Literature has always been considered the escape route for the emotionally exhausted. Germany, characterized by extreme political turmoil, has produced literature par excellence, over the years. German literature has undergone transformation along with the changes in their social, political, economic and religious situations. It has seen its highs and lows, and has produced some of the finest writers ever born. Be it 1999 Nobel Prize winner Günter Grass, or the famous Jean Paul of ‘Titan’ fame, works by German writers have always fascinated the world. They have been translated in all languages, English being the most preferred. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, whose work ‘Pied Piper of Hamelin’ every fairy tale book swears by, is probably the most famous German author, to be the inspiration behind many literary works in English. Germany, most known for its lyrical poetry, didactic poetry, epopees, use of irony and drama, modern German literature has also given us the likes of Bertolt Brecht, Thomas Mann and Franz Kafka. We bring to you a collection of biographies of some of the most popular German writers. Read on and find out all about their life stories, timelines and also some interesting facts & trivia related to their lives.

Anne FrankAnne Frank
12 June 1929
Writer
Charles BukowskiCharles Bukowski
16 August 1920
Poet

Johann Wolfgang von GoetheJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
28 August 1749
Poet

Maximilian Carl Emil WeberMax Weber
21 April 1864
Sociologist

Eckhart TolleEckhart Tolle
16 February 1948
Spiritual Speaker & Author

Anton ChekhovAnton Chekhov
29 January 1860
 
Bertolt BrechtBertolt Brecht
10 February 1898
Poet

Dietrich BonhoefferDietrich Bonhoeffer
04 February 1906
 

Roland EmmerichRoland Emmerich
10 November 1955
Film Director, Screenwriter
Ruth WestheimerRuth Westheimer
04 June 1928
Media Personality

Hermann HesseHermann Hesse
02 July 1877
Poet
Paul Thomas MannThomas Mann
06 June 1875
Novelist, Short Story Writer

Erich Maria RemarqueErich Maria Remarque
22 June 1898
Novelist

Theodor W. AdornoTheodor W. Adorno
11 September 1903
Philosopher

Götz von BerlichingenGötz von Berlichingen
1480 AD
Imperial Knight, Mercenary, Poet

Friedrich SchillerFriedrich Schiller
10 November 1759
Poet, Playwright, Historian & Philosopher
Ernst JüngerErnst Jünger
29 March 1895
Soldier, Author, Entomologist

Helmuth von Moltke the ElderHelmuth von Moltke the Elder
26 October 1800
General, Historian

Heinrich HeineHeinrich Heine
13 December 1797
Poet

Günter GrassGünter Grass
16 October 1927
Novelist
NovalisNovalis
02 May 1772
Philosopher & Poet

Cornelia FunkeCornelia Funke
10 December 1958
Author of children’s fiction
Herta MüllerHerta Müller
17 August 1953
Writer

Jean PaulJean Paul
21 March 1763
Writer

Alfred DoblinAlfred Doblin
10 August 1878
Writer, Doctor
Angelus SilesiusAngelus Silesius
25 December 1624
Priest

Gyles BrandrethGyles Brandreth
08 March 1948
Writer
Till LindemannTill Lindemann
04 January 1963
Singer, Actor, Poet, Swimmer, Writer, Carpenter,

Herman HesseHerman Hesse
02 July 1877
 

Traudl JungeTraudl Junge
16 March 1920
Memoirist, Painter, Secretary, Writer
Gerhard SchröderGerhard Schröder
07 April 1944
Politician

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Rainer Werner FassbinderRainer Werner Fassbinder
31 May 1945
Film maker
Michael HanekeMichael Haneke
23 March 1942
Film director, Screenwriter, Writer, University

Lilli PalmerLilli Palmer
24 May 1914
Actress

Emilie SchindlerEmilie Schindler
22 October 1907
Writer, Autobiographer

Margot FrankMargot Frank
16 February 1926
Second World War victim
Christine KaufmannChristine Kaufmann
11 January 1945
Actress
Maria RivaMaria Riva
13 December 1924
Actress

Lina HeydrichLina Heydrich
14 June 1911
Writer

Assia WevillAssia Wevill
15 May 1927
Socialite, Poet

Baron MünchhausenBaron Münchhausen
11 May 1720
Fiction writer
Hans-Hermann HoppeHans-Hermann Hoppe
02 September 1949
Economist, Philosopher, Academic, University

Manfred RommelManfred Rommel
24 December 1928
Writer, Politician, Jurist

Rudolf SchenkerRudolf Schenker
31 August 1948
Composer, Entrepreneur, Guitarist, Writer

Ulrike MeinhofUlrike Meinhof
07 October 1934
Journalist, Writer, Sociologist

Franz HalderFranz Halder
30 June 1884
Soldier, Writer, Diarist
Armin Mueller-StahlArmin Mueller-Stahl
17 December 1930
Actor

Magnus HirschfeldMagnus Hirschfeld
14 May 1868
Physician, Writer, Psychologist, Screenwriter,
Ludwig BeckLudwig Beck
29 June 1880
Writer, Military personnel

Clement FreudClement Freud
24 April 1924
Writer

Christiane F.Christiane F.
20 May 1962
Actor, Writer
Ursula KuczynskiUrsula Kuczynski
15 May 1907
Spy

Angela GossowAngela Gossow
05 November 1974
Singer, Journalist, Writer, Songwriter
Senta BergerSenta Berger
13 May 1941
Actress

Hans MorgenthauHans Morgenthau
17 February 1904
Judge, Political scientist, Writer, Philosopher,

Paul von Lettow-VorbeckPaul von Lettow-Vorbeck
20 March 1870
Politician, Writer, Officer

Ernst LubitschErnst Lubitsch
29 January 1892
Film director, Actor, Screenwriter, Film producer,

Karl JaspersKarl Jaspers
23 February 1883
Philosopher, Psychiatrist, Physician, Theologian,
Edgar RosenbergEdgar Rosenberg
1925 AD
Film producer

Paul BernPaul Bern
03 December 1889
Film director, Screenwriter, Film producer

Jil SanderJil Sander
27 November 1943
Fashion designer

Johann Gottfried HerderJohann Gottfried Herder
25 August 1744
Philosopher
Houston Stewart ChamberlainHouston Stewart Chamberlain
09 September 1855
Racial theorist, Writer, Politician, Philosopher,

Jacob GrimmJacob Grimm
04 January 1785
Philologist
Blixa BargeldBlixa Bargeld
12 January 1959
Actor, Composer, Experimental musician, Singer,

Leopold von Sacher-MasochLeopold von Sacher-Masoch
27 January 1836
Writer

Michael EndeMichael Ende
12 November 1929
Writer
W. G. SebaldW. G. Sebald
18 May 1944
Writer

Friedrich HölderlinFriedrich Hölderlin
20 March 1770
poet
Otto StrasserOtto Strasser
10 September 1897
Journalist, Politician, Writer

Karl MayKarl May
25 February 1842
Writer, Novelist, Children's writer, Screenwriter

Eduard BernsteinEduard Bernstein
06 January 1850
Politician, Philosopher, Writer, Economist
Leopold von RankeLeopold von Ranke
21 December 1795
Historian, Academic, University teacher, Writer

Otto Ernst RemerOtto Ernst Remer
18 August 1912
Writer
Patrick SüskindPatrick Süskind
26 March 1949
German writer

Gertrude the GreatGertrude the Great
06 January 1256
Nun

Kurt SchwittersKurt Schwitters
20 June 1887
Painter, Artist, Sculptor, Graphic designer,

George NaderGeorge Nader
19 October 1921
Actor
Markus WolfMarkus Wolf
19 January 1923
Writer, Journalist
Judith KerrJudith Kerr
14 June 1923
Writer, Illustrator, Autobiographer, Children's

Erich KästnerErich Kästner
1899 AD
Author

Heinrich BöllHeinrich Böll
21 December 1917
Writer

Moses MendelssohnMoses Mendelssohn
06 September 1729
Philosopher, Translator, Writer, Bible translator
Elisabeth Förster-NietzscheElisabeth Förster-Nietzsche
10 July 1846
Archivist

Heinrich von KleistHeinrich von Kleist
18 October 1777
Playwright, Poet, Short story writer, Novelist,

Cosima WagnerCosima Wagner
24 December 1837
Composer, Writer, Director

Walther RathenauWalther Rathenau
29 September 1867
Politician, Engineer, Writer, Entrepreneur,

Hildegard KnefHildegard Knef
28 December 1925
Actress
Victor KlempererVictor Klemperer
09 October 1881
Linguist, Politician, Writer, Autobiographer,

Helmuth HübenerHelmuth Hübener
08 January 1925
 
Adolf AnderssenAdolf Anderssen
06 July 1818
Chess player, Non-fiction writer

George GroszGeorge Grosz
26 July 1893
Painter, Draughtsperson, Photographer, University
Gotthold Ephraim LessingGotthold Ephraim Lessing
22 January 1729
Writer, Philosopher, Playwright, Poet, Librarian,
Günther RallGünther Rall
10 March 1918
Writer, Aviator, Officer