Leaders

From head-girl in school to a lieutenant in the army, leadership skills matter throughout life. It is said that leaders are not always born; sometimes people acquire the skills and talent eventually to become a leader. Whatever may be the case, leaders are crucial in bringing out the best and providing the much required guidance to their followers. The qualities of a good leader are often debated. It is often questioned if a dynamic personality, good management skills and a notable finesse in everything he or she does is enough to make a good leader. However, in addition to this a great leader often shows empathy towards his subordinates and encouragement for their skills and talent. A leader shows the way to a group but has to always remain humble and rooted. From Mahatma Gandhi to Abraham Lincoln, the whole world has needed a leader from time immemorial. A leader leads, helps to fight for our rights, revolt and bring about change and finally to achieve the impossible. Discover this space for the list of famous Leaders of the world with their biographies that include trivia and interesting facts about them and also tracing their timeline and life history.

This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Barack Obama

Barack Obama
335
Famous As: 44th U.S. President
Birthdate: August 4, 1961
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Former President of the United States, Barack Obama, has the distinction of being the first African-American president of the nation. A civil rights attorney and an academic, he has been credited with bringing about a significant improvement in America’s reputation abroad. His efforts to strengthen international diplomacy was recognized with the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize.

 2 John F. Kennedy

John F. Kennedy
78
Famous As: 35th President of the United States
Birthdate: May 29, 1917
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: November 22, 1963

The 35th President of the United States, John F Kennedy was a charismatic leader who, during his tenure, ably dealt with Cuban missile crisis, proposed public service programmes and lent support to the growing civil rights movement. Before becoming one of the youngest Presidents of the country, he served in the navy, U.S. House of Representatives and the US Senate.

 3 Abraham Lincoln

Abraham Lincoln
46
Famous As: American President.
Birthdate: February 12, 1809
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 15, 1865

A self-educated lawyer, Abraham Lincoln rose from modest background to become one of the greatest presidents of America. The 16th president of the country, who is also known as Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, played a crucial role in establishing a truly democratic government, abolished slavery, modernised economy and led the country during the American Civil War.

 4 Winston Churchill

Winston Churchill
65
Famous As: Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Birthdate: November 30, 1874
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 24, 1965

The former Prime Minister of the United Kingdoms, Winston Churchill, is known for successfully leading his country during the Second World War against the Nazi Germany. An officer in the British army, he also served as a war correspondent before venturing into politics. One of the most influential peoples in British history, Churchill was also an accomplished painter.

 5 Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton
71
Famous As: Economist, Political Philosopher, Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Birthdate: January 11, 1755
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: July 12, 1804

Known as America’s one of the most influential Founding Fathers, Alexander Hamilton was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention and served as the first secretary of the treasury. He also fought in the American Revolutionary War and was considered as a leading votary of the strong central government.

 6 Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi
91
Famous As: Leader of Indian Independence Movement
Birthdate: October 2, 1869
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Indian
Died: January 30, 1948

An Indian lawyer and anti-colonial nationalist, Mahatma Gandhi was a major figure in India’s fight for independence from British rule. He is renowned for his employment of non-violent resistance and civil disobedience methods. Despite his popularity, he had numerous detractors as well and was assassinated in 1948. He is widely considered the Father of the Nation in India.

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 7 Ronald Reagan

Ronald Reagan
79
Famous As: 40th U.S. President
Birthdate: February 6, 1911
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: June 5, 2004

An actor turned union leader turned politician, Ronald Wilson Reagan served as the 40th president of America. Hailed for his public speaking and communication skills, Reagan is one of the most popular Presidents of USA, mainly due to his ‘America First’ economic policies which led to a decrease in inflation and unemployment rates during his tenure.

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 8 George Washington

George Washington
42
Famous As: First U.S. President
Birthdate: February 22, 1732
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: December 14, 1799

America’s first president, George Washington led the country with integrity, firmness and prudence that made him one of the greatest presidents in American history. He became a national hero before assuming presidency, when he led the Continental Army to victory against the British during the American Revolution.

 9 Martin Luther King Jr.

Martin Luther King Jr
40
Famous As: Civil Rights Activist
Birthdate: January 15, 1929
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 4, 1968

A leader in the civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century, Martin Luther King Jr. is best remembered for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience. A man of Christian faith who was inspired by Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi’s nonviolent activism, he was honored with the Nobel Peace Prize for fighting racial inequality.  

 10 George H. W. Bush

George H. W. Bush
78
Famous As: 41st U.S. President
Birthdate: June 12, 1924
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: December 1, 2018

The 41st president of the U.S, George H.W. Bush also twice served as the vice president of the country and held various other important political positions before assuming the presidency. During his presidency, he led successful military operation against Panama and Iraq which made him popular, but domestic issues prevented him from winning a second term at the office.

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 11 Jesus Christ

Jesus Christ
30
Famous As: Founder of Christianity
Birthdate: 0000 AD
First-century Jewish preacher Jesus, known as the Son of God, led to the formation of Christianity, the world’s largest religion. He was born to Joseph and the Virgin Mary. His miracles irked the Roman government, who then tried him and crucified him. Jesus later rose from the dead.

 12 Theodore Roosevelt

Theodore Roosevelt
46
Famous As: 26th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 27, 1858
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: January 6, 1919

The 26th president of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt is generally ranked as one of the five best presidents of the country. A man of many talents, he was a politician, conservationist, naturalist, and writer. He supported  Progressive Era policies in the early 20th century and championed his "Square Deal" domestic policies.

 13 Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher
51
Famous As: Former British Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 13, 1925
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: British
Died: April 8, 2013

United Kingdom’s first female Prime Minister and also the longest serving Prime Minister in the 20th century, Margaret Thatcher served three consecutive terms in the office from 1979 till 1990. Her political views and leadership approach, known as Thatcherism, got her the nickname of Iron Lady. Though controversial, she prominently ranks high in the list of the best British Prime Ministers.

 14 Thomas Jefferson

Thomas Jefferson
49
Famous As: 3rd U.S. President
Birthdate: April 13, 1743
Sun Sign: Aries
Nationality: American
Died: July 4, 1826

The 2nd Vice President and the 3rd President of America, Thomas Jefferson was one of the Founding Fathers of USA and the principal draftsman of the Declaration of Independence. Jefferson was a staunch advocate of democracy and a strong believer of individual rights and religious freedom, despite the fact that he himself owned nearly 600 slaves.

 15 Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela
65
Famous As: Anti-Apartheid Activist, President of ANC and Former President of South Africa
Birthdate: July 18, 1918
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: South African
Died: December 5, 2013
Revered as the Father of the Nation by the South Africans, Nelson Mandela was a statesman who rose to become the country’s first black head of state. He reconciled a nation divided along racial lines and dismantled the legacy of apartheid.

 16 Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa
50
Famous As: Founder of Missionaries of Charity
Birthdate: August 26, 1910
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Albanian, Indian
Died: September 5, 1997

An Albanian-Indian Roman Catholic nun and a missionary, Mother Teresa was the founder of Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation. She was both an admired and controversial figure and was the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize. While she was admired by many for her charitable work, she also earned criticism for her stance against abortion and contraception.

 17 Dwight D. Eisenhower

Dwight D. Eisenhower
32
Famous As: 34th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 14, 1890
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: March 28, 1969

The 34th president of the United States, Dwight D. Eisenhower held office from 1953 to 1961. An army officer During World War II, he was part of many successful operations. He signed the Civil Rights Act of 1957, and his two terms as president saw widespread economic prosperity in USA. He is ranked high among American presidents.

 18 Benjamin Franklin

Benjamin Franklin
7
Famous As: Founding Father of the United States
Birthdate: January 17, 1706
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: British, American
Died: April 17, 1790

Benjamin Franklin is considered one of the founding fathers of the United States as he was a signer of both the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. He was a writer, politician, scientist, inventor, civic activist, an accomplished diplomat and much more. He is a key figure in the history of physics for his discoveries and theories regarding electricity.

 19 Robert F. Kennedy

Robert F. Kennedy
34
Famous As: Brother of President John F. Kennedy
Birthdate: November 20, 1925
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: June 6, 1968

Robert F Kennedy, the brother of the 35th US president John F Kennedy, was a politician who served as US Attorney General and as US Senator. He was known as a civil rights and human rights activist and fought against organised crime and the Mafia. He opposed America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. He was assassinated by a 24-year-old Palestinian.

 20 Genghis Khan

Genghis Khan
33
Famous As: Khagan of the Mongol Empire
Birthdate: 1162 AD
Nationality: Mongolian
Died: August 18, 1227

The founder and first Great Khan and Emperor of the Mongol Empire, Genghis Khan is often considered to be the greatest conqueror of all time. A brutal ruler, he enjoyed exceptional military successes and occupied a substantial portion of Central Asia and China. Besides his military accomplishments, he is also credited with revitalizing the Mongol Empire's writing system.

 21 Gautama Buddha

Gautama Buddha
31
Famous As: Founder of Buddhism
Birthdate: 0563 BC
Nationality: Nepalese
Died: 0483 BC

Gautama Buddha is said to have lived in the 5th to 4th century BC and is revered as the founder of Buddhism. He is said to have spread his teachings for around 45 years based on his insights regarding suffering, nirvana and cycle of birth and rebirth. He had a large following. He obtained ‘enlightenment’ in India’s Bodh Gaya.

 22 Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses S. Grant
23
Famous As: 18th U.S. President
Birthdate: April 27, 1822
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: July 23, 1885

The 18th president of the United States, Ulysses S. Grant held office from 1869 to 1877. He led the Union Army as Commanding General of the United States Army during the American Civil War and was a war hero. As president, he stabilized the post-war national economy and created the Department of Justice. Historians generally recognize his presidential accomplishments.

 23 Harry S. Truman

Harry S. Truman
35
Famous As: 33rd President of the United States
Birthdate: May 8, 1884
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: December 26, 1972

Harry Truman was the US president from 1945 to 1953 and his administration successfully guided the US economy through the post-war challenges. He established the Truman Doctrine to contain Soviet geopolitical expansion during the Cold War. He authorised the first and only use of nuclear weapons during a war when he sanctioned bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945.

 24 John Adams

John Adams
27
Famous As: 2nd U.S. President
Birthdate: October 30, 1735
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: American
Died: July 4, 1826

One of the Founding Fathers of America, John Adams was a statesman, attorney, and diplomat who served as the second president of the United States. He was a principal leader of the American Revolution. As a lawyer, he was devoted to the right to counsel and presumption of innocence. His administration has been favorably ranked by historians and scholars.

 25 Napoleon Bonaparte

Napoleon Bonaparte
15
Famous As: Emperor of the French
Birthdate: August 15, 1769
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: French
Died: May 5, 1821
French military leader Napoleon Bonaparte ruled as the French emperor from 1804 to 1814 and again in 1815. He strengthened France’s position in Europe through the Napoleonic Wars and extended his kingdom. However, he was eventually defeated by the Seventh Coalition at the Battle of Waterloo and sent to exile. 

 26 Martin Luther

Martin Luther
10
Famous As: Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer
Birthdate: November 10, 1483
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German
Died: February 18, 1546

German monk Martin Luther challenged the dogmas of Roman Catholicism and the authority of the pope, in his Ninety-five Theses, and was thus excommunicated. His German translation of the Bible enriched the German culture, and his marriage set an example for clerical marriage. His teachings are now known as Lutherans.

 27 Moses

Moses
19
Famous As: Hebrew Religious Leader, Lawgiver, Prophet
Birthdate: 1391 BC
Nationality: Egyptian, Jordanian
Died: 1272 BC

A prominent prophet in Islam, Christianity, and the BaháΚΌí Faith among other Abrahamic religions, Moses is also the most important prophet in Judaism. One of the most important biblical characters, Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai. The Ten Commandments are fundamental to both Christianity and Judaism. The authorship of the Torah is also attributed to Moses.

 28 Andrew Jackson

Andrew Jackson
35
Famous As: 7th President of the United States
Birthdate: March 15, 1767
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: June 8, 1845

Andrew Jackson was the 7th President of USA. His presidential reign has been termed as Jacksonian democracy and witnessed the shift of political power from established elites to ordinary voters. Coming from humble beginnings, Jackson knew the struggle of the masses and thus, worked towards creating a more inclusive country.  His picture has been featured on the front side of $20 bill since 1928.

 29 Shivaji

Shivaji
14
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Famous As: King
Birthdate: February 19, 1630
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Indian
Died: April 3, 1680

Shivaji was an Indian warrior-king. He is credited with founding the Maratha Empire, which became a force to reckon with during the 18th century. He is also credited with creating his own navy. Considered one of the most important Indian kings and a hero of the Hindus, Shivaji's life and work have inspired several works of art, including films.

 30 Jimmy Carter

Jimmy Carter
71
Famous As: 39th U.S. President
Birthdate: October 1, 1924
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American

Jimmy Carter, the 39th President of USA, is one of the rare Presidents whose legacy continues even after leaving office. He is known as a champion of human rights and a mediator of peace efforts across the world. His humanitarian works earned him the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize in 2002.

 31 Mikhail Gorbachev

Mikhail Gorbachev
18
Famous As: Former General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Birthdate: March 2, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Russian

Born into a poor peasant family, Mikhail Gorbachev went on to become one of the most influential figures of the Soviet Union. He served in various positions, most notably as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. He is regarded as one of the most prominent personalities of the 20th century.

 32 Paul of Tarsus

Paul of Tarsus
6
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0005 AD
Nationality: Italian
Died: 0064 AD

 33 St Paul

St Paul
8
Famous As: Religious Preacher
Birthdate: 0005 AD
Nationality: Italian, Turkish
Died: 0067 AD
Paul the Apostle, or Saint Paul, was a Christian apostle who disseminated Christ’s teachings and established Christian communities in Asia and Europe. Of the 27 books in the New Testament, about 14 are said to be authored by Paul, though only seven are said to be genuinely written by him.

 34 George Patton

George Patton
18
Listed In: Military Leaders
Famous As: Military Officer
Birthdate: November 11, 1885
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: German, American
Died: December 21, 1945

George Patton was a general of the US Army, remembered for his work as a commander of the Seventh United States Army during World War II. He is also remembered for commanding the Third Army in the Western Front in June 1944 after the Allied invasion of Normandy. His life and work inspired the 1970 epic biographical war film Patton.

 35 Augustus

Augustus
8
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Famous As: Roman roman emperor
Birthdate: September 23, 0063
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: August 19, 0014

Augustus, the first Emperor of the Roman Empire, ruled from 27 BC to 14 AD. He transformed Rome from a republic to an empire after Julius Caesar’s assassination. He annexed new territories, brought about peace and prosperity and laid the foundation of an empire that lasted for nearly 1500 years. Historians regard him as an effective but controversial leader.

 36 James Madison

James Madison
12
Famous As: 4th President of the United States
Birthdate: March 16, 1751
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: June 28, 1836

James Madison played an important role in drafting the US Constitution and the US Bill of Rights and is hailed as the Father of the Constitution. He also co-wrote The Federalist Papers, considered to be a seminal work of political science. As president, he led the country into the 1812 war and historians place him as an above-average president.

 37 Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt
12
Famous As: Former First Lady of the United States
Birthdate: October 11, 1884
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: November 7, 1962

Feminist and civil rights icon Eleanor Roosevelt, wife of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, was the longest-serving U.S First Lady. She was a prominent human rights activist, wrote columns, and hosted a radio show. She was named to Gallup's List of Most Widely Admired People of the 20th Century in 1999.

 38 Nikki Haley

Nikki Haley
54
Famous As: Governor of South Carolina
Birthdate: January 20, 1972
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American

Born to Indian immigrant parents, Nikki Haley went on to become the first Indian-American to hold an office in South Carolina and later became its governor—the first woman and second Indian American to be appointed governor in the US. A published author, she has also served as the US ambassador to the United Nations.

 39 Douglas MacArthur

Douglas MacArthur
8
Listed In: Military Leaders
Birthdate: January 26, 1880
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: April 5, 1964
American five-star general Douglas MacArthur was the field marshal of the Philippine Army. He and his father were the first father-son duo to win the Medal of Honor. after World War II, he became the Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Japan and contributed to Japan’s reconstruction.

 40 Robert the Bruce

Robert the Bruce
4
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Famous As: King of Scotland
Birthdate: July 11, 1274
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Scottish
Died: June 7, 1329
King of Scots Robert I, better known as Robert the Bruce, is revered as a Scottish national hero. He successfully led his country against England in the First War of Scottish Independence. Legends state he was inspired by a spider’s relentless effort to spin a web, to ultimately defeat England.

 41 John Quincy Adams

John Quincy Adams
19
Birthdate: July 11, 1767
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: February 23, 1848

The sixth president of the United States of America John Quincy Adams played a key role in shaping America during its formative years. He helped develop the Monroe Doctrine, which eventually became a vital tenet of the U.S. foreign policy. He is also widely regarded as one of the greatest secretaries of state and diplomats in the American history.

 42 Abraham

Abraham
6
Famous As: Religious Leader
Birthdate: 0000 BC

Abraham is an important historical character, considered one of the fathers of the human race by the Abrahamic religions, including Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Abrahamic religions believe that Abraham was in contact with God; his story and life events have inspired several important paintings, sculptures, works of literature, and music.

 43 Benjamin Netanyahu

Benjamin Netanyahu
11
Famous As: Prime Minister
Birthdate: October 21, 1949
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Israeli

The current Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu is the longest-serving prime minister in the history of Israel. Before becoming a politician, Netanyahu had a prolific military career; he played important roles in the Yom Kippur War and the War of Attrition and participated in missions, such as Operation Isotope and Operation Gift.

 44 Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius
2
Listed In: Emperors & Kings
Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: April 26, 0121
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Italian
Died: March 17, 0180

Marcus Aurelius played an important role in the Roman Empire. A Stoic philosopher, Marcus was part of the Five Good Emperors and the last emperor of the Pax Romana—a 200-year-long period of relative peace in the Roman Empire. Also a writer, his work Meditations is regarded by many as one of the greatest works of philosophy.

 45 Woodrow Wilson

Woodrow Wilson
35
Famous As: 28th U.S. President
Birthdate: December 28, 1856
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: February 3, 1924

From presidential cabin of Princeton University to presidential office of the White House, Woodrow Wilson ushered a series of progressive reforms that changed the American politics forever. The 28th President of USA, Woodrow Wilson introduced several ground-breaking policies including the Federal Reserve Act. He played a key role in founding the first intergovernmental organisation—the League of Nations—for which he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.

 46 Saint Peter

Saint Peter
4
Famous As: Saint
Birthdate: 0001 AD
Nationality: Ancient Roman
Died: 0068 AD

One of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, Saint Peter played a key role in the formation of Christianity as one of the earliest leaders of the early Church. Considered to be the first Pope by Catholics, Saint Peter appears frequently in influential texts, such as the New Testament. Over the years, Saint Peter has been an important subject of paintings.

 47 Jacinda Ardern

Jacinda Ardern
49
Famous As: Prime Minister of New Zealand
Birthdate: July 26, 1980
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: New Zealander

Jacinda Ardern is the current Prime Minister of New Zealand. In October 2017, at the age of 37, she became the world's youngest female head of government. Ardern was praised for the way she led her country after the Christchurch mosque shootings in March 2019 and handled the COVID 19 pandemic. She led her party to victory in 2020 general elections.

 48 William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft
21
Famous As: President of the U.S.A
Birthdate: September 15, 1857
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: March 8, 1930

The 27th president of the United States, William Howard Taft also served as the tenth Chief Justice of the US; he is the only person in the history of the US to have held both the offices. He had a great impact as chief justice and has been regarded as the greatest US chief justices of all time.

 49 King David

David
4
Famous As: Herder, Sovereign, Singer, Prophet, Politician
Birthdate: 1040 BC
Nationality: Israeli
Died: 0970 BC

 50 Swami Vivekananda

Swami Vivekananda
28
Famous As: Indian Monk
Birthdate: January 12, 1863
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Indian
Died: July 4, 1902

The founder of the Ramakrishna Mission and Ramakrishna Math, Swami Vivekananda was an Indian Hindu monk, philosopher, and spiritual leader. He is credited with introducing the Indian philosophies of Yoga and Vedanta to the Western world. He is also credited with elevating the status of Hinduism as a major religion in the modern world by raising interfaith awareness.

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