Leaders

From head-girl in school to a lieutenant in the army, leadership skills matter throughout life. It is said that leaders are not always born; sometimes people acquire the skills and talent eventually to become a leader. Whatever may be the case, leaders are crucial in bringing out the best and providing the much required guidance to their followers. The qualities of a good leader are often debated. It is often questioned if a dynamic personality, good management skills and a notable finesse in everything he or she does is enough to make a good leader. However, in addition to this a great leader often shows empathy towards his subordinates and encouragement for their skills and talent. A leader shows the way to a group but has to always remain humble and rooted. From Mahatma Gandhi to Abraham Lincoln, the whole world has needed a leader from time immemorial. A leader leads, helps to fight for our rights, revolt and bring about change and finally to achieve the impossible. Discover this space for the list of famous Leaders of the world with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also tracing their timeline and life history.

 1 Barack Obama

Barack Obama
8
Famous As: 44th U.S. President
Birthdate: August 4, 1961
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Former President of the United States, Barack Obama, has the distinction of being the first African-American president of the nation. A civil rights attorney and an academic, he has been credited with bringing about a significant improvement in America’s reputation abroad. His efforts to strengthen international diplomacy was recognized with the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize.

 2 John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy
1
Famous As: 35th President of the United States
Birthdate: May 29, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: November 22, 1963

The 35th President of the United States, John F Kennedy was a charismatic leader who, during his tenure, ably dealt with Cuban missile crisis, proposed public service programmes and lent support to the growing civil rights movement. Before becoming one of the youngest Presidents of the country, he served in the navy, U.S. House of Representatives and the US Senate.

 3 Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
1
Famous As: American President.
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 15, 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 4 George Washington

George Washington
1
Famous As: First U.S. President
Birthdate: February 22, 1732
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: December 14, 1799

America’s first president, George Washington led the country with integrity, firmness and prudence that made him one of the greatest presidents in American history. He became a national hero before assuming presidency, when he led the Continental Army to victory against the British during the American Revolution.

 5 Joe Biden

Joe Biden
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Famous As: President-elect of the United States
Birthdate: November 20, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

Joe Biden is the president-elect of the United States and will become the 46th president when he will assume the charge on 20 January 2021. Biden is the oldest person ever elected to the White House. One of the youngest senators in the US history and Delaware’s longest-serving senator, Joe Biden served as the 47th vice president of the United States from 2009 to 2017.

 6 Franklin D. Roosevelt

Franklin D. Roosevelt
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: January 30, 1882
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 12, 1945
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 7 Bill Clinton

Bill Clinton
1
Birthdate: August 19, 1946
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Bill Cinton was the 42nd president of the United States who served for two terms from 1993 to 2001. He was the third-youngest president in the American history and presided over the longest period of peacetime economic expansion in American history. The second-term of his presidency was rocked by the infamous Monica Lewinsky sex-scandal for which he was impeached and later acquitted.

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 8 Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr
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Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthdate: January 15, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 4, 1968

A leader in the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century, Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. A man of Christian faith who was inspired by Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent activism, he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality.  

 9 Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
1
Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

 10 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez

Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez
9
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: October 13, 1989
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
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 11 Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton
3
Famous As: Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Saint Kitts And Nevis, American
Died: July 12, 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

 12 Kamala Harris

Kamala Harris
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Famous As: Vice Preseident-Elect of the United States
Birthdate: October 20, 1964
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

A Democrat politician and lawyer, Kamala Harris is the vice president-elect of the United States. She will assume the office on 20 January 2021, alongside President-elect Joe Biden.  Half-Indian, half-Jamaican, Harris is the first woman, the first Black person and the first Asian-American to be elected vice president.  

 13 Cleopatra

Cleopatra
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Famous As: Queen of the Ptolemaic Kingdom
Birthdate: 0069 BC
Nationality: Egyptian, Greek
Died: August 12, 0030

The last active ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom and the last true pharaoh of Egypt, Cleopatra is described as an extremely beautiful woman who was also intelligent and educated with command over numerous languages. Her romance and military alliances with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony have inspired numerous art works.

 14 Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter
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Famous As: 39th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of USA, is one of the rare Presidents whose legacy continues even after leaving office. He is known as a champion of human rights and a mediator of peace efforts across the world. His humanitarian works earned him the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

 15 Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower
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Famous As: 34th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 14, 1890
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: March 28, 1969

The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower held office from 1953 to 1961. An army officer During World War II, he was part of many successful operations. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and his two terms as president saw widespread economic prosperity in USA. He is ranked high among American presidents.

 16 George H. W. Bush

George H. W. Bush
1
Famous As: 41st U.S. President
Birthdate: June 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: December 1, 2018

The 41st president of the U.S, George H.W. Bush also twice served as the vice president of the country and held various other important political positions before assuming the presidency. During his presidency, he led successful military operation against Panama and Iraq which made him popular, but domestic issues prevented him from winning a second term at the office.

 17 Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
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Famous As: Anti-Apartheid Activist, President of ANC and Former President of South Africa
Birthdate: July 18, 1918
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: South African
Died: December 5, 2013
Revered as the Father of the Nation by the South Africans, Nelson Mandela was a statesman who rose to become the country’s first black head of state. He reconciled a nation divided along racial lines and dismantled the legacy of apartheid.

 18 Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
3
Famous As: 3rd U.S. President
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 19 Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa
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Famous As: Founder of Missionaries of Charity
Birthdate: August 26, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Albanian, Indian
Died: September 5, 1997

An Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and a missionary, Mother Teresa was the founder of Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation. She was both an admired and controversial figure and was the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. While she was admired by many for her charitable work, she also earned criticism for her stance against abortion and contraception.

 20 Rurik

Rurik
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Famous As: chieftain
Birthdate: 0830 AD
Nationality: Russian
Died: 0879 AD

 21 Beau Biden

Beau Biden
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Famous As: Son of Joe Biden
Birthdate: February 3, 1969
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: May 30, 2015

A politician and attorney, Beau Biden was the eldest child of politician Joe Biden. As a little boy, he was severely injured in a car accident in which his mother and sister perished. He overcame several challenges to become a successful attorney. However, fate was cruel to him and he died of brain cancer at the age of 46.

 22 Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan
3
Famous As: 40th U.S. President
Birthdate: February 6, 1911
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: June 5, 2004

An actor turned union leader turned politician, Ronald Wilson Reagan served as the 40th president of America. Hailed for his public speaking and communication skills, Reagan is one of the most popular Presidents of USA, mainly due to his ‘America First’ economic policies which led to a decrease in inflation and unemployment rates during his tenure.

 23 Richard Nixon

Richard Nixon
1
Famous As: 37th President of the United States
Birthdate: January 9, 1913
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 22, 1994

Richard Nixon is the only American president in the history so far to resign from the office. His name is synonymous with the infamous Watergate scandal which led to his resignation. But his regime saw several positives too, such as end to the U.S involvement in the Vietnam War, improvement in the relationship with Soviet Union and China, and the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency.

 24 Narendra Modi

Narendra Modi
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Famous As: Prime Minister of India
Birthdate: September 17, 1950
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Indian

The 14th PM of India, Narendra Modi, created history when he became the first prime minister outside of the Congress party to win two consecutive terms with a full majority; he achieved this feat in 2019. From Bharatiya Janata Party worker to India’s PM, Modi’s journey is remarkable. However, he’s been plagued by controversies too, including the handling of 2002 Gujarat riots.

 25 Gavin Newsom

Gavin Newsom
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Famous As: Governor of California
Birthdate: October 10, 1967
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

Democratic politician Gavin Newsom is the incumbent governor of California. He has previously been the youngest mayor of San Francisco in a century and is known for his Care Not Cash program for homeless people. He is also the founder of The PlumpJack Group that owns wineries, hotels, and restaurants.

 26 Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford
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Famous As: President of the USA
Birthdate: July 14, 1913
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: December 26, 2006

Gerald Ford Jr served as the 38th president of US from August 1974 to January 1977. His 895 day-long stint as the American president is the shortest in US history for any president who did not die in office. In a controversial act, he granted a presidential pardon to his predecessor Richard Nixon for his role in the Watergate scandal.

 27 Aaron Burr

Aaron Burr
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Famous As: 3rd Vice President of United States
Birthdate: February 6, 1756
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: September 14, 1836

A soldier, lawyer and one of the founding Fathers of America, Aaron Burr rose to become the third Vice president of the United States. His turbulent political career, which included bitter rivalry with Alexander Hamilton, concluded when he mortally wounded Hamilton in a duel and was later charged with treason.

 28 Robert F. Kennedy

Robert F. Kennedy
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Famous As: Brother of President John F. Kennedy
Birthdate: November 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 6, 1968

Robert F Kennedy, the brother of the 35th US president John F Kennedy, was a politician who served as US Attorney General and as US Senator. He was known as a civil rights and human rights activist and fought against organised crime and the Mafia. He opposed America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. He was assassinated by a 24-year-old Palestinian.

 29 Sarah Palin

Sarah Palin
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Famous As: Former Governor of Alaska
Birthdate: February 11, 1964
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

In 2006, American politician Sarah Palin became the youngest and first female governor of Alaska. A couple of years later, she became the first Republican woman to become a vice presidential candidate. After resigning as the governor of Alaska, she got associated with Fox News, authored a number of books and also appeared in a reality television series. 

 30 Francisco Franco

Francisco Franco
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Famous As: Former Caudillo of Spain
Birthdate: December 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Spanish
Died: November 20, 1975

Francisco Franco overthrew the Second Spanish Republic by leading the Nationalist forces as their general during the Spanish Civil War. Subsequently, Franco ruled over Spain as a dictator from 1939 to 1975. He had such an impact as a dictator that the period between the Nationalist victory and Franco's death is known as Francoist Spain in the history of Spain.

 31 Arnold Schwarzenegger

Arnold Schwarzenegger
4
Famous As: Former Governor of California
Birthdate: July 30, 1947
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Austrian, American

Former professional bodybuilder, actor, and politician, Arnold Schwarzenegger, needs no introduction! One of the most popular figures in the entertainment industry in the 20th century, he is a much-admired Hollywood star. Rising to international fame despite hailing from a humble background, he is an epitome the quintessential American dream that many youngsters hold close to their hearts.

 32 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
2
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 33 Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt
1
Famous As: 26th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 27, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: January 6, 1919

The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt is generally ranked as one of the five best presidents of the country. A man of many talents, he was a politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer. He supported  Progressive Era policies in the early 20th century and championed his "Square Deal" domestic policies.

 34 Lyndon B. Johnson

Lyndon B. Johnson
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Famous As: 36th President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: August 27, 1908
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: January 22, 1973

The era of Lyndon B Johnson, the 36th president of the United States, saw the passage of many important laws pertaining to civil rights, gun control and social security.  Also, his ‘war on poverty’ helped millions to rise above the poverty line. However, he was criticised for the escalation of the Vietnam War.

 35 Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan
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Famous As: Khagan of the Mongol Empire
Birthdate: 1162 AD
Nationality: Mongolian
Died: August 18, 1227

The founder and first Great Khan and Emperor of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan is often considered to be the greatest conqueror of all time. A brutal ruler, he enjoyed exceptional military successes and occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia and China. Besides his military accomplishments, he is also credited with revitalizing the Mongol Empire's writing system.

 36 Jacinda Ardern

Jacinda Ardern
1
Famous As: Prime Minister of New Zealand
Birthdate: July 26, 1980
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: New Zealander

Jacinda Ardern is the current Prime Minister of New Zealand. In October 2017, at the age of 37, she became the world's youngest female head of government. Ardern was praised for the way she led her country after the Christchurch mosque shootings in March 2019 and handled the COVID 19 pandemic. She led her party to victory in 2020 general elections.

 37 Jesus

Jesus
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Famous As: Preacher
Birthdate: 0004 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0030 AD

 38 Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher
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Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 13, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: April 8, 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

 39 Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman
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Famous As: 33rd President of the United States
Birthdate: May 8, 1884
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: December 26, 1972

Harry Truman was the US president from 1945 to 1953 and his administration successfully guided the US economy through the post-war challenges. He established the Truman Doctrine to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. He authorised the first and only use of nuclear weapons during a war when he sanctioned bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.

 40 Bernie Sanders

Bernie Sanders
1
Famous As: Politician
Birthdate: September 8, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American

The current junior US Senator from Vermont, Bernie Sanders is the longest-serving nonpartisan politician in the history of the United States Congress. Sanders is an ardent advocate of progressive policies and is well-known for his opposition to neoliberalism and economic inequality. He also supports paid parental leave, universal and single-payer healthcare, and labor rights.

 41 Pope Francis

Pope Francis
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Birthdate: December 17, 1936
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Argentinian

Pope Francis is the sovereign of the Vatican City and head of the Catholic Church. He is the first Jesuit pope and first non-European pope since Pope Gregory III. Often praised for having a comparatively less formal approach, Pope Francis is popular for his humility, international visibility, and concern for the poor.

 42 Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha
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Famous As: Founder of Buddhism
Birthdate: 0563 BC
Nationality: Nepalese
Died: 0483 BC

Gautama Buddha is said to have lived in the 5th to 4th century BC and is revered as the founder of Buddhism. He is said to have spread his teachings for around 45 years based on his insights regarding suffering, nirvana and cycle of birth and rebirth. He had a large following. He obtained ‘enlightenment’ in India’s Bodh Gaya.

 43 Mitt Romney

Mitt Romney
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Famous As: Former Governor of Massachusetts
Birthdate: March 12, 1947
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American

Mitt Romney is currently the United States senator from Utah. He was the Massachusetts Governor from 2003-2007 and was also the Republican Party's candidate for the 2012 Presidential elections, but eventually lost to Barack Obama. He created history when he voted to convict US President Donald Trump—from his own party—for abuse of power in the January 2020 impeachment trial.

 44 Xi Jinping

Xi Jinping
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Famous As: General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
Birthdate: June 15, 1953
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: Chinese

Xi Jinping, President of China since 2013, is said to be the most powerful Chinese leader since Chairman Mao Zedong. He is an authoritarian leader and his reign is marked by an increase in censorship and deterioration in human rights . Also, China’s foreign policy under Xi has been more assertive, leading to a deterioration of relations with many countries.

 45 Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman
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Famous As: Abolitionist
Birthdate: February 29, 1822
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: March 10, 1913

Born to parents who were bonded slaves, Harriet Tubman life was a difficult one from the very beginning. Yet with her remarkable courage and determination, she not only escaped slavery herself, but also led other enslaved people to freedom. The prominent political activist and abolitionist was also the first woman to lead an armed expedition during the American Civil War.

 46 Tammy Duckworth

Tammy Duckworth
1
Famous As: U.S. Representative
Birthdate: March 12, 1968
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Thai, American

A war veteran who lost both her legs during the Iraq War, Tammy Duckworth is a symbol of courage and resilience. Her never-say-die spirit enabled her to become the first woman with a disability and the first Thai-American woman to earn a seat in Congress. She is the first member of Senate to give birth while in office.

 47 Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice
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Famous As: Former United States Secretary of State
Birthdate: November 14, 1954
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American

The 66th United States Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice made history in 2005 when she became the first female black Secretary of State. She is also the first female to serve as National Security Advisor, a position which she served from 2001 to 2005. One of the most powerful women in the world at one point of time, she has been depicted in Hollywood films.

 48 Moses

Moses
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Famous As: Hebrew Religious Leader, Lawgiver, Prophet
Birthdate: 1391 BC
Nationality: Egyptian, Jordanian
Died: 1272 BC

A prominent prophet in Islam, Christianity, and the BaháΚΌí Faith among other Abrahamic religions, Moses is also the most important prophet in Judaism. One of the most important biblical characters, Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are fundamental to both Christianity and Judaism. The authorship of the Torah is also attributed to Moses.

 49 Martin Luther

Martin Luther
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Famous As: Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer
Birthdate: November 10, 1483
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: February 18, 1546

German monk Martin Luther challenged the dogmas of Roman Catholicism and the authority of the pope, in his Ninety-five Theses, and was thus excommunicated. His German translation of the Bible enriched the German culture, and his marriage set an example for clerical marriage. His teachings are now known as Lutherans.

 50 Anthony Eden

Anthony Eden
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Famous As: Prime Minister of UK
Birthdate: June 12, 1897
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British
Died: January 14, 1977
Conservative politician Anthony Eden was the prime minister of England from 1955 to 1957. He had also served as the youngest British Army brigade-major during World War I. He earned a lot of criticism for his handling of the Suez Canal issue during his tenure as the prime minister.
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