Intellectuals are individuals who influence the way society thinks and approaches an issue. Intellectuals can hail from a varied range of professions, be it a scientist, writer, philosopher, doctor, lawyer or even a sportsperson. These individuals voice their opinion on a platform be it global or national and implore others to think and act. They are the light-bearers of the society like the academicians who impart knowledge to different sections of the society and mold their thoughts and personality. Academicians and intellectuals have always played a significant part in shaping the society. Germany like any other country has had its share of famous intellectuals and academics. Their philosophers like Immanuel Kant and Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz have laid the foundations of western philosophy. The writers, poets and essayists in the country have published books which have made great impact on the minds of readers world-wide. One cannot miss the name of legendary scientist Albert Einstein while remembering famous German intellectuals, whose works on theory of relativity and electromagnetism changed the face of science and technology forever. We present to you a collection of biographies of some of the famous German intellectuals and academics. Read on to know more about their life stories, timelines and also some interesting facts & trivia related to them.

Friedrich NietzscheFriedrich Nietzsche
15 October 1844
Philosopher and Philologist
Martin LutherMartin Luther
10 November 1483
Father of Protestantism and Church Reformer

Immanuel KantImmanuel Kant
22 April 1724
Philosopher

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864
Sociologist

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
27 August 1770
Philosopher, Philosophy Historian

Hannah ArendtHannah Arendt
14 October 1906
Philosopher
Arthur SchopenhauerArthur Schopenhauer
22 February 1788
Philosopher

Martin HeideggerMartin Heidegger
26 September 1889
German Philosopher

Friedrich EngelsFriedrich Engels
28 November 1820
Philosopher

Rosa LuxemburgRosa Luxemburg
05 March 1871
Marxist Theorist
Alexander von HumboldtAlexander von Humboldt
14 September 1769
Geographer

Hildegard of BingenHildegard of Bingen
16 September 1098
Philosopher
Erik EriksonErik Erikson
15 June 1902
American-German psychologist

Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903
Philosopher

Rudolf VirchowRudolf Virchow
13 October 1821
Doctor, Anthropologist
Walter BenjaminWalter Benjamin
15 July 1892
 

Edith SteinEdith Stein
12 October 1891
Philosopher
Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher

Adam WeishauptAdam Weishaupt
06 February 1748
Philosopher

Anita Bose PfaffAnita Bose Pfaff
29 November 1942
Economist
Meister EckhartMeister Eckhart
1260 AD
Philosopher, Theologian, Mystic

Paul TillichPaul Tillich
20 August 1886
 
Max MüllerMax Müller
06 December 1823
Scholar, Philologist

NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772
Philosopher & Poet

Emil KraepelinEmil Kraepelin
15 February 1856
Psychiatrist

Carl RitterCarl Ritter
07 August 1779
Co-founder of Modern Geography
Friedrich von HayekFriedrich von Hayek
08 May 1899
Economist
Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen Ferdinand von Richthofen
05 May 1833
Geographer, Traveler, Scientist

Lord ActonLord Acton
10 January 1834
 

Gottfried W. LeibnizGottfried W. Leibniz
01 July 1646
Philosopher, Mathematician

Ferdinand von MuellerFerdinand von Mueller
30 June 1825
Botanist and Geographer
Felicitas RomboldFelicitas Rombold
1988 AD
Model

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Jürgen HabermasJürgen Habermas
18 June 1929
Sociologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Carl von ClausewitzCarl von Clausewitz
01 July 1780
Military person

Erich FrommErich Fromm
23 March 1900
Psychologist, Philosopher, University teacher,

Max StirnerMax Stirner
25 October 1806
Philosopher, Journalist, Writer, Anarchist
Carl SchmittCarl Schmitt
11 July 1888
Jurist, Geopolitician, Politician, Philosopher,

Herbert MarcuseHerbert Marcuse
18 July 1898
American-German philosopher
Martin NiemöllerMartin Niemöller
14 January 1892
Theologian

Leo StraussLeo Strauss
20 September 1899
Politician, Political scientist, Philosopher,

Edmund HusserlEdmund Husserl
08 April 1859
Mathematician, Philosopher, University teacher
Helmut SchmidtHelmut Schmidt
23 December 1918
Politician, Economist, Civil servant, Non-fiction

Hjalmar SchachtHjalmar Schacht
22 January 1877
Economist, Banker, Politician
William of OckhamWilliam of Ockham
1285 AD
English philosopher

Oswald SpenglerOswald Spengler
29 May 1880
Writer, Historian, Philosopher, Sociologist,

Helmuth von Moltke the ElderHelmuth von Moltke the Elder
26 October 1800
Writer, Officer, Historian

Magnus HirschfeldMagnus Hirschfeld
14 May 1868
Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter,

Birgit PrinzBirgit Prinz
25 October 1977
Association football player, Psychologist
Kurt LewinKurt Lewin
09 September 1890
Psychologist, University teacher

German nobilityGerman nobility
 

Johann Gottlieb FichteJohann Gottlieb Fichte
19 May 1762
Philosopher, University teacher

Georg SimmelGeorg Simmel
01 March 1858
Philosopher, Sociologist, University teacher
Lutz Graf Schwerin von KrosigkLutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk
22 August 1887
Politician, Jurist, Diplomat, Economist

Gottlob FregeGottlob Frege
08 November 1848
Mathematician, Logician, Analytic philosopher,
Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744
philosopher, theologian, poet, translator

Ulrike MeinhofUlrike Meinhof
07 October 1934
Journalist, Writer, Sociologist

Hans MorgenthauHans Morgenthau
17 February 1904
Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher,
Ludwig FeuerbachLudwig Feuerbach
28 July 1804
Anthropologist, Philosopher, University teacher

Hans-Hermann HoppeHans-Hermann Hoppe
02 September 1949
Economist, Philosopher, Academic, University
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Heinrich Cornelius AgrippaHeinrich Cornelius Agrippa
14 September 1486
Physician

Wilhelm von HumboldtWilhelm von Humboldt
22 June 1767
Linguist, Diplomat, Anthropologist, Teacher,
Matthias Jakob SchleidenMatthias Jakob Schleiden
05 April 1804
Biologist, Botanist, Philosopher, University

Johann Georg FaustJohann Georg Faust
1480 AD
astrologer, astronomer
Otto OhlendorfOtto Ohlendorf
04 February 1907
Economist, Politician, Military personnel

Gunther von HagensGunther von Hagens
10 January 1945
Anatomist, Sculptor, Inventor, University teacher

Hermann EbbinghausHermann Ebbinghaus
24 January 1850
Psychologist, Educationist, University teacher

Peter SloterdijkPeter Sloterdijk
26 June 1947
Philosopher, Television presenter, Writer,
Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,
Max HorkheimerMax Horkheimer
14 February 1895
Philosopher, Educationist, Sociologist, University

Ludwig ErhardLudwig Erhard
04 February 1897
Economist, Politician, University teacher

Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingFriedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
27 January 1775
Philosopher, University teacher

Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer
Hans-Georg GadamerHans-Georg Gadamer
11 February 1900
Philosopher, University teacher

Friedrich SchleiermacherFriedrich Schleiermacher
21 November 1768
Philosopher, Theologian, Translator, University

Niklas LuhmannNiklas Luhmann
08 December 1927
Philosopher, Scientist, Sociologist, University

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator

Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,
Eduard BernsteinEduard Bernstein
06 January 1850
Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Economist

Rudolf CarnapRudolf Carnap
18 May 1891
Analytic philosopher, Esperantist, Philosopher of
Hermann WeylHermann Weyl
09 November 1885
Mathematician, Physicist, Philosopher, University

Walther FunkWalther Funk
18 August 1890
Journalist, Banker, Economist, Politician

E. F. SchumacherE. F. Schumacher
16 August 1911
Economist, Philosopher, Statistician
Thomas à KempisThomas à Kempis
1380 AD
theologian, Writer, philosopher

Karl RahnerKarl Rahner
05 March 1904
Theologian, Writer, University teacher, Catholic
Jakob BöhmeJakob Böhme
24 April 1575
philosopher, Christian mystic, and Lutheran

Johann Joachim WinckelmannJohann Joachim Winckelmann
09 December 1717
Historian

Martin Adolf BormannMartin Adolf Bormann
14 April 1930
Catholic priest

Martin WinterkornMartin Winterkorn
24 May 1947
Economist, University teacher
Fritz PerlsFritz Perls
08 July 1893
Psychologist, Psychiatrist

Rudi DutschkeRudi Dutschke
07 March 1940
Sociologist, Politician
Karl HaushoferKarl Haushofer
27 August 1869
Geopolitician, Political scientist, Educationist,

Ralf DahrendorfRalf Dahrendorf
01 May 1929
Philosopher, Politician, Sociologist, Political
Klaus SchwabKlaus Schwab
30 March 1938
Economist, Educationist, University teacher

Rudolf BultmannRudolf Bultmann
20 August 1884
Theologian, University teacher
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
09 October 1881
Linguist, Politician, Writer, Autobiographer,