Architects

An architect may refer to a professional who is trained and educated to design plans and supervise the construction of various kinds of buildings. Every architect should exhibit creative abilities along with practicality in order to create both stylish and easy to use buildings. A good knowledge of the various facets of aesthetics, cost efficiency, latest trends in designs, materials and other legal regulation add to the advantage of an architect. An architect may be involved in the building of a home, an office building, a commercial or business establishment, museums and other public buildings. One of the most lucrative professions, the architecture industry is a multibillion dollar industry in the 21st century, with more and more licensed architects graduating every year. The different area that come under architecture involve architectural designing, architectural planning, architectural drawing and architectural technologist among many others. Architects play the role of trusted advisers, while they have the great responsibility of designing safe buildings for human occupation. Many architects are required to work within the budget provided by the clients and also face cost management challenges. Get to know some famous architects and learn more fascinating facts and details about them with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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 1 Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci.
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: April 15, 1452
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Anchiano, Italy
Died: May 2, 1519

Widely regarded as one of the greatest painters ever, Leonardo da Vinci was an extremely talented polymath. While his work The Mona Lisa became the most famous portrait, his drawing The Vitruvian Man became a cultural icon. A man well ahead of his time, Leonardo is also known for his notes on science and invention.

 2 Sebastián Marroquín

Sebastián Marroquín.
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Listed In: Family Members
Famous As: Son of Pablo Escobar
Birthdate: February 24, 1977
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Medellín, Colombia
Sebastián Marroquín is the son of Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar. He and his family fled to Mozambique after Pablo’s death, and then to Argentina, where he dropped “Escobar” from his name. He owns an organic clothing line and has written a book and contributed to a documentary about Pablo.
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 3 Michelangelo

Michelangelo.
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Famous As: Sculptor
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet Michelangelo was a prominent figure of the High Renaissance. He is credited to have influenced the Western art in unprecedented ways. He is widely regarded as the greatest artist of his age and one of the greatest artists of all time. He was equally revered and respected as an architect.

 4 Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Richland Center
Died: April 9, 1959

Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect who designed over 1,000 structures in a career spanning 70 years. A pioneer of organic architecture, Wright influenced three generations of architects by playing a critical role in the 20th century's architectural movements. His structure Fallingwater is called America's best architectural work and Wright is considered the greatest architect America has ever produced.

 5 Zaha Hadid

Zaha Hadid.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 31, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Baghdad
Died: March 31, 2016
Baghdad-born British-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid is best remembered for her revolutionary and modern architectural designs, that involved abstraction and relied on curves. She won the Stirling Prize and was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Prize. She designed the Guangzhou Opera House and Rome's MAXXI Museum, among other marvels.

 6 Albert Speer

Albert Speer.
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Famous As: German Architect
Birthdate: March 19, 1905
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mannheim, Baden, Germany
Died: September 1, 1981
Albert Speer was the Minister of Armaments and War Production of the Third Reich during World War II. After his 20-year sentence following his conviction in the Nuremberg Trials, he authored the memoirs Inside the Third Reich and Spandau: The Secret Diaries, claiming to regret his association with the Nazis.

 7 Yahya Abdul-Mateen II

Yahya Abdul-Mateen II
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: July 15, 1986
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: New Orleans, Louisiana, USA
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 8 Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 25, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Reus
Died: June 10, 1926
Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí is remembered as a prominent figure of Catalan Modernism. Most of his works, including the incomplete church of the Sagrada Família, are in Barcelona. His innovative methods included the use of trencadís. By 2005, seven of his creations had been named UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

 9 Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 6, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: La Chaux-de-Fonds
Died: August 27, 1965

Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French designer, painter, architect, writer, and urban planner. He was one of the pioneers of modern architecture. During his illustrious career, which spanned 50 years, Le Corbusier designed buildings in India, Japan, Europe, and North and South America. He is also credited with revolutionizing urban planning.  

 10 Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 28, 1635
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Freshwater, Isle of Wight
Died: March 3, 1703

Scientist Robert Hooke, also called England's Leonardo, initially gained recognition as an architect, conducting surveys following the Great Fire of London. He also taught geometry and was part of the Royal Society. He assisted Robert Boyle and eventually developed his own microscope, thus becoming the first to visualize micro-organisms.

 11 Buckminster Fuller

Buckminster Fuller.
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Milton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 1, 1983

Buckminster Fuller was an American systems theorist, architect, designer, inventor, author, and futurist. He is credited with popularizing the geodesic dome, which resembles carbon molecules known as fullerenes. Fullerenes were named after Fuller for their resemblance to geodesic spheres. Fuller's work has influenced several personalities from different walks of life. His work has also inspired a couple of documentary films.

 12 Frank Gehry

Frank Gehry.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canadian-born American architect and designer Frank Gehry is best known for designing the Guggenheim Museum in Spain, the Louis Vuitton Foundation in France, and the Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, U.S. He has won countless awards, such as the Pritzker Architecture Prize and the Praemium Imperiale.

 13 I. M. Pei

I.M. Pei.
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Famous As: Master of Modern Architecture
Birthdate: April 26, 1917
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Suzhou, China
Died: May 16, 2019

I. M. Pei was a Chinese-American architect who drew inspiration from the garden villas at Suzhou when he was young. He is credited with founding I. M. Pei & Associates, an independent design firm, in 1955. Today, the award-winning firm is known by the name, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Pei is known for designing structures like the Mesa Laboratory.

 14 Seve Ballesteros

Seve Ballesteros
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Listed In: Golfers
Famous As: Golfer, Architect
Birthdate: April 9, 1957
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Pedreña
Died: May 7, 2011

 15 Imhotep

Imhotep
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Birthdate: 0000 BC
Birthplace: Memphis

 16 Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 28, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beijing
Named Art Review’s most powerful artist in 2011, Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has become a symbol of resilience against the authoritarian Chinese government. Jailed and banned from leaving the country once, he is known for using various media, such as sculpture, photos, and documentaries, to reflect Chinese human-rights abuses.

 17 Nancy Allen

Nancy Allen
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Listed In: Actresses
Famous As: Actress
Birthdate: June 24, 1950
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: The Bronx, New York City, U.S.

 18 El Greco

El Greco.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Crete
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

 19 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: March 27, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aachen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died: August 17, 1969

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect. He is widely considered one of the many pioneers of modernist architecture. After emigrating to the United States, Mies worked on structures like the Promontory Apartments. He is best remembered for serving as the director of a popular German art school named the Bauhaus before its closure in 1933.

 20 Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Kingdom of Naples (present-day Italy)
Died: November 28, 1680
Son of sculptor Pietro Bernini, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, introduced the Baroque style of sculpture to the world. Known for his masterpieces such as Apollo and Daphne and David, he excelled in depicting the fine details of skin and hair in his marble creations. His commissioned creations include St. Peter's baldachin.

 21 Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel.
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Listed In: Civil Engineers
Famous As: Architect, Civil Engineer
Birthdate: December 15, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France
Died: December 27, 1923
The man behind the jewel that adorns Paris, the Eiffel Tower, French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel later earned the nickname “the magician of iron.” He revolutionized bridge-building by using compressed-air caissons, designed the Statue of Liberty, and built the first aerodynamic laboratory. He died while listening to Beethoven's 5th symphony.

 22 Neri Oxman

Neri Oxman.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 6, 1976
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Haifa

 23 Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1377 AD
Birthplace: Florence
Died: April 15, 1446

Filippo Brunelleschi was an Italian architect, sculptor, and designer. Regarded as Renaissance architecture's founding father, Brunelleschi is hailed as the first modern engineer. Among his famous accomplishments is the design of the dome of the Florence Cathedral. He is also credited with inventing hydraulic machinery and designing machinery that was used in churches to re-enact Biblical stories through theatrical performances.

 24 Vitruvius

Vitruvius.
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Famous As: Roman Architect
Birthdate: 0080 BC
Birthplace: Italy, Roman Empire
Died: 0015 BC

Roman architect Vitruvius, believed to have served as a military engineer for Caesar’s army, is best remembered for his iconic work On Architecture, which consists of 10 parts, each detailing topics such as construction of temples, public buildings, and others. His book remains a vital treatise on ancient classical architecture.

 25 Frederick Law Olmsted

Frederick Law Olmsted.
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Famous As: Landscape Architect
Birthdate: April 26, 1822
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: August 28, 1903

 26 Eero Saarinen

Eero Saarinen.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: August 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kirkkonummi, Finland
Died: September 1, 1961

Eero Saarinen was a Finnish-American industrial designer and architect best remembered for his impressive designs for monuments and buildings. He is credited with designing important structures, such as the Washington Dulles International Airport, the TWA Flight Center, and the Gateway Arch. He is widely regarded as one of the 20th-century's most prominent American architectures.

 27 Santiago Calatrava

Santiago Calatrava
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect, sculptor, painter
Birthdate: July 28, 1951
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Benimàmet, Valencia

Santiago Calatrava Valls is a Spanish architect and a structural engineer, internationally known for his sculptural bridges and buildings. Beginning his career in Zurich, building industrial and transportation structures, he soon became famed for his extraordinary designs and began to receive commissions from abroad, designing and building marvelous bridges, stadiums, museums, railway stations, airports, office buildings all over the world.

 28 Sir Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher Wren.
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Listed In: Astronomers
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 20, 1632
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: East Knoyle
Died: February 25, 1723

Architect Sir Christopher Wren had built over 50 churches in London, the most popular of them being the St. Paul’s Cathedral. He was a major force behind the formation of the Royal Society and was also knighted for his achievements. He was also a member of the English Parliament.

 29 Maya Lin

Maya Lin.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Designer
Birthdate: October 5, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Athens

 30 Walter Gropius

Walter Gropius.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: May 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, German Empire
Died: July 5, 1969

Walter Gropius was a German architect. Along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as a pioneer in modernist architecture. Gropius founded the Bauhaus School. The large-scale housing projects he designed in Berlin, Karlsruhe, and Dessau in the late 1920s and early 1930s became major contributions to the New Objectivity movement.  

 31 Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 7, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Townhead, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Died: December 10, 1928

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect, designer, and artist. He was married to fellow artist Margaret Macdonald, and they both were influential on the European design movements Art Nouveau and Secessionism. Mackintosh is considered one of the most important figures of Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). In his later years, he worked largely as a watercolorist. 

 32 Vitaly Kaloyev

Vitaly Kaloyev
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: January 15, 1956
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Vladikavkaz, Russia

 33 Isamu Noguchi

Isamu Noguchi
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Listed In: Sculptors
Famous As: Sculptor, Architect
Birthdate: November 17, 1904
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Los Angeles
Died: December 30, 1988

 34 Jacque Fresco

Jacque Fresco
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Famous As: Futurist, Designer, Writer, Architect
Birthdate: March 13, 1916
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Brooklyn

 35 Norman Foster

Norman Robert Foster .
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 1, 1935
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stockport, Cheshire, England

 36 Friedensreich Hundertwasser

Friedensreich Hundertwasser.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 15, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: February 19, 2000

Austrian visual artist Friedensreich Hundertwasser is remembered for his imagination, his love for bold colors and uneven forms, and his dislike for “straight lines.” He and his Jewish mother escaped the Nazis by posing as Christians. His architectural projects are focused on environment-friendly buildings, such as the Hundertwasserhaus apartment block.

 37 Gorō Miyazaki

Gorō Miyazaki
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Listed In: Directors
Famous As: Film director, Animator, Screenwriter, Architect
Birthdate: January 21, 1967
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Tokyo

 38 Edwin Lutyens

Edwin Lutyens.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: March 29, 1869
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom
Died: January 1, 1944

 39 Anish Kapoor

Anish Kapoor
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Listed In: Artists, Sculptors
Famous As: Sculptor, Visual artist, Painter, Architect
Birthdate: March 12, 1954
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Mumbai

 40 Louis Kahn

Louis Kahn.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 20, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kuressaare, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
Died: March 17, 1974

 41 Renzo Piano

Renzo Piano
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Famous As: Architect, Politician
Birthdate: September 14, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Genoa

 42 Tadao Ando

Tadao Ando
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Minato Ward, Osaka, Japan

 43 Stanford White

Stanford White
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect, Painter
Birthdate: November 9, 1853
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: New York City
Died: June 25, 1906

 44 Bjarke Ingels

Bjarke Ingels
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 2, 1974
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark

 45 Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: December 5, 2012
Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer is remembered as a pioneer of modern architecture. He is known for designing major buildings such as the President’s Palace and the Brasília Palace Hotel in Brasilia, the capital of Brazil. He publicly spoke about his love for free-flowing designs and his dislike for straight lines.

 46 Philip Johnson

Philip Johnson.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 8, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cleveland
Died: January 25, 2005

 47 Rem Koolhaas

Rem Koolhaas
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Famous As: Dutch architect
Birthdate: November 17, 1944
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Rotterdam

 48 Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto.
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Listed In: Sculptors
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kuortane
Died: May 11, 1976

Finnish architect Alvar Aalto initially had his studies interrupted by the Finnish Civil War, which saw him fighting for the White Army. His first architectural design was for his parents’ house. He had experimented with furniture and glassware, too. His works showcase a move from classicism to functionalism.

 49 Moshe Safdie

Moshe Safdie
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Famous As: Architect, Urban planner
Birthdate: July 14, 1938
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haifa

 50 Philippe Starck

Philippe Starck
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Famous As: Interior architecture, Architect, Designer
Birthdate: January 18, 1949
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Birthplace: Paris
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