Famous German Architects

Right IconThis ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

Vote for Your Favourite German Architects
 1 
Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
6
Birthdate: March 27, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aachen, Germany
Died: August 17, 1969

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect. He is widely considered one of the many pioneers of modernist architecture. After emigrating to the United States, Mies worked on structures like the Promontory Apartments. He is best remembered for serving as the director of a popular German art school named the Bauhaus before its closure in 1933.

 2 
Walter Gropius
(Architect)
Walter Gropius
6
Birthdate: May 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: July 5, 1969

Walter Gropius was a German architect. Along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as a pioneer in modernist architecture. Gropius founded the Bauhaus School. The large-scale housing projects he designed in Berlin, Karlsruhe, and Dessau in the late 1920s and early 1930s became major contributions to the New Objectivity movement.  

 3 
Daniel Libeskind
(Architect, Musician, University teacher)
Daniel Libeskind
4
Birthdate: May 12, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Łódź

Daniel Libeskind had initially moved to New York on a music scholarship. However, he later deviated to architecture and also taught for a while. One of his most celebrated designs is the Jewish Museum in Berlin. He also won a contest for a proposed design for rebuilding the World Trade Center.

Recommended Lists:
 4 
Dieter Rams
(German Industrial Designer and Educator Who Believed in the "Less but Better" Approach)
Dieter Rams
4
Birthdate: May 20, 1932
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Wiesbaden, Germany

German industrial designer and educator Dieter Rams became one of the first designers to focus on environment-friendly design. He headed design at Braun and designed a furniture collection for Vitsœ. Associated with the functionalist school of design, he believed in "Less, but Better," which was also the name of his 1995 book.

 5 
Hermann Tilke
(German Racing Driver, Engineer, and Circuit Designer)
Hermann Tilke
4
Birthdate: December 31, 1954
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Olpe

Hermann Tilke is a German racing driver, engineer, and circuit designer. He is credited with designing a number of F1 motor racing circuits. Over the course of his career, Hermann Tilke has designed many popular circuits like the Sepang International Circuit, Shanghai International Circuit, and Marina Bay Street Circuit.

 6 
Arno Breker
(German Architect and Sculptor Best Known for His Public Works in Nazi Germany)
Arno Breker
3
Birthdate: July 19, 1900
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Elberfeld, Wuppertal, Germany
Died: February 13, 1991

Arno Breker was a German architect and sculptor who was active during Nazi rule. The authorities endorsed his work as the antithesis of degenerate art. He created the statue Die Partei, representing the spirit of the Nazi Party. Hitler exempted Breker from military service and provided him several amenities for being the Nazi’s official sculptor. 

 7 
Fritz Todt
(Engineer, Politician, Civil engineer, Architect)
Fritz Todt
4
Birthdate: September 4, 1891
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Pforzheim
Died: February 8, 1942

Fritz Todt was a German civil engineer and architect. A senior Nazi, Todt oversaw the construction of Reichsautobahnen, a controlled-access highway, and also served as the Reich Minister for Armaments and Ammunition. Before the start of the Second World War, Todt initiated a military-engineering company called Organisation Todt that oversaw the construction of many Nazi concentration camps. 

 8 
Albert Speer
(Architect)
Albert Speer
11
Birthdate: March 19, 1905
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mannheim, Germany
Died: September 1, 1981
Albert Speer was the Minister of Armaments and War Production of the Third Reich during World War II. After his 20-year sentence following his conviction in the Nuremberg Trials, he authored the memoirs Inside the Third Reich and Spandau: The Secret Diaries, claiming to regret his association with the Nazis.
 9 
Albert Kahn (Architect)
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Rhaunen, Germany
Died: December 8, 1942

Foremost industrial architect and planner of his time, Albert Kahn began his career as an apprentice under a leading Michigan architect. Having little schooling, he mostly learned on the job, eventually establishing his own company, designing most of the large automobile companies in USA, including the Ford River Rouge automobile complex.  Working abroad, he also designed 521 factories in  U.S.S.R.

 10 
Ole Scheeren
(German Urbanist and Architect)
Ole Scheeren
3
Birthdate: January 6, 1971
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany

Ole Scheeren is a German urbanist and architect. Best known as the chief of the Büro Ole Scheeren Group, Scheeren has received several awards including the Global Urban Habitat Award, International Highrise Award, and Scheffel Medal. Scheeren is also known for his association with the University of Hong Kong, where he has been serving as a visiting professor since 2010.

 11 
Peter Behrens
(Poster artist, Architect, Typographer, Painter, Designer, Graphic designer, University teacher)
Peter Behrens
4
Birthdate: April 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Hamburg
Died: February 27, 1940

Considered one of the pioneers of industrial design, German architect Peter Behrens had built his own house and all his furniture at the Darmstadt artists’ colony. The AEG Turbine Factory was one of his best-known works, and he had also designed their electric fans, lamps, and retail shops.

 12 
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
(Prussian Painter, City Planner, and Architect)
Karl Friedrich Schinkel
3
Birthdate: January 13, 1781
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Neuruppin
Died: October 9, 1841

Karl Friedrich Schinkel was a Prussian painter, city planner, and architect. One of the most important architects of Germany, Schinkel designed both neogothic and neoclassical buildings. Apart from designing buildings, Karl Friedrich Schinkel also designed stage sets and furniture.

 13 
Helmut Jahn
(Architect)
Helmut Jahn
3
Birthdate: January 4, 1940
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Nuremberg

German-American architect Helmut Jahn was a significant figure of postmodern movement and is remembered for his steel-and-glass structures. His best-known works include Thailand’s Suvarnabhumi Airport and Germany’s Munich Airport Center. A yachting enthusiast, he owned three yachts named after his nickname, Flash Gordon. He died in a bicycle accident.

 14 
Frei Otto
(Architect)
Frei Otto
4
Birthdate: May 31, 1925
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Chemnitz, Germany
Died: March 9, 2015
 15 
Bruno Taut
(Expressionist architect who became known for the Glass Pavilion at the Cologne Werkbund Exhibition of 1914)
Bruno Taut
3
Birthdate: May 4, 1880
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Konigsberg, Germany
Died: December 24, 1938
 16 
Luigi Colani
(Architect, Engineer, University teacher)
Luigi Colani
3
Birthdate: August 2, 1928
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Berlin
 17 
Erich Topp
(Engineer, Submariner, Architect)
Erich Topp
3
Birthdate: July 2, 1914
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Hanover
Died: December 26, 2005
 18 
Gottfried Semper
(Architect)
Gottfried Semper
3
Birthdate: November 29, 1803
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Altona, Hamburg, Germany
Died: May 15, 1879
 19 
Erich Mendelsohn
(Architect)
Erich Mendelsohn
3
Birthdate: March 21, 1887
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Olsztyn, Poland
Died: September 15, 1953
 20 
Gerdy Troost
(Architect)
Gerdy Troost
2
Birthdate: March 3, 1904
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Stuttgart, Germany
Died: January 30, 2003
 21 
Gottfried Böhm
(Architect)
Gottfried Böhm
2
Birthdate: January 23, 1920
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Offenbach, Germany
 22 
Lilly Reich
(Designer)
Lilly Reich
2
Birthdate: June 16, 1885
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: December 14, 1947
 23 
Hans Poelzig
(Architect)
Hans Poelzig
2
Birthdate: April 30, 1869
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: June 14, 1936
 24 
Hans Scharoun
(Architect)
Hans Scharoun
2
Birthdate: September 20, 1893
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Bremen, Germany
Died: November 25, 1972
 25 
Leo von Klenze
(Architect)
Leo von Klenze
2
Birthdate: February 29, 1784
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Schladen, Germany
Died: January 26, 1864
 26 
Balthasar Neumann
(Architect and military artillery engineer who developed a refined brand of Baroque architecture)
Balthasar Neumann
2
Birthdate: January 27, 1687
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Cheb, Czechia
Died: August 19, 1753
 27 
Peter Parler
(Architect)
Peter Parler
2
Birthdate: 1333 AD
Birthplace: Schwäbisch Gmünd, Germany
Died: July 13, 1399
 28 
Ludwig Hilberseimer
2
Birthdate: September 14, 1885
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Karlsruhe, Germany
Died: May 6, 1967
 29 
Luis Trenker
(Film producer)
Luis Trenker
2
Birthdate: October 4, 1892
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Urtijëi, Italy
Died: April 13, 1990
 30 
Carl Ludvig Engel
(Former Architect whose most noted work can be found in Helsinki)
Carl Ludvig Engel
0
Birthdate: July 3, 1778
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: May 14, 1840
 31 
Wilhelm Dörpfeld
1
Birthdate: December 26, 1853
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Barmen, Germany
Died: April 25, 1940
 32 
François de Cuvilliés
1
Birthdate: October 23, 1695
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Soignies, Belgium
Died: April 14, 1768

François de Cuvilliés was a Bavarian architect and decorative designer. He played a key role in bringing the Rococo style to the House of Wittelsbach and to Central Europe. He designed several important buildings, such as The Old Residence Theatre which he constructed for Elector Max III Joseph. François de Cuvilliés also wrote many treatises on decorative and artistic subjects.

 33 
James Ingo Freed
(Architect)
James Ingo Freed
1
Birthdate: June 23, 1930
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: December 15, 2005
 34 
Manfred Ramminger
(German Architect and KGB Agent)
Manfred Ramminger
1
Birthdate: March 8, 1931
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Saratovskoye, Russia
Died: November 1, 1997

Manfred Ramminger was a German architect and KGB agent. He is best remembered for stealing an American AIM-9 Sidewinder, which he brought to the Soviet Union. In 1968, Manfred Ramminger was arrested along with his aides by West German authorities.

 35 
Egon Eiermann
(Architect)
Egon Eiermann
1
Birthdate: September 29, 1904
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Potsdam, Germany
Died: July 19, 1970
 36 
Dominikus Zimmermann
1
Birthdate: June 30, 1685
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Wessobrunn, Germany
Died: November 16, 1766
Matthäus Daniel Pöppelmann
1
Birthdate: May 3, 1662
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Herford, Germany
Died: January 17, 1736
 38 
Max Berg
(Architect)
Max Berg
1
Birthdate: April 17, 1870
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Szczecin, Poland
Died: January 22, 1947
 39 
Konrad Wachsmann
(Architect)
Konrad Wachsmann
1
Birthdate: May 16, 1901
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Germany
Died: November 26, 1980
 40 
Carl Humann
(German Engineer, Architect and Archaeologist Who Discovered the 'Pergamon Altar')
Carl Humann
1
Birthdate: January 4, 1839
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Essen, Germany
Died: April 12, 1896

Carl Humann, one of the 19th century self-made archaeologists who never studied archaeology nor did any advanced degree in the field, rose to prominence after he discovered the Pergamon Altar that is counted among the finest examples of Hellenistic sculpture. His excavation of the ancient Greek city of Pergamum also brought to light much about Hellenistic city planning.

 41 
George Bähr
(Architect)
George Bähr
1
Birthdate: March 15, 1666
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Fürstenwalde, Geising, Germany
Died: March 16, 1738
 42 
Christoph Dientzenhofer
0
Birthdate: July 7, 1655
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Brannenburg, Germany
Died: June 20, 1722
Nicodemus Tessin, the Elder
0
Birthdate: December 7, 1615
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Stralsund, Germany
Died: May 24, 1681
 44 
Johann Michael Fischer
(German architect)
Johann Michael Fischer
0
Birthdate: February 18, 1692
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Burglengenfeld, Germany
Died: May 6, 1766
 45 
Georg von Dollmann
0
Birthdate: October 21, 1830
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Ansbach, Germany
Died: March 31, 1895
 46 
Fritz August Breuhaus
0
Birthdate: February 9, 1883
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Solingen, Germany
Died: December 2, 1960
 47 
József Hild
(Hungarian-German Architect Who Built Many Iconic Structures in Pest)
József Hild
0
Birthdate: December 8, 1789
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Pest, Budapest, Hungary
Died: March 6, 1867

Hungarian-German architect József Hild was a major figure of neoclassical architecture of his time. Born to a Bohemian architect, he studied architecture under Charles Moreau and then went to Italy for further training. He later worked as the city architect of Pest, building structures such as the Lloyd Palace.