzbergGerhard Herzberg
25 December 1904
Physical Chemist, Physicist
Emil Adolf von BehringEmil Adolf von Behring
15 March 1854
German physiologist
Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
31 December 1896
Mathematician

Hans Fischer Hans Fischer
27 July 1881
Chemist

Rudolf MossbauerRudolf Mössbauer
31 January 1929
Physicist

Erwin NeherErwin Neher
20 March 1944
Biophysicist
Johannes Hans Daniel JensenJ. Hans D. Jensen
25 June 1907
Physicist

Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller
30 June 1825
Botanist and Geographer

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884
Physician and Biochemist

Hartmut MichelHartmut Michel
18 July 1948
Biochemist

Kurt AlderKurt Alder
10 July 1902
Chemist
Johann DeisenhoferJohann Deisenhofer
30 September 1943
Biochemist

Polykarp Kusch Polykarp Kusch
26 January 1911
Physicist
Ernst Otto FischerErnst Otto Fischer
10 November 1918
Chemist

Georg WittigGeorg Wittig
16 June 1897
Organic Chemist

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912
Biochemist
Otto DielsOtto Diels
23 January 1876
Chemist

Otto WallachOtto Wallach
27 March 1847
Chemist
Hans Georg DehmeltHans Georg Dehmelt
09 September 1922
Physicist

Horst Ludwig StörmerHorst Ludwig Störmer
06 April 1949
Physicist

Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius Friedrich Bergius
11 October 1884
Chemist

Wilhelm RontgenWilhelm Rontgen
27 March 1845
Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics
Wernher Von BraunWernher Von Braun
23 March 1912
 

Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein
25 April 1849
Mathematician
Hugo von MohlHugo von Mohl
08 April 1805
Botanist

Walter GerlachWalter Gerlach
01 August 1889
Physicist

Paul WaldenPaul Walden
26 July 1863
Chemist

Feodor LynenFeodor Felix Konrad Lynen
06 April 1911
Biochemist
Max VolmerMax Volmer
03 May 1885
Chemist