Famous German Activists

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 1 
Oskar Schindler
(German Industrialist and Member of Nazi Party Who Saved the Lives of 1,200 Jews During the Holocaust)
Oskar Schindler
10
Birthdate: April 28, 1908
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Svitavy, Czechia
Died: October 9, 1974

Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist who displayed extraordinary dedication and courage to save the lives of 1,200 Jews during the Holocaust. Oskar Schindler's act is viewed by many as the kind of act that restores faith in humanity.  His inspirational and heart-warming story was adapted into an Oscar-winning film titled Schindler's List.

 2 
Sophie Scholl
(German Student and Anti-Nazi Political Activist)
Sophie Scholl
4
Birthdate: May 9, 1921
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Forchtenberg, Germany
Died: February 22, 1943

Sophie Scholl was a German anti-Nazi political activist who was involved with a non-violent resistance group called White Rose. Scholl was executed by guillotine at the age of 21 for distributing anti-war leaflets. Since her death, Sophie Scholl has been viewed as an iconic figure. Her life and work have inspired several films, including Sophie Scholl – The Final Days.

 3 
Rosa Luxemburg
(Revolutionary Socialist, Marxist Philosopher & Anti-War Activist)
Rosa Luxemburg
4
Birthdate: March 5, 1871
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Zamosc, Poland
Died: January 15, 1919
Polish Marxist and socialist revolutionary Rosa Luxemburg was a member of parties such as the SPD, the USPD, and the KPD. Luxemburg was an anti-war activist and taught economics and Marxism at SPD's Berlin training center. She was assassinated by the Freikorps troops during the German Revolution
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 4 
Ruth Westheimer
(German-American Sex Therapist, Media Personality and Holocaust Survivor)
Ruth Westheimer
4
Birthdate: June 4, 1928
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Frankfurt am Main, Germany
German-American sex therapist Ruth Westheimer, also known as Dr. Ruth, soared to fame with the radio show Sexually Speaking and later hosted many sexuality-related shows and wrote many books, too. She is also an ethnographer and a Holocaust survivor. Her life inspired the documentary Ask Dr. Ruth.
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 5 
Horst Wessel
(Nazi Party Stormtrooper Who Was Hailed Asa Nazi Hero & Martyr)
Horst Wessel
3
Birthdate: October 9, 1907
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Bielefeld
Died: February 23, 1930

A member of the SA, the paramilitary wing of the German Nazi Party, Horst Wessel was murdered by his enemies, probably Communists. Following his death, he was hailed as a Nazi hero and martyr. The song Horst Wessel Lied later became the Nazi anthem and the co-national anthem of Nazi Germany.

 6 
Magnus Hirschfeld
(German Physician and Sexologist Who was a Prominent Advocate of Gay Rights in the Early 20th Century)
Magnus Hirschfeld
3
Birthdate: May 14, 1868
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Kolobrzeg, Poland
Died: May 14, 1935

Born in Prussia, Magnus Hirschfeld had initially studied languages and had then earned a medical degree. He grew up to be a prominent sexologist and gay rights activist who referred to the LGBT community as the “third sex.” His one-of-a-kind sexology institute was later destroyed by the Nazis.

 7 
Dietrich Eckart
(Poet)
Dietrich Eckart
3
Birthdate: March 23, 1868
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Neumarkt in der Oberpfalz, Germany
Died: December 26, 1923

German anti-Semitic völkisch poet, playwright, journalist, publicist, and political activist Dietrich Eckart, one of Adolf Hitler's earliest mentors who Hitler acknowledged as the spiritual co-founder of Nazism, founded German Workers' Party, the precursor of Nazi Party. Eckart was the original publisher of the Nazi Party newspaper Völkischer Beobachter, and lyricist of Sturmlied, the de facto anthem of the Sturmabteilung.

 8 
Luisa Neubauer
(German Climate Activist Who Began the 'Fridays for Future Campaign')
Luisa Neubauer
3
Birthdate: April 21, 1996
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany

German climate activist Luisa Neubauer is known for starting the campaign Fridays for Future, which began as a school strike for climate change awareness, with other activists such as Greta Thunberg. Her efforts include discussions with government heads and her participation at the UN Climate Conference.

 9 
Horst Mahler
(German Far-Left Political Activist Who Later Turned to Right-Wing Politics)
Horst Mahler
2
Birthdate: January 23, 1936
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Haynau, Lower Silesia, Germany

German political activist and a founder-member of the Red Army Faction, Horst Mahler also supported Maoism, before becoming a neo-Nazi lawyer. He later turned to rightist politics and became a prominent Holocaust denier and a National Democratic Party member. He was jailed in 2009 for spreading racial hatred and released in 2020.

 10 
Clara Zetkin
(German Communist Leader and Feminist Activist)
Clara Zetkin
3
Birthdate: July 5, 1857
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Königshain-Wiederau, Germany
Died: June 20, 1933

German feminist, Marxist theorist, and Communist activist Clara Zetkin had a prominent role in the Communist Party of Germany and Comintern following World War I. Initially trained to be a teacher, she gradually gravitated towards women’s and labor movements. She later became closely associated with Lenin.

 11 
Naomi Seibt
(German Climate Change Denier and Political Activist)
Naomi Seibt
3
Birthdate: August 18, 2000
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Münster, Germany

Apart from being a YouTube personality and an influencer, German political activist Naomi Seibt is also a prominent climate change denier. She has been associated with the right-wing public policy think tank Heartland Institute. In 2021, her YouTube channel was permanently banned for misinforming people.

 12 
Ferdinand Lassalle
(Prussian-German Jurist, Philosopher and Politician)
Ferdinand Lassalle
2
Birthdate: April 11, 1825
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Wrocław, Poland
Died: August 31, 1864

Enamoured by the ideas of French and German philosophers, Ferdinand Lassalle initially aspired to be a lecturer. He later joined the socialist cause and spearheaded Germany’s social democratic movement. He also introduced terms such as the iron law of wages and concepts such as Lassallism, or achieving socialist ideals through the state.

 13 
Rudi Dutschke
(German Sociologist and Political Activist Known for Spokesperson of the German Student Movement)
Rudi Dutschke
3
Birthdate: March 7, 1940
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Schönefeld, Brandenburg, Germany
Died: December 24, 1979

Rudi Dutschke was a German sociologist and political activist. He was a leading figure within the West German Socialist Students Union (SDS). He was also involved with the Federal Republic's broader “extra-parliamentary opposition” (APO). He supported a world-wide socialist revolution. He was brutally attacked by an assassin in 1968 and struggled with his injuries for years before dying in 1979. 

 14 
Beate Klarsfeld
(Franco-German Journalist and Nazi Hunter)
Beate Klarsfeld
2
Birthdate: February 13, 1939
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Berlin, Nazi Germany

Beate Klarsfeld is a Franco-German journalist best known for her work as a Nazi hunter. Beate and her husband Serge Klarsfeld achieved popularity for their documentation of many Nazi war criminals, including Alois Brunner, Kurt Lischka, Klaus Barbie, and Kurt Asche. Over the years, Beate Klarsfeld has been honored with numerous prestigious awards, including National Jewish Book Award.

 15 
Carl von Ossietzky
(German Journalist, Pacifist and Winner of 1935 Nobel Peace Prize)
Carl von Ossietzky
3
Birthdate: October 3, 1889
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: May 4, 1938
German journalist Carl von Ossietzky was part of the army during World War I. Later, through a series of articles in his magazine Weltbühne, he exposed the Reichswehr leaders’ secret rearmament plans. He was later tortured in a camp and forbidden to leave Germany to collect his Nobel Peace Prize.
 16 
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs
(German Lawyer and Jurist Who is Regarded as a Pioneer of Sexology and the Modern Gay Rights Movement)
Karl Heinrich Ulrichs
2
Birthdate: August 28, 1825
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Aurich, Germany
Died: July 14, 1895

Karl Heinrich Ulrichs was a German lawyer, journalist, jurist, and writer. Today, he is widely regarded as a pioneer of the modern gay rights movement and sexology. Ulrichs is considered the first openly gay man in the history of mankind. In August 1867, Karl Heinrich Ulrichs urged the goverment to revoke anti-homosexual laws, becoming the first homosexual to do so.

 17 
Inge Scholl
(German Writer and Peace Activist)
Inge Scholl
2
Birthdate: August 11, 1917
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Ingersheim, Germany
Died: September 4, 1998

Inge Scholl was a German writer and peace activist. The elder sister of Sophie and Hans Scholl, who were executed by the Nazis for their association with the intellectual resistance group White Rose, Inge Scholl survived the war and published a book about the White Rose in 1952. Titled Die Weiße Rose, the book has been translated into many languages.

 18 
Shere Hite
(German Feminist and Sex Educator)
Shere Hite
2
Birthdate: November 2, 1942
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Saint Joseph, Missouri, United States
Died: September 9, 2020

Shere Hite was an American-born German feminist and sex educator. Her research helped understand various subjects such as sexual behavior and debunk traditional stereotypes associated with female sexuality. Shere Hite also taught at Chongqing University, Nihon University, and Maimonides University.

 19 
Ottilie Assing
(German-American Abolitionist, Freethinker, and Feminist)
Ottilie Assing
2
Birthdate: February 11, 1819
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: August 21, 1884

Ottilie Assing was a German-American abolitionist, freethinker, and feminist. She is best remembered for her friendship with American social reformer and abolitionist, Frederick Douglass. Apart from attending numerous conventions and meetings alongside Douglass, Ottilie Assing also translated many of his works to German.  

 20 
Alexander Schmorell
(Russian-German Revolutionary Who Opposed the Nazi German Regime)
Alexander Schmorell
0
Birthdate: September 16, 1917
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Orenburg, Russia
Died: July 13, 1943

Alexander Schmorell was a Russian-German revolutionary best remembered for co-founding the popular resistance group White Rose, which opposed the Nazi German regime. He was executed by the Nazis and was later glorified as a saint by the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia. Alexander Schmorell is also venerated throughout the world by Orthodox Christians.

 21 
Bertha Pappenheim
(German-Austrian Social Worker and the founder of the 'Jewish Women's Association')
Bertha Pappenheim
2
Birthdate: February 27, 1859
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Vienna, Austria
Died: May 28, 1936

Austrian-Jewish feminist and social worker Bertha Pappenheim founded the Jewish Women's Association (Jüdischer Frauenbund), mainly with the objective of improving women's experiences in the Jewish community. She was treated by Austrian physician Josef Breuer for nervous symptoms and her case study (under the pseudonym Anna O.) found place in Breuer’s book Studies on Hysteria, co-authored with Sigmund Freud.

 22 
Helga Zepp-LaRouche
(German Political Activist)
Helga Zepp-LaRouche
2
Birthdate: August 25, 1948
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Trier, Germany
 23 
May Ayim
(Poet)
May Ayim
2
Birthdate: May 3, 1960
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Died: August 9, 1996
 24 
August Spies
(Editor)
August Spies
0
Birthdate: December 10, 1855
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Landecker Berg, Schenklengsfeld, Germany
Died: November 11, 1887
 25 
Ursula Franklin
(German-Canadian Research Physicist, Metallurgist, Educator, and Author)
Ursula Franklin
0
Birthdate: September 16, 1921
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Munich, Germany
Died: July 22, 2016

Ursula Franklin was a German-Canadian research physicist, metallurgist, educator, and author. She is best remembered for her association with the University of Toronto, where she taught for more than 40 years. Ursula Franklin was also renowned for her work in promoting human rights, for which she received the prestigious Pearson Medal of Peace.

 26 
Adolf Brand
(Writer)
Adolf Brand
2
Birthdate: November 14, 1874
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 2, 1945
 27 
Dorothee Sölle
(Theologian)
Dorothee Sölle
2
Birthdate: September 30, 1929
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: April 27, 2003
 28 
Dirk Bach
(German Comedian, Actor, and Television Presenter)
Dirk Bach
2
Birthdate: April 23, 1961
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Cologne, Germany
Died: October 1, 2012
Height: 5'6" (168 cm)
 29 
Anke Domscheit-Berg
(German Activist and Politician)
Anke Domscheit-Berg
2
Birthdate: February 17, 1968
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Premnitz, Germany
 30 
Marianne Weber
(Sociologist)
Marianne Weber
2
Birthdate: August 2, 1870
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Oerlinghausen, Germany
Died: March 12, 1954
 31 
Stéphane Hessel
(French Diplomat, Ambassador, Writer, Concentration Camp Survivor, French Resistance Member and BCRA Agent)
Stéphane Hessel
2
Birthdate: October 20, 1917
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: February 26, 2013

Stéphane Hessel was a concentration camp survivor and a French Resistance member. He studied at the École Normale Supérieure and served in the army for a while. He became a resistance member during World War II and was taken to a concentration camp. He survived the ordeal and later became an ambassador and diplomat. He was also a published author. 

 32 
Theodor Wonja Michael
(Journalist and public servant)
Theodor Wonja Michael
0
Birthdate: January 15, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: October 19, 2019
 33 
Eugen Drewermann
(German Theologian, Peace Activist, Church Critic, and Former Catholic Priest)
Eugen Drewermann
1
Birthdate: June 20, 1940
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Berghamen, Germany

Eugen Drewermann is a German theologian, peace activist, church critic, and former Catholic priest. Drewermann's work is considered important and has been translated into over 12 languages. Over the years, Eugen Drewermann has received several prestigious awards such as the Herbert-Haag-Prize, Erich Fromm Prize, and International Albert Schweitzer-Prize.

 34 
Adé Bantu
(Nigerian-German Music Producer, Musician, and Social Activist)
Adé Bantu
0
Birthdate: July 14, 1971
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: London, England
 35 
Lily Braun
(Writer)
Lily Braun
1
Birthdate: July 2, 1865
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Halberstadt, Germany
Died: August 8, 1916
 36 
Rolf Becker
(German Actor and Political Activist)
Rolf Becker
1
Birthdate: March 31, 1935
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Leipzig, Germany
Height: 5'11" (180 cm)
 37 
Johann Cochlaeus
(Humanist)
Johann Cochlaeus
1
Birthdate: January 10, 1479
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Wendelstein, Germany
Died: January 10, 1552
 38 
Gerhart M. Riegner
(Lawyer and activist)
Gerhart M. Riegner
1
Birthdate: September 12, 1911
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Berlin, Germany
Died: December 3, 2001
 39 
Fanny Lewald
(Author)
Fanny Lewald
1
Birthdate: March 21, 1811
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Königsberg, Kaliningrad, Russia
Died: August 5, 1889

Best remembered for her six-volume autobiography, Meine Lebensgeschichte, a seminal work that documents the growing up years of a Jewish woman in the nineteenth century Europe, German writer Fanny Lewald was also a woman's rights activist, advocating for their education. A prolific author since the age of thirty, she wrote mainly on family, marriage, social problems and travel.

 40 
Conrad Beissel
(Religious leader)
Conrad Beissel
1
Birthdate: March 1, 1691
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Eberbach, Germany
Died: July 6, 1768

Born in Eberbach, Conrad Beissel had initially worked as a baker in Heidelberg and later moved to America. Part of the Schwarzenau Brethren, or the German Baptists, he later led his own group of people who formed the German Seventh Day Baptists and observed the Sabbath as a holy day.

 41 
Sibylle Szaggars
(German Multimedia Environmental Artist)
Sibylle Szaggars
0
Birthdate: 1957 AD
Birthplace: Hamburg, Germany
Height: 5'7" (170 cm)