Inventors & Discoverers

Today you would not be reading this page had it not been for the inventions of the geniuses like Charles Babbage, Alan Turing, and Sir Timothy John Berners-Lee whose works formed the foundation for the modern computer system and internet. Inventors are the individuals who develop a process or a product for the first time while discoverers are those who observe a scientific or natural phenomenon for the first time. Inventors and discoverers from the beginning of civilization have made this world a richer and better place through their relentless scientific observations, studies and researches. Centuries ago Hans Lippershey invented the first telescope thus ushering in a new era in the field of space sciences.  What would have the world been like had it not been for Thomas Alva Edison, one of the most prolific inventors of all time? Can you imagine a world without electric lighting? The modern man is so dependent upon technology for communication and it is would have been possible without Graham Bell’s invention, the telephone, which set off newer inventions in the field of communication. Alexander Fleming might have discovered penicillin accidentally but there is no denying the fact that he revolutionized the world of modern medicine. Browse on to read more about the inventors and discoverers who changed the course of world history.

 1 Elon Musk

Elon Musk
2
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Engineer, Inventor
Birthdate: June 28, 1971
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Canadian, American, South African

Entrepreneur, engineer and industrial designer, Elon Musk, is famous as founder of the electronic payment firm PayPal, and the SpaceX spacecraft company. He is also the CEO of Tesla Motors. Elon Musk has plans to revolutionize transportation on earth as well as to space through futuristic technology.

 2 Nikola Tesla

Nikola Tesla
2
Famous As: Inventor, Father of Radio
Birthdate: July 10, 1856
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: January 7, 1943

Inventor, engineer and futurist, Nikola Tesla, is best remembered for his contribution to the development of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system. A prolific inventor, he had around 300 patents for his inventions. Even though he earned a considerable amount of money, he had poor money management skills and died a poor man.

 3 Thomas Edison

Thomas Edison
4
Famous As: Inventor, Businessman
Birthdate: February 11, 1847
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: October 18, 1931

Described as America’s greatest inventor, Thomas Edison’s legacy is an everlasting one. He was the first to help make the incandescent light bulb commercially viable, even though he was not the first inventor of it. Quadruplex telegraph, phonograph, motion picture camera and the alkaline storage battery are some the many innovations that made him a worldwide phenomenon and an icon.

 4 Howard Hughes

Howard Hughes
1
Famous As: Entrepreneur, Investor
Birthdate: December 24, 1905
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: April 5, 1976

A multi-talented personality, Howard Hughes was one of the richest person of his time. A business tycoon, he made big investments in films and aviation industry. Passionate about flying, he set numerous flying records, and also risked his own life in process. Howard Hughes who inherited his family business and became millionaire at the age of 18, was later on troubled with mental illness and turned recluse.

 5 Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr
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Listed In: Actresses
Famous As: Actress, Co-inventor of technology for spread spectrum
Birthdate: November 9, 1914
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Austrian, American
Died: January 19, 2000

Hedy Lamarr was an Austrian-American actress whose early career was defined by her performance in the controversial Czech erotic film Ecstasy. Apart from gaining popularity as a beautiful Hollywood actress, Hedy Lamarr became known as an inventor after co-inventing frequency-hopping spread spectrum. Her career has inspired several works of art. She was also the inspiration behind the iconic character Catwoman.

 6 Steve Wozniak

Steve Wozniak
1
Famous As: Co-founder of Apple Computer (Apple Inc.)
Birthdate: August 11, 1950
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American

Widely recognized as one of the two important pioneers of the personal computer revolution, Steve Wozniak is credited with co-founding Apple Inc. along with Steve Jobs. Not surprisingly, he has been described as one of the men that changed the course of history through technology. Apart from being a programmer and technology entrepreneur, Steve Wozniak is also a well-known philanthropist.

 7 Shiva Ayyadurai

Shiva Ayyadurai
1
Famous As: Inventor of Email
Birthdate: December 2, 1963
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: Indian

Shiva Ayyadurai is an Indian-American engineer, scientist, and entrepreneur. He gained recognition after claiming to be the inventor of email, which is widely disputed even today. His claim is based on a software called EMAIL, which he wrote while studying at Livingston High School in the late-1970s. He is also known for his unfounded medical claims, including treatments for COVID-19.

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 8 Orville Wright

Orville Wright
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Listed In: Inventors, Aviators
Famous As: Co-inventor of First Successful Airplane
Birthdate: August 19, 1871
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: January 30, 1948

Orville Wright was an aviation pioneer who alongside his brother, Wilbur, built and flew the world's first successful motor-operated airplane, the Wright Flyer, a heavier-than-air aircraft. The three-axis control system developed by the brothers remains standard on fixed-wing aircraft of all kinds. Orville also served on the board of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA).

 9 Charles Lindbergh

Charles Lindbergh
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Listed In: Inventors, Aviators
Famous As: Aviator, Inventor & Author
Birthdate: February 4, 1902
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 26, 1974
Charles Lindbergh shot to fame after completing the first solo, and the longest, trans-Atlantic flight, in 1927. In his later years, his son’s highly publicized kidnapping and murder broke him completely. He also participated in World War II and worked on inventions that made flight navigation and heart surgeries easier.

 10 Tim Berners-Lee

Tim Berners-Lee
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Famous As: Inventor of the World Wide Web
Birthdate: June 8, 1955
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: British

Widely known as ten inventor of the world wide web, Tim Berners-Lee made the first communication between an HTTP client and server through the internet in 1989. He is associated with various organizations, such as the W3C and the World Wide Web Foundation, and has received the knighthood, too.

 11 Alexander Graham Bell

Alexander Graham Bell
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Famous As: Inventor of Telephone
Birthdate: March 3, 1847
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: Canadian, Scottish
Died: August 2, 1922

Alexander Graham Bell was a scientist, inventor, and engineer. He is credited with inventing the first functional telephone. He is also credited with co-founding America's major telephone company AT&T, which has been going strong since 1885. Bell's later life was marked by his groundbreaking work in aeronautics, hydrofoils, and optical telecommunications. He was also an ardent supporter of compulsory sterilization.

 12 John DeLorean

John DeLorean
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Famous As: Inventor, Engineer
Birthdate: January 6, 1925
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: March 19, 2005

John DeLorean was an American inventor and engineer. Highly regarded for his work at General Motors, John DeLorean was an influential figure in the US automobile industry. He is credited with founding the popular American automobile manufacturer, The DeLorean Motor Company. DeLorean’s life inspired a couple of documentary films, including Framing John DeLorean where he was played by Alec Baldwin.

 13 Leif Erikson

Leif Erikson
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Listed In: Explorers
Famous As: First European to reach North America
Birthdate: 0970 AD
Nationality: Icelander
Died: 1020 AD

Leif Erikson was a Norse explorer widely believed to have been one of the earliest Europeans to have set foot on North America, at least 500 years before Christopher Columbus. He is also credited with establishing a Norse settlement at coastal North America, as told in the sagas of Icelanders. He has been portrayed in films like The Viking (1928).

 14 Alfred Nobel

Alfred Nobel
1
Listed In: Chemists
Birthdate: October 21, 1833
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: Swedish
Died: December 10, 1896

Alfred Nobel was a Swedish chemist, engineer, and inventor. A prolific inventor, he held 355 different patents. Most popular as the inventor of dynamite, he was concerned with how he would be remembered after his death and bequeathed his fortune to the Nobel Prize institution. A wide traveler, he was proficient in several languages.

 15 Lori Greiner

Lori Greiner
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Famous As: Television personality
Birthdate: December 9, 1969
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American

 16 Mike Lindell

Mike Lindell
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Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: June 28, 1961
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American

 17 Gary Burghoff

Gary Burghoff
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Famous As: Actor
Birthdate: May 24, 1943
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American

 18 George Washington Carver

George Washington Carver
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Famous As: Scientist & Inventor
Birthdate: January 1, 1864
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: American
Died: January 5, 1943
Agricultural scientist George Washington Carver is best remembered for promoting crops that were alternative to cotton, such as peanuts and sweet potatoes. He invented ways to prevent soil depletion and developed scores of products made from peanuts, including paints and cosmetics. He won numerous honors, such as the Spingarn Medal.

 19 William Moulton Marston

William Moulton Marston
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Famous As: Psychologist
Birthdate: May 9, 1893
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: May 2, 1947

 20 Mikhail Kalashnikov

Mikhail Kalashnikov
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Inventor of AK-47 Assault Rifle
Birthdate: November 10, 1919
Sun Sign: Scorpio
Nationality: Russian
Died: December 23, 2013

 21 Blaise Pascal

Blaise Pascal
1
Famous As: French Mathematician, Physicist, Inventor, Writer and Catholic Philosopher
Birthdate: June 19, 1623
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: August 19, 1662

 22 Johannes Gutenberg

Johannes Gutenberg
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Famous As: Printer
Birthdate: 1398 AD
Nationality: German
Died: February 3, 1468

 23 John G. Trump

John G. Trump
1
Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: August 21, 1907
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: American
Died: February 21, 1985

 24 James Dyson

James Dyson
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Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: May 2, 1947
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British

 25 Dmitri Mendeleev

Dmitri Mendeleev
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Famous As: Inventor of Periodic Table
Birthdate: February 8, 1834
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: Russian
Died: February 2, 1907

 26 John Harvey Kellogg

John Harvey Kellogg
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Doctor, Inventor
Birthdate: February 26, 1852
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American
Died: December 14, 1943

 27 Guglielmo Marconi

Guglielmo Marconi
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Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: April 25, 1874
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: Italian
Died: July 20, 1937

 28 Edd China

Edd China
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Famous As: Television Presenter
Birthdate: May 9, 1971
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: British

 29 George Westinghouse

George Westinghouse
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: October 6, 1846
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: March 12, 1914

 30 Les Paul

Les Paul
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Famous As: Guitarist, Banjoist, Inventor, Jazz musician, Jazz guitarist, Radio personality, Musical instrument maker
Birthdate: June 9, 1915
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: American
Died: August 13, 2009

 31 James Watt

James Watt
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Famous As: Inventor of Steam Engine
Birthdate: January 19, 1736
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Scottish
Died: August 25, 1819

 32 David Baszucki

David Baszucki
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Famous As: Entrepreneur
Birthdate: January 20, 1963
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Canadian

 33 Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov

Sergey Pavlovich Korolyov
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Famous As: Scientist
Birthdate: January 1, 1907
Sun Sign: Capricorn
Nationality: Russian
Died: January 14, 1966

 34 Jack Parsons

Jack Parsons
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Famous As: Researcher
Birthdate: October 2, 1914
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: June 17, 1952

 35 Masamune

Masamune
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Listed In: Designers, Inventors
Famous As: Swordsmith
Birthdate: 1264 AD
Nationality: Japanese
Died: 1343 AD

 36 Samuel Morse

Samuel Morse
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Listed In: Artists
Famous As: Painter
Birthdate: April 27, 1791
Sun Sign: Taurus
Nationality: American
Died: April 2, 1872

 37 Raymond Kurzweil

Raymond  Kurzweil
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Futurist, Entrepreneur, Inventor
Birthdate: February 12, 1948
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American

 38 John Logie Baird

John Logie Baird
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Famous As: Engineer
Birthdate: August 13, 1888
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: British, Scottish
Died: June 14, 1946

 39 Lewis Howard Latimer

Lewis Howard Latimer
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: September 4, 1848
Sun Sign: Virgo
Nationality: American
Died: December 11, 1928
Lewis Howard Latimer was born to former slaves and went on to become a skilled patent draftsman. He had worked with Alexander Graham Bell on the patent of his telephone, and with the Edison Electric Light Company. He had also invented a modification of the process of making carbon filaments. 

 40 William Kamkwamba

William Kamkwamba
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Famous As: Inventor
Birthdate: August 5, 1987
Sun Sign: Leo
Nationality: Malawian

 41 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin

Joseph-Ignace Guillotin
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Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: Physician, Politician, Inventor
Birthdate: May 28, 1738
Sun Sign: Gemini
Nationality: French
Died: March 26, 1814

 42 Moxie Marlinspike

Moxie Marlinspike
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Birthdate: 0000 AD
Nationality: American

 43 Hero of Alexandria

Hero of Alexandria
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Famous As: Inventor, Mathematician
Birthdate: 0010 AD
Nationality: Egyptian, Greek
Died: 0070 AD

 44 Eli Whitney

Eli Whitney
1
Listed In: Inventors
Famous As: American inventor
Birthdate: December 8, 1765
Sun Sign: Sagittarius
Nationality: American
Died: January 8, 1825

 45 Tom Scholz

Tom Scholz
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Famous As: Musician
Birthdate: March 10, 1947
Sun Sign: Pisces
Nationality: American

 46 John Pemberton

John Pemberton
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Famous As: Pharmacist, Inventor, Chemist
Birthdate: July 8, 1831
Sun Sign: Cancer
Nationality: American
Died: August 16, 1888

 47 Francis Galton

Francis Galton
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Famous As: Polymath
Birthdate: February 16, 1822
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: British
Died: January 17, 1911

 48 Zhuge Liang

Zhuge Liang
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Famous As: Military Strategist, Inventor
Birthdate: 0181 AD
Nationality: Chinese
Died: 0234 AD

 49 Henry J. Heinz

Henry J. Heinz
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Listed In: Inventors, CEOs
Famous As: Businessperson
Birthdate: October 11, 1844
Sun Sign: Libra
Nationality: American
Died: May 14, 1919

 50 William Shockley

William Shockley
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Listed In: Physicists
Famous As: Physicist
Birthdate: February 13, 1910
Sun Sign: Aquarius
Nationality: American
Died: August 12, 1989
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