Architects

An architect may refer to a professional who is trained and educated to design plans and supervise the construction of various kinds of buildings. Every architect should exhibit creative abilities along with practicality in order to create both stylish and easy to use buildings. A good knowledge of the various facets of aesthetics, cost efficiency, latest trends in designs, materials and other legal regulation add to the advantage of an architect. An architect may be involved in the building of a home, an office building, a commercial or business establishment, museums and other public buildings. One of the most lucrative professions, the architecture industry is a multibillion dollar industry in the 21st century, with more and more licensed architects graduating every year. The different area that come under architecture involve architectural designing, architectural planning, architectural drawing and architectural technologist among many others. Architects play the role of trusted advisers, while they have the great responsibility of designing safe buildings for human occupation. Many architects are required to work within the budget provided by the clients and also face cost management challenges. Get to know some famous architects and learn more fascinating facts and details about them with their biographies that include trivia, interesting facts, timeline and life history.
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This ranking is based on an algorithm that combines various factors, including the votes of our users and search trends on the internet.

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 1 Michelangelo

Michelangelo.
4
Famous As: Sculptor, Painter
Birthdate: March 6, 1475
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Caprese Michelangelo, Italy
Died: February 18, 1564

Italian sculptor, painter, architect, and poet Michelangelo was a prominent figure of the High Renaissance. He is credited to have influenced the Western art in unprecedented ways. He is widely regarded as the greatest artist of his age and one of the greatest artists of all time. He was equally revered and respected as an architect.

 2 Zaha Hadid

Zaha Hadid.
6
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 31, 1950
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Birthplace: Baghdad
Died: March 31, 2016
Baghdad-born British-Iraqi architect Zaha Hadid is best remembered for her revolutionary and modern architectural designs, that involved abstraction and relied on curves. She won the Stirling Prize and was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Prize. She designed the Guangzhou Opera House and Rome's MAXXI Museum, among other marvels.
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 3 Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright.
8
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 8, 1867
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Richland Center
Died: April 9, 1959

Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect who designed over 1,000 structures in a career spanning 70 years. A pioneer of organic architecture, Wright influenced three generations of architects by playing a critical role in the 20th century's architectural movements. His structure Fallingwater is called America's best architectural work and Wright is considered the greatest architect America has ever produced.

 4 Antoni Gaudí

Antoni Gaudí.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 25, 1852
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Reus
Died: June 10, 1926
Spanish architect Antoni Gaudí is remembered as a prominent figure of Catalan Modernism. Most of his works, including the incomplete church of the Sagrada Família, are in Barcelona. His innovative methods included the use of trencadís. By 2005, seven of his creations had been named UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

 5 Frank Gehry

Frank Gehry.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 28, 1929
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Canadian-born American architect and designer Frank Gehry is best known for designing the Guggenheim Museum in Spain, the Louis Vuitton Foundation in France, and the Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, U.S. He has won countless awards, such as the Pritzker Architecture Prize and the Praemium Imperiale.

 6 Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier.
6
Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 6, 1887
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: La Chaux-de-Fonds
Died: August 27, 1965

Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French designer, painter, architect, writer, and urban planner. He was one of the pioneers of modern architecture. During his illustrious career, which spanned 50 years, Le Corbusier designed buildings in India, Japan, Europe, and North and South America. He is also credited with revolutionizing urban planning.  

 7 Buckminster Fuller

Buckminster Fuller.
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 12, 1895
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Milton, Massachusetts, United States
Died: July 1, 1983

Buckminster Fuller was an American systems theorist, architect, designer, inventor, author, and futurist. He is credited with popularizing the geodesic dome, which resembles carbon molecules known as fullerenes. Fullerenes were named after Fuller for their resemblance to geodesic spheres. Fuller's work has influenced several personalities from different walks of life. His work has also inspired a couple of documentary films.

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 8 I. M. Pei

I. M. Pei.
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Famous As: Master of Modern Architecture
Birthdate: April 26, 1917
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Suzhou, China
Died: May 16, 2019

I. M. Pei was a Chinese-American architect who drew inspiration from the garden villas at Suzhou when he was young. He is credited with founding I. M. Pei & Associates, an independent design firm, in 1955. Today, the award-winning firm is known by the name, Pei Cobb Freed & Partners. Pei is known for designing structures like the Mesa Laboratory.

 9 Vitruvius

Vitruvius.
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Famous As: Roman Architect
Birthdate: 0080 BC
Birthplace: Italy, Roman Empire
Died: 0015 BC

Roman architect Vitruvius, believed to have served as a military engineer for Caesar’s army, is best remembered for his iconic work On Architecture, which consists of 10 parts, each detailing topics such as construction of temples, public buildings, and others. His book remains a vital treatise on ancient classical architecture.

 10 Gian Lorenzo Bernini

Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
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Listed In: Sculptors
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 7, 1598
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Naples, Italy
Died: November 28, 1680
Son of sculptor Pietro Bernini, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, introduced the Baroque style of sculpture to the world. Known for his masterpieces such as Apollo and Daphne and David, he excelled in depicting the fine details of skin and hair in his marble creations. His commissioned creations include St. Peter's baldachin.

 11 Filippo Brunelleschi

Filippo Brunelleschi.
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Listed In: Sculptors
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1377 AD
Birthplace: Florence, Italy
Died: April 15, 1446

Filippo Brunelleschi was an Italian architect, sculptor, and designer. Regarded as Renaissance architecture's founding father, Brunelleschi is hailed as the first modern engineer. Among his famous accomplishments is the design of the dome of the Florence Cathedral. He is also credited with inventing hydraulic machinery and designing machinery that was used in churches to re-enact Biblical stories through theatrical performances.

 12 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: March 27, 1886
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Aachen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Died: August 17, 1969

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was a German-American architect. He is widely considered one of the many pioneers of modernist architecture. After emigrating to the United States, Mies worked on structures like the Promontory Apartments. He is best remembered for serving as the director of a popular German art school named the Bauhaus before its closure in 1933.

 13 Sir Christopher Wren

Sir Christopher Wren.
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Listed In: Astronomers
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 20, 1632
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: East Knoyle
Died: February 25, 1723

Architect Sir Christopher Wren had built over 50 churches in London, the most popular of them being the St. Paul’s Cathedral. He was a major force behind the formation of the Royal Society and was also knighted for his achievements. He was also a member of the English Parliament.

 14 Eero Saarinen

Eero Saarinen.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: August 20, 1910
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Kirkkonummi, Finland
Died: September 1, 1961

Eero Saarinen was a Finnish-American industrial designer and architect best remembered for his impressive designs for monuments and buildings. He is credited with designing important structures, such as the Washington Dulles International Airport, the TWA Flight Center, and the Gateway Arch. He is widely regarded as one of the 20th-century's most prominent American architectures.

 15 Santiago Calatrava

Santiago Calatrava
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect, sculptor, painter
Birthdate: July 28, 1951
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Benimàmet, Valencia

Santiago Calatrava Valls is a Spanish architect and a structural engineer, internationally known for his sculptural bridges and buildings. Beginning his career in Zurich, building industrial and transportation structures, he soon became famed for his extraordinary designs and began to receive commissions from abroad, designing and building marvelous bridges, stadiums, museums, railway stations, airports, office buildings all over the world.

 16 Norman Foster

Norman Foster.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 1, 1935
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Stockport, Cheshire, England

 17 Louis Kahn

Louis Kahn.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 20, 1901
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Kuressaare, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
Died: March 17, 1974

Louis Kahn was an American architect who is credited with creating a style that was monolithic and monumental. Regarded as one of the 20th century's most influential architects, Kahn served as a professor at Yale School of Architecture and at the University of Pennsylvania's School of Design. His life and career inspired a documentary titled My Architect: A Son's Journey.

 18 Philip Johnson

Philip Johnson.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: July 8, 1906
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Cleveland
Died: January 25, 2005

Philip Johnson was an American architect who organized the Modern architecture's first exhibition at the Museum of Modern Art in 1932. A highly influential and respected architect, Johnson was honored with the prestigious AIA Gold Medal in 1978. The following year, he was honored with the first Pritzker Architecture Prize.

 19 Walter Gropius

Walter Gropius.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: May 18, 1883
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Berlin, German Empire
Died: July 5, 1969

Walter Gropius was a German architect. Along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, Alvar Aalto, and Frank Lloyd Wright, he is regarded as a pioneer in modernist architecture. Gropius founded the Bauhaus School. The large-scale housing projects he designed in Berlin, Karlsruhe, and Dessau in the late 1920s and early 1930s became major contributions to the New Objectivity movement.  

 20 Tadao Ando

Tadao Ando
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 13, 1941
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Minato Ward, Osaka, Japan

 21 Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto.
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Listed In: Sculptors
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 3, 1898
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Kuortane
Died: May 11, 1976

Finnish architect Alvar Aalto initially had his studies interrupted by the Finnish Civil War, which saw him fighting for the White Army. His first architectural design was for his parents’ house. He had experimented with furniture and glassware, too. His works showcase a move from classicism to functionalism.

 22 Renzo Piano

Renzo Piano
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Famous As: Architect, Politician
Birthdate: September 14, 1937
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Genoa

 23 Oscar Niemeyer

Oscar Niemeyer.
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 15, 1907
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Died: December 5, 2012
Brazilian architect Oscar Niemeyer is remembered as a pioneer of modern architecture. He is known for designing major buildings such as the President’s Palace and the Brasília Palace Hotel in Brasilia, the capital of Brazil. He publicly spoke about his love for free-flowing designs and his dislike for straight lines.

 24 Louis Sullivan

Louis Sullivan.
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Famous As: Pioneering Architect
Birthdate: September 3, 1856
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Boston
Died: April 14, 1924

Louis Sullivan was an architect who became only the second person to be honored with a posthumous AIA Gold Medal. Dubbed the father of modernism and the father of skyscrapers, Sullivan contributed immensely to the Chicago School of architecture. He is also credited with mentoring Frank Lloyd Wright who went on to become a respected architect in his own right.

 25 Bjarke Ingels

Bjarke Ingels
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: October 2, 1974
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Copenhagen, Denmark

 26 Daniel Burnham

Daniel Burnham.
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Famous As: Architect, Urban Designer
Birthdate: September 4, 1846
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Henderson
Died: June 1, 1912

American architect Daniel Burnham was one of the pioneering designers of the skyscrapers that populate cities such as Chicago. Part of the Beaux-Arts movement, he had been the director of the World’s Columbian Exposition. He also formed his own firm, Burnham & Root with John Wellborn Root.

 27 Moshe Safdie

Moshe Safdie
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Famous As: Architect, Urban planner
Birthdate: July 14, 1938
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Haifa

Moshe Safdie is an architect, educator, urban planner, author, and theorist. He is best known for designing Jewel Changi Airport, Marina Bay Sands, and Habitat 67. Widely regarded as a thought leader, Safdie's work has inspired generations of architects all around the world. 

 28 Jørn Utzon

Jørn Utzon
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Famous As: architect
Birthdate: April 9, 1918
Sun Sign: Aries
Birthplace: Copenhagen
Died: November 29, 2008

 29 Marcel Breuer

Marcel Breuer.
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Famous As: Architect & Furniture Designer
Birthdate: May 21, 1902
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Pécs, Austria-Hungary
Died: July 1, 1981
Hungarian architect and furniture designer Marcel Breuer was a major figure of the International Style of design. His innovative designs made use of new technology and materials, such as steel furniture resembling the designs of bicycle handle bars, also known as the Wassily chair. He inspired the documentary Breuer's Bohemia.

 30 Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: November 30, 1508
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Padua, Italy
Died: August 19, 1580

 31 Sebastián Marroquín

Sebastián Marroquín.
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Listed In: Family Members
Famous As: Son of Pablo Escobar
Birthdate: February 24, 1977
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Medellín, Colombia
Sebastián Marroquín is the son of Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar. He and his family fled to Mozambique after Pablo’s death, and then to Argentina, where he dropped “Escobar” from his name. He owns an organic clothing line and has written a book and contributed to a documentary about Pablo.

 32 Sinan

Sinan
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: 1489 AD
Birthplace: Ağırnas
Died: 1588 AD

 33 Daniel Libeskind

Daniel Libeskind
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Famous As: Architect, Musician, University teacher
Birthdate: May 12, 1946
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Łódź

Daniel Libeskind had initially moved to New York on a music scholarship. However, he later deviated to architecture and also taught for a while. One of his most celebrated designs is the Jewish Museum in Berlin. He also won a contest for a proposed design for rebuilding the World Trade Center.

 34 Robert Hooke

Robert Hooke.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: July 28, 1635
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Freshwater, Isle of Wight
Died: March 3, 1703

Scientist Robert Hooke, also called England's Leonardo, initially gained recognition as an architect, conducting surveys following the Great Fire of London. He also taught geometry and was part of the Royal Society. He assisted Robert Boyle and eventually developed his own microscope, thus becoming the first to visualize micro-organisms.

 35 Robert Venturi

Robert Venturi
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 25, 1925
Sun Sign: Cancer
Birthplace: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Died: September 18, 2018

Robert Venturi was an American architect who founded the successful architectural firm, Venturi, Scott Brown and Associates. One of the 20th century's leading architectural figures, Venturi helped shape the way that students, planners, and architects think about architecture. Renowned for designing buildings like the Vanna Venturi House, Robert Venturi was honored with the prestigious National Medal of Arts in 1992.

 36 Ai Weiwei

Ai Weiwei.
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Famous As: Artist
Birthdate: August 28, 1957
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Beijing
Named Art Review’s most powerful artist in 2011, Chinese artist Ai Weiwei has become a symbol of resilience against the authoritarian Chinese government. Jailed and banned from leaving the country once, he is known for using various media, such as sculpture, photos, and documentaries, to reflect Chinese human-rights abuses.

 37 El Greco

El Greco.
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Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: October 1, 1541
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Heraklion, Crete
Died: April 7, 1614
Artist Doménikos Theotokópoulos never let anyone forget his Greek heritage and almost always signed his art in Greek letters. Popularly known as El Greco, he was a significant figure of the Spanish Renaissance. His best-known works remain The Burial of the Count of Orgaz and The Assumption of the Virgin.

 38 Gustave Eiffel

Gustave Eiffel.
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Listed In: Civil Engineers
Famous As: Architect, Civil Engineer
Birthdate: December 15, 1832
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Dijon, Côte-d'Or, France
Died: December 27, 1923
The man behind the jewel that adorns Paris, the Eiffel Tower, French civil engineer Gustave Eiffel later earned the nickname “the magician of iron.” He revolutionized bridge-building by using compressed-air caissons, designed the Statue of Liberty, and built the first aerodynamic laboratory. He died while listening to Beethoven's 5th symphony.

 39 César Pelli

César Pelli
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Famous As: Architect, Entrepreneur
Birthdate: October 12, 1926
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: San Miguel de Tucumán

 40 Richard Meier

Richard Meier.
3
Famous As: Architect & Abstract Artist
Birthdate: October 12, 1934
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Newark, New Jersey, U.S.

Richard Meier is an American architect and abstract artist who is credited with designing many iconic buildings, such as the San Jose City Hall, the Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art, and the Getty Center, Los Angeles. Over the years Richard Meier has won several prestigious awards like the Pritzker Prize and the American Academy of Achievement's Golden Plate Award.

 41 Frederick Law Olmsted

Frederick Law Olmsted.
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Famous As: Landscape Architect
Birthdate: April 26, 1822
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Hartford
Died: August 28, 1903

Frederick Law Olmsted was an American journalist, landscape architect, public administrator, and social critic. Dubbed the father of American landscape architecture, Frederick was responsible for co-designing several well-known urban parks including Walnut Hill Park, Prospect Park, Cadwalader Park, and Central Park. He is also remembered for his work on the landscape encircling the US Capitol building.

 42 Rudolf Steiner

Rudolf Steiner.
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Famous As: Philosopher
Birthdate: February 27, 1861
Sun Sign: Pisces
Birthplace: Donji Kraljevec, Croatia
Died: March 30, 1925

Austrian philosopher and architect and Rudolf Steiner gained fame as a literary critic and published works such as The Philosophy of Freedom. His interests included esotericism and clairvoyance. He termed his work spiritual science. He designed the Goetheanum and also laid down concepts such as Waldorf education and biodynamic agriculture.

 43 Jean Nouvel

Jean Nouvel
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Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: August 12, 1945
Sun Sign: Leo
Birthplace: Fumel

Jean Nouvel is a French architect who was a founding member of Syndicat de l'Architecture, a labor union for architects. He studied at the École des Beaux-Arts and entered into a partnership with François Seigneur. He built a brilliant career and is the recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Pritzker Prize, architecture's highest honor. 

 44 Peter Zumthor

Peter Zumthor
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Famous As: Swiss architect
Birthdate: April 26, 1943
Sun Sign: Taurus
Birthplace: Basel

 45 Friedensreich Hundertwasser

Friedensreich Hundertwasser.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: December 15, 1928
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Birthplace: Vienna
Died: February 19, 2000

Austrian visual artist Friedensreich Hundertwasser is remembered for his imagination, his love for bold colors and uneven forms, and his dislike for “straight lines.” He and his Jewish mother escaped the Nazis by posing as Christians. His architectural projects are focused on environment-friendly buildings, such as the Hundertwasserhaus apartment block.

 46 Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Charles Rennie Mackintosh.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: June 7, 1868
Sun Sign: Gemini
Birthplace: Townhead, Glasgow, United Kingdom
Died: December 10, 1928

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was a Scottish architect, designer, and artist. He was married to fellow artist Margaret Macdonald, and they both were influential on the European design movements Art Nouveau and Secessionism. Mackintosh is considered one of the most important figures of Modern Style (British Art Nouveau style). In his later years, he worked largely as a watercolorist. 

 47 Charles Correa

Charles Correa
3
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: September 1, 1930
Sun Sign: Virgo
Birthplace: Secunderābād, India
Died: June 16, 2015

 48 Neri Oxman

Neri Oxman.
6
Famous As: Architect
Birthdate: February 6, 1976
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Birthplace: Haifa

Neri Oxman is an American-Israeli designer best known for combining design, computing, biology, and materials engineering into art and architecture. She also serves as a professor at the MIT Media Lab, leading the Mediated Matter research group. Praised as one of the modern-time greats, Oxman was included in ICON's 20 Most Influential Architects to Shape Our Future list in 2009.

 49 Maya Lin

Maya Lin.
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Designer
Birthdate: October 5, 1959
Sun Sign: Libra
Birthplace: Athens

Maya Lin is an American sculptor and designer whose competition-winning design for the Vietnam Veterans Memorial earned her national recognition when she was still an undergraduate. Her life and career inspired an Oscar-winning documentary titled Maya Lin: A Strong Clear Vision. Maya Lin has won prestigious awards, such as the National Medal of Arts and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

 50 Donato Bramante

Donato Bramante
3
Famous As: architect, painter
Birthdate: 1443 AD
Birthplace: Monte Asdruvaldo, Urbino
Died: April 11, 1514
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