The Germans have always been known for their pioneering work in the field of science and technology. Over the years the Germans have brought about much technological inventions that redefined the course of modern human civilization. Be it Emile Berliner’s invention of the gramophone or the diesel engine invented by Rudolf Diesel or the contribution of Wernher Von Braun in the field of rocket science, the Germans have steered the world to the pinnacles of advancements. Their scientists have made significant contribution in the field of atomic and quantum physics, thermodynamics, anatomy, pathology, to name a few. The German automobiles are considered by many as the safest and the most sophisticated in the world. The country has been the home to many eminent scientists like the legendary Albert Einstein, whose theory E=mc2, revolutionized the world of physics. Heisenberg’s theory on the composition of atom, which is the constituent of all matter, led to many significant inventions including nuclear fission and fusion reactions. In this section we present to you a collection of biographies of the famous German scientists whose contributions have changed the world. Explore to know more about their life stories, timelines and some interesting facts and trivia related to these personalities.

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein
14 March 1879
Physicist
Wernher Von BraunWernher Von Braun
23 March 1912
 

Juliane KoepckeJuliane Koepcke
10 October 1954
Lone Survivor of 1971 LANSA Plane Crash

Werner HeisenbergWerner Heisenberg
05 December 1901
Physicist

Johannes KeplerJohannes Kepler
27 December 1571
Astronomer, Mathematician & Astrologer

Carl F. GaussCarl F. Gauss
30 April 1777
Mathematician
Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646
Philosopher, Mathematician

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener
01 November 1880
Researcher

Max PlanckMax Planck
23 April 1858
Physicist
Robert KochRobert Koch
11 December 1843
Physician

Wilhelm RontgenWilhelm Rontgen
27 March 1845
Winner of First Nobel Prize in Physics
Klaus FuchsKlaus Fuchs
29 December 1911
Theoretical Physicist and Atomic Spy

Fritz HaberFritz Haber
09 December 1868
Chemist

David HilbertDavid Hilbert
23 January 1862
Mathematician

Georg CantorGeorg Cantor
03 March 1845
Mathematician

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880
Philosopher
Max BornMax Born
11 December 1882
Physicist

Emmy NoetherEmmy Noether
23 March 1882
Mathematician

Ernst HaeckelErnst Haeckel
16 February 1834
Biologist, Physician, Philosopher & Artist

Wilhelm WundtWilhelm Wundt
16 August 1832
Philosopher
William HerschelWilliam Herschel
15 November 1738
Astronomer, Composer

Heinrich HertzHeinrich Hertz
22 February 1857
Physicist
Bernhard RiemannBernhard Riemann
17 September 1826
Mathematician

Paul EhrlichPaul Ehrlich
14 March 1854
Scientist

Theodor SchwannTheodor Schwann
07 December 1810
Physiologist
Georg OhmGeorg Ohm
16 March 1789
Physicist & Mathematician

Otto HahnOtto Hahn
08 March 1879
Chemist
Hermann von HelmholtzHermann von Helmholtz
31 August 1821
Physicist and Physician

Gustav KirchhoffGustav Kirchhoff
12 March 1824
Physicist

Carl Gustav Jacob JacobiCarl Gustav Jacob Jacobi
10 December 1804
Mathematician
Hermann MinkowskiHermann Minkowski
22 June 1864
 

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Arnold SommerfeldArnold Sommerfeld
05 December 1868
Physicist
Caroline HerschelCaroline Herschel
16 March 1750
Astronomer

Otto Heinrich WarburgOtto Heinrich Warburg
08 October 1883
Physiologist & Physician

Karl WeierstrassKarl Weierstrass
31 October 1815
Mathematician

Peter Gustav Lejeune DirichletPeter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
13 February 1805
Mathematician
Philipp LenardPhilipp Lenard
07 June 1862
Physicist
Hans Adolf KrebsHans Adolf Krebs
25 August 1900
Biochemist

Max von Laue or Max bMax von Laue
09 October 1879
Physicist

Hermann Klaus Hugo WeylHermann Klaus Hugo Weyl
09 November 1885
Mathematician and Theoretical Physicist

Emil Adolf von BehringEmil Adolf von Behring
15 March 1854
German physiologist
Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen
30 March 1811
Chemist

Carl Bosch Carl Bosch
27 August 1874
Chemist & Engineer

Felix Christian KleinFelix Christian Klein
25 April 1849
Mathematician

Richard DedekindRichard Dedekind
06 October 1831
Mathematician

Adolf von BaeyerAdolf von Baeyer
31 October 1835
Chemist
Walther NernstWalther Nernst
25 June 1864
Physicist and Chemist

Wilhelm OstwaldWilhelm Ostwald
02 September 1853
Chemist
Karl Ferdinand BraunKarl Ferdinand Braun
06 June 1850
German Physicist & Inventor

Johann Heinrich LambertJohann Heinrich Lambert
26 August 1728
Mathematician, Physicist and Astronomer

Johannes Peter MüllerJohannes Peter Müller
14 July 1801
Physiologist
Max DelbrückMax Delbrück
04 September 1906
Biophysicist

Ernst RuskaErnst Ruska
25 December 1906
Inventor of Electron Microscope
Wilhelm WeberWilhelm Weber
24 October 1804
Physicst

Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller
30 June 1825
Botanist and Geographer

Christiane Nüsslein-VolhardChristiane Nüsslein-Volhard
20 October 1942
Researcher

James FranckJames Franck
26 August 1882
Physicist

Hermann StaudingerHermann Staudinger
23 March 1881
Chemist
Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen Ferdinand von Richthofen
05 May 1833
Geographer, Traveler, Scientist

Otto SternOtto Stern
17 February 1888
Physicist

Johannes StarkJohannes Stark
15 April 1874
Nobel Prize Winner in Physics

Wilhelm WienWilhelm Wien
13 January 1864
Nobel Laureate in Physics
Richard KuhnRichard Kuhn
03 December 1900
Biochemist

Karl ZieglerKarl Ziegler
26 November 1898
Chemist
Heinrich Otto WielandHeinrich Otto Wieland
04 June 1877
Father of Biochemistry

Gerd Binnig Gerd Binnig
20 July 1947
Physicist

Gustav Ludwig HertzGustav Ludwig Hertz
22 July 1887
Physicists
Hermann Emil FischerHermann Emil Fischer
09 October 1852
Chemist

Eduard BuchnerEduard Buchner
20 May 1860
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
Ernst Boris ChainErnst Boris Chain
19 June 1906
Biochemist

Albrecht KosselAlbrecht Kossel
16 September 1853
Biochemist

Kurt AlderKurt Alder
10 July 1902
Chemist
Gerhard HerzbergGerhard Herzberg
25 December 1904
Physical Chemist, Physicist

Hans Fischer Hans Fischer
27 July 1881
Chemist
Manfred EigenManfred Eigen
09 May 1927
Biophysical Chemist

Wolfgang PaulWolfgang Paul
10 August 1913
Physicist

Herbert KroemerHerbert Kroemer
25 August 1928
Physicist

Walther BotheWalther Bothe
08 January 1891
Physicist
Rudolf MossbauerRudolf Mössbauer
31 January 1929
Physicist
Hugo von MohlHugo von Mohl
08 April 1805
Botanist

Ernst Otto FischerErnst Otto Fischer
10 November 1918
Chemist

Carl Ludwig SiegelCarl Ludwig Siegel
31 December 1896
Mathematician

Georg WittigGeorg Wittig
16 June 1897
Organic Chemist
Georges J. F. KohlerGeorges J. F. Kohler
17 April 1946
Immunologist, Biologist

J. Georg BednorzJ. Georg Bednorz
16 May 1950
Physicist

Otto DielsOtto Diels
23 January 1876
Chemist

Otto Fritz MeyerhofOtto Fritz Meyerhof
12 April 1884
Physician and Biochemist

Konrad BlochKonrad Emil Bloch
21 January 1912
Biochemist
Erwin NeherErwin Neher
20 March 1944
Biophysicist

Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius Friedrich Bergius
11 October 1884
Chemist
Robert HuberRobert Huber
20 February 1937
Biochemist

Polykarp Kusch Polykarp Kusch
26 January 1911
Physicist
Johannes Hans Daniel JensenJ. Hans D. Jensen
25 June 1907
Physicist
Otto WallachOtto Wallach
27 March 1847
Chemist